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The flags of Vancouver, Canada, and British Columbia; the Canadian flag takes place of precedence in the centre
The Canadian national flag flying next to a statue of Terry Fox

This is a list of flags used in Canada. The Department of Canadian Heritage lays out protocol guidelines for the display of flags, including an order of precedence; these instructions are only conventional, however, and are generally intended to show respect for what are considered important symbols of the state or institutions.[1] The Queen's personal standard is supreme in the order of precedence, followed by those for the monarch's representatives (depending on jurisdiction), the personal flags of other members of the Royal Family,[2] and then the national flag and provincial flags.

Many museums across Canada display historic flags in their exhibits. The Canadian Museum of History, in Hull, Quebec has many culturally important flags in their collections. Settlers, Rails & Trails Inc., in Argyle, Manitoba holds the 2nd largest exhibit - known as the Canadian Flag Collection.

RoyalEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1962–present Royal Standard of Canada A banner of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with a royal cypher of Queen Elizabeth II
  2011–present Royal Standard of Prince Charles, the Prince of Wales A banner of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with the Prince of Wales's feathers and a 3-point label.
  2011–present Royal Standard of Prince William, the Duke of Cambridge A banner of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with the royal cypher of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and a 3-point label with one red scallop, representing the coat of arms of his mother, Diana, Princess of Wales.
  2013–present Royal Standard of Princess Anne, Princess Royal A banner of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with the royal cypher of the Princess Anne, Princess Royal, and a 3-point label with one heart in the centre, and the other two, Saint-George's crosses.
  2014–present Royal Standard of Prince Andrew, the Duke of York A banner of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with the royal cypher of the Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and a 3-point label with an anchor in the centre and the other two, blank.
  2014–present Royal Standard of Prince Edward, the Earl of Wessex A banner of the Royal Arms of Canada defaced with the royal cypher of the His Royal Highness the Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and a 3-point label with a Tudor Rose in the centre and the other two, blank.
  2015–present Royal Standard for other members of the Royal Family A banner of the Royal Arms of Canada surrounded by an ermine border

Viceregal and administrativeEdit

Governor generalEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1981–1999
2002–present
Flag of the Governor General of Canada A blue field with the crest of the Royal Arms of Canada charged in the centre

Lieutenant governorsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1981–present Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario A blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Ontario, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded a wreath of by ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
  1952–present Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec A blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Quebec, ensigned with a Tudor Crown and within a white disc, charged in the centre
  1929–present Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia The Royal Union Flag defaced with the shield of the coat of arms of Nova Scotia on a white disc and surrounded by a chain of green maple leaves
  1982–present Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick A blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of New Brunswick, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
  1984–present Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba A blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Manitoba, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
  1982–present Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia A blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of British Columbia, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
  1981–present Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island A blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Prince Edward Island, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
  1981–present Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan A blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Saskatchewan, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
  1981–present Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta A blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Alberta, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre
  1987–present Standard of the Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador A blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Newfoundland and Labrador, ensigned with a St. Edward's Crown and surrounded by a wreath of ten golden maple leaves, charged in the centre

CommissionersEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  2007–present Standard of the Commissioner of Northwest Territories A blue field with the shield of the Coat of arms of the Northwest Territories, surrounded by a wreath of six gold maple leaves and two flowers, charged in the centre
  2006–present Standard of the Commissioner of Yukon A blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Yukon, surrounded by a wreath of six gold maple leaves and two flowers, charged in the centre
  2009–present Standard of the Commissioner of Nunavut A blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Nunavut, surrounded by a wreath of six gold maple leaves and two flowers, charged in the centre

Prime MinisterEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  2011–present Car flag of the Prime Minister of Canada A Canadian flag with a gold outer fringe

Civil and stateEdit

NationalEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1965–present National Flag of Canada
(Maple Leaf Flag, l'Unifolié)
A vertical bicolour triband of red, white, red with a red maple leaf emblem charged in the Canadian pale

CeremonialEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1965–present Royal Union Flag National flag of the United Kingdom. The Cross of St. Andrew counterchanged with the Cross of St. Patrick and over all the Cross of St. George.

ProvincialEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1965–present Flag of Ontario A red field with the Royal Union Flag in the canton and the shield of the coat of arms of Ontario charged in the fly
  1948–present Flag of Quebec
(The Fleurdelisé)
A blue field with an ordinary white cross and a white fleur-de-lis in each quadrant
  1858–present Flag of Nova Scotia A banner of the coat of arms of Nova Scotia
  1965–present Flag of New Brunswick A banner of the coat of arms of New Brunswick
  1965–present Flag of Manitoba A red field with the Royal Union Flag in the canton and the shield of the coat of arms of Manitoba charged in the fly
  1960–present Flag of British Columbia A banner of the coat of arms of British Columbia
  1964–present Flag of Prince Edward Island A banner of the coat of arms of Prince Edward Island within a bordure compony of red and white
  1969–present Flag of Saskatchewan A field party per fess, green and yellow, with the shield of the coat of arms of Saskatchewan in the canton and western red lily emblem charged in the fly
  1968–present Flag of Alberta A blue field with the shield of the coat of arms of Alberta charged in the centre
  1980–present Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador A blue and white field party per pale (at nombril point) with a white border, white ordinary cross and white saltire, two triangular divisions in the fly lined in red, a golden arrow between

TerritorialEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1969–present Flag of the Northwest Territories A vertical bicolour triband of blue, white, blue with the shield of the coat of arms of the Northwest Territories charged in the Canadian pale
  1968–present Flag of Yukon A vertical tricolour triband of green, white, blue with the shield of the coat of arms of Yukon above a wreath of fireweed charged in the Canadian pale
  1999–present Flag of Nunavut A field party per pale, yellow and white, with a red inukshuk charged in the centre and a blue star in the upper fly

Regional (unofficial)Edit

Flag Date Use Description
  1832–present Patriote flag The proposed flag of Republic of Lower Canada in 1838, still used nowadays by some souverainists, in mostly 4 variants: the original, and three versions with the yellow star in the top left corner. Of which, two of them have Henri Julien's Patriot painting of 1904, one in colour and the other stylised in black and white.
  1837–1838 Flag of the Republic of Canada Two white stars representing the colonies of Upper and Lower Canada on the upper half with "LIBERTY" inscribed on the lower half.
  1880s–present Newfoundland Tricolour A field tierced per pale, green, white, and pink
  1884–present Flag of Acadia A field tierced per pale, blue, white, and red, with a gold star in the upper hoist. Common in Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec, and Nova Scotia.
  1938–present Flag of Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean A field party per fess, green and yellow, with a red-bordered grey ordinary cross; green represents the region's forests, yellow its agriculture, grey its industry and commerce, and red the vitality of the population
  1974–present Flag of Labrador A field party per fess, white and azure, with a green horizontal band across the centre and a spruce twig in the upper hoist
  1988–present Flag of Vancouver Island A Blue Ensign defaced with the great seal of the Colony of Vancouver Island. Used informally today.[3] This unofficial flag was designed in the 1980s to retroactively represent the colony (1849–1866). In 1865 the Crown gave colonies permission to place their badges on the fly of the Blue Ensign; thus vexillologists could argue that this flag is official.[4]
  1988–present Flag of Western Canada Originally used by the Western Independence Party, it was designed in 1988 ahead of the party's first election.
1938–present Flag of Republic of Madawaska The flag represents the Republic of Madawaska, with Edmundston (New Brunswick) as its unofficial capital. The region celebrates its distinct heritage, composed of the original Acadian population that founded the area, with a strong Lower Canada immigration which absorbed this population, as well as the Franco-American population living on the other side of the Saint John River, where the boundaries were determined by the Webster–Ashburton Treaty of 1842, splitting the community in Canada and the United States.
  2008–present Flag of Gaelic Canadians Adopted by the Comhairle na Gàidhlig (The Gaelic Council of Nova Scotia), the salmon represents the gift of knowledge in the Gaelic storytelling traditions of Nova Scotia, Scotland and Ireland and the Isle of Man. The “G” represents the Gaelic language and the ripples are the manifestations of the language through its rich culture of song, story, music, dance and custom and belief system.

Indigenous nationsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
Unknown–present Flag of Inuit Nunangat as represented by the ITK Four hooded Inuit of teal and gold centred on a white field above the name ᐃᓄᐃᑦ ᑕᐱᕇᑦ ᑲᓇᑕᒥ Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami
  2013–present Proposed flag of Nunavik The bird with wings spread, reaching for the sky, represents self-governance and freedom. The large size of the wings represent strength. Each feather represents a community in Nunavik. The symmetry of the wings represent equality. The dot represents a head and mind fully supported by the body. The wings both have five feathers, representing the fingers of human hands, symbolic of pulling yourself up and pushing yourself forward. The wings are also similar to caribou antlers, which may represent protection. The two colours represent the co-existence of being and nature, which compliment each other equally
  2005–present Flag of Nunatsiavut A white field with a white, green, and blue Inukshuk charged in the centre
  2018–present Flag of NunatuKavut The flag features an ulu, a traditional Inuit knife used by women. Within the ulu image is a dog sled team, showing the importance of husky dogs, as well as a kudlik, a traditional seal oil lamp
  Unknown–present Flag of the Mi'kmaq Nation Grand Council A white field with a red Latin cross and a red star and moon in the left quadrants; white denotes purity of creation, the red cross represents mankind and infinity, the sun and moon the forces of day and night,[5] the flag is meant to be displayed hanging vertically as shown here[6]
  1980s–present Flag of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy A mauve field party per fess by a band of white squares joined and a stylized white "Tree of Peace" charged in the centre; design is adapted from the Hiawatha wampum belt, each element represents an original nation in the confederacy
  2014–present Flag of Eeyou-Istchee Three vertical paint stripes on a white field; left-to-right, blue stripe with silhouette of a human, red with loons and green with a pine tree
  Unknown–present Flag of the Innu Nation Horizontal bands of teal, white and light blue, within the blue sits a centre snowshoe flanked by reindeer skulls on both sides
  Unknown–present Flag of the Matimekush Band A vertical tricolour triband of chartreuse, white, green with the coat of arms of the Matimekush Lac John Band charged in the Canadian pale
  Unknown–present Flag of the Anishinaabek A black pictographic thunderbird on a white field
  Mid-1980s–present Flag of the Natuaqanek Band A red field with yellow left and right borders, a quartered roundel charged in the centre[5]
  Unknown–present Flag of Ĩyãħé Nakón Mąkóce (Stoney Nakoda) Stoney Nakoda flag
  2005–present Flag of the Ktunaxa Nation Flag features a golden feathered staff on a brown field
  Unknown–present Flag of Secwepemcúl̓ecw Flag features 17 feathers representing the 17 bands in the Secwépemc Nation. The feathers are mostly black, with a white portion in the middle. The white portion signifies those communities which were wiped out by disease and other trauma following contact
  1980–present Flag of the Nlakaʼpamux Nation Circle wreath of Nlakaʼpamux pictographs set on a grey field
  Unknown–present Flag of the Haida Nation A red field with an eagle and raven headed bird, surrounded by a circlet, charged in the centre
  2012–present Flag of Deisleen Ḵwáan, Lingít Aaní Horizontally striped, red-white-red, 1-3-1, with five totems or emblems in the centre, from left to right: Kùkhhittàn (Raven Children), Ishklitàn (Frog), Yanyèdi (Wolf), Sèshitàn (Beaver), Dakhlʼawèdi (Eagle)
  Unknown–present Flag of the Tahltan Nation Flag of Tahltan Kolīne representing the two clans: Crow (or Tseskʼiya) and Wolf (or Chʼioyone)
  2001–present Flag of the Nisg̱aʼa Nation A vertical tricolour triband of black, white, and sanguine with the badge of the Nisgaʼa Nation,[7] surrounded by black and sanguine ovals, charged in the Canadian pale[8]
2011–present Flag of the xʷməθkʷəy̓əm (Musqueam) Nation Canadian pale of light blue and white, on the white square an arrowhead charged with a salmon leaping above a net
  1986–present Flag of the shíshálh Nation Double-headed bird on a white field
  Pre-1816–present Flag of the Métis Nation of Canada A blue field with a white symbol of infinity charged in the centre
  Pre-1816–present Flag of the Métis Nation of Alberta A red field with a white symbol of infinity charged in the centre

Francophone peoplesEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1884–present Acadian flag Tri-colored flag, blue, white then red. A yellow star representing independence and unique culture from main land France.
  1975–present Flag of the Franco-Ontarians A field party per pale, green and white, with a white fleur-de-lys charged in the hoist and a green trillium emblem charged in the fly
  1976–present Flag of the Fransaskois A yellow field with a green Nordic cross centred towards the upper hoist and a red fleur-de-lis charged in the lower fly
  1980–present Flag of the Franco-Manitobans A white field with yellow over sanguine bars with a green plant emblem in four pieces charged in the hoist
  1981–present Flag of the Franco-Columbians A white field party per pale by a bar gemelles and dancetty, a fleur-de-lys and Pacific Dogwood emblem charged in the fly; Dogwood is the floral emblem of British Columbia, the blue stripes evoke the Pacific Ocean and the rising mountains beside, the yellow centre of the Dogwood flower represents the sun
  1982–present Flag of the Franco-Albertans A field party per bend sinister, blue and white, by a bend cotised white and blue with a white fleur-de-lys in the upper hoist and a red wild rose in the lower fly
  1985–present Flag of the Franco-Yukonnais A blue field and three diagonal stripes set from lower hoist to upper fly. The colours of the stripes are white and golden yellow. The effect created by the arrangement of the stripes is meant to represent Yukon's many mountains. Blue is for the French people and the sky. White is for winter and snow. Yellow represents the gold rush and the Franco-Yukonnais contributions to history of the territory.
  1986–present Flag of the Fédération des Francophones de Terre-Neuve et du Labrador (Franco-Terreneuviens) Three unequal panels of blue, white, and red, with two yellow sails set on the line between the white and red panels. The sail on top is charged with a spruce twig, while the bottom sail is charged with a pitcher flower.
  1992–present Flag of the Franco-Ténois A polar bear on a snowy hill, looking forward towards a snowflake/Fleur-de-lis combined, representing the French community of the Northwest Territories of Canada.
  2002–present Flag of the Franco-Nunavois Blue that represents the Arctic sky and white recalls the snow, abundantly present on the territory. The principal shape represent an igloo, and under this one, the inukshuk which symbolise the human presence. A single dandelion flower grows from beneath it.

Military, police, coast guard and border servicesEdit

Canada Border Services AgencyEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  2012–present Flag of the Canada Border Services Agency A Blue field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Canada Border Services Agency badge charged in the fly

Canadian Armed ForcesEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1968–present Flag of the Canadian Armed Forces A white field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Canadian Armed Forces badge charged in the fly
  1968–present Canadian Naval Ensign A white field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Royal Canadian Navy badge in blue charged in the fly
  1968–present Canadian Forces Auxiliary Jack A blue field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Royal Canadian Navy badge in white charged in the fly
  2016–present Flag of the Canadian Army A scarlet red field with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Canadian Army badge charged in the fly
  1982–present Royal Canadian Air Force Ensign A field of air force blue with the National Flag of Canada in the canton and the Royal Canadian Air Force roundel charged in the fly
  c. 1964–present Flag of the Canadian Navy Board A field party per bend, blue and sanguine, with a fouled anchor in gold charged in the centre
  1920–present Flag of the Royal Military College of Canada A field tierced per pale, red, white, and red with the badge of the Royal Military College of Canada charged in the centre
  Unknown–present Flag of the Royal Military College Saint-Jean A field tierced per pale, blue, white, and blue with the badge of the Royal Military College Saint-Jean charged in the centre
  2000–present Banner of the Commander-in-Chief Unit Commendation A field tierced per pale, blue, red, and azure, with the crest of the Royal Arms of Canada charged in the centre

Coast GuardEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1962–present Flag of the Canadian Coast Guard A banner of the arms of the Canadian Coast Guard: vertical diband of white and blue, a red maple leaf emblem charged in the hoist and a pair of fish in gold and facing opposite directions charged in the fly

PoliceEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1991–present Ensign of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police A red field with a blue canton bordered yellow with a representation of the Badge of the RCMP
Link to image present Flag of the Ontario Provincial Police Blue with the heraldic badge of the OPP
2005–present Flag of the Sûreté du Québec A green field, on a Canadian Pale Yellow charged with the badge of the Sûreté du Québec

Canadian Cadet Organisations, Cadet Leagues and the Navy League CadetsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1976–present[9] Jackflag of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets A white flag with a Canadian Flag at the canton, with the badge of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets at the fly.
  1953–1976[10] Former jackflag of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets A white flag with a Union Flag at the canton, with the badge of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets at the fly. This is the basis of the current Jackflag of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets.
  2009–present[11] Flag of the Navy League of Canada A white flag with a Canadian Flag at the canton, with the current badge of the Navy League of Canada at the fly.
Link to image ???–present Ensign of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets An Air Force blue flag, with a Canadian flag at the canton, with the historical badge of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets.
Images ???–present Flags of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets

MunicipalEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  2005–present Flag of Barrie Argent three bars gemel wavy Azure, on a chief Gules a naval crown between a winged wheel and a cog wheel Or
  1999–present Flag of Burlington A vertical bicolour triband of blue, yellow, blue with the shield of the coat of arms of Burlington charged in the Canadian pale
  1983–present Flag of Calgary A red field with white border at top and bottom, a combined 'C' and cowboy hat emblem in the hoist
  ???–present Flag of Cambridge
  1989–present Flag of Charlottetown A banner of the Arms — Argent on a square Vert joined at each corner with a smaller square Vert a representation of the coronation crown of Queen Charlotte Sophia of England proper — the three edges in chief fly and base charged with a bordure compony Vert and Argent
  ???–present Flag of Chibougamau A white field with "Chibougamau" written in the center.
  1995–present Flag of Cornwall A vertical bicolour triband of gold, black, gold with the shield of the coat of arms of the Duke of Cornwall charged in the Canadian pale
  2005–present Flag of Delta Vert a plate environed of a triangle voided of the field couped on each corner Argent
  ???–present Flag of Dollard-des-Ormeaux
1966–present Flag of Edmonton Incorporates the City of Edmonton Coat of Arms on a white field with two blue borders. Blue symbolizes strength and the North Saskatchewan River; white signifies peace.
  2003–present Flag of Fernie Azure on a fess Or, its upper edge dancetty, three lozenges Sable. Fernie also has a second flag (not shown): Or the Badge of The Corporation of the City of Fernie, a canton of the Arms
  1999–present Flag of Gloucester Or on a cross raguly Vert a maple leaf Or
  1993–present Flag of Guelph Per fess Gules and Argent in dexter chief a horse's head erased Argent and in dexter base an ancient crown Gules
  2003–present Flag of Hamilton A vertical bicolour triband of gold, blue, gold with a cinquefoil surrounded by a chain, all gold, charged in the Canadian pale
1996–present Flag of Halifax, Nova Scotia Azure a saltire Or and a bezant merged thereon a Kingfisher between four broad arrows points outward Azure in fess two sailing vessels tempore 1760 flags flying to the dexter Or. The principal charge identifies Halifax as the provincial seat of government; the four arms represent its predecessor municipalities. The kingfisher is drawn from the arms of the City of Halifax; the ships and arrows recall the emblems of Dartmouth and Bedford.
  2009–present Flag of Kawartha Lakes An orange-yellow sun, two evergreen trees, green rolling hills and blue water; the water is the Trent–Severn Waterway and surrounding lakes.
  1999–present Flag of Kingston A banner Gules charged in base barry wavy of three Argent Azure and Argent set thereon dexter a Martello tower Argent in sinister chief three Eastern crowns two and one Or.
  ???–present Flag of Laval
  1967–present Flag of Lethbridge Red and white striped, with blue and white pattern in top left corner.
  2002–present Flag of Lévis A black and gold field with a white cross.
  ???–present Flag of London Municipal tree logo on a green background with white horizontal stripes.
  2004–present Flag of Longueuil Azure three roses Or, on a chief Gules a crescent between two mullets Or
  ???–present Flag of La Matapédia Regional County Municipality Three colours flag (blue, green and white) showing mountains, a tree and a salmon.
  1954–1997 Flag of Metro Toronto A horizontal bi-colour band of green and blue with a white ringed symbol from the seal of Metro Toronto; the six rings represented Metro Toronto's six constituent lower-tier municipalities: Etobicoke, York, North York, East York, Scarborough and the former city of Toronto
  1935–1939 Flag of Montreal A red saltire on a white field, with a rose in the upper section (representing England), a beaver in the lower section (representing France and the voyageur fur trade), a thistle in the left section (representing Scotland), and a cluster of shamrocks in the right section (representing Ireland).[12]
  1939–2017 Flag of Montreal A white field with a red ordinary cross, a blue fleur-de-lis (representing France), a Lancastrian rose (representing England), a thistle (representing Scotland), and a shamrock (representing Ireland), all proper, in each quadrant
  2017–present Flag of Montreal A white field with a red cross bearing a white pine (representing the Iroquois/Haudenosaunee) in the centre, a blue fleur-de-lis (representing France), a Lancastrian rose (representing England), a thistle (representing Scotland), and a shamrock (representing Ireland), all proper, in each quadrant
  1989–present Flag of North Cowichan Or on a pale Vert an inescutcheon of the Arms of the District of North Cowichan: Or on a fess raguly Vert between two bars wavy Azure a Pacific Sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) naiant Argent between two dogwood flowers (Cornus nuttallii) also Argent seeded Or
  1902–1987 Flag of Ottawa A vertical 1:2 tricolour of purple, red, and blue
  1987–2000 Flag of Ottawa Same as above, with the addition of the coat of arms of Ottawa in the middle
  2000–present Flag of Ottawa Blue and azure, with a stylised 'O' representing both a maple leaf and the Peace Tower and Centre Block of the parliament buildings
  1999–present Flag of Peterborough Vert a sword point downwards Argent pommel and hilt Or surmounted by a fess barry wavy of six Argent and Azure
2007–present Flag of Pilot Butte Plain white with a blue house, the house has a white silhouette of a family in it. Above the house is a yellow sun. The flag was adopted in 2007 for the 125th anniversary of Pilot Butte.
1980–present Flag of Prince Albert A vertical bicolour triband of green, gold, green with four green triangles in the centre.
  1987–present Flag of Quebec City Azure an ancient ship under full sail Or within an embattled bordure Argent. The ship represents Samuel de Champlain's Don de Dieu; the background represents the city walls
  1992–present Flag of Regina Azure a base Or in canton a representation of the Royal Crown Argent.
1986–present Flag of Richmond field of gold surrounded by a thick blue border. The centre is the shield, depicting three Pacific Salmon fish on a light blue wave running vertically down the shield.
  1969–present Flag of Scarborough Field of white with blue stylized Scarborough Bluffs and waves of Lake Ontario, and a red maple leaf
  ???–present Flag of Saint-Damien
  1955–present Flag of Saint-Éphrem-de-Beauce
1965–present Flag of St. John's John the Baptist is symbolised on the shield by the lamb, carrying a banner bearing St. George's Cross. The shield is supported on the left by John Cabot bearing the year (1497) of discovery. The supporter on the right is Sir Humphrey Gilbert, bearing the date 1583 that he founded the city and claimed Newfoundland for Queen Elizabeth of England.
  ???–present Flag of Shawinigan
  2003–present Flag of Sudbury Per fess sapiné Vert and Or, in dexter chief a mullet Or
  ???–present Flag of Summerside
  1999–present Flag of Toronto A blue field with a white stylised city hall and maple leaf emblem
  1972–present Flag of Thunder Bay A maple leaf behind the sleeping giant with water below.
1984–present Flag of Trois-Rivières From the top of a green square down a blue line that has three bordering two islands before reaching the river in the form of waves.
  1983–present Flag of Vancouver The axe and paddle stand for the traditional industries, logging and fishing, and the green background is a symbol of the forests
1962–present Flag of Victoria Bleu-celeste the shield of Arms of the City of Victoria [Note: The arms depicted are incorrect (Azure on a pile Argent another Gules charged with the Royal Crown proper)]
  1975–present Flag of Winnipeg The blue represents Winnipeg's clear blue sky, and the gold a field of wheat surrounding the city's coat of arms
1971–present Flag of Windsor Designed by an unknown citizen during a local contest, the flag includes the city seal along with a red rose; the blue and white represent the Detroit River and Saint Lawrence Seaway, respectively.[13]
1992–present[nb 1] Flag of Windsor Azure on a Canadian pale Argent the shield of Arms of the City of Windsor; Arms: Or on a pale between two roses Gules barbed Vert charged with a cogwheel Or a fleur de lys Or above a rose Or barbed Vert charged with a cogwheel Gules a chief undy Azure.[15]
1971?–present Flag of Yellowknife The blue represents the clear blue waters of Yellowknife Bay and other bodies of water in and around Yellowknife, and the gold represents Yellowknife's gold mining heritage, with the city's crest in the pale

Crown corporationsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  Unknown Flag of the Royal Canadian Mint A red field with the logo of the Royal Canadian Mint charged in the centre; logo was first introduced in 1978

Historical flagsEdit

National flagsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1957–1965 Canadian Red Ensign, used as the de facto National Flag of Canada; unofficial. Red Ensign defaced with the Royal Arms of Canada. The maple leaves at the bottom of the shield are red.
  1921–1957 Canadian Red Ensign, used as the de facto National Flag of Canada; unofficial. Red Ensign defaced with the Royal Arms of Canada. The maple leaves at the bottom of the shield are green.
  1868–1921 Used as the de facto National Flag of Canada; unofficial. Red Ensign defaced with the arms of the four original provinces of Canada
  1904–1949 The Dominion and Colony of Newfoundland's flag Red Ensign defaced with the Great Seal of Newfoundland
  1801–1965 Canada's de jure flag until 1965 (when the current national was adopted), known as the Royal Union Flag The Union Flag, the royal flag of the United Kingdom in use since 1801
  1763–1801 Flag hoisted in most military installations in Quebec and later for both Upper Canada and Lower Canada Flag used for the Province of Quebec from 1763 to 1791.
  1789–1830 Flag used in presence of the French Royal family as of 1789. Flag used after restoration of the Monarchy in France from 1814-1830.
  1715–1789 Flag of the Kingdom of France used since Louis XIV. Flag used along with the flags of French regiments.
  1663–1715 Flag of New France? Standard of King Louis XIV. Flag seen in New France prior to the flag of the Kingdom of France.
  1638–1790 Naval flag of the Kingdom of France Flag used on French war ships.
  1689–1790 Merchant marine flag on French ships from 1689 to 1790. Flag used on French merchant ships.
  1600–1689 Merchant marine flag on French ships from 1600 to 1689. Flag on Samuel de Champlain's ship.
  1348–1707 Flag of the Kingdom of England Flag on John Cabot's ship, and used during the English colonisation of the Americas before the Act of Union.
  1286–1707 Flag of the Kingdom of Scotland Flag used during the Scottish colonisation of the Americas before the Act of Union.

Vice-regal flagsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1999–2002 Flag of the Governor General Modification ordered by the then Governor General of Canada, The Right Honourable Roméo LeBlanc. The tongue and the claws were removed to have a more polite look. Replaced by previous flag
  1952–1981 Flag of the Governor General A lion standing on a St. Edward's crown, with the name "Canada" below; replaced 1931 flag
  1931–1952 Flag of the Governor General A lion standing on an Imperial/Tudor crown, with the name "Canada" below; replaced by 1952 flag
  1921–1931 Flag of the Governor General The Union Jack, defaced with a white circle, at the center of which is the crowned shield of arms of Canada in 1921, surrounded by a wreath of stylize green maple leaves.
  1869–1901 Flag of the Governor General The Union Jack, defaced with a white circle, at the center of which is the crowned shield of arms of Canada in 1869, surrounded by a wreath of stylize green maple leaves.
  1901–1921 Flag of the Governor General The Union Jack, defaced with a white circle, at the center of which is the crowned shield of arms of Canada in 1869, surrounded by a wreath of green maple leaves.
  c. 1965–1981 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta The Union Jack defaced with a white circle in the centre containing the arms of Alberta and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
  1870–1871 Flag of the Governor of British Columbia The Union Jack, defaced with a white circle surrounded by a laurel wreath, in which there is a crown surmounted by a lion with the letters "B" and "C" either side of it.
  1871–1906 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia The Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves and containing a crown surmounted by a lion with the letters "B" and "C" either side of it.
  1906–1982 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia The Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms and motto of British Columbia and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
  1870–1905 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba The Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the unofficial 1870 arms of Manitoba and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
  1905–1984 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba The Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms of Manitoba and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
  1870–1982 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick The Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms of New Brunswick and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
  1870–1904 Flag of the Governor of Newfoundland The Union Jack defaced with a white circle in the centre containing a crown over the words "TERRA NOVA" in red and surrounded by a laurel wreath.
  1904–1975 Flag of the Governor/Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland The Union Jack defaced with the badge of Newfoundland in the centre surrounded by a laurel wreath.
  1975–1987 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland The Union Jack defaced in the centre with the badge of Newfoundland surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
  1870–1929 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia The Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the 1868 arms of Nova Scotia and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
  1870–1959
1965–1981
Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario The Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms of Ontario and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
  1959–1965 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario[16] Reverted to a Union Jack with provincial badge 1965–1981
  1878–1905 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island The Union Jack defaced in the centre with the badge of Prince Edward Island surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
  1905–1981 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island The Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms and motto of Prince Edward Island and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
  1870–1939 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec The Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the 1868 arms of Quebec and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
  1939–1952 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Quebec The Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms of Quebec and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.
  1906–1981 Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan The Union Jack defaced in the centre with a white circle containing the arms of Saskatchewan and surrounded by a wreath of maple leaves.

Military flagsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  RCN (1911–1965)

RCSCC (1905–1965)

Used as the ensign of the Royal Canadian Navy and some Royal Canadian Sea Cadets corps. Used throughout the entire British Empire by the Royal Navy and by several former British colonies even after they became independent and established their own navies. White Ensign, St George's Cross with the Union Flag in the canton.
  RCN (1921–1957)

RCSCC (1929–1953)

The Blue Ensign, worn as a jack by the Royal Canadian Navy and used by the RCSCC Blue Ensign defaced with the Royal Arms of Canada. The maple leaves at the bottom of the shield are green.
  1939–1944 Canadian Army Battle Flag White Ensign. Designed by Colonel Archer Fortescue Duguid, Director of Historical Section, General Staff, National Defence Headquarters.
  1957–1965 Final version of the Blue Ensign, worn as a jack by the Royal Canadian Navy and as an ensign by royal yacht clubs in Canada Blue Ensign defaced with the Royal Arms of Canada. The maple leaves at the bottom of the shield are red.
  1941–1965 Royal Canadian Air Force Ensign A field of air force blue with the Union Flag in the canton and the Canadian roundel in the middle of the fly.
  ???−1965 Based King's Colour, as used by the Royal Military College of Canada King's Colour of the Royal Military College of Canada with the Union Flag.

Civil flagsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1922–1923 Canadian Civil Aviation Ensign, briefly used by the Air Board. A field of light blue with the Union Flag in the canton and a shield with white albatross superimposed upon three maple leaves in the middle of the fly.

Others/non-official flagsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1946 Proposed Flag for Canada A red British ensign defaced with a large golden maple leaf outlined in white in the fly.
  1965 Canadian flag proposal by the Native Sons of Canada Party per bend Gules and Argent a maple leaf Gules
  1965 Proposed Flag for Canada, known as the Pearson Pennant A blue field with a white square containing a three-leaf maple. The blue sides were meant to represent John A. Macdonald's description of the Canadian Pacific Railway and Canada's geography, "From sea to sea".
  1994 Proposed flag for Canada, known as the Canadian Unity Flag Blue vertical stripes replacing part of the red bands, in approximate proportion to population of French heritage.

University flagsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  1884–present Queen's University Tierced in pale Azure Or and Gules in the canton an ancient crown Or
  1920–present Flag of the Royal Military College of Canada Gules on a pale Argent the Crest [A dexter arm embowed vambraced and gauntleted proper holding a sprig of three maple leaves Or all ensigned by the Royal Crown proper]
  unknown–present Flag of Mount Allison University A gold blazon on a garnet field.

Organizational flagsEdit

Flag Date Use Description
  Grand Orange Lodge of Canada An orange British ensign depicted with a red maple leaf on a white shield in the fly
  Anglican Church of Canada A St. George's Cross with one green-and-gold maple leaf in each corner.

Corporate flagsEdit

A number of private corporations also use their own flags, but they are often used alongside the Maple Leaf.

A list of corporations with corporate flags:

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Although this flag was formally granted to Windsor by the Canadian Heraldic Authority on 08 May 1992,[14] it appears that, after the Letters Patent had been issued, the city declined to adopt it officially.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Department of Canadian Heritage. "Ceremonial and Canadian Symbols Promotion > Flag Etiquette in Canada". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
  2. ^ Department of Canadian Heritage. "Ceremonial and Canadian Symbols Promotion > Personal Flags and Standards". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
  3. ^ FOTW Flags of the World: Vancouver Island (British Colony, Canada)
  4. ^ Flags of Canada: British Columbia
  5. ^ a b "Canada > Index of Pages > First Nations > Mikmaq". Flags of the World. ISSN 1712-9842. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
  6. ^ Flags of the World
  7. ^ Canadian Heraldic Authority. "The Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada > Nisga'a Nation". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
  8. ^ "Canada > Index of Pages > First Nations > Nisga'a Nation". Flags of the World. ISSN 1712-9842. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
  9. ^ http://fraser.cc/FlagsCan/Nation/NatDefence.html
  10. ^ http://fraser.cc/FlagsCan/Nation/NatDefence.html
  11. ^ http://reg.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=1985
  12. ^ "Montreal to have city flag to fly", Montreal Gazette May 3-1935, retrieved December 13, 2018
  13. ^ a b Hill, Sharon (July 20, 2015). "Windsor needs a new flag, says local blogger". The Windsor Star. Postmedia Network. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
  14. ^ Canada Gazette, vol. 126 (25 Jul 1992), p. 2303
  15. ^ "The Corporation Of The City Of Windsor". Reg.GG.CA. The Governor General Of Canada. 1992-05-08. Retrieved 2018-10-27.
  16. ^ David Prothero (December 4, 1999). "The Maple Leaf Garland". Flags of the World. Retrieved April 1, 2011.

External linksEdit