La Presse (Canadian newspaper)
|Format||Tablet digital, Website, Mobile app|
|Owner(s)||La Presse Inc.|
|Ceased publication||2017 (print edition)|
|Headquarters||750, boulevard Saint-Laurent|
|Circulation||204,948 daily, 263,888 Saturday in 2011|
La Presse was formerly a broadsheet daily, considered a newspaper of record in Canada. Its Sunday edition was discontinued in 2009, and the weekday edition in 2016. The weekend Saturday printed edition was discontinued on 31 December 2017, turning La Presse into an entirely digital newspaper marketed as La Presse+ (pronounced "La Presse plus").
Audience and sectionsEdit
La Presse is published on its website, lapresse.ca, and its mobile app, La Presse Mobile. The newspaper targets an educated, middle-class readership. Its main competitors are two Montreal print dailies, the tabloid-format Le Journal de Montréal, which aims at a more populist audience, and the more left-leaning broadsheet Le Devoir.
La Presse comprises several sections, dealing individually with arts, sports, business and economy and other themes. Its Saturday print edition (now discontinued) contained over 10 sections.
The newspaper's archives from 2000 to 2019 are available on its website.
The paper was founded on October 20, 1884 by William-Edmond Blumhart. Trefflé Berthiaume took over in 1889. The fledgling newspaper's circulation would soon pass that of its main competitor of the time, La Patrie.
A front-page illustration on December 3, 1904, issue celebrated the 50th anniversary of the proclamation of the Roman Catholic dogma of the Immaculate Conception. The practice of the time was to have an illustration on the front page, rather than a photograph.
Between July 1971 and February 1972, La Presse endured a seven-month labour dispute between its then-owner Power Corporation of Canada and 11 trade unions, prompted by the introduction of new printing technology that could have jeopardized the jobs of newspaper typographers. This resulted in La Presse not being printed between October 28, 1971, and February 9, 1972. The dispute culminated in an over-10,000-strong protest in Downtown Montreal on October 29, 1971, resulting in over 200 injuries and arrests, as well as the death of the 28-year-old Michèle Gauthier, a student at Cégep du Vieux Montréal, who was caught up in the protests.
The style and presentation of the print newspaper changed immensely during the course of the 20th century. It underwent complete graphic redesigns in 1986 and 2003.
From 1984 to 2014, La Presse every year honoured a "Person of the Year", for example, Julie Payette, Daniel Langlois and Gaétan Boucher. In 1984, it also published a commemorative book in order to celebrate its 100th anniversary. A similar book was published by Éditions La Presse to recap the major events of the 20th century.
In 2001, with the arrival of news editor Guy Crevier, the newspaper began a radical remodelling. The graphic design was modernized, new sections were created, international coverage was greatly increased, and many new young, up-and-coming journalists were hired. These changes had a significant positive impact on quality and circulation, to the point that the paper is now considered a rival to Le Devoir for the title of Quebec's newspaper of record.
In 2011, La Presse rebranded its new-media operations from Cyberpresse.ca to LaPresse.ca. In 2013, the newspaper launched La Presse+, a free digital edition for iPad.
Founded in May 2015, Nuglif is a subsidiary of La Presse and the platform aims at replicating the La Presse+ business model for other publications in the daily news industry through a suite of publishing software and tools for delivery on both iPads and Android tablets.
The newspaper announced in September 2015 that it would end its weekday print edition in 2016 and that thereafter the weekday paper would be available only in digital form. The Saturday edition continued in print until December 30, 2017.
On May 8, 2018, it was announced that La Presse would become a non-profit organization and sever ties with its owner, Power Corporation. This move allowed the newspaper to accept private donations and governmental support.
The editorial board of La Presse has been consistently supportive of Canadian federalism over the past 25 years, though individual columnists may freely express less sympathy. The newspaper's editorials endorsed the federalist option in both the 1980 Quebec referendum and the 1995 Quebec referendum which were held on the issue of Quebec's national sovereignism.
The editorial board leaves room for the whole spectrum of opinions. It supported same-sex marriage legislation in Canada, the protests against the War in Iraq, and criticized both sides in the 2012 Quebec student protests. The paper endorsed the Conservative Party in the 2006 election. This was primarily out of a reasoning that the Canadian government was in need of a necessary change after more than 12 years of Liberal rule. Similarly, with Stephen Harper's Conservatives having been in power for nine years at the time, La Presse endorsed Justin Trudeau's Liberal Party in the 2015 election.
The newspaper's television production arm, La Presse Télé, has produced the series Dumont, hosted by former politician Mario Dumont, for the Quebec television network V (formerly TQS). This division, that had changed its name to LP8 Média, was sold to Attraction Images in 2014.
- Audit Bureau of Circulations e-Circ data for the six months ending September 30, 2011. Retrieved February 16, 2012.
- "Archives". La Presse (in French). Retrieved 2021-03-05.
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- Yakabuski, Konrad (October 17, 2003). "Paper War Spurs Lurid Reporting". The Globe and Mail. Toronto, Ontario.
- "Endorsements, Opinions Flourish in Quebec". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 10, 2008. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Filloux, Frédéric (January 13, 2016). "Inside La Presse+ Decisive and Final Move to Digital". Monday Note.
- "'A Page in History Turns': The Last Chance to Hold a Fresh Copy of La Presse in Your Hands". CBC News. 30 December 2017. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
- "La Presse to Adopt Non-Profit Structure After Cutting Ties with Desmarais Family". CBC News. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
- "Top Canadian Newspapers". www.canadafaq.ca. Retrieved 2017-06-26.
- "Mario Dumont to host Quebec TV show". cbc.ca, February 25, 2009. Archived April 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "Obsèques de Marcel Desjardins". Radio-Canada (in French). 16 February 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
- "Marcel Desjardins meurt à 61 ans". TVA Nouvelles (in French). 10 February 2003. Retrieved 25 December 2020.