Power Corporation of Canada
Power Corporation of Canada (French: Power Corporation du Canada) is a Canadian multinational diversified management and holding company. Through its subsidiary Power Financial Corporation, it has interests in companies in the financial services sector in Canada, the United States and Europe. Power Corporation also holds and actively manages a portfolio of investments in the United States, Europe and Asia.
|Traded as||TSX: POW|
|Founder||Arthur J. Nesbitt|
|Headquarters||Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|Products||Financial services, insurance and energy|
|Revenue||C$51.36 billion (2017)|
|C$1.286 billion (2017)|
|Total assets||C$445.52 billion (2017) |
Number of employees
|Over 30,000 employees and 12,200 financial advisors (2017)|
Power Corporation of Canada was formed in 1925 by stockbrokers Arthur J. Nesbitt and his partner Peter A. T. Thompson. Nesbitt served as the company's first president. Power Corporation was created as a holding company to manage their substantial investments in public utility companies involved in the electrical power industry in Quebec's Eastern Townships plus in the other Canadian Provinces of Ontario, Manitoba, New Brunswick and British Columbia. In the latter part of the 1930s, the company acquired a controlling interest in Bathurst Pulp and Paper Company Ltd. and in 1938, Canadian Oil Companies Ltd., selling the latter to Shell Oil Company in 1962.
In 1952, Arthur J. Nesbitt was succeeded as president by his son Arthur Deane Nesbitt (1910–1978). The family sold most their interest in Power Corporation to the Paul Desmarais group in 1968 and by 1970 no longer had any involvement. At that time, Paul Desmarais had already started implementing an investment philosophy which continues today:[when?] responsible management, prudent approach to risk, long-term value creation, etc.
1984 saw the creation of a diversified management and holding company, Power Financial Corporation. Global expansion for the group began in the 1970s in Europe and followed in the 1990s in Asia. The group's involvement in the finance sector continued in 2000 with the acquisition of Canada Life, Mackenzie Financial and Putnam Investments.
Power Corporation owns 65.5% of Power Financial Corporation.
While it was originally established as an electric utility holding company, the company became a conglomerate with major interests in the finance industry, as well as interests in other business sectors such as sustainable and renewable energy.
Responsible management has long been a corporate value at Power Corporation. This is reflected through the corporation's community investment. Power Corporation has been a supporter of the Imagine program in Canada since 1989. Its subsidiaries also support this national program, which promotes corporate and public commitment in communities. In addition to promoting volunteering, the program calls for corporations to contribute to a target of 1% of pre-tax domestic profit to charitable causes, a threshold which Power Corporation has met year after year.
Through charitable giving and volunteering initiatives, Power Corporation has contributed to more than 800 organizations in the past. In 2015, the company's community investment was segmented as follows:
- Community Development (28%)
- Health (19%)
- Arts and Culture (18%)
- Education (29%)
- Environment (6%)
Pargesa Holding S.A. is controlled by Parjointco N.V. Through its participation in Groupe Bruxelles Lambert, Pargesa has interests in Imerys (mineral-based specialty solutions for industry), SGS (testing, inspection and certification), LafargeHolcim (cement, aggregates and concrete), Pernod Ricard (wines and spirits), adidas (design and distribution of sportswear), Total (oil, gas and alternative energies) and Engie (electricity, natural gas, and energy and environmental services). Parjointco is indirectly owned by Power Corporation and Belgian tycoon Albert Frère. The Desmarais family and Frère (now deceased) are/were shareholders in oil company Total SA, France’s largest oil company. Total was the subject of a formal investigation by the United Nations in February 2010 for bribery charges concerning oil deliveries from Iraq during the rule of dictator Saddam Hussein.
The corporation is known for its active participation in Canadian politics through its relationships and the relationships of the Desmarais family with prominent Liberal and Conservative politicians.
Paul Desmarais, Jr., was one of thirty members of the North American Competitiveness Council, a group whose advice directed the policies of Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America (SPP). Additionally, the company has long been a close ally of the Liberal Party of Canada, although former or current members of other Canadian political parties have also worked for Power Corp.
The company has been criticized for its links with Canadian politics, and specifically for its commitment to the defense of federalism in Quebec. Indeed, several former Canadian prime ministers have worked on staff. A brief summary of the connections between Power Corp. and those with political power in Canada is below.
Former Prime Minister of Canada Paul Martin was hired in the 1960s to work for Paul Desmarais, Sr. by Maurice Strong. Martin became President of Canada Steamship Lines, a subsidiary of Power Corp., and in 1981 Desmarais sold the company to Martin and a partner. Martin went on to make his personal fortune as an owner of CSL.
Former Prime Minister of Canada Jean Chrétien sat on the board of Power Corp. subsidiary Consolidated Bathurst in the late 1980s, before he became the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada. Chrétien's daughter France is married to the son of Paul Desmarais Sr., André. Chrétien's chief of staff Eddie Goldenberg also worked in the past for Power Corp.
Former Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau served in the mid-1990s on Power Corp.'s international advisory board. Trudeau's assistant Ted Johnson also worked for Power Corp. During the Trudeau administration, Michael Pitfield held a variety of positions in government, but during his time in the private sector, he was at one time a Vice-Chairman of Power Corp.
Former Prime Minister of Canada Brian Mulroney also has a relationship with Power Corporation. Mulroney's friend Ian MacDonald described Desmarais as "Mulroney's mentor in the business world", and it is believed that Mulroney has done legal work for Power Corp. since the end of his term as Prime Minister. Additionally, former Mulroney Minister of Transport Don Mazankowski is currently Power Corp.'s company director.
Former Premiers of Ontario Bill Davis and John Robarts of the Progressive Conservatives have both sat on Power Corp.'s national advisory board. John Rae, the brother of former interim Liberal Party of Canada Leader Bob Rae, currently serves as Power Corp.'s Executive Vice President.
Former Premier of Quebec Daniel Johnson, Jr. worked for Power Corp. from 1973 to 1981, and in the last three years of this term was a Vice-President of the company.
Former member of the Liberal Party of Canada Maurice Strong became President of Power Corp. by his mid-thirties. He had a role in the creation of the Canadian International Development Agency, and in 1976, he was appointed to run Petro-Canada. He later worked for the United Nations.
Power Corp.'s international advisory board has featured individuals such as former German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt, former oil minister of Saudi Arabia Sheikh Ahmed Zaki Yamani, former head of the US Federal Reserve Board Paul Volcker, and the previously mentioned former Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau.
The former Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec's President and CEO Henri-Paul Rousseau became the vice-chairman of the company and a member of the board of directors of Power Corporation.
- Power Corporation of Canada
- 65.5% Power Financial Corporation, which owns:
- 50% of Parjointco N.V., which owns:
- 55.5% of (75.4% with voting rights) of Pargesa Holding S.A., which owns:
- 67.7% of Great-West Lifeco which owns:
- 61.4% of IGM Financial Inc. which owns:
- 50% of Parjointco N.V., which owns:
- 100% of Power Energy which owns:
- 100% of Potentia Renewables
- 55.7% of Lumenpulse
- 43.8% of Lion Electric
- 13.9% de China AMC
- Sagard Investment Funds
- 65.5% Power Financial Corporation, which owns:
- "Federal Corporation Information". Corporations Canada. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
- "Financial Highlights". Power Corporation of Canada. December 31, 2015.
- "Snapshot". Power Corporation of Canada. December 31, 2017.
- The name is Power and it fits, The New York Times, January 25, 2007.
- Community investment website
- Imagine Canada
- Pargesa Holding SA, FT.com
- Frere and Desmarais Families of Belgium and Canada—The Real Power Behind Imerys, Webshells
- "Passing of Mr. Albert Frère - Press Releases". www.powercorporation.com. Retrieved 2018-12-26.
- Gore backed by group linked to oil industry?, Calgarysun, April 21, 2010.
- Total under investigation over Iraq oil-for-food, Reuters, April 6, 2010.
- "Power Corporation of Canada - Third Quarter Report" (PDF). September 30, 2018. Retrieved February 7, 2019.