Eastern Canada

Eastern Canada (also the Eastern provinces or the East) is generally considered to be the region of Canada south of the Hudson Bay/Strait and east of Manitoba, consisting of the following provinces (from east to west):

Eastern Canada

Est du Canada  (French)
Eastern Canada (red) within the rest of Canada (tan)
Eastern Canada (red) within the rest of Canada (tan)
ProvincesNew Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
 • Total2,783,400 km2 (1,074,700 sq mi)
 • Total23,946,177
 • Density8.6/km2 (22/sq mi)

Ontario and Quebec, Canada's two largest provinces, define Central Canada; while the other provinces constitute Atlantic Canada. New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island are also known as the Maritime Provinces.[1]


Ottawa, Canada's capital, is located in Eastern Canada, within the province of Ontario.

The capitals of the provinces are in the list below:


Historical map of Eastern Canada (1884)

The Canadian Press defines Eastern Canada as everything east of and including Thunder Bay, Ontario.[2]


The total population of this region is about 23,946,177 in 2016, or about 70% of Canada's population. Most of the population resides in Ontario and Quebec. The region contains 3 of Canada's 5 largest metropolitan areas, Toronto being the fourth largest municipality in North America.

Largest metropolitan areas

The population of each province in 2016, from greatest to least is here:


Eastern Canada is represented by 213 Members of Parliament out of the 336 (106 in Ontario, 75 in Quebec and 32 in the Atlantic Provinces) and 78 senators out of 105.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Maritime Provinces". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  2. ^ Canadian Press Style Guide. Canadian Press. 1995. p.471

Coordinates: 47°11′22.96″N 70°8′12.19″W / 47.1897111°N 70.1367194°W / 47.1897111; -70.1367194

External linksEdit

  Media related to Eastern Canada at Wikimedia Commons   The dictionary definition of Eastern Canada at Wiktionary