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List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

Countries by 2018 GDP (nominal) per capita[note 1]
  >$60,000
  $50,000 - $60,000
  $40,000 - $50,000
  $30,000 - $40,000
  $20,000 - $30,000
  $10,000 - $20,000
  $5,000 - $10,000
  $2,500 - $5,000
  $1,000 - $2,500
  <$1,000

This page lists the countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[1][2] although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependencies

International Monetary Fund (2018)[3] World Bank (2018)[4] United Nations (2017)[5]
Rank Country/Territory US$
1   Luxembourg 114,234
2    Switzerland 82,950
  Macau 82,388
3   Norway 81,695
4   Ireland 76,099
5   Iceland 74,278
6   Qatar 70,780
7   Singapore 64,041
8   United States 62,606
9   Denmark 60,692
10   Australia 56,352
11   Sweden 53,873
12   Netherlands 53,106
13   Austria 51,509
14   Finland 49,845
15   San Marino 48,946
  Hong Kong 48,517
16   Germany 48,264
17   Belgium 46,724
18   Canada 46,261
19   France 42,878
20   United Kingdom 42,558
21   Israel 41,644
22   New Zealand 41,267
23   United Arab Emirates 40,711
24   Japan 39,306
25   Italy 34,260
26   Bahamas, The 34,003
27   Brunei 32,414
  Puerto Rico 31,939
28   Korea, South 31,346
29   Malta 31,058
30   Kuwait 30,839
31   Spain 30,697
32   Cyprus 28,340
33   Slovenia 26,243
34   Bahrain 25,851
  Aruba 25,466
  Taiwan 24,971
35   Saudi Arabia 23,566
36   Portugal 23,186
37   Estonia 22,990
38   Czech Republic 22,850
39   Greece 20,408
40   Slovakia 19,582
41   Oman 19,302
42   Lithuania 19,143
43   Saint Kitts and Nevis 18,203
44   Latvia 18,032
45   Barbados 17,961
46   Antigua and Barbuda 17,636
47   Uruguay 17,165
48   Seychelles 16,472
49   Trinidad and Tobago 16,223
50   Palau 16,091
51   Chile 16,079
52   Hungary 15,924
53   Panama 15,679
54   Poland 15,431
55   Croatia 14,816
56   Maldives 14,501
57   Romania 12,285
58   Costa Rica 11,744
59   Argentina 11,627
  World 11,355
60   Russia 11,327
61   Mauritius 11,281
62   Grenada 11,042
63   Malaysia 10,942
64   Saint Lucia 10,610
65   Equatorial Guinea 10,453
66   Mexico 9,807
67   China 9,608
68   Turkey 9,346
69   Bulgaria 9,267
70   Lebanon 9,257
71   Kazakhstan 9,237
72   Nauru 9,037
73   Brazil 8,968
74   Montenegro 8,652
75   Gabon 8,297
76   Botswana 8,137
77   Dominican Republic 7,881
78   Turkmenistan 7,646
79   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,491
80   Serbia 7,243
81   Thailand 7,187
82   Peru 7,002
83   Dominica 6,977
84   Libya 6,692
85   Colombia 6,684
86   South Africa 6,377
87   Ecuador 6,316
88   Belarus 6,306
89   North Macedonia 6,100
90   Iraq 5,930
91   Paraguay 5,899
92   Suriname 5,799
93   Fiji 5,752
94   Namibia 5,727
95   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,674
96   Iran 5,491
97   Jamaica 5,392
98   Albania 5,289
99   Belize 4,862
100   Tonga 4,666
101   Guyana 4,649
102   Guatemala 4,575
103   Azerbaijan 4,569
  Kosovo 4,403
104   Georgia 4,400
105   Samoa 4,318
106   Jordan 4,278
107   Eswatini 4,250
108   Algeria 4,238
109   Armenia 4,169
110   Tuvalu 4,096
111   Sri Lanka 4,068
112   Mongolia 4,026
113   El Salvador 3,924
114   Indonesia 3,871
115   Marshall Islands 3,831
116   Bolivia 3,682
117   Angola 3,669
118   Micronesia, Federated States of 3,656
119   Cape Verde 3,563
120   Tunisia 3,423
121   Venezuela 3,374
122   Morocco 3,359
123   Vanuatu 3,254
124   Moldova 3,218
125   Bhutan 3,215
126   Philippines 3,104
127   Ukraine 2,963
128   Laos 2,720
129   Egypt 2,573
130   Vietnam 2,551
131   Papua New Guinea 2,530
132   Honduras 2,521
133   Congo, Republic of the 2,511
134   East Timor 2,435
135   Solomon Islands 2,271
136   Ghana 2,206
137   Nicaragua 2,108
138   Djibouti 2,085
139   São Tomé and Príncipe 2,063
140   Nigeria 2,049
141   India 2,036
142   Kenya 1,857
143   Bangladesh 1,745
144   Zimbabwe 1,712
145   Côte d'Ivoire 1,680
146   Kiribati 1,641
147   Pakistan 1,555
148   Cameroon 1,548
149   Cambodia 1,509
150   Senegal 1,474
151   Zambia 1,417
152   Lesotho 1,358
153   Myanmar 1,298
154   Kyrgyzstan 1,268
155   Uzbekistan 1,263
156   Mauritania 1,143
157   Tanzania 1,134
158   Eritrea 1,112
159     Nepal 972
160   Mali 927
161   Benin 915
162   Guinea 883
163   Chad 874
164   Comoros 873
165   Yemen 872
166   Haiti 857
167   Ethiopia 853
168   Guinea-Bissau 840
169   Tajikistan 826
170   Sudan 808
171   Rwanda 791
172   Gambia, The 745
173   Burkina Faso 729
174   Liberia 728
175   Uganda 724
176   Togo 670
177   Afghanistan 544
178   Sierra Leone 516
179   Niger 477
180   Mozambique 476
181   Madagascar 459
182   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 449
183   Central African Republic 430
184   Malawi 351
185   Burundi 307
186   South Sudan 303
Rank Country/Territory US$
1   Luxembourg 114,341
  Macau 86,365
2    Switzerland 82,839
3   Norway 81,807
4   Ireland 77,450
5   Iceland 73,191
6   Qatar 69,027
7   Singapore 64,582
8   United States 62,641
9   Denmark 60,596
10   Australia 57,305
11   Sweden 54,112
12   Netherlands 52,978
13   Austria 51,513
14   Finland 49,960
  Hong Kong 48,717
15   Germany 48,196
16   Belgium 46,556
17   Canada 46,125
18   United Arab Emirates 43,005
19   United Kingdom 42,491
20   Andorra 42,030
21   New Zealand 41,966
22   Israel 41,614
23   France 41,464
24   Japan 39,287
  European Union 36,532
25   Italy 34,318
26   Kuwait 34,244
  Puerto Rico 31,651
27   Brunei 31,628
28   Korea, South 31,363
29   Spain 30,524
30   Malta 30,075
31   Cyprus 28,159
  Turks and Caicos Islands 27,142
32   Slovenia 26,234
33   Bahrain 24,051
34   Saudi Arabia 23,219
35   Portugal 23,146
36   Czech Republic 22,973
37   Estonia 22,928
38   Greece 20,324
39   Saint Kitts and Nevis 19,829
40   Slovakia 19,547
41   Lithuania 19,090
42   Latvia 18,089
43   Palau 17,318
44   Uruguay 17,278
45   Antigua and Barbuda 16,864
46   Trinidad and Tobago 16,844
47   Seychelles 16,434
48   Oman 16,419
49   Hungary 15,939
50   Chile 15,923
51   Panama 15,575
52   Poland 15,424
53   Croatia 14,869
54   Romania 12,301
55   Costa Rica 12,027
56   Argentina 11,653
  World 11,297
57   Russia 11,289
58   Malaysia 11,239
59   Mauritius 11,238
60   Grenada 10,834
61   Saint Lucia 10,315
62   Maldives 10,224
63   Equatorial Guinea 10,174
64   China 9,771
65   Mexico 9,698
66   Kazakhstan 9,331
67   Turkey 9,311
68   Bulgaria 9,273
69   Nauru 9,030
70   Brazil 8,921
71   Montenegro 8,761
72   Lebanon 8,270
73   Botswana 8,259
74   Gabon 8,030
75   Dominican Republic 7,650
76   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,378
77   Thailand 7,274
78   Libya 7,235
79   Serbia 7,234
80   Dominica 7,032
81   Turkmenistan 6,967
82   Peru 6,947
83   Colombia 6,651
84   Ecuador 6,345
85   South Africa 6,340
86   Belarus 6,290
87   Fiji 6,202
88   North Macedonia 6,084
89   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,951
90   Suriname 5,950
91   Namibia 5,932
92   Iraq 5,878
93   Paraguay 5,872
94   Jamaica 5,356
95   Albania 5,254
96   Belize 5,025
97   Azerbaijan 4,721
98   Guyana 4,635
99   Guatemala 4,549
100   Samoa 4,393
101   Tonga 4,364
102   Georgia 4,345
  Kosovo 4,281
103   Algeria 4,279
104   Jordan 4,248
105   Armenia 4,212
106   Eswatini 4,140
107   Mongolia 4,104
108   Sri Lanka 4,103
109   El Salvador 4,058
110   Indonesia 3,894
111   Tuvalu 3,701
112   Cape Verde 3,654
113   Marshall Islands 3,621
114   Bolivia 3,549
115   Tunisia 3,447
116   Angola 3,432
117   Bhutan 3,361
118   Morocco 3,238
  Palestine 3,199
119   Moldova 3,189
120   Philippines 3,103
121   Ukraine 3,095
122   Micronesia, Federated States of 3,058
123   Vanuatu 3,033
124   Papua New Guinea 2,723
125   Laos 2,568
126   Vietnam 2,564
127   Egypt 2,549
128   Honduras 2,483
129   Ghana 2,202
130   Solomon Islands 2,163
131   Congo, Republic of the 2,148
132   Zimbabwe 2,147
133   Djibouti 2,050
134   East Timor 2,036
135   Nicaragua 2,029
136   Nigeria 2,028
137   India 2,016
138   São Tomé and Príncipe 2,001
139   Côte d'Ivoire 1,716
140   Kenya 1,711
141   Bangladesh 1,698
142   Kiribati 1,625
143   Zambia 1,540
144   Uzbekistan 1,532
145   Cameroon 1,527
146   Senegal 1,522
147   Cambodia 1,512
148   Pakistan 1,473
149   Comoros 1,446
150   Myanmar 1,326
151   Lesotho 1,324
152   Kyrgyzstan 1,281
153   Mauritania 1,219
154   Tanzania 1,051
155     Nepal 1,026
156   Sudan 977
157   Yemen 944
158   Benin 902
159   Mali 901
160   Guinea 885
161   Haiti 868
162   Tajikistan 827
163   Guinea-Bissau 778
164   Rwanda 773
165   Ethiopia 772
166   Burkina Faso 731
167   Chad 730
168   Gambia, The 713
169   Liberia 674
170   Togo 672
171   Uganda 643
172   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 562
173   Sierra Leone 523
174   Afghanistan 521
175   Central African Republic 510
176   Somalia 499
177   Madagascar 461
178   Burundi 412
179   Niger 389
180   Malawi 275
Rank Country/Territory US$
1   Liechtenstein 166,022
2   Monaco 165,421
3   Luxembourg 106,806
  Bermuda 102,192
  Macau 80,893
4    Switzerland 80,101
5   Norway 75,295
6   Iceland 73,060
7   Ireland 69,604
  Cayman Islands 65,472
8   Qatar 63,506
9   United States 60,055
10   Australia 57,613
11   Denmark 57,533
12   Singapore 56,737
13   Sweden 54,043
14   San Marino 50,588
  Greenland 49,398
15   Netherlands 48,754
16   Austria 47,718
  Hong Kong 46,390
17   Finland 45,670
18   Germany 44,976
19   Canada 44,974
20   Belgium 43,289
21   New Zealand 42,936
22   Israel 42,452
23   United Arab Emirates 40,699
24   United Kingdom 39,758
25   Andorra 39,153
26   France 38,415
27   Japan 38,220
  New Caledonia 35,815
28   Italy 32,747
  Virgin Islands, British 31,917
29   Korea, South 30,025
30   Bahamas, The 29,825
31   Malta 29,137
32   Kuwait 28,897
  Turks and Caicos Islands 28,689
  Puerto Rico 28,451
33   Spain 28,354
34   Brunei 28,291
  Europe 27,222
  Americas 26,748
35   Cyprus 25,790
  Aruba 25,655
36   Bahrain 23,688
37   Slovenia 23,296
38   Saudi Arabia 20,761
39   Czech Republic 20,326
  French Polynesia 19,807
40   Estonia 19,793
  Curaçao 19,586
41   Portugal 18,882
  Anguilla 18,861
42   Greece 18,198
  Cook Islands 17,798
43   Slovakia 17,552
44   Uruguay 17,120
45   Saint Kitts and Nevis 16,818
46   Barbados 16,494
47   Lithuania 16,450
48   Trinidad and Tobago 16,145
49   Seychelles 15,693
50   Latvia 15,625
51   Chile 15,347
52   Oman 15,267
53   Panama 15,088
54   Antigua and Barbuda 14,803
55   Argentina 14,400
56   Hungary 14,376
57   Poland 13,786
58   Palau 13,417
59   Croatia 13,177
60   Costa Rica 11,734
  Montserrat 11,582
61   Maldives 11,151
62   Russia 10,956
63   Romania 10,763
  World 10,665
64   Mauritius 10,565
65   Turkey 10,546
66   Grenada 10,451
67   Nauru 10,045
68   Malaysia 9,951
69   Equatorial Guinea 9,850
70   Brazil 9,821
71   Saint Lucia 9,607
  South America 9,393
72   Mexico 8,967
73   Lebanon 8,778
74   Kazakhstan 8,756
75   China 8,682
76   Cuba 8,433
77   Bulgaria 8,218
  Central America 7,990
78   Venezuela 7,977
79   Botswana 7,596
80   Gabon 7,221
81   Dominican Republic 7,052
82   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6,980
83   Montenegro 6,958
84   Suriname 6,757
85   Dominica 6,719
86   Thailand 6,595
87   Turkmenistan 6,585
88   Peru 6,572
89   Colombia 6,302
90   Ecuador 6,273
91   South Africa 6,151
92   Serbia 5,912
93   Belarus 5,750
94   Iran 5,680
95   North Macedonia 5,415
96   Fiji 5,382
97   Namibia 5,227
98   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,181
99   Jamaica 5,130
100   Belize 5,077
101   Iraq 4,756
102   Guyana 4,555
103   Guatemala 4,471
104   Albania 4,450
105   Samoa 4,356
106   Paraguay 4,322
  Southeast Asia 4,266
107   Angola 4,247
108   Jordan 4,196
109   Sri Lanka 4,184
110   Azerbaijan 4,146
  Kosovo 4,116
111   Algeria 4,055
112   Tonga 3,950
113   Libya 3,942
114   Armenia 3,937
115   Tuvalu 3,924
116   El Salvador 3,889
117   Georgia 3,875
118   Indonesia 3,847
119   Marshall Islands 3,753
120   Mongolia 3,620
121   Tunisia 3,475
122   Bolivia 3,394
123   Cape Verde 3,245
124   Eswatini 3,224
125   Micronesia, Federated States of 3,188
126   Vanuatu 3,128
127   Bhutan 3,173
128   Morocco 3,070
129   Philippines 2,989
130   Sudan 2,967
  Palestine 2,946
131   Papua New Guinea 2,667
132   Ukraine 2,536
133   Honduras 2,480
134   Laos 2,457
135   Vietnam 2,342
136   East Timor 2,279
137   Nicaragua 2,222
138   Congo, Republic of the 2,147
139   Ghana 2,046
140   Moldova 2,006
141   Egypt 2,000
142   Solomon Islands 1,982
143   Nigeria 1,969
144   Djibouti 1,928
145   India 1,923
146   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,921
  Africa 1,766
147   Kiribati 1,694
148   Côte d'Ivoire 1,566
149   Uzbekistan 1,557
150   Pakistan 1,534
151   Zambia 1,513
152   Kenya 1,508
153   Bangladesh 1,492
154   Cameroon 1,452
155   Cambodia 1,382
156   Senegal 1,333
157   Comoros 1,330
158   Myanmar 1,257
159   Kyrgyzstan 1,251
160   Lesotho 1,178
161   Eritrea 1,147
162   Mauritania 1,129
163   Zimbabwe 1,091
164   Yemen 990
165   Tanzania 934
166     Nepal 849
167   Syria 831
168   Benin 826
169   Mali 822
170   Guinea 803
171   Tajikistan 801
172   Haiti 776
173   Rwanda 748
174   Guinea-Bissau 724
175   Ethiopia 720
176   Chad 719
177   Gambia, The 709
178   Korea, North 685
179   Uganda 646
180   Burkina Faso 642
181   Afghanistan 619
182   Togo 614
183   Liberia 584
184   Madagascar 517
185   Sierra Leone 495
186   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 463
187   South Sudan 453
188   Central African Republic 428
189   Mozambique 426
190   Niger 378
191   Malawi 340
192   Burundi 290

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[6]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur
  2. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  3. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019". World Economic Outlook. International Monetary Fund. April 2019. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  4. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2018.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2019.
  5. ^ National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, 2017, (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2016 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 17 Jan 2019.
  6. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.
  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used

External links