List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

Countries by 2018 GDP (nominal) per capita[note 1]
  >$60,000
  $50,000 - $60,000
  $40,000 - $50,000
  $30,000 - $40,000
  $20,000 - $30,000
  $10,000 - $20,000
  $5,000 - $10,000
  $2,500 - $5,000
  $1,000 - $2,500
  <$1,000

This page lists the countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[1][2] although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependenciesEdit

International Monetary Fund (2019 estimates)[3] World Bank (2019)[4] United Nations (2017)[5]
Rank Country/Territory US$
1   Luxembourg (EU) 113,196
2    Switzerland 83,716
  Macau 81,151
3   Norway 77,975
4   Ireland (EU) 77,771
5   Qatar 69,687
6   Iceland 67,037
7   United States 65,111
8   Singapore 63,987
9   Denmark (EU) 59,795
10   Australia 53,825
11   Netherlands (EU) 52,367
12   Sweden (EU) 51,241
13   Austria (EU) 50,022
  Hong Kong 49,334
14   Finland (EU) 48,868
15   San Marino 47,279
16   Germany (EU) 46,563
17   Canada 46,212
18   Belgium (EU) 45,175
19   Israel 42,823
20   France (EU) 41,760
21   United Kingdom 41,030
22   Japan 40,846
23   New Zealand 40,634
24   United Arab Emirates 37,749
25   Bahamas, The 33,261
26   Italy (EU) 32,946
  Puerto Rico 31,538
27   Korea, South 31,430
28   Malta (EU) 30,650
29   Spain (EU) 29,961
30   Kuwait 29,266
31   Brunei 27,871
32   Cyprus (EU) 27,719
33   Slovenia (EU) 26,170
  Aruba 25,976
34   Bahrain 25,273
  Taiwan 24,827
35   Estonia (EU) 23,523
36   Czech Republic (EU) 23,213
37   Portugal (EU) 23,030
38   Saudi Arabia 22,865
39   Greece (EU) 19,974
40   Slovakia (EU) 19,547
41   Lithuania (EU) 19,266
42   Saint Kitts and Nevis 18,245
43   Latvia (EU) 18,171
44   Antigua and Barbuda 18,109
45   Barbados 18,069
46   Oman 17,791
47   Hungary (EU) 17,463
48   Seychelles 17,052
49   Uruguay 17,029
50   Palau 16,736
51   Trinidad and Tobago 16,365
52   Panama 16,245
53   Chile 15,399
54   Maldives 15,562
55   Croatia (EU) 14,949
56   Poland (EU) 14,901
57   Romania (EU) 12,482
58   Costa Rica 12,014
59   Grenada 11,381
60   Mauritius 11,360
  World 11,355
61   Russia 11,162
62   Malaysia 11,136
63   Saint Lucia 11,075
64   Mexico 10,118
65   China 10,098
66   Argentina 9,887
67   Lebanon 9,654
68   Bulgaria (EU) 9,518
69   Kazakhstan 9,139
70   Turkey 8,957
71   Equatorial Guinea 8,927
72   Brazil 8,796
73   Montenegro 8,703
74   Dominican Republic 8,629
75   Dominica 8,380
76   Nauru 8,270
77   Gabon 8,112
78   Botswana 7,859
79   Turkmenistan 7,816
80   Thailand 7,791
81   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,750
82   Serbia 7,397
83   Peru 7,046
84   Belarus 6,603
85   Colombia 6,508
86   Fiji 6,379
87   Suriname 6,310
88   Ecuador 6,249
89   South Africa 6,100
90   North Macedonia 6,096
91   Namibia 5,842
92   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,741
93   Iraq 5,738
94   Paraguay 5,692
95   Iran 5,506
96   Jamaica 5,460
97   Albania 5,372
98   Guyana 5,252
99   Libya 5,019
100   Belize 4,925
101   Tonga 4,862
102   Azerbaijan 4,689
103   Guatemala 4,616
104   Armenia 4,527
105   Samoa 4,500
  Kosovo 4,442
106   Jordan 4,386
107   Georgia 4,289
108   Eswatini 4,176
109   Indonesia 4,163
110   Mongolia 4,132
111   El Salvador 4,008
112   Algeria 3,980
113   Sri Lanka 3,946
114   Marshall Islands 3,924
115   Tuvalu 3,834
116   Micronesia[6] 3,717
117   Bolivia 3,670
118   Cape Verde 3,598
119   Ukraine 3,592
120   Bhutan 3,423
121   Morocco 3,345
122   Moldova 3,300
123   Philippines 3,294
124   Tunisia 3,287
125   Vanuatu 3,260
126   Egypt 3,046
127   Angola 3,037
128   Djibouti 2,936
129   Papua New Guinea 2,742
130   Vietnam 2,740
131   Laos 2,670
132   Honduras 2,548
133   Venezuela 2,547
134   Congo, Republic of the 2,534
135   East Timor 2,262
136   Solomon Islands 2,246
137   Ghana 2,223
138   Nigeria 2,222
139   India 2,171
140   Kenya 1,997
141   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,933
142   Nicaragua 1,919
143   Bangladesh 1,905
144   Uzbekistan 1,831
145   Côte d'Ivoire 1,691
146   Cambodia 1,620
147   Kiribati 1,574
148   Cameroon 1,514
149   Senegal 1,427
150   Mauritania 1,392
151   Pakistan 1,388
152   Comoros 1,349
153   Lesotho 1,338
154   Zambia 1,307
155   Kyrgyzstan 1,292
156   Myanmar 1,244
157   Benin 1,216
158   Tanzania 1,104
159     Nepal 1,047
160   Guinea 981
161   Ethiopia 953
162   Yemen 943
163   Mali 924
164   Tajikistan 877
165   Chad 861
166   Zimbabwe 859
167   Rwanda 824
168   Guinea-Bissau 786
169   Haiti 784
170   Uganda 770
171   Gambia, The 755
172   Burkina Faso 717
173   Sudan 714
174   Liberia 703
175   Togo 671
176   Sierra Leone 546
177   Afghanistan 513
178   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 500
179   Mozambique 484
180   Madagascar 463
181   Central African Republic 447
182   Niger 405
183   Malawi 370
184   Eritrea 342
185   Burundi 309
186   South Sudan 275
Rank Country/Territory US$
1   Monaco (2018) 185,741
2   Liechtenstein (2017) 173,356
3   Luxembourg (EU) 114,705
  Macau 84,096
4    Switzerland 81,994
5   Ireland (EU) 78,661
6   Norway 75,420
7   Iceland 66,945
8   United States 65,281
9   Singapore 65,233
10   Qatar 64,782
11   Denmark (EU) 59,822
12   Australia 54,907
13   Netherlands (EU) 52,448
14   Sweden (EU) 51,610
15   Austria (EU) 50,277
  Hong Kong 48,756
16   Finland (EU) 48,686
17   San Marino (2018) 48,481
18   Germany (EU) 46,259
19   Canada 46,195
20   Belgium (EU) 46,117
21   Israel 43,641
22   United Arab Emirates 43,103
23   United Kingdom 42,300
24   New Zealand 42,084
25   Andorra 40,886
26   France (EU) 40,494
27   Japan 40,247
  European Union 34,843
28   Italy (EU) 33,190
29   Bahamas, The 32,934
  Puerto Rico 32,874
30   Kuwait 32,032
31   Korea, South 31,762
32   Brunei 31,087
33   Spain (EU) 29,614
34   Malta (EU) 29,416
35   Cyprus (EU) 27,858
36   Slovenia (EU) 25,739
37   Estonia (EU) 23,660
38   Bahrain 23,504
39   Portugal (EU) 23,145
40   Saudi Arabia 23,140
41   Czech Republic (EU) 23,102
42   Saint Kitts and Nevis 19,897
43   Greece (EU) 19,583
44   Lithuania (EU) 19,456
45   Slovakia (EU) 19,329
46   Barbados 18,148
47   Latvia (EU) 17,836
48   Antigua and Barbuda 17,790
49   Seychelles 17,402
50   Trinidad and Tobago 17,277
51   Hungary (EU) 16,476
52   Uruguay 16,190
53   Venezuela (2014) 16,055
54   Palau 15,859
55   Panama 15,731
56   Poland (EU) 15,595
57   Oman 15,474
58   Chile 14,897
59   Croatia (EU) 14,853
60   Romania (EU) 12,920
61   Costa Rica 12,238
62   Saint Lucia 11,611
63   Russia 11,585
  World 11,436
64   Malaysia 11,415
65   Mauritius 11,204
66   Grenada 10,966
67   Maldives 10,791
68   China 10,262
69   Argentina 10,006
70   Mexico 9,863
71   Bulgaria (EU) 9,738
72   Kazakhstan 9,731
73   Nauru 9,397
74   Turkey 9,043
75   Montenegro 8,832
76   Cuba (2018) 8,822
77   Brazil 8,717
78   Dominica 8,300
79   Dominican Republic 8,282
80   Equatorial Guinea 8,132
81   Botswana 7,961
82   Thailand 7,808
83   Lebanon 7,784
84   Libya 7,684
85   Gabon 7,667
86   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,464
87   Serbia 7,402
88   Peru 6,978
89   Turkmenistan 6,967
90   Suriname 6,855
91   Belarus 6,663
92   Colombia 6,432
93   Fiji 6,220
94   Ecuador 6,184
95   North Macedonia 6,093
96   Bosnia and Herzegovina 6,073
97   South Africa 6,001
98   Iraq 5,955
99   Jamaica 5,582
100   Iran (2017) 5,520
101   Guyana 5,468
102   Paraguay 5,415
103   Albania 5,353
104   Namibia 4,958
105   Belize 4,815
106   Azerbaijan 4,794
107   Georgia 4,769
108   Armenia 4,623
109   Guatemala 4,620
110   Moldova 4,499
  Kosovo 4,418
111   Tonga (2018) 4,364
112   Jordan 4,330
113   Samoa 4,316
114   Mongolia 4,295
115   El Salvador 4,187
116   Indonesia 4,136
117   Tuvalu 4,059
118   Algeria 3,948
119   Sri Lanka 3,853
120   Eswatini 3,837
121   Marshall Islands (2008) 3,788
122   Ukraine 3,659
123   Cape Verde 3,604
124   Micronesia (2018) 3,568
125   Bolivia 3,552
126   Philippines 3,485
127   Djibouti 3,409
128   Tunisia 3,318
129   Bhutan (2008) 3,243
130   Morocco 3,204
  West Bank and Gaza (2008) 3,199
131   Vanuatu 3,058
132   Egypt 3,020
133   Angola 2,974
134   Papua New Guinea 2,845
135   Vietnam 2,715
136   Honduras 2,575
137   Laos 2,535
138   Côte d'Ivoire 2,286
139   Nigeria 2,230
140   Ghana 2,202
141   Solomon Islands 2,128
142   India 2,104
143   Syrian Arab Republic (2007) 2,033
144   Congo, Republic of the 2,011
145   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,995
146   Nicaragua 1,913
147   Bangladesh 1,856
148   Kenya 1,817
149   Uzbekistan 1,725
150   Mauritania 1,678
151   Kiribati 1,655
152   Cambodia 1,643
153   Cameroon 1,498
154   Zimbabwe 1,464
155   Senegal 1,447
156   Myanmar 1,408
157   Comoros 1,394
158   Kyrgyzstan 1,309
159   East Timor 1,294
160   Zambia 1,291
161   Pakistan 1,285
162   Benin 1,219
163   Lesotho 1,158
164   Tanzania 1,122
165     Nepal 1,071
166   Guinea 1,064
167   Yemen 968
168   Mali 891
169   Tajikistan 871
170   Ethiopia 858
171   Rwanda 802
172   Uganda 777
173   Burkina Faso 775
174   Haiti 755
175   Gambia, The 751
176   Chad 710
177   Guinea-Bissau 698
178   Togo 676
179   Liberia 622
180   Niger 555
181   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 545
182   Madagascar 522
183   Sierra Leone 505
184   Afghanistan 502
185   Mozambique 492
186   Central African Republic 468
187   Sudan 442
188   Malawi 412
189   Burundi 261
Rank Country/Territory US$
1   Liechtenstein 166,022
2   Monaco 165,421
3   Luxembourg (EU) 106,806
  Bermuda 102,192
  Macau 80,893
4    Switzerland 80,101
5   Norway 75,295
6   Iceland 73,060
7   Ireland (EU) 69,604
  Cayman Islands 65,472
8   Qatar 63,506
9   United States 60,055
10   Australia 57,613
11   Denmark (EU) 57,533
12   Singapore 56,737
13   Sweden (EU) 54,043
14   San Marino 50,588
  Greenland 49,398
15   Netherlands (EU) 48,754
16   Austria (EU) 47,718
  Hong Kong 46,390
17   Finland (EU) 45,670
18   Germany (EU) 44,976
19   Canada 44,974
20   Belgium (EU) 43,289
21   New Zealand 42,936
22   Israel 42,452
23   United Arab Emirates 40,699
24   United Kingdom 39,758
25   Andorra 39,153
26   France (EU) 38,415
27   Japan 38,220
  New Caledonia 35,815
28   Italy (EU) 32,747
  Virgin Islands, British 31,917
29   Korea, South 30,025
30   Bahamas, The 29,825
31   Malta (EU) 29,137
32   Kuwait 28,897
  Turks and Caicos Islands 28,689
  Puerto Rico 28,451
33   Spain (EU) 28,354
34   Brunei 28,291
  Europe 27,222
  Americas 26,748
35   Cyprus (EU) 25,790
  Aruba 25,655
36   Bahrain 23,688
37   Slovenia (EU) 23,296
38   Saudi Arabia 20,761
39   Czech Republic (EU) 20,326
  French Polynesia 19,807
40   Estonia (EU) 19,793
  Curaçao 19,586
41   Portugal (EU) 18,882
  Anguilla 18,861
42   Greece (EU) 18,198
  Cook Islands 17,798
43   Slovakia (EU) 17,552
44   Uruguay 17,120
45   Saint Kitts and Nevis 16,818
46   Barbados 16,494
47   Lithuania (EU) 16,450
48   Trinidad and Tobago 16,145
49   Seychelles 15,693
50   Latvia (EU) 15,625
51   Chile 15,347
52   Oman 15,267
53   Panama 15,088
54   Antigua and Barbuda 14,803
55   Argentina 14,400
56   Hungary (EU) 14,376
57   Poland (EU) 13,786
58   Palau 13,417
59   Croatia (EU) 13,177
60   Costa Rica 11,734
  Montserrat 11,582
61   Maldives 11,151
62   Russia 10,956
63   Romania (EU) 10,763
  World 10,665
64   Mauritius 10,565
65   Turkey 10,546
66   Grenada 10,451
67   Nauru 10,045
68   Malaysia 9,951
69   Equatorial Guinea 9,850
70   Brazil 9,821
71   Saint Lucia 9,607
  South America 9,393
72   Mexico 8,967
73   Lebanon 8,778
74   Kazakhstan 8,756
75   China 8,682
76   Cuba 8,433
77   Bulgaria (EU) 8,218
  Central America 7,990
78   Venezuela 7,977
79   Botswana 7,596
80   Gabon 7,221
81   Dominican Republic 7,052
82   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6,980
83   Montenegro 6,958
84   Suriname 6,757
85   Dominica 6,719
86   Thailand 6,595
87   Turkmenistan 6,585
88   Peru 6,572
89   Colombia 6,302
90   Ecuador 6,273
91   South Africa 6,151
92   Serbia 5,912
93   Belarus 5,750
94   Iran 5,680
95   North Macedonia 5,415
96   Fiji 5,382
97   Namibia 5,227
98   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,181
99   Jamaica 5,130
100   Belize 5,077
101   Iraq 4,756
102   Guyana 4,555
103   Guatemala 4,471
104   Albania 4,450
105   Samoa 4,356
106   Paraguay 4,322
  Southeast Asia 4,266
107   Angola 4,247
108   Jordan 4,196
109   Sri Lanka 4,184
110   Azerbaijan 4,146
  Kosovo 4,116
111   Algeria 4,055
112   Tonga 3,950
113   Libya 3,942
114   Armenia 3,937
115   Tuvalu 3,924
116   El Salvador 3,889
117   Georgia 3,875
118   Indonesia 3,847
119   Marshall Islands 3,753
120   Mongolia 3,620
121   Tunisia 3,475
122   Bolivia 3,394
123   Cape Verde 3,245
124   Eswatini 3,224
125   Micronesia 3,188
126   Bhutan 3,173
127   Vanuatu 3,128
128   Morocco 3,070
129   Philippines 2,989
130   Sudan 2,967
  Palestine 2,946
131   Papua New Guinea 2,667
132   Ukraine 2,536
133   Honduras 2,480
134   Laos 2,457
135   Vietnam 2,342
136   East Timor 2,279
137   Nicaragua 2,222
138   Congo, Republic of the 2,147
139   Ghana 2,046
140   Moldova 2,006
141   Egypt 2,000
142   Solomon Islands 1,982
143   Nigeria 1,969
144   Djibouti 1,928
145   India 1,923
146   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,921
  Africa 1,766
147   Kiribati 1,694
148   Côte d'Ivoire 1,566
149   Uzbekistan 1,557
150   Pakistan 1,534
151   Zambia 1,513
152   Kenya 1,508
153   Bangladesh 1,492
154   Cameroon 1,452
155   Cambodia 1,382
156   Senegal 1,333
157   Comoros 1,330
158   Myanmar 1,257
159   Kyrgyzstan 1,251
160   Lesotho 1,178
161   Eritrea 1,147
162   Mauritania 1,129
163   Zimbabwe 1,091
164   Yemen 990
165   Tanzania 934
166     Nepal 849
167   Syria 831
168   Benin 826
169   Mali 822
170   Guinea 803
171   Tajikistan 801
172   Haiti 776
173   Rwanda 748
174   Guinea-Bissau 724
175   Ethiopia 720
176   Chad 719
177   Gambia, The 709
178   Korea, North 685
179   Uganda 646
180   Burkina Faso 642
181   Afghanistan 619
182   Togo 614
183   Liberia 584
184   Madagascar 517
185   Sierra Leone 495
186   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 463
187   South Sudan 453
188   Central African Republic 428
189   Mozambique 426
190   Niger 378
191   Malawi 340
192   Burundi 290

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havensEdit

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[7]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur
  2. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  3. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019". World Economic Outlook. International Monetary Fund. October 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  4. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2018.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2020.
  5. ^ National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, 2017, (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2016 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 17 Jan 2019.
  6. ^ "Micronesia | History, Capital, Population, Map, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  7. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.
  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used

External linksEdit