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List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

Countries by 2015 GDP (nominal) per capita[1]
  > $64,000
  $32,000–64,000
  $16,000–32,000
  $8,000–16,000
  $4,000–8,000
  $2,000–4,000
  $1,000–2,000
  $500–1,000
  < $500
  unavailable

The world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[2][3] although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, the State of Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. They are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

Contents

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependenciesEdit

International Monetary Fund (2017)[4] World Bank (2017)[5] United Nations (2017)[6]
Rank Country/Territories US$
1   Luxembourg 105,863
2    Switzerland 80,637
  Macau 77,111
3   Norway 75,389
4   Iceland 70,248
5   Ireland 68,710
6   Qatar 61,024
7   United States 59,792
8   Singapore 57,713
9   Denmark 56,630
10   Australia 55,692
11   Sweden 52,925
12   Netherlands 48,555
13   San Marino 47,595
14   Austria 47,347
  Hong Kong 46,080
15   Finland 45,927
16   Canada 45,094
17   Germany 44,769
18   Belgium 43,488
19   New Zealand 41,572
20   Israel 40,272
21   France 39,932
22   United Kingdom 39,800
23   Japan 38,448
24   United Arab Emirates 37,732
25   Italy 31,996
26   Bahamas 31,660
  Puerto Rico 31,581
27   South Korea 29,938
28   Spain 28,358
29   Brunei 28,278
30   Kuwait 27,393
31   Malta 27,326
32   Cyprus 25,380
  Aruba 24,371
33   Bahrain 24,325
  Taiwan 24,292
34   Slovenia 23,654
35   Portugal 21,158
36   Saudi Arabia 21,096
37   Czech Republic 20,401
38   Estonia 19,735
39   Greece 18,637
40   Barbados 17,757
41   Slovakia 17,655
42   Saint Kitts and Nevis 17,397
43   Oman 17,128
44   Uruguay 16,941
45   Lithuania 16,730
46   Antigua and Barbuda 16,702
47   Trinidad and Tobago 16,637
48   Palau 15,980
49   Seychelles 15,859
50   Latvia 15,550
51   Panama 15,089
52   Chile 15,067
53   Equatorial Guinea 14,817
54   Argentina 14,462
55   Hungary 14,209
56   Poland 13,821
57   Croatia 13,271
58   Maldives 12,527
59   Lebanon 12,013
60   Costa Rica 11,728
61   Russia 10,955
62   Romania 10,785
  World 10,728
63   Turkey 10,537
64   Mauritius 10,504
65   Grenada 10,405
66   Brazil 9,895
67   Malaysia 9,755
68   Saint Lucia 9,606
69   Mexico 9,318
70   Kazakhstan 8,762
71   China 8,643
72   Nauru 8,574
73   Bulgaria 8,077
74   Dominica 7,879
75   Montenegro 7,678
76   Botswana 7,584
77   Dominican Republic 7,477
78   Gabon 7,373
79   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,124
80   Venezuela 6,890
81   Peru 6,731
82   Turkmenistan 6,642
83   Thailand 6,590
84   Colombia 6,379
85   Ecuador 6,216
86   South Africa 6,179
87   Serbia 5,901
88   Suriname 5,869
89   Belarus 5,727
90   Paraguay 5,600
91   Namibia 5,589
92   Fiji 5,527
93   Macedonia 5,474
94   Iran 5,289
95   Jamaica 5,193
96   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,180
97   Iraq 4,950
98   Belize 4,806
99   Libya 4,739
100   Guyana 4,578
101   Albania 4,544
102   Tonga 4,520
103   Guatemala 4,469
104   Angola 4,465
105   Samoa 4,258
106   Azerbaijan 4,140
107   Jordan 4,135
108   Georgia 4,085
109   Sri Lanka 4,073
110   Algeria 4,033
111   Kosovo 3,944
112   Eswatini 3,915
113   El Salvador 3,894
114   Indonesia 3,876
115   Armenia 3,861
116   Mongolia 3,640
117   Tuvalu 3,638
118   Marshall Islands 3,625
119   Tunisia 3,496
120   Bolivia 3,353
121   Cape Verde 3,238
122   Micronesia 3,200
123   Morocco 3,151
124   Vanuatu 3,094
125   Philippines 2,976
126   Bhutan 2,903
127   Papua New Guinea 2,861
128   Honduras 2,766
129   Ukraine 2,583
130   Laos 2,542
131   Egypt 2,501
132   Vietnam 2,354
133   Moldova 2,280
134   Nicaragua 2,207
135   East Timor 2,104
136   Solomon Islands 2,081
137   Nigeria 1,994
138   Djibouti 1,989
139   India 1,983
140   Republic of the Congo 1,958
141   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,785
142   Kiribati 1,721
143   Kenya 1,702
144   Ghana 1,663
145   Côte d'Ivoire 1,617
146   Bangladesh 1,602
147   Pakistan 1,541
148   Uzbekistan 1,491
149   Zambia 1,480
150   Sudan 1,428
151   Lesotho 1,425
152   Cameroon 1,401
153   Cambodia 1,390
154   Mauritania 1,318
155   Myanmar 1,264
156   Zimbabwe 1,176
157   Kyrgyzstan 1,144
158   Senegal 1,038
159   Tanzania 1,034
160   Eritrea 980
161   Ethiopia 873
162     Nepal 834
163   Benin 830
164   Tajikistan 824
165   Mali 811
166   Chad 810
167   Guinea-Bissau 794
168   Comoros 788
169   Haiti 784
170   Rwanda 772
171   Guinea 749
172   Liberia 729
173   Uganda 699
174   Burkina Faso 664
175   Togo 611
176   Afghanistan 588
177   Yemen 551
178   Sierra Leone 491
179   Gambia, The 480
180   Democratic Republic of the Congo 478
181   Madagascar 448
182   Niger 440
183   Mozambique 429
184   Central African Republic 387
185   Malawi 324
186   Burundi 312
187   South Sudan 228
Rank Country/Territories US$
1   Luxembourg 104,103
  Macau 80,893
2    Switzerland 80,190
3   Norway 75,505
4   Iceland 70,057
5   Ireland 69,331
6   Qatar 63,506
7   United States 59,532
8   Singapore 57,714
9   Denmark 56,308
10   Australia 53,800
11   Sweden 53,442
12   San Marino 49,664
13   Netherlands 48,223
14   Austria 47,291
  Hong Kong 46,194
15   Finland 45,703
16   Canada 45,032
17   Germany 44,470
18   Belgium 43,324
19   New Zealand 42,941
20   United Arab Emirates 40,699
21   Israel 40,270
22   United Kingdom 39,720
23   Andorra 39,147
24   France 38,477
25   Japan 38,428
  European Union 33,715
26   Italy 31,953
27   Bahamas, The 30,762
28   South Korea 29,743
29   Kuwait 29,040
30   Brunei 28,291
31   Spain 28,157
32   Malta 26,904
  Aruba 25,655
33   Cyprus 25,234
34   Bahrain 23,655
35   Slovenia 23,597
36   Portugal 21,136
37   Saudi Arabia 20,761
38   Czech Republic 20,368
39   Estonia 19,705
40   Greece 18,613
41   Slovakia 17,605
42   Saint Kitts and Nevis 17,090
43   Barbados 16,789
44   Lithuania 16,681
45   Uruguay 16,246
46   Trinidad and Tobago 16,145
47   Oman 15,668
48   Latvia 15,594
49   Seychelles 15,505
50   Chile 15,346
51   Panama 15,088
52   Antigua and Barbuda 15,022
53   Argentina 14,402
54   Hungary 14,225
55   Poland 13,812
56   Palau 13,417
57   Croatia 13,295
58   Costa Rica 11,631
59   Romania 10,814
60   Russia 10,743
  World 10,714
61   Mauritius 10,547
62   Turkey 10,541
63   Maldives 10,536
64   Grenada 10,376
65   Malaysia 9,945
66   Equatorial Guinea 9,850
67   Brazil 9,821
68   Saint Lucia 9,574
69   Mexico 8,903
70   Kazakhstan 8,838
71   China 8,827
72   Lebanon 8,524
73   Nauru 8,344
74   Bulgaria 8,032
75   Libya 7,998
76   Montenegro 7,670
77   Dominica 7,610
78   Botswana 7,596
79   Turkmenistan 7,356
80   Gabon 7,221
81   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,185
82   Dominican Republic 7,052
83   Thailand 6,594
84   Peru 6,572
85   Colombia 6,302
86   Ecuador 6,199
87   South Africa 6,161
88   Suriname 5,901
89   Serbia 5,900
90   Belarus 5,726
91   Fiji 5,589
92   Macedonia 5,443
93   Iran 5,415
94   Namibia 5,227
95   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,181
96   Iraq 5,166
97   Jamaica 5,110
98   Belize 4,906
99   Guyana 4,725
100   Albania 4,538
101   Guatemala 4,471
102   Paraguay 4,366
103   Samoa 4,361
104   Angola 4,170
105   Azerbaijan 4,132
106   Jordan 4,130
107   Algeria 4,123
108   Georgia 4,078
109   Sri Lanka 4,065
110   Tonga 3,944
111   Armenia 3,937
  Kosovo 3,894
112   El Salvador 3,889
113   Indonesia 3,847
114   Marshall Islands 3,753
115   Mongolia 3,735
116   Tuvalu 3,550
117   Tunisia 3,491
118   Bolivia 3,394
119   Eswatini 3,224
120   Cape Verde 3,210
121   Micronesia 3,188
122   Vanuatu 3,124
123   Bhutan 3,110
  Palestine 3,095
124   Morocco 3,007
125   Philippines 2,989
126   Sudan 2,899
127   Ukraine 2,640
128   Papua New Guinea 2,556
129   Honduras 2,480
130   Laos 2,457
131   Egypt 2,413
132   Vietnam 2,343
133   Moldova 2,290
134   East Timor 2,279
135   Nicaragua 2,222
136   Solomon Islands 2,132
137   Nigeria 1,969
138   India 1,940
139   Djibouti 1,928
140   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,913
141   Kiribati 1,685
142   Côte d'Ivoire 1,662
143   Congo, Republic of the 1,658
144   Ghana 1,642
145   Pakistan 1,548
146   Bangladesh 1,517
147   Zambia 1,510
148   Kenya 1,508
149   Uzbekistan 1,504
150   Cameroon 1,447
151   Cambodia 1,384
152   Myanmar 1,299
153   Kyrgyzstan 1,220
154   Lesotho 1,182
155   Mauritania 1,137
156   Zimbabwe 1,080
157   Senegal 1,033
158   Tanzania 936
159     Nepal 835
160   Benin 830
161   Guinea 825
162   Mali 824
163   Tajikistan 801
164   Comoros 797
165   Ethiopia 768
166   Haiti 766
167   Rwanda 748
168   Guinea-Bissau 724
169   Burkina Faso 671
170   Chad 670
171   Togo 617
172   Uganda 604
173   Afghanistan 586
174   Somalia 550
175   Sierra Leone 499
176   Gambia, The 483
177   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 458
178   Liberia 456
179   Madagascar 450
180   Central African Republic 418
181   Mozambique 416
182   Niger 378
183   Malawi 339
184   Burundi 292
Rank Country/Territories US$
1   Liechtenstein 166,022
2   Monaco 165,421
3   Luxembourg 106,806
  Bermuda 102,192
  Macau 80,893
4    Switzerland 80,101
5   Norway 75,295
6   Iceland 73,060
7   Ireland 69,604
  Cayman Islands 65,472
8   Qatar 63,506
9   United States 60,055
10   Australia 57,613
11   Denmark 57,533
12   Singapore 56,737
13   Sweden 54,043
14   San Marino 50,588
  Greenland 49,398
15   Netherlands 48,754
16   Austria 47,718
  Hong Kong 46,390
17   Finland 45,670
18   Germany 44,976
19   Canada 44,974
20   Belgium 43,289
21   New Zealand 42,936
22   Israel 42,452
23   United Arab Emirates 40,699
24   United Kingdom 39,758
25   Andorra 39,153
26   France 38,415
27   Japan 38,220
  New Caledonia 35,815
28   Italy 32,747
  Virgin Islands, British 31,917
29   South Korea 30,025
30   Bahamas, The 29,825
31   Malta 29,137
32   Kuwait 28,897
  Turks and Caicos Islands 28,689
  Puerto Rico 28,451
33   Spain 28,354
34   Brunei 28,291
  Europe 27,222
  Americas 26,748
35   Cyprus 25,790
  Aruba 25,655
36   Bahrain 23,688
37   Slovenia 23,296
38   Saudi Arabia 20,761
39   Czech Republic 20,326
  French Polynesia 19,807
40   Estonia 19,793
  Curaçao 19,586
41   Portugal 18,882
  Anguilla 18,861
42   Greece 18,198
  Cook Islands 17,798
43   Slovakia 17,552
44   Uruguay 17,120
45   Saint Kitts and Nevis 16,818
46   Barbados 16,494
47   Lithuania 16,450
48   Trinidad and Tobago 16,145
49   Seychelles 15,693
50   Latvia 15,625
51   Chile 15,347
52   Oman 15,267
53   Panama 15,088
54   Antigua and Barbuda 14,803
55   Argentina 14,400
56   Hungary 14,376
57   Poland 13,786
58   Palau 13,417
59   Croatia 13,177
60   Costa Rica 11,734
  Montserrat 11,582
61   Maldives 11,151
62   Russia 10,956
63   Romania 10,763
  World 10,665
64   Mauritius 10,565
65   Turkey 10,546
66   Grenada 10,451
67   Nauru 10,045
68   Malaysia 9,951
69   Equatorial Guinea 9,850
70   Brazil 9,821
71   Saint Lucia 9,607
  South America 9,393
72   Mexico 8,967
73   Lebanon 8,778
74   Kazakhstan 8,756
75   China 8,682
76   Cuba 8,433
77   Bulgaria 8,218
  Central America 7,990
78   Venezuela 7,977
79   Botswana 7,596
80   Gabon 7,221
81   Dominican Republic 7,052
82   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6,980
83   Montenegro 6,958
84   Suriname 6,757
85   Dominica 6,719
86   Thailand 6,595
87   Turkmenistan 6,585
88   Peru 6,572
89   Colombia 6,302
90   Ecuador 6,273
91   South Africa 6,151
92   Serbia 5,912
93   Belarus 5,750
94   Iran 5,680
95   Macedonia, Republic of 5,415
96   Fiji 5,382
97   Namibia 5,227
98   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,181
99   Jamaica 5,130
100   Belize 5,077
101   Iraq 4,756
102   Guyana 4,555
103   Guatemala 4,471
104   Albania 4,450
105   Samoa 4,356
106   Paraguay 4,322
  Southeast Asia 4,266
107   Angola 4,247
108   Jordan 4,196
109   Sri Lanka 4,184
110   Azerbaijan 4,146
  Kosovo 4,116
111   Algeria 4,055
112   Tonga 3,950
113   Libya 3,942
114   Armenia 3,937
115   Tuvalu 3,924
116   El Salvador 3,889
117   Georgia 3,875
118   Indonesia 3,847
119   Marshall Islands 3,753
120   Mongolia 3,620
121   Tunisia 3,475
122   Bolivia 3,394
123   Cape Verde 3,245
124   Eswatini 3,224
125   Federated States of Micronesia 3,188
126   Vanuatu 3,128
127   Bhutan 3,173
128   Morocco 3,070
129   Philippines 2,989
130   Sudan 2,967
  Palestine 2,946
131   Papua New Guinea 2,667
132   Ukraine 2,536
133   Honduras 2,480
134   Laos 2,457
135   Vietnam 2,342
136   East Timor 2,279
137   Nicaragua 2,222
138   Congo, Republic of the 2,147
139   Ghana 2,046
140   Moldova 2,006
141   Egypt 2,000
142   Solomon Islands 1,982
143   Nigeria 1,969
144   Djibouti 1,928
145   India 1,923
146   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,921
  Africa 1,766
147   Kiribati 1,694
148   Côte d'Ivoire 1,566
149   Uzbekistan 1,557
150   Pakistan 1,534
151   Zambia 1,513
152   Kenya 1,508
153   Bangladesh 1,492
154   Cameroon 1,452
155   Cambodia 1,382
156   Senegal 1,333
157   Comoros 1,330
158   Myanmar 1,257
159   Kyrgyzstan 1,251
160   Lesotho 1,178
161   Eritrea 1,147
162   Mauritania 1,129
163   Zimbabwe 1,091
164   Yemen 990
165   Tanzania 934
166     Nepal 849
167   Syria 831
168   Benin 826
169   Mali 822
170   Guinea 803
171   Tajikistan 801
172   Haiti 776
173   Rwanda 748
174   Guinea-Bissau 724
175   Ethiopia 720
176   Chad 719
177   Gambia, The 709
178   North Korea 685
179   Uganda 646
180   Burkina Faso 642
181   Afghanistan 619
182   Togo 614
183   Liberia 584
184   Madagascar 517
185   Sierra Leone 495
186   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 463
187   South Sudan 453
188   Central African Republic 428
189   Mozambique 426
190   Niger 378
191   Malawi 340
192   Burundi 290
193   Somalia 104

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havensEdit

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[7]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used.
  2. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur
  3. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  4. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, October 2018, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on 10 October 2018.
  5. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2017.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2018.
  6. ^ National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, 2017, (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2016 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 17 Jan 2019.
  7. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.

External linksEdit