Open main menu

Wikipedia β

List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

Countries by 2015 GDP (nominal) per capita[1]
  > $64,000
  $32,000–64,000
  $16,000–32,000
  $8,000–16,000
  $4,000–8,000
  $2,000–4,000
  $1,000–2,000
  $500–1,000
  < $500
  unavailable

The world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[2][3] although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, the State of Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. They are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

Contents

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependenciesEdit

International Monetary Fund (2017)[4] World Bank (2017)[5] United Nations (2016)[6]
Rank Country US$
1   Luxembourg 105,803
2    Switzerland 80,591
  Macau 77,451
3   Norway 74,941
4   Ireland 70,638
5   Iceland 70,332
6   Qatar 60,804
7   United States 59,501
8   Singapore 57,713
9   Denmark 56,444
10   Australia 55,707
11   Sweden 53,218
12   Netherlands 48,346
13   San Marino 47,406
14   Austria 47,290
  Hong Kong 46,109
15   Finland 46,017
16   Canada 45,077
17   Germany 44,550
18   Belgium 43,582
19   New Zealand 41,593
20   Israel 40,258
21   France 39,869
22   United Kingdom 39,735
23   Japan 38,440
24   United Arab Emirates 37,226
25   Italy 31,984
26   Bahamas 31,255
  Puerto Rico 30,488
27   South Korea 29,891
28   Brunei 29,712
29   Spain 28,359
30   Kuwait 27,319
31   Malta 27,250
32   Cyprus 24,976
  Taiwan 24,577
33   Bahrain 24,029
34   Slovenia 23,654
35   Portugal 21,161
36   Saudi Arabia 21,120
37   Czech Republic 20,152
38   Estonia 19,840
39   Greece 18,637
40   Oman 17,973
41   Barbados 17,859
42   Slovakia 17,664
43   Palau 17,096
44   Lithuania 16,730
45   Uruguay 16,722
46   Antigua and Barbuda 16,702
47   Saint Kitts and Nevis 16,296
48   Trinidad and Tobago 15,769
49   Seychelles 15,686
50   Latvia 15,547
51   Hungary 15,531
52   Panama 15,089
53   Chile 15,070
54   Argentina 14,467
55   Poland 13,823
56   Croatia 13,138
57   Equatorial Guinea 12,727
58   Maldives 12,527
59   Costa Rica 11,685
60   Lebanon 11,409
61   Romania 10,757
  World 10,728
62   Russia 10,608
63   Turkey 10,512
64   Grenada 10,360
65   Brazil 9,895
66   Malaysia 9,813
67   Mauritius 9,794
68   Saint Lucia 9,607
69   Mexico 9,304
70   Kazakhstan 8,841
71   China 8,643
72   Nauru 8,575
73   Bulgaria 8,064
74   Gabon 7,972
75   Dominica 7,921
76   Botswana 7,877
77   Montenegro 7,647
78   Dominican Republic 7,375
79   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,271
80   Peru 6,762
81   Venezuela 6,684
82   Turkmenistan 6,643
83   Thailand 6,591
84   Colombia 6,273
85   South Africa 6,180
86   Ecuador 6,098
87   Serbia 5,899
88   Belarus 5,760
89   Suriname 5,746
90   Fiji 5,740
91   Jordan 5,678
92   Macedonia 5,474
93   Namibia 5,413
94   Iran 5,305
95   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,149
96   Iraq 5,088
97   Jamaica 5,048
98   Libya 4,859
99   Belize 4,806
100   Guyana 4,710
101   Albania 4,583
102   Guatemala 4,472
103   Angola 4,408
104   El Salvador 4,400
105   Algeria 4,292
106   Paraguay 4,260
107   Samoa 4,253
108   Tonga 4,177
109   Azerbaijan 4,141
110   Georgia 4,099
111   Sri Lanka 4,084
112   Swaziland 3,915
113   Kosovo 3,880
114   Indonesia 3,876
115   Armenia 3,861
116   Mongolia 3,640
117   Tuvalu 3,638
118   Marshall Islands 3,625
119   Tunisia 3,496
120   Bolivia 3,353
121   Cape Verde 3,238
122   Micronesia 3,200
123   Morocco 3,151
124   Vanuatu 3,094
125   Philippines 2,976
126   Bhutan 2,903
127   Papua New Guinea 2,861
128   Honduras 2,766
129   Ukraine 2,583
130   Laos 2,542
131   Egypt 2,501
132   Vietnam 2,354
133   Moldova 2,280
134   Nicaragua 2,207
135   East Timor 2,104
136   Solomon Islands 2,081
137   Nigeria 1,994
138   Djibouti 1,989
139   India 1,983
140   Republic of the Congo 1,958
141   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,785
142   Kiribati 1,721
143   Kenya 1,702
144   Ghana 1,663
145   Côte d'Ivoire 1,617
146   Bangladesh 1,602
147   Pakistan 1,541
148   Uzbekistan 1,491
149   Zambia 1,480
150   Sudan 1,428
151   Lesotho 1,425
152   Cameroon 1,401
153   Cambodia 1,390
154   Mauritania 1,318
155   Myanmar 1,264
156   Zimbabwe 1,176
157   Kyrgyzstan 1,144
158   Senegal 1,038
159   Tanzania 1,034
160   Eritrea 980
161   Ethiopia 873
162     Nepal 834
163   Benin 830
164   Tajikistan 824
165   Mali 811
166   Chad 810
167   Guinea-Bissau 794
168   Comoros 788
169   Haiti 784
170   Rwanda 772
171   Guinea 749
172   Liberia 729
173   Uganda 699
174   Burkina Faso 664
175   Togo 611
176   Afghanistan 588
177   Yemen 551
178   Sierra Leone 491
179   Gambia 480
180   Democratic Republic of the Congo 478
181   Madagascar 448
182   Niger 440
183   Mozambique 429
184   Central African Republic 387
185   Malawi 324
186   Burundi 312
187   South Sudan 228
Rank Country US$
1   Luxembourg 104,103
  Macau 80,893
2    Switzerland 80,190
3   Norway 75,505
4   Iceland 70,057
5   Ireland 69,331
6   Qatar 63,506
7   United States 59,532
8   Singapore 57,714
9   Denmark 56,308
10   Australia 53,800
11   Sweden 53,442
12   San Marino 49,664
13   Netherlands 48,223
14   Austria 47,291
  Hong Kong 46,194
15   Finland 45,703
16   Canada 45,032
17   Germany 44,470
18   Belgium 43,324
19   New Zealand 42,941
20   United Arab Emirates 40,699
21   Israel 40,270
22   United Kingdom 39,720
23   Andorra 39,147
24   France 38,477
25   Japan 38,428
  European Union 33,715
26   Italy 31,953
27   Bahamas, The 30,762
28   South Korea 29,743
29   Kuwait 29,040
30   Brunei 28,291
31   Spain 28,157
32   Malta 26,946
33   Cyprus 25,234
34   Bahrain 23,655
35   Slovenia 23,597
36   Portugal 21,136
37   Saudi Arabia 20,761
38   Czech Republic 20,368
39   Estonia 19,705
40   Greece 18,613
41   Slovakia 17,605
42   Saint Kitts and Nevis 17,090
43   Barbados 16,789
44   Lithuania 16,681
45   Uruguay 16,246
46   Trinidad and Tobago 16,145
47   Oman 15,668
48   Latvia 15,594
49   Seychelles 15,505
50   Chile 15,346
51   Panama 15,088
52   Antigua and Barbuda 15,022
53   Argentina 14,402
54   Hungary 14,225
55   Poland 13,812
56   Palau 13,417
57   Croatia 13,295
58   Costa Rica 11,631
59   Romania 10,814
60   Russia 10,743
  World 10,714
61   Mauritius 10,547
62   Turkey 10,541
63   Maldives 10,536
64   Grenada 10,376
65   Malaysia 9,945
66   Equatorial Guinea 9,850
67   Brazil 9,821
68   Saint Lucia 9,574
69   Mexico 8,903
70   Kazakhstan 8,838
71   China 8,827
72   Lebanon 8,524
73   Nauru 8,344
74   Bulgaria 8,032
75   Libya 7,998
76   Montenegro 7,670
77   Dominica 7,610
78   Botswana 7,596
79   Turkmenistan 7,356
80   Gabon 7,221
81   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,185
82   Dominican Republic 7,052
83   Thailand 6,594
84   Peru 6,572
85   Colombia 6,302
86   Ecuador 6,199
87   South Africa 6,161
88   Suriname 5,901
89   Serbia 5,900
90   Belarus 5,726
91   Fiji 5,589
92   Macedonia 5,443
93   Iran 5,415
94   Namibia 5,227
95   Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,181
96   Iraq 5,166
97   Jamaica 5,110
98   Belize 4,906
99   Guyana 4,725
100   Albania 4,538
101   Guatemala 4,471
102   Paraguay 4,366
103   Samoa 4,361
104   Angola 4,170
105   Azerbaijan 4,132
106   Jordan 4,130
107   Algeria 4,123
108   Georgia 4,078
109   Sri Lanka 4,065
110   Tonga 3,944
111   Armenia 3,937
  Kosovo 3,894
112   El Salvador 3,889
113   Indonesia 3,847
114   Marshall Islands 3,753
115   Mongolia 3,735
116   Tuvalu 3,550
117   Tunisia 3,491
118   Bolivia 3,394
119   Swaziland 3,224
120   Cape Verde 3,210
121   Micronesia 3,188
122   Vanuatu 3,124
123   Bhutan 3,110
  Palestine 3,095
124   Morocco 3,007
125   Philippines 2,989
126   Sudan 2,899
127   Ukraine 2,640
128   Papua New Guinea 2,556
129   Honduras 2,480
130   Laos 2,457
131   Egypt 2,413
132   Vietnam 2,343
133   Moldova 2,290
134   East Timor 2,279
135   Nicaragua 2,222
136   Solomon Islands 2,132
137   Nigeria 1,969
138   India 1,940
139   Djibouti 1,928
140   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,913
141   Kiribati 1,685
142   Côte d'Ivoire 1,662
143   Congo, Republic of the 1,658
144   Ghana 1,642
145   Pakistan 1,548
146   Bangladesh 1,517
147   Zambia 1,510
148   Kenya 1,508
149   Uzbekistan 1,504
150   Cameroon 1,447
151   Cambodia 1,384
152   Myanmar 1,299
153   Kyrgyzstan 1,220
154   Lesotho 1,182
155   Mauritania 1,137
156   Zimbabwe 1,080
157   Senegal 1,033
158   Tanzania 936
159     Nepal 835
160   Benin 830
161   Guinea 825
162   Mali 824
163   Tajikistan 801
164   Comoros 797
165   Ethiopia 768
166   Haiti 766
167   Rwanda 748
168   Guinea-Bissau 724
169   Burkina Faso 671
170   Chad 670
171   Togo 617
172   Uganda 604
173   Afghanistan 586
174   Somalia 500
175   Sierra Leone 499
176   Gambia, The 483
177   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 458
178   Liberia 456
179   Madagascar 450
180   Central African Republic 418
181   Mozambique 416
182   Niger 378
183   Malawi 339
184   Burundi 320
Rank Country US$
1   Monaco 168,004
2   Liechtenstein 164,437
3   Luxembourg 101,835
  Bermuda 99,363
4    Switzerland 79,609
  Macau 73,187
5   Norway 70,617
6   Ireland 64,497
  Cayman Islands 63,261
7   Iceland 60,966
8   Qatar 59,324
9   United States 57,808
10   Australia 54,069
11   Denmark 53,730
12   Singapore 52,814
13   Sweden 50,687
14   San Marino 47,910
15   Netherlands 45,753
16   Austria 44,857
  Hong Kong 43,943
17   Finland 43,339
18   Germany 42,456
19   Canada 42,154
20   Belgium 41,199
  Greenland 40,469
21   United Kingdom 40,249
22   New Zealand 40,233
23   Israel 38,788
24   Japan 38,640
25   United Arab Emirates 37,622
26   Andorra 36,987
27   France 36,826
  New Caledonia 34,641
  Virgin Islands, British 31,677
28   Italy 31,279
29   Bahamas, The 28,785
  Puerto Rico 28,636
30   South Korea 27,785
31   Kuwait 27,229
32   Brunei 26,939
33   Spain 26,695
  Turks and Caicos Islands 26,291
34   Malta 25,616
  Europe 25,596
  Americas 25,496
  Aruba 25,444
35   Cyprus 23,631
  Anguilla 22,861
36   Bahrain 22,579
37   Slovenia 21,517
38   Saudi Arabia 19,817
39   Portugal 19,750
  Curaçao 19,586
  French Polynesia 19,335
40   Czech Republic 18,406
41   Estonia 17,782
42   Trinidad and Tobago 17,646
43   Greece 17,230
  Cook Islands 16,698
44   Saint Kitts and Nevis 16,597
45   Slovakia 16,489
46   Barbados 15,975
47   Uruguay 15,221
48   Seychelles 15,217
49   Lithuania 14,707
50   Antigua and Barbuda 14,462
51   Palau 14,428
52   Oman 14,277
53   Latvia 13,993
54   Chile 13,794
55   Panama 13,680
56   Hungary 12,900
57   Argentina 12,449
58   Poland 12,332
59   Croatia 12,159
  Montserrat 12,044
60   Costa Rica 11,825
61   Turkey 10,863
  World 10,133
62   Mauritius 9,679
63   Malaysia 9,508
64   Grenada 9,469
65   Romania 9,439
66   Venezuela 9,230
67   Nauru 9,119
68   Maldives 8,833
69   Equatorial Guinea 8,742
70   Russia 8,655
71   Brazil 8,649
  South America 8,504
72   Mexico 8,444
73   Lebanon 8,400
74   China 8,126
75   Dominica 7,907
76   Saint Lucia 7,848
77   Cuba 7,815
78   Kazakhstan 7,705
  Central America 7,552
79   Bulgaria 7,465
80   Gabon 7,002
81   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6,980
82   Montenegro 6,958
83   Botswana 6,917
84   Libya 6,826
85   Dominican Republic 6,722
86   Turkmenistan 6,389
87   Peru 6,049
88   Thailand 5,911
89   Ecuador 5,982
90   Suriname 5,871
91   Colombia 5,806
92   Serbia 5,426
93   Iran 5,299
94   Fiji 5,197
95   Macedonia, Republic of 5,163
96   South Africa 5,105
97   Belarus 5,001
98   Jamaica 4,879
99   Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,808
100   Belize 4,745
101   Guyana 4,444
102   Namibia 4,415
103   Iraq 4,301
104   El Salvador 4,224
105   Samoa 4,214
106   Guatemala 4,147
107   Jordan 4,088
108   Albania 4,054
109   Paraguay 4,039
  Southeast Asia 3,987
110   Algeria 3,917
111   Sri Lanka 3,910
112   Azerbaijan 3,892
  Kosovo 3,811
113   Tonga 3,748
114   Angola 3,711
115   Mongolia 3,686
116   Tunisia 3,657
117   Georgia 3,651
118   Armenia 3,615
119   Indonesia 3,570
120   Marshall Islands 3,449
121   Federated States of Micronesia 3,144
122   Bolivia 3,105
123   Vanuatu 3,097
124   Tuvalu 3,085
125   Cape Verde 3,038
126   Swaziland 2,983
127   Philippines 2,951
128   Morocco 2,937
129   Egypt 2,823
  Palestine 2,796
130   Bhutan 2,774
131   Papua New Guinea 2,436
132   Honduras 2,361
133   Laos 2,339
134   Nigeria 2,176
135   Vietnam 2,171
136   Nicaragua 2,151
137   East Timor 2,126
138   Uzbekistan 2,116
139   Ukraine 2,099
140   Sudan 2,094
141   Djibouti 2,007
  Africa 1,752
142   Solomon Islands 1,892
143   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,715
144   India 1,706
145   Moldova 1,668
146   Côte d'Ivoire 1,552
147   Kiribati 1,518
148   Congo, Republic of the 1,517
149   Ghana 1,517
150   Comoros 1,492
151   Pakistan 1,462
152   Kenya 1,455
153   Cameroon 1,374
154   Bangladesh 1,355
155   Cambodia 1,270
156   Zambia 1,270
157   Myanmar 1,242
158   Syria 1,203
159   Kyrgyzstan 1,100
160   Eritrea 1,093
161   Mauritania 1,085
162   Lesotho 1,017
163   Zimbabwe 998
164   Senegal 948
165   Yemen 920
166   Tanzania 881
167   Benin 818
168   Tajikistan 796
169   Chad 780
170   Mali 778
171     Nepal 722
172   Rwanda 711
173   Haiti 705
174   Ethiopia 687
175   Guinea 683
176   North Korea 665
177   Burkina Faso 627
178   Guinea-Bissau 620
179   Uganda 610
180   Liberia 598
181   Togo 585
182   Afghanistan 584
183   South Sudan 534
184   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 512
185   Sierra Leone 497
186   Gambia, The 484
187   Madagascar 451
188   Central African Republic 394
189   Mozambique 379
190   Niger 364
191   Malawi 294
192   Burundi 273
193   Somalia 92

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havensEdit

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[7]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used.
  2. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur 
  3. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF).  (1.47 MB)
  4. ^ World Economic Outlook Database, April 2018, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on 17 April 2018.
  5. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2017.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2018.
  6. ^ National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, 2016, (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2016 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 2 Jan 2018.
  7. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018. 

External linksEdit