List of countries by external debt

This is a list of countries by external debt, which is the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods or services, where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under consideration.

For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.

Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms) it could actually be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of the external debt of other countries held by it. For example, although the UK has more external debt than France, it has more external assets giving it a stronger NIIP.[when?]

ListEdit

List of countries by external debt
Rank Country/Region External debt
US dollars
Date Per capita
US dollars
% of GDP
1   United States 2.6557966×10^13 1 May 2020[1] 80,000 149
2   United Kingdom 8.475956×10^12 31 December 2017[2] 127,000 313
3   Germany 5.7358032×10^12 31 March 2020[3] 69,000 153
6   Japan 4.7653479×10^12 31 March 2020[4] 38,000 94
4   Netherlands 4.560190614×10^11 1 May 2020[5] 26,540 10
7   France 2.785709×10^12 12 May 2020 [6] 87,200 98
8   Italy 2.51069×10^12 31 December 2017[7] 42,300 124
9   Spain 2.259127×10^12 31 December 2017[8] 48,700 97
10   China 2.0946×10^12 1 March 2020[9] 1,326 15
11   Canada 1.9319×10^12 31 December 2017[10] 52,300 115
12    Switzerland 1.820695×10^12 31 December 2017[11] 213,100 269
13   Australia 1.48772×10^12 30 June 2017[12] 60,800 126
14   Singapore 1.320567×10^12 30 June 2017[13] 231,000 453
15   Belgium 1.278465×10^12 30 June 2017[14] 112,000 265
16   Sweden 9.939396629×10^11 30 June 2017[15] 94,500 177
17   Austria 6.3834×10^11 30 June 2017[16] 73,100 167
18   Norway 6.044238×10^11 30 June 2017[17] 117,000 169
19   Brazil 5.56418×10^11 30 September 2017[18] 3,200 30
20   Russia 4.688×10^11 1 July 2019[19] 3,700 28
21   India 5.639×10^11 December 2019[20] 383 19
22   Denmark 4.91617×10^11 30 June 2017[21] 85,700 163
23   Finland 4.83369×10^11 30 June 2017[22] 87,500 196
24   Greece 4.76997×10^11 31 December 2017[23] 42,800 228
25   Turkey 4.534×10^11 30 September 2019 [24] 2,983 33.7
26   Portugal 4.47022×10^11 30 June 2017[25] 43,300 216
27   Mexico 4.37367×10^11 31 December 2017[26] 3,300 38
28   South Korea 4.07341×10^11 30 June 2017[27] 7,500 27
29   Indonesia 3.89252×10^11 15 May 2020[28] 1,300 34.5
30   Poland 3.63658×10^11 30 June 2017[29] 9,500 70
31   Malaysia 2.278445×10^11 31 March 2018[30] 6,800 75
32   Ireland  2.276×10^11 31 December 2017[31] 49,000 64
33   United Arab Emirates 2.204×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[32] 23,500 59
34   Saudi Arabia 2.009×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[33] 6,100 31
35   Argentina 3.63117×10^11 31 December 2017[34] 8,280 66
36   Mauritius 1.9971×10^11 30 June 2018[35] 148,000 1,536
37   Taiwan 1.99051×10^11 30 June 2018[36] 7,400 33
38   New Zealand 1.919437×10^11 31 March 2020[37] 38,400 94
39   Chile 1.86697×10^11 31 March 2019[38] 9,771 66
40   Puerto Rico 1.674×10^11 31 January 2015 est. 47,800 164
41   Kazakhstan 1.65501×10^11 31 March 2017[39] 9,100 117
42   Qatar 1.592×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[40] 68,100 102
43   Thailand 1.4942955×10^11 31 December 2017[41] 2,170 33
44   Hungary 1.48024×10^11 30 June 2017[42] 15,000 121
45   South Africa 1.42833×10^11 31 December 2016[43] 2,600 48
46   Czechia 1.37606×10^11 31 December 2016[44] 13,000 70
47   Colombia 1.210972×10^11 31 January 2017[45] 2,500 43
48   Cyprus 1.19672×10^11 30 June 2017[46] 97,200 597
49   Ukraine 1.14836×10^11 30 June 2017[47] 2,600 122
50   Pakistan 1.11047×10^11 31 December 2019[48] 525 39
51   Venezuela 1.10878×10^11 30 September 2015[49] 3,500 23
52   Romania 1.0888×10^11 31 July 2017[50] 5,100 55
53   Malta 9.62513×10^10 30 June 2017[51] 223,000 879
54   Israel 8.94384×10^10 30 June 2017[52] 10,700 26
55   Slovakia 8.663×10^10 30 June 2017[53] 15,900 91
56   Peru 7.46512×10^10 31 December 2016[54] 2,300 38
57   Philippines 7.2493×10^10 30 June 2017[55] 720 25
58   Iraq 6.801×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[56] 1,800 44
59   Egypt 6.73226×10^10 31 December 2016[57] 700 41
60   Slovenia 5.19808×10^10 30 April 2020[58] 25,000 109
61   Vietnam 5.09377×10^10 31 December 2015[59] 500 26
62   Morocco 4.88303×10^10 30 June 2017[60] 1,400 44
63   Kuwait 4.789×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[61] 11,700 43
64   Sri Lanka 4.65857×10^10 31 December 2016[62] 2,200 59
65   Croatia 4.60847×10^10 30 June 2017[63] 10,700 87
66   Sudan 4.5×10^10 31 December 2015[64] 1,100 47
67   Latvia 4.1147×10^10 30 June 2017[65] 21,200 147
68   Bulgaria 4.0419×10^10 31 January 2018[66] 5,700 66
69   Belarus 3.8975×10^10 30 June 2017[67] 4,000 83
70   Angola 3.77×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[68] 1,400 41
71   Ecuador 3.67472×10^10 31 August 2017[69] 2,100 35
72   Lithuania 3.64277×10^10 30 June 2017[70] 12,700 86
73   Serbia 2.7954×10^10 30 June 2017[71] 3,200 78
74   Lebanon 2.7796×10^10 31 December 2016[72] 4,600 54
75   Jordan 2.77564×10^10 30 June 2017[73] 3,400 30
76   Cuba 2.632×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[74] 2,300 34
77   Uruguay 2.61492×10^10 31 December 2016[75] 7,600 50
78   Dominican Republic 2.605×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[76] 2,400 36
79   Bangladesh 2.5963×10^10 30 June 2016[77] 160 12
80   Mongolia 2.5215×10^10 30 June 2017[78] 7,800 186
81   Tunisia 2.51247×10^10 31 December 2012[79] 2,200 56
82   Costa Rica 2.491×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[80] 5,100 43
83   Iceland 2.43906×10^10 30 June 2017[81] 72,700 118
84   Ethiopia 2.249×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[82] 220 32
85   Kenya 2.21719×10^10 30 June 2017[83] 370 26
86   Papua New Guinea 2.204×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[84] 2,800 111
87   Trinidad & Tobago 2.15321×10^10 31 December 2016[85] 15,700 76
88   Ghana 2.117×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[86] 700 50
89   Bahrain 2.116×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[87] 14,900 66
90   Oman 2.085×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[88] 4,400 35
91   Estonia 2.05251×10^10 31 December 2016[89] 15,700 91
92   Guatemala 1.909×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[90] 1,100 28
93   Palau 1.838×10^10 31 December 2014 est.[91] 846,000 6,209
94   Panama 1.8341×10^10 28 February 2018[92] 4,400 30
95   Bahamas 1.756×10^10 31 December 2013 est.[93] 44,200 194
96   Jamaica 1.676×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[94] 6,000 122
97   Monaco 1.65×10^10 30 June 2010 est. 434,000 240
98   Georgia 1.64165×10^10 30 June 2017[95] 3,900 108
99   Paraguay 1.61224×10^10 31 December 2016[96] 2,400 58
100   Tanzania 1.589×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[97] 280 34
101   Uzbekistan 1.575×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[98] 500 24
102   Nigeria 1.5047×10^10 30 June 2017[99] 60 3
103   El Salvador 1.49×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[100] 2,400 56
104   Laos 1.198×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[101] 1,700 87
105   Nicaragua 1.11×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[102] 1,800 83
106   Zimbabwe 1.09×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[103] 670 77
107   Luxembourg 1.061778×10^10 31 March 2020 [104] 16,960 16
108   Armenia 1.0044×10^10 30 June 2017[105] 3,300 94
109   Ivory Coast 1.00281×10^10 31 December 2015[106] 420 28
110   Cambodia 9.8244×10^9 31 December 2016[107] 600 49
111   Mozambique 9.554×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[108] 320 79
112   Zambia 9.27×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[109] 540 45
113   Albania 8.6315×10^9 30 June 2017[110] 2,900 73
114   Honduras 8.042×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[111] 1,000 38
115   Kyrgyzstan 7.8668×10^9 31 December 2016[112] 1,300 120
116   North Macedonia 7.6455×10^9 31 December 2016[113] 3,700 74
117   Cameroon 7.375×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[114] 300 24
118   Yemen 7.1915×10^9 31 January 2015[115] 260 21
119   Iran 7.116×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[116] 90 2
120   Azerbaijan 6.9132×10^9 31 December 2016[117] 1,300 20
121   Moldova 6.5947×10^9 31 December 2016[118] 1,600 98
122   Namibia 6.515×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[119] 2,500 64
123   Myanmar 6.4012×10^9 31 December 2015[120] 120 17
124   Bolivia 6.3408×10^9 31 December 2015[121] 600 19
125   Uganda 6.241×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[122] 150 24
126   Senegal 6.186×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[123] 390 42
127   Syria 5.918×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[124] 300 24
128   Democratic Republic of the Congo 5.331×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[125] 70 13
129   Gabon 5.158×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[126] 2,900 35
130   North Korea 5×10^9 2013 est.[127] 200 18
131   Republic of the Congo 4.817×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[128] 1,000 55
132   Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.7166×10^9 30 June 2017[129] 1,300 31
133   Barbados 4.49×10^9 2010 est.[130] 15,700 100
134   Madagascar 4.007×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[131] 160 41
135   Mali 3.626×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[132] 200 26
136   Mauritania 3.585×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[133] 840 76
137   Libya 3.531×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[134] 550 9
138     Nepal 3.4502×10^9 31 July 2015[135] 120 16
139   Algeria 3.139×10^9 30 June 2016[136] 80 2
140   Burkina Faso 3.092×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[137] 160 26
141   Somalia 3.054×10^9 31 December 2013 est.[138] 270 52
142   Niger 2.729×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[139] 130 36
143   Montenegro 2.64×10^9 30 June 2018[140] 4,260 60
144   Seychelles 2.552×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[141] 26,200 180
145   Rwanda 2.442×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[142] 200 29
146   Bermuda 2.435×10^9 2015 est.[143] 39,700 47
147   Kosovo 2.3897×10^9 30 June 2017[144] 1,200 34
148   Benin 2.34×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[145] 200 26
149   Tajikistan 2.2741×10^9 31 December 2016[146] 260 35
150   Bhutan 2.261×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[147] 2,900 108
151   Haiti 2.022×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[148] 180 24
152   Malawi 1.921×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[149] 100 35
153   Chad 1.875×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[150] 130 18
154   Botswana 1.6854×10^9 31 March 2017[151] 720 10
155   Palestine 1.662×10^9 31 March 2016 est.[152] 340 17
156   Cape Verde 1.66×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[153] 3,100 99
157   Sierra Leone 1.561×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[154] 230 36
158   Equatorial Guinea 1.364×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[155] 1,500 12
159   Djibouti 1.339×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[156] 1,500 71
160   Guinea 1.332×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[157] 100 20
161   Belize 1.327×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[158] 3,500 75
162   Afghanistan 1.28×10^9 FY-2010/11[159] 40 7
163   Suriname 1.235×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[160] 2,200 30
164   Togo 1.173×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[161] 150 26
165   Guyana 1.143×10^9 31 December 2015[162] 1,500 36
166   Liberia 1.111×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[163] 230 51
167   Guinea-Bissau 1.095×10^9 31 December 2010 est.[164] 570 94
168   Lesotho 948,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[165] 430 53
169   Faroe Islands 888,800,000 2010[166] 18,400 38
170   Fiji 833,400,000 31 December 2016 est.[167] 900 18
171   Eritrea 820,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[168] 150 15
172   Maldives 741,600,000 2014 est.[169] 2,000 23
173   Burundi 705,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[170] 60 26
174   Aruba 693,200,000 31 December 2014 est.[171] 6,600 28
175   Central African Republic 686,900,000 31 December 2016 est.[172] 130 39
176   Grenada 679,000,000 2013 est.[173] 6,300 66
177   Gambia 541,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[174] 260 61
178   Saint Lucia 513,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[175] 2,700 36
179   Turkmenistan 502,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[176] 90 1
180   Solomon Islands 491,500,000 31 December 2013 est.[177] 800 40
181   Eswatini 470,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[178] 360 14
182   Samoa 447,200,000 31 December 2013 est.[179] 2,300 51
183   Antigua and Barbuda 441,200,000 31 December 2012[180] 4,700 34
184   San Marino 352,000,000 2016[181] 10,604 22.5
185   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 321,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[182] 2,900 42
186   Timor-Leste 311,500,000 31 December 2014 est.[183] 250 12
187   Dominica 288,600,000 31 December 2016 est.[184] 3,900 55
188   Cook Islands 281,200,000 31 December 2011[185] 13,400 23
189   Sao Tome and Principe 236,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[186] 1,200 67
190   Tonga 233,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[187] 2,200 54
191   Vanuatu 208,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[188] 750 27
192   Saint Kitts and Nevis 187,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[189] 3,300 20
193   Comoros 133,300,000 31 December 2016 est.[190] 160 21
194   New Caledonia 112,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[191] 420 1
195   Marshall Islands 97,960,000 2013 est.[192] 1,800 52
196   Micronesia 93,600,000 2013 est.[193] 900 29
197   Cayman Islands 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,100 7
198   Greenland 36,400,000 2010[194] 650 2
199   Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est.[195] 3,200 22
200   British Virgin Islands 17,670,000 31 December 2016[196] 570 2
201   Kiribati 13,600,000 2013 est.[197] 120 8
202   Anguilla 8,800,000 1998[198] 590 5
203   Wallis and Futuna 3,670,000 2004[199] 280 6
204   Montserrat 1,040,000 31 December 2011[200] 200 2
205   Brunei 0 2014[201] 0 0
206   Liechtenstein 0 2001[202] 0 0
207   Niue 0 27 October 2016[203] 0 0
208   Andorra N/A
209   South Sudan N/A
210   Tuvalu N/A
211    Vatican N/A

See alsoEdit

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