John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport
John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport (IATA: YHM, ICAO: CYHM), simply known as Hamilton International Airport or sometimes Toronto Hamilton International Airport, is an international airport in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. The airport is part of the neighbourhood of Mount Hope, 6 nautical miles (11 km; 6.9 mi) southwest of Downtown Hamilton and 64 km (40 mi) southwest of Toronto. The airport serves the city of Hamilton and adjacent areas of Southern Ontario, including the Greater Toronto Area. The airport is sometimes considered as a reliever for Toronto Pearson International Airport.
John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport
|Owner||City of Hamilton|
|Operator||TradePort International Corporation|
|Serves||Greater Toronto and Hamilton|
|Location||Hamilton, Ontario, Canada|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−05:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−04:00)|
|Elevation AMSL||780 ft / 238 m|
The airport opened in 1940 as Mount Hope Airport, which was primarily a Royal Canadian Air Force base. The end of World War II saw the closure of the base, and its conversion to civil use attracted regional and international passenger services with connections to major Canadian cities and seasonal destinations. Regular services to the U.S. ceased as nearby Buffalo Niagara International Airport gained popularity for cross-border travellers in the region, but Hamilton remained an important base for a number of domestic and transatlantic low-cost carriers.
Hamilton is designed for use by large airplanes on overseas flights, and includes a 10,006 ft × 200 ft (3,050 m × 61 m) asphalt runway with centreline lighting for low-visibility operations, and a smaller 6,010 ft × 150 ft (1,832 m × 46 m) asphalt runway. It is classified as an airport of entry by Nav Canada and is staffed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA). As Canada's "largest overnight express cargo airport," Hamilton handles large cargo operations with aircraft such as the Boeing 747 or Antonov An-124. The Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum is located adjacent to the airport.
Hamilton's first airport was the Hamilton Municipal Airport at Reid Avenue North and Dunsmure Road (site of Roxborough Park) in 1929. It began as the home to the Hamilton Aeroclub. The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) became a major user of the airport in the 1930s, but the airport closed in the 1950s to make way for residential development.
In 1940, Mount Hope Airport was opened and became the site of RCAF Station Hamilton. During World War II, the field hosted two units for the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan: first, No. 10 Elementary Flying Training School (later moved to RCAF Station Pendleton) using the De Havilland Tiger Moth and Fleet Finch, then No. 33 Air Navigation School using the Avro Anson. After the war, the airport gradually shifted towards civil use, until the military ceased using it as a base for Air Reserve operations in 1964.
From 1969 to 1985, Nordair offered jet service from Hamilton to Montreal, Grand Bahama Island and Windsor. City Express flew to Montreal and Ottawa for three months in 1985. Tempus Air offered same route as City Express from 1986 to 1988. USAir began service to Pittsburgh in 1987. By 1988, Pan Am Express flew to New York City and Nationair flew to London, England. Pan Am Express and Nationair stopped their operations at Hamilton in the following year. Canadian Partner began service to Montreal and Ottawa in 1989.
Canadian Partner's service to Montreal and Ottawa ended in 1991. In the same year, Pem-Air and Air Laurentian offered service to Ottawa but both airlines stopped the route in 1993. Northwest Airlink offered flights to Detroit from 1992 to 1993. There was no scheduled passenger service until Greyhound Air flew to Hamilton in 1996 before the company folded in 1997.
In 1996, Hamilton-Wentworth signed a contract with a private company to manage and operate it for 40 years. The consortium consisted of WestPark Developments, Vancouver Airport Authority and TradePort International Corporation Ltd., a subsidiary of Vantage Airport Group, which manages 10 airports.
From 2000 to 2010Edit
In 2000 WestJet expanded to Canada's eastern region, choosing Hamilton as the airline's eastern region hub, and flying to destinations from Newfoundland and Labrador to British Columbia. Continental Airlines also offered service to Cleveland in 2000 but stopped in the same year. In April 2004, seeking to compete with Air Canada for business travellers, WestJet moved its eastern hub from Hamilton to Toronto Pearson International Airport. While Hamilton retained flights to many destinations, services between Hamilton and Montreal and Ottawa were ended. In the wake of the WestJet pullout, CanJet began service to Hamilton in 2003. Then in the spring of 2005, two weeks after Air Canada Jazz announced it would enter the local market with service from Hamilton to Montreal and Ottawa, CanJet announced a complete withdrawal from Hamilton. Citing high fuel prices, Air Canada Jazz withdrew its services from Hamilton airport to Montreal and Ottawa by 2008. From 2007 to 2009, Flyglobespan offered seasonal service to the United Kingdom, including Liverpool, Manchester and Doncaster. In 2010, WestJet cut two-thirds of its flights out of Hamilton. The only remaining service by WestJet was one daily service to Calgary. In 2015, Air Canada Rouge planned to begin daily service to Calgary by June 2015 but the launch was delayed and ultimately cancelled.
In 2007, YVR Airport Services (now Vantage Airport Group), which runs the Vancouver International Airport, took over 100 per cent ownership of TradePort International in a $13-million deal. In late 2007, Trade Port Co. and Citi Corp. bought land from the city of Hamilton to expand runway 06/24 to 9,000 ft (2,743 m). This was expected to happen sometime between 2015 and 2019.
In 2017, Hamilton experienced an 80 per cent increase in passengers, to 600,000, which was still well below its capacity of 3 million per year. It also remained Canada's top domestic cargo airport. In 2018, ultra-low-cost carriers including Swoop, Flair Airlines, Canada Jetlines chose Hamilton as a hub for service to the Greater Toronto region. Also in 2018, Norwegian Air Shuttle announced that it would offer direct service to Dublin starting in spring 2019, bringing transatlantic service to the airport for the first time in over a decade. Flair Airlines ended services to Hamilton in favour of shifting operations to Toronto-Pearson in mid-2018 and Air Canada Express again ended its service to Montreal in early-2019.
Secondary airport for TorontoEdit
Since the 1970s, Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) and the Government of Canada planned a second international airport for Toronto in Pickering, Ontario to act as an official relief airport for Toronto-Pearson. Supporters of the plan argued that Hamilton is too far from Toronto to be a reliever, while the opposers pointed out that relief airports for Logan International Airport in Boston (T. F. Green State Airport and Manchester-Boston Regional Airport), for example, are farther from Downtown Boston than Hamilton Airport is from Downtown Toronto.
In October 2017, the Pickering City Council supported the development of an airport in Pickering during its joint-bid with the rest of Greater Toronto to host Amazon HQ2. However, a GTAA report in December 2017 suggested that an airport in Pickering was not necessary at the moment and that Pearson can meet demand until 2037.
Hamilton charges 30 to 50 per cent lower fees to airlines than Pearson and its compact size makes travel quicker for passengers and allows aircraft to spend less time on the ground.
Airlines and destinationsEdit
|Air Transat||Seasonal: Cancún, Cayo Coco, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Varadero|
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Seasonal: Dublin|
|Sunwing Airlines||Seasonal: Punta Cana, Montego Bay, Varadero|
|Swoop|| Abbotsford, Cancún, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale, Halifax, Las Vegas, Montego Bay, Orlando, Winnipeg |
Seasonal: Puerto Vallarta, Tampa
The airport is located near Highway 6, which provides access to other nearby municipalities, including Toronto, via Highway 403. King Shuttle is a bus operator that provides scheduled service from the airport to Toronto Pearson International Airport and Toronto Union Station. Megabus operates a daily scheduled coach bus service between the airport and the Toronto Coach Terminal. The Hamilton Street Railway (HSR) operates bus route 20 A-Line Express, a limited-stop weekday service, from the airport to Hamilton GO Centre.
The aviation programs of Mohawk College have facilities at the airport. As of 2017 the learning facilities include an electricity lab, a hangar, airport apron and two classrooms. Golden Horseshoe Aviation (GHA) is a flight school based at the Jetport facilities.
Accidents and incidentsEdit
- Our History
- Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 28 February 2019 to 0901Z 25 April 2019.
- Synoptic/Metstat Station Information Archived 2013-06-28 at the Wayback Machine
- Aircraft movements, by class of operation, airports with NAV CANADA towers
- "Hamilton International More Than Doubles Passenger Traffic In Just Two Years - Hamilton International Airport". flyhamilton.ca.
- "Globespan flights to Hamilton".
- Laura Clementson. "Cargo plane makes emergency landing in Hamilton". CBC.
- Geocaching. "Geocaching - The Official Global GPS Cache Hunt Site". Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- Arnold, Steve (2016-02-04). "Air Canada to launch Hamilton-Montreal service in May". Hamilton Spectator.
- "Growth of low-cost airlines giving boost to secondary airports in Canada - The Star".
- "Our History - Hamilton International Airport". flyhamilton.ca.
- "globeandmail.com: Business".
- Hamilton International 2004 Airport Master Plan Update Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine
- Norwegian flights. "Flights to Dublin from Hamilton". Norwegian.
- "Norwegian Air Selects Hamilton International for First Canadian Transatlantic Service - Vantage".
- Calis, Kristen (4 January 2018). "Potential airport is Pickering's newsmaker of 2017".
- Marowits, Ross (25 June 2018). "Growth of low-cost airlines giving boost to Canada's biggest secondary airports".
- "Where we fly", Swoop, Retrieved on 01 April 2019.
- Passenger Traffic. "Facts & Figures YHM". flyhamilton.ca.
- Sandra says. "New daily shuttle service runs from Hamilton airport to Toronto". CHCH. Retrieved 2019-04-05.
- "New bus will connect Hamilton's airport to Toronto". CBC News. Mar 15, 2019. Retrieved Apr 5, 2019.
- "PDF Bus Schedules". www.hamilton.ca. Retrieved 2018-11-18.
- "Golden Horseshoe Aviation". Retrieved 29 March 2017.
- "Hamilton's airfield of dreams: an airport turns 75". The Hamilton Spectator. 2015-10-15. Retrieved 2016-01-27.