Aigle Azur (IATA code: , ZI , ICAO code AAF) is France's second-largest airline and has been operating for over 70 years out of 5 French cities (Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Mulhouse and Toulouse). It flies to Algeria (Algiers, Bejaia, Constantine, Oran, Sétif and Tlemcen), Germany (Berlin), Brazil (Campinas), China (Beijing), Italy (Milan), Lebanon (Beirut), Portugal (Faro, Funchal, Lisbon and Porto), Mali (Bamako), Russia (Moscow), Senegal (Dakar) and Ukraine (Kiev).
|Frequent-flyer program||Azur Plus|
|Parent company||GoFast Group|
|Key people||Frantz Yvelin (CEO)|
Aigle Azur was founded in 1946 by Sylvain Floirat, and was the first post-war private company and began operating a few Junkers Ju 52 with an increased capacity of 32 passengers. Its founder also managed to secure special transport contracts with the authorities, such as contracts for overseas teachers during the school holidays: its first destinations were Tunisia and Lebanon. Purchasing more modern equipment from American surplus allowed the company to extend its activities into Indochina and Algeria, where an important market was the repatriation of people back to France.
On 1 May 1955, Sylvain Floirat transferred the entire fleet to the Union Aéromaritime de Transport (UAT), along with 54 of the company's crew members and its hotel staff.
In 1970, the company was re-established as a regional airline under the name Lucas Aviation. Its registered office was at Pontoise airport. Lucas Aviation initially operated regional scheduled flights as Lucas Air Transport, including a year-round connecting service between Deauville and London Gatwick. The company name was later changed once again to Lucas Aigle Azur.
In addition to this regular route, Aigle Azur provided business flights for politicians, businessmen, sporting figures and artists.
In 2001, Aigle Azur was in decline, with only two Boeing 737-200 aircraft. It was taken over by the GoFast group (specialists in freight, logistics, industrial projects and tourism), which invested capital into the company and updated its fleet, while primarily focusing on charter flights to Algeria. When Air Lib ceased trading, Aigle Azur opened regular routes to Algeria. It also benefited from the closing of Khalifa Airways, which had served Algeria from France, along with Air Algeria.
In 2006, with open sky agreements in place in Morocco and Tunisia, the company was operating numerous regular flights to Morocco’s main cities, notably Casablanca, Rabat, Marrakesh, Agadir, Fes, Tangier and Oujda.
In 2007, Aigle Azur was offering 30 regular destinations from several French cities, and launched regular flights from Paris-Orly to Djerba, Paris-Orly to Rimini and Marseille to Sal, Cape Verde. It also rolled out electronic tickets.
At the beginning of 2008, the company was able to add new destinations, with regular flights to Faro, in the south of Portugal and Bamako in Mali. At the end of April 2008, it received its third Airbus A319, registered as F-HBMI, increasing the size of its fleet to 11 aircraft. In June 2008, its loyalty programme, Azur Plus, was launched.
In May 2009, the company received its first new Airbus A3202, and its presence at the Paris Air Show enabled it to order a fourth Airbus A319 from Airbus a month later. This aircraft was delivered in April 2010. A fifth Airbus A319 was received in May 2010.
In June 2010, the company announced its plan to open a route between Paris and Baghdad, starting from September 2010.
In July 2010, Aigle Azur began a partnership with the Malian company Air Mali. This meant that Aigle Azur was able to begin selling flights to other African cities, particularly to Dakar, Abidjan and Brazzaville. The agreement came into effect as from 1 August 2010.
On 30 October 2010, the company's inaugural flight to Baghdad took place. The airline opened reservations for Baghdad, with the first commercial flights beginning in mid-December 2010. This route was discontinued in mid-2011 due to a lack of reservations resulting from events in the country.
On 23 November 2011, Aigle Azur opened a new regular route to Mali.
In July 2012, Aigle Azur was operating a regular route between Paris-Orly and Moscow-Vnukovo with three classes and seven weekly rotations.
To accelerate its growth strategy and expand its network into the long-haul sector, on 23 October 2012 Aigle Azur announced that the Chinese group HNA had bought shares. HNA Group (notably the owner of Hainan Airlines, Hong Kong Airlines, China West Airlines, Lucky Air, Tianjin Airlines, and Hong Kong Express) was now the owner of 48% of Aigle Azur's capital. Thus the company was owned by Weaving Group, Lu Azur and the HNA Group.
On 18 December 2012, Aigle Azur and Corsair International signed a commercial partnership agreement to harmonise their respective networks in order to enhance their passenger connections at Paris-Orly airport. Aigle Azur and Corsair were then both able to make the most of their geographic deployments by cross-selling tickets each to their own customers, and in doing so generating additional revenues5.
By 2014, Aigle Azur was the second-largest French airline after Air France, and ahead of Air Austral and Corsair International. It employed 1,400 people6. The company was competing with Air France, Air Algérie, EasyJet and TAP Air Portugal. In 2015, it opened connecting flights between Marseille and Dakar, then Lyon and Dakar, followed by a link to Conakry in 2016.
In 2017, Weaving Group sold the remaining 32% of its shares to David Neeleman (known for having created several private companies)7, thereby withdrawing from the company.
At the request and with the support of the three Aigle Azur shareholders – HNA, David Neeleman and Lu Azur – Frantz Yvelin was named CEO of Aigle Azur8, becoming the third entrepreneur to lead the company. This professional pilot who has a passion for aviation created the last two French airlines: L’Avion in 2006 (now Openskies) and La Compagnie Boutique Airline in 2013.
2017 also saw the launch of routes to Lebanon (Beirut), Germany (Berlin) and Russia (Moscow-Domodedovo) and two Airbus A330 aircraft were ordered for the launch of long-haul flights.
Frantz Yvelin held a press conference on 29 March 2018 in Paris to present the company's new strategic directions. After major development of the network in 2017, the company announced new long-haul routes to São Paulo and Beijing to open in July and September 2018, respectively, with year-round service. Aigle Azur received two Airbus A330-200 aircraft in April 2018 to operate these two routes. Both were equipped with new cabins and a new visual identity9.
Aigle Azur also launched its first domestic route in 2018, between Lyon and Nantes, as well as a service to Italy (Milan). The company also developed new partnerships, including with Air Caribbean, S7, and TAP Air Portugal, in addition to the existing ones with Azul and Hainan Airlines.
On 22 January 2019, Aigle Azur announced it would launch a regular route to Kiev by 18 April 2019.
Livery and logoEdit
Aigle Azur currently uses a “Eurowhite”-type livery, with white paint along the front of the fuselage and the company's name in navy blue. The tail represents a cloud in a blue sky, with a schematic representation of an eagle flying over the top with spread wings. The engines and the winglets are also painted azure blue.
From 1946 to 1955, the fuselage of Aigle Azur aircraft was bare metal, separated under the cabin windows by a dash of the same azure. The vertical fin, also in bare metal, was adorned with two parallel horizontal dashes on the rudder and the old logo (an eagle flying over a globe).
At the end of 2012, the company unveiled new graphic branding: a new font using capital letters for the name, as well as a digital prototype of an A320 from the fleet; the tail (becoming navy blue) was adorned with the old logo, enlarged and in azure, with three parallel lines of the same colour. The winglets also remained azure blue.
|Algeria||Algiers||Houari Boumediene Airport|
|Béjaia||Abane Ramdane Airport|
|Constantine||Mohamed Boudiaf International Airport|
|Oran||Ahmed Ben Bella Airport|
|Sétif||Ain Arnat Airport|
|Tlemcen||Zenata – Messali El Hadj Airport|
|Brazil||Campinas||Viracopos International Airport|
|China||Beijing||Beijing Capital International Airport||Terminated|
|Marseille||Marseille Provence Airport|
|Nantes||Nantes Atlantique Airport|
|Germany||Berlin||Berlin Tegel Airport||Terminated|
|Lebanon||Beirut||Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport|
|Mali||Bamako||Bamako–Sénou International Airport|
|Russia||Moscow||Domodedovo International Airport|
|Senegal||Dakar||Blaise Diagne International Airport|
|EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg|
A codeshare agreement with Hainan Airlines concluded in April 2015 means that flights can be booked between Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Xi’an Xianyang and Hangzhou-Xiaoshan in China under Aigle Azur's code.
As of June 2019[update], Aigle Azur fleet consists of the following aircraft:
|1||Leased to TAP Air Portugal|
- "Airline Insight: Aigle Azur – Blue Swan Daily". blueswandaily.com. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
Media related to Aigle Azur at Wikimedia Commons