Amadeus IT Group
Headquarters (Madrid, Spain)
|Traded as||BMAD: AMS|
|Services||Provision of computer reservations systems; IT systems for the travel industry; online travel agency|
|Revenue||€4.9439 billion (2018)|
|€1865.1 million (2017)|
|€1161.1 million (2017)|
|Total assets||€7.883 billion (end 2017)|
|Total equity||€2,649.0 million (end 2017)|
Number of employees
|16785 (FTE, end 2017)|
The company is structured around two areas: its global distribution system and its IT Solutions business area. Acting as an international network, Amadeus provides search, pricing, booking, ticketing and other processing services in real-time to travel providers and travel agencies through its Amadeus CRS distribution business area. Through its IT Solutions business area, it also offers travel companies software systems which automate processes such as reservations, inventory management and departure control.
The group, which processed 850 million billable travel transactions in 2010, services customers including airlines, hotels, tour operators, insurers, car rental and railway companies, ferry and cruise lines, travel agencies and individual travellers directly.
The parent company of Amadeus IT Group, holding over 99.7% of the firm, is Amadeus IT Holding S.A. It is listed on the Spanish stock exchanges as of 29 April 2010 and trades under the symbol AMS. For the year ended 31 December 2012, the company reported revenues of €2.910 billion and EBITDA of €1.108 billion.
Amadeus has central sites in Madrid, Spain (corporate headquarters and marketing), Sophia Antipolis, France (product development), London, UK (product development), Breda, Netherlands (PMS development), Erding, Germany (data processing centre) and Bangalore, India (software lab) as well as regional offices in Boston, Bangkok, Buenos Aires, Dubai, Miami, Istanbul, Singapore, and Sydney. At market level, Amadeus maintains customer operations through 173 local Amadeus Commercial Organisations (ACOs) covering 195 countries. The Amadeus group employs 14,200 employees worldwide, and listed in Forbes' list of "The World's Largest Public Companies" as No. 985.
Amadeus was originally created as a neutral global distribution system (GDS) by Air France, Iberia, Lufthansa and SAS in 1987 in order to connect providers' content with travel agencies and consumers in real time. The creation of Amadeus was intended to offer a European alternative to Sabre, an American GDS. The first Amadeus system was built from core reservation system code coming from System One, an American GDS that competed with Sabre but went bankrupt, and a copy of the Air France pricing engine. These systems were respectively running under IBM TPF and Unisys. At the beginning of Amadeus, the Amadeus systems were functionally dedicated to airline reservation and centered on the PNR (Passenger Name Record), the passenger's travel file. Throughout the years, the PNR was opened up to additional travel industries (hotels, rail, cars, cruises, ferries, insurance, etc.).
Although established initially as a private partnership, Amadeus went public in October 1999, becoming listed on the Paris, Frankfurt and Madrid stock exchanges. Progressively and in line with industry evolution, Amadeus diversified its operations by focusing on information technologies (IT) to deliver services spanning beyond sales and reservation functionalities, centred on streamlining the operational and distribution requirements of its customer base.
Since 2004, the company has invested €1 billion in R&D and Amadeus's technology has increasingly embraced open systems which provide clients with more flexibility and features, as well as other benefits. As of 2010[update], 85% of its software portfolio was open system based and it expects by the end of 2016 to have fully migrated away from mainframe-based TPF software.
In 2005, Amadeus was delisted from the Paris, Frankfurt and Madrid stock exchanges when BC Partners and Cinven bought their stake from three of the four founding airlines and the rest of the capital floated from institutional and minority shareholders. The transition from distribution system to technology provider was reflected by the change in its corporate name in 2006, when the company name was changed to Amadeus IT Group. In 2009, Amadeus invested about €257 million in R&D. Amadeus is again listed on the Spanish Stock Exchanges as of 29 April 2010 (AMS). Throughout the years, Amadeus acquired:
- SMART AB, a travel distribution company in Northern Europe
- Vacation.com, the largest US marketing network for leisure travel
- E-Travel, Inc., a supplier of hosted technology products for corporate travel
- Opodo, a European travel website which it sold on February 2011 for €450 million
- Airline Automation (AAI), a robotic PNR processing company, in 2006
- TravelTainment, a leisure content provider
- Optims, a European hotel software company
- Onerail, a rail IT software supplier
- Newmarket International, an IT provider for hotels
- iTesso, a Property Management System provider for hotels
- UFIS, an airport IT provider
- i:FAO, a leading provider of end-to-end Corporate Travel IT solutions[clarification needed]
- AirIT, a provider of information technology solutions to airports and groundhandlers[clarification needed]
- Navitaire, a provider for rail and Low Cost Airlines
- Pyton, an online booking engine supplier
- travel audience GmbH, an online advertising firm
In September 2014, Air France sold a 3% stake in the firm for $438 million.
Amadeus has its own data centre in Erding, Germany. In 2010, the Erding complex processed ½ billion transactions per day, and handled, on average, 9,000 user data queries per second, with a system response time of less than 3 milliseconds and an average system uptime of 99.99%.
Amadeus' global operations comprise not only the main site in Erding, Germany, but also two strategic operation centres in Miami, United States and Sydney, Australia, and local competency centres in Germany, Thailand, India, Poland, Colombia, Ukraine and the United Kingdom.
On Jan 15, 2019, the hacker and activist Noam Rotem discovered a major vulnerability affecting nearly half of all airlines worldwide while booking a flight with Israeli national carrier ELAL, he came across a significant security breach that allows anyone to access and change private information on flight bookings. The same breach was then discovered to include 44% of the international carriers market, potentially affecting tens of millions of travelers.
Overview of the company's business and activitiesEdit
Amadeus CRS is the largest GDS provider in the worldwide travel and tourism industry, with an estimated market share of 37% in 2009. As of December 2010, over 90,000 travel agencies worldwide use the Amadeus system and 58,000 airline sales offices use it as their internal sales and reservations system. Amadeus gives access to bookable content from 435 airlines (including 60 low-cost carriers), 29 car rental companies (representing 36,000 car rental locations), 51 cruise lines and ferry operators, 280 hotel chains and 87,000 hotels, 200 tour operators, 103 rail operators and 116 travel insurance companies.
The principal service of this business area is the Amadeus Altéa Customer Management System (CMS), a software suite which addresses airlines' sales and reservations, inventory management and departure control.
Unlike the carriers’ legacy IT systems, the Altéa platform is based on a common technical infrastructure and software. With Altéa, airlines outsource their IT operations onto a community platform which allows them to share information with both airline alliance and code-share partners.
The Altéa suite presently consists of four main modules: Altéa Reservation, providing booking, pricing and ticketing management through a single interface; Altéa Inventory, providing schedule and seat capacity management on a flight-by-flight basis; Altéa Departure Control, a departure control system software package; and Altéa e-commerce, a software suite for airline e-commerce sales and support.
In 2009, the number of passengers boarded by airlines using Amadeus Altéa was 238 million. Amadeus is extending its IT solutions business with the ongoing development of similar systems for rail companies, hotel chains, airport operators and ground handling companies.
Contribution to open source projectsEdit
Business model and other business linesEdit
The business model of Amadeus is booking fee or transaction based, which means that a fee is taken for each confirmed net booking made in the Amadeus CRS.
In late 1990s, a business division specialized in e-commerce was created.[clarification needed]
In 2000, Amadeus was awarded the development of two new operational applications for British Airways and Qantas: the inventory management and the departure control systems. These products were outside of the core expertise domain of Amadeus and were built with the expertise of the airlines.
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