Saint-Cloud (French pronunciation: [sɛ̃ klu]) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France, 9.6 kilometres (6.0 miles) from the centre of Paris. Like other communes of Hauts-de-Seine such as Marnes-la-Coquette, Neuilly-sur-Seine and Vaucresson, Saint-Cloud is one of France's wealthiest towns, ranked second in average household income among communities with 10- to 50-thousand tax households. In 2006, it had a population of 29,981.
Saint-Cloud Town Hall
Paris and inner ring departments
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Éric Berdoati (LR)|
|7.56 km2 (2.92 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The town is named after Clodoald, grandson of Clovis, who is supposed to have sought refuge in a hamlet on the Seine near Paris, then named Novigentum, like many other newly founded mercantile settlements outside the traditional towns. After he was canonized, the village where his tomb was located took the name of Sanctus Clodoaldus.
A park contains the ruins of the Château de Saint-Cloud, built in 1572 and destroyed by fire in 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War. The château was the residence of several French rulers and served as the main country residence of the cadet Orléans line until the French Revolution. The palace was also the site of the coup d'état led by Napoleon Bonaparte that overthrew the French Directory in 1799.
The main landmarks are the park of the demolished Château de Saint-Cloud and the Pavillon de Breteuil. The Saint-Cloud Racecourse, a racetrack for Thoroughbred flat racing, was built by Edmond Blanc in 1901 and hosts a number of important races, including the annual Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud.
Tribute to Santos-DumontEdit
On the Avenue de Longchamp is a bronze statue commissioned by the Airclub of France representing the Greek mythologic figure Icarus, in honour of Santos Dumont. It was inaugurated on October 19, 1913, and is on a square near the old Aerostation of Saint-Cloud, where Santos Dumont performed his experiments with the heavier than air. Dumont was also responsible for the construction of the world's first hangar in Saint-Cloud. Today there is a replica of it in the same place, erected in 1952, because the original was destroyed for its bronze during the Nazi military occupation.
Central Saint-Cloud, known as le village, is also served by the metro station 'Boulogne-Pont de Saint-Cloud' (line 10), across the Seine on the Boulogne-Billancourt side of the Pont de Saint Cloud.
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Public high schools:
- Lycée Alexandre-Dumas
- Lycée Santos-Dumont
Private high schools:
- Institution Saint-Pie-X
- Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (1674–1723), Regent of France from 1715 to 1723
- Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans (1676–1744), Regent of Lorraine, lived at the Palace at Saint-Cloud
- Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (1747–1793), a key figure during the early stages of the French Revolution;
- Princess Marie Bonaparte (1882–1962), psychoanalyst, closely linked with Sigmund Freud
- Gilbert Norman (1914–1944), Special Operations Executive member
- Annick Gendron, painter
- Nicole Courcel (1930–), film actress
- Jean-Claude Killy (born 1943), alpine skier and a triple Olympic champion
- Gérard Manset (born 1945), known as Manset, rock songwriter
- Hervé Guibert (1955–1991), writer
- Mino Cinelu (born 1957), musician
- Alexandra Fusai (born 1973), former professional tennis player
- Paul Lasne (born 1989), footballer
- Ingmar Lazar (born 1993), classical pianist, prodigy
- Henri III of France (1551–1589) – King of France, assassinated in Saint-Cloud
- Philippe d'Orléans (1640–1701) – lived in the Château de Saint-Cloud from 1658 to his death in 1701
- Henrietta of England (1644–1670) – lived and died in the château de Saint-Cloud.
- Napoléon Ier (1769–1821) – lived in the Château de Saint-Cloud
- Antoine Sénard (1800–1885) – member of the National Assembly, mayor of Saint-Cloud from 1871 to 1874
- Émile Verhaeren (1855–1916) – Flemish poet
- André Chevrillon (1864–1957) – French author
- Florent Schmitt (1870–1958) – French composer
- Maurice Ravel (1875–1937) – French composer
- Marcel Dassault (1892–1986) – French businessman and politician
- Santos Dumont (1873–1932) – Brazilian inventor and aviation pioneer
- Lino Ventura (1919–1987) – Italian actor, lived and died in Saint-Cloud
- Jean-Pierre Fourcade (born 1929) – French Minister, mayor of Saint-Cloud from 1971 to 1992
- Christophe Dominici (1972-2020) France and Stade Français rugby player
- Gérard Holtz (born 1946), French sports journalist
- Jean-Marie Le Pen, French politician, owner of Domaine de Montretout in Saint-Cloud.
- Alimardan Topchubashov (1863–1934)
- Edmond Blanc (1856–1920)
- René Alexandre (1885–1946)
- Maurice Bessy (1910–1993)
- Gérard Blain (1930–2000)
- Gilbert Grandval (1904–1981)
- Fernand Gravey (1905–1970)
- Jean-René Huguenin (1936–1962)
- Dorothy Jordan (1761–1816)
- Vlado Perlemuter (1904–2002)
- Andrée Servilange (1911–2001)
- Jean Toulout (1887–1962)
- Maurice Yvain (1891–1965)
Twin towns - sister citiesEdit
In popular cultureEdit
- "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
- J. Paul Getty Museum. "Saint-Cloud Porcelain Manufactory". Retrieved 2008-01-13.
- Home page. Lycée Jean Pierre Vernant. Retrieved on September 7, 2016. [...]qui relèvent de la zone de desserte du lycée ( communes de Sèvres, Ville d’Avray, Chaville, Saint -Cloud) [...]
- "Get in contact Archived 2015-01-23 at the Wayback Machine." Internationale Deutsche Schule Paris. Retrieved on 23 January 2015. "Postanschrift: 18 rue Pasteur F – 92210 SAINT CLOUD Besucheradresse: 12 rue Lelégard F – 92210 SAINT-CLOUD"
- "Marine Le Pen, une riche propriétaire (comme son père)". Le Nouvel Observateur. January 27, 2016. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
- "Les villes jumelles, soeurs et filleule". saintcloud.fr (in French). Saint-Cloud. Retrieved 2019-11-18.
- Wood, Michael (2011-03-03). "At the Movies". London Review of Books. Vol. 33 no. 5. p. 23. Retrieved 2018-06-06.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint-Cloud.|
- Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. .