Île-de-France tramway Line 2

Île-de-France tramway Line 2 (T2; French: Ligne 2 du tramway d'Île-de-France) is part of the modern tram network of the Île-de-France region of France. It connects the commune of Bezons in the north to the Porte de Versailles Métro station in Paris in the south, serving Hauts-de-Seine and its La Défense business district.[1][2]

Île-de-France tramway Line 2
Tramways in Île-de-France Île-de-France tramway Line 2
Île-de-France tramway Line 2 at the Porte de Versailles terminus
OwnerÎle-de-France Mobilités
SystemTramways in Île-de-France
Operator(s)RATP Group
Rolling stock66 Alstom Citadis
RidershipApprox. 20 million journeys per year
Opened2 July 1997 (1997-07-02)
Last extension19 November 2012
Line length17.9 km (11.1 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Route map
Pont de Bezons
Parc Pierre Lagravère
La Marine Shops
Victor Basch
Jacqueline Auriol
TransilienTransilien Line L (Paris-Saint-Lazare)
Les Fauvelles
Faubourg de l'Arche
La Défense
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1 RERRER A TransilienTransilien Line L (Paris-Saint-Lazare)Transilien Line U
TransilienTransilien Line L (Paris-Saint-Lazare)Transilien Line U
Suresnes Longchamp
Les Coteaux
Les Milons
Parc de Saint-Cloud
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 10
Musée de Sèvres
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 9
Les Moulineaux
Issy-les-Moulineaux Shops
Jacques-Henri Lartigue
Issy–Val de Seine
Henri Farman
Suzanne Lenglen
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3a Paris MétroParis Métro Line 8
Porte d'Issy
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3a
Porte de Versailles
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3a Paris MétroParis Métro Line 12

The line has been operated by the RATP Group since its opening, under the authority of Île-de-France Mobilités. Future operation of line will become subject to a competitive bidding process in November 2029.[3]

The line has a length of 17.9 km (11.1 mi) and 24 stations. The initial section between La Défense station and Issy–Val de Seine station, opened in July 1997, uses a former heavy rail line converted into light rail, whereas the further extensions on both ends opened in November 2009 and November 2012 feature segregated on-street running.

Route edit

Communes served edit

Line 2 serves the communes of Bezons (one stop), Colombes (three stops), La Garenne-Colombes (two stops), Courbevoie (one stop), Puteaux (two stops), Suresnes (two stops), Saint-Cloud (three stops), Sèvres (one stop), Meudon (two stops), Issy-les-Moulineaux (three stops) and Paris (four stops).

Places of interest edit

The line allows visitors to access the Grande Arche in La Défense, the Parc de Saint-Cloud at the eponym stop, the Manufacture nationale de Sèvres at Musée de Sèvres and Paris expo Porte de Versailles at its southern terminus.

Rolling stock edit

Line 2 is operated by the Régie autonome des transports parisiens (RATP) under the authority of Île-de-France Mobilités (IDFM). The line's success (115,000 people use it daily) led to its Tramway Français Standard (TFS) rolling stock to be replaced starting in 2002 by Alstom Citadis trams; the TFS rolling stock was transferred to Île-de-France tramway Line 1 to increase its capacity.[4]

As the Citadis trams also rapidly proved insufficient in terms of size, they were doubled in length in 2005 by using a Scharfenberg coupler, raising the capacity of each tram to 440 passengers. Several stops were also therefore doubled in length. With the extension to Porte de Versailles and the line crossing several intersections, the RATP had each tram's front and rear coupler covered, so that in the event of a collision with a pedestrian, the damage sustained by the person would be less severe.

Gallery edit

References edit

  1. ^ T2 - Prolongement La Défense – Bezons (in French), www.driea.ile-de-france.developpement-durable.gouv.fr
  2. ^ Tramway : 7 nouvelles stations pour le T2 (in French), France 3 Régions
  3. ^ "The essence of our Group". RATP Group. Retrieved 31 December 2023.
  4. ^ Ligne 5 du tramway, bientôt sur les rails Archived 19 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in French)

48°50′35″N 2°13′19″E / 48.8431°N 2.2219°E / 48.8431; 2.2219