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Levallois-Perret (IPA: [lə.va.lwa.pɛ.ʁɛ]) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 6.4 km (4.0 mi) from the centre of Paris. It is the most densely populated town in Europe. Together with neighboring Neuilly-sur-Seine, it is one of the most expensive suburbs of Paris.
The town hall of Levallois-Perret
|• Mayor||Patrick Balkany (LR)|
|2.41 km2 (0.93 sq mi)|
|• Density||26,000/km2 (68,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||23–34 m (75–112 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
The name Levallois-Perret comes from two housing developments, Champerret (started by landowner Jean-Jacques Perret in 1822) and Village Levallois (founded by developer Nicolas-Eugène Levallois in 1845), which resulted in the incorporation of the commune.
On the territory of what is now Levallois-Perret, before the French Revolution, the village of Villiers and the hamlet of Courcelles (or La Planchette) were there. They now give their names to two Paris Métro stations. At the time of the creation of French communes during the French Revolution, they were part of the commune of Clichy, and the commune of Neuilly-sur-Seine extended over what is now the south-western part of Levallois-Perret.
Landowner Jean-Jacques Perret started some housing developments in 1822 in the northeast of the commune of Neuilly-sur-Seine, in a place soon called Champerret ("champ perret" meant "field of Perret"), which gave its name to one station of the Paris Métro. Later in 1845, Nicolas-Eugène Levallois started some housing developments for landowner André Noël on his land near La Planchette (in the commune of Clichy). The land developed by Nicolas-Eugène Levallois soon became known as Village Levallois.
In the 1860s, the village had grown to the point of forming a single builtup area. Several demands were made to the authorities for the incorporation of the area, as a commune.
On 30 June 1866, the commune of Levallois-Perret was eventually created by detaching that part of the territory of Clichy where the Village Levallois stood and merging it with that part of the territory of Neuilly-sur-Seine of Champerret.
Levallois-Perret became an important centre of the early French automotive industry with the establishment of companies such as Clément-Bayard, Delage and coachbuilders Chapron and Faget & Varnet. Citroën purchased the Clément-Bayard factory and the famous Citroën 2CV was produced in Levallois for nearly forty years. Levallois-Perret was also an important centre of cosmetics industry in the early 20th century. It is also home to the large European commercial real estate company Atisreal and the conglomerate Alstom.
It is part of the commune of Levallois-Perret. Part of the wealthy Ouest Parisien, Levallois-Perret is the most densely-populated commune of France and Europe.
Patrick Balkany has been mayor of the city for almost 20 years in a row; his wife, Isabelle Balkany Smadja, works for the municipality.
Levallois-Perret constitutes one canton: canton of Levallois-Perret.
Alstom has its headquarters in Levallois-Perret. Speed Rabbit Pizza also has its headquarters in the commune. EVA Air has its Paris office in Levallois-Perret. According to Le Journal du Net, the debt per inhabitant of Levallois is 9,030 euros, the French record.
- Edith Gorce-Franklin (intercommunal school in Neuilly-sur-Seine which serves residents of Levallois in île de la Jatte, quai Charles-Pasqua, and adjacent and/or parallel streets)
Public elementary schools:
Private preschools and elementary schools:
- Ecole maternelle et élémentaire Sainte-Marie-de-la-Providence
- Ecole maternelle et élémentaire Emilie-Brandt
Junior high schools (public junior high schools are operated by the department of Hauts-de-Seine):
- Collège Danton
- Collège Jean-Jaurès
- Collège Louis-Blériot
- Collège privé Saint-Justin
- École supérieure des techniques aéronautiques et de construction automobile (FR) are in the city.
The municipality of Levallois-Perret operates two free bus lines circulating the town.
Levallois Sporting Club is one of the most important sports club in France with 14500 members. Among them you can find notable sportsperson like Teddy Riner, Gauthier Grumier and Gevrise Emane. During his youth Didier Drogba played for the football section, as Joakim Noah did for basket.
Coat of armsEdit
The traditional coat of arms for the municipality puts emphasis on the importance of industry in the its history. The centre of the arms consists of a shield with red background; a yellow gearwheel in the bottom left and a yellow perfume diffuser in the top right represent the mechanical and perfume industries.
Three red bees, are depicted on a silver bend from the top left to bottom right of the shield, these are another symbol of work in the city, beekeeping taking place at the île de la Jatte. The coat of arms also has a wreath at the bottom around the shield and three castles topping the shield; both in yellow. VILLE DE / LEVALLOIS – PERRET, is inscribed in black letters above the coat of arms.
A cartoon-style bee is used in the modern emblem of the municipality.
- Olivier Besancenot (1974), politician
- Freda Betti (1924–1979), opera singer married in Levallois-Perret in 1949
- Henri Betti (1917–2005), composer resident in Levallois-Perret when he married in 1949
- Clotilde Courau (1969), actress
- Danièle Delorme (1926–2015), actress and film producer
- Gauthier Diafutua (1985) footballer
- René Hervil (1881–1960), actor, screenwriter and film director
- Pascal Lamy (1947), director-general of the World Trade Organization
- Louis Trousselier (1881–1939), cyclist
- Roger Rabiniaux (1914–1986), prefect, writer and poet
- "La tour a vu le jour à Levallois" (in French). Le Parisien. 30 April 2004. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- "Creating the Statue of Liberty". National Park Service. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- "Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel". National Park Service. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- "Want to contact us? Archived 4 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine." Alstom. Retrieved on 24 September 2009.
- "Mentions légales Archived 10 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine." Speed Rabbit Pizza. Retrieved on 7 December 2012. "[...]dont le siège social est situé au 72 rue Jules Guesde, 92300 Levallois Perret."
- "Service Center Archived 4 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine." EVA Air. Retrieved on 7 February 2009. "PARIS Business Center 8, Place Georges Pompidou 92300 Levallois-Perret, France'
- "1er : Levallois-Perret, 9 030 € de dettes par habitant" Le Journal du Net.
- "Legal infos." Carrefour. Retrieved on 24 September 2009.
- "Ecoles maternelles." Commune of Levallois-Perret. Retrieved on July 27, 2016.
- "Ecoles élémentaires." Commune of Levallois-Perret. Retrieved on July 27, 2016.
- "Ecoles privées." Commune of Levallois-Perret. Retrieved on July 27, 2016.
- "Collèges publics et privé." Commune of Levallois-Perret. Retrieved on July 27, 2016.
- "Lycées public et privé." Commune of Levallois-Perret. Retrieved on July 27, 2016.