Asnières-sur-Seine

Asnières-sur-Seine (French pronunciation: ​[a.njɛʁ syʁ sɛn]) is a commune in the Hauts-de-Seine department and Île-de-France region of north-central France. It lies on the left bank of the River Seine, some eight kilometres from the centre of Paris in the north-western suburbs of the French capital.

Asnières-sur-Seine
The Château d'Asnières
The Château d'Asnières
Coat of arms of Asnières-sur-Seine
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring départements
Paris and inner ring départements
Location of Asnières-sur-Seine
Asnières-sur-Seine is located in France
Asnières-sur-Seine
Asnières-sur-Seine
Paris and inner ring départements
Asnières-sur-Seine is located in Île-de-France (region)
Asnières-sur-Seine
Asnières-sur-Seine
Asnières-sur-Seine (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°54′39″N 2°17′20″E / 48.9108°N 2.2889°E / 48.9108; 2.2889Coordinates: 48°54′39″N 2°17′20″E / 48.9108°N 2.2889°E / 48.9108; 2.2889
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentHauts-de-Seine
ArrondissementNanterre
CantonAsnières-sur-Seine, Courbevoie-1
IntercommunalityMétropole du Grand Paris, ÉPT Boucle Nord de Seine
Government
 • Mayor (2020-2026) Manuel Aeschlimann (LR)
Area
1
4.82 km2 (1.86 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
85,191
 • Density18,000/km2 (46,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
92004 /92600
Elevation22–43 m (72–141 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

NameEdit

 
Avenue de la Marne

Asnières-sur-Seine was originally known simply as Asnières. The name was recorded for the first time in a papal bull of 1158 – as Asnerias, from Medieval Latin asinaria, meaning "donkey farm". The poor soil of Asnières, where heather grew in medieval times, was probably deemed suitable only for the breeding of donkeys. By the early 20th century it had become a favourite boating centre for Parisians, and its industries included boat building.[2]

On 15 February 1968 the commune was officially renamed Asnières-sur-Seine to distinguish it from other French communes also called Asnières.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18561,822—    
18665,455+199.4%
18726,236+14.3%
188111,352+82.0%
189119,575+72.4%
190131,336+60.1%
191142,583+35.9%
192149,607+16.5%
192652,609+6.1%
193671,831+36.5%
194672,273+0.6%
195477,838+7.7%
196281,768+5.0%
196880,113−2.0%
197575,431−5.8%
198271,077−5.8%
199071,850+1.1%
199975,837+5.5%
200682,351+8.6%
201586,512+5.1%

ImmigrationEdit

Place of birth of residents of Asnières-sur-Seine in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
78.3% 21.7%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.7% 2.9% 3.5% 13.6%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Departmental representationEdit

The commune is divided between two cantons (departmental constituencies):

  • Asnières-sur-Seine: composed of part of the commune of Asnières-sur-Seine. Currently represented by Josiane Fischer (UDI) and André Mancipoz (LR).
  • Courbevoie-1: composed of part of the commune of Courbevoie and of the remainder of the commune of Asnières-sur-Seine. Currently represented by Daniel Courtès (LR) and Marie-Pierre Limoge (UDI).

EconomyEdit

Lesieur – a major producer of cooking and table oils and part of the Avril Group – has its headquarters in Asnières.

EducationEdit

Public schoolsEdit

(fully financed by the commune, department, or region):

Private schoolsEdit

(partly financed by the commune, department, or region) include:

CommunicationsEdit

Public transportEdit

Asnières-sur-Seine is served by three stations on Paris Métro Line 13: Gabriel Péri, Les Agnettes, and Les Courtilles, the last named being the terminus of the line.

Line 1 of the Île-de-France tramway also serves the metro station at Les Courtilles, connecting it to Noisy-le-Sec.

Trains on Lines J (Gisors) and L (Cergy) of the Transilien Paris-Saint-Lazare suburban rail network call at Asnières-sur-Seine station, while those on Line L (Cergy) also serve Bois-Colombes station which lies just outside the western limit of the commune.

A number of bus routes – lines 140, 165, 175, 177, and 276 – run through Asnières and connect it to its neighbouring communes.

RoadsEdit

Car traffic in Asnières is difficult. Most of the traffic is on the banks of the Seine around the city. The crossing of the Asnières bridge is extremely crowded and slow during peak hours. The Grand rue Charles-de-Gaulle then the Avenue d'Argenteuil are also difficult to pass because serving Bois-Colombes and northern towns. Moreover, the city has very few parking spaces, and garages and private parking spaces are scarce and expensive.

Between 2010 and 2013, there was a development plan to change the streets of the city being one-way and become practicable in both directions for bicycles.

SportEdit

In addition to the Courtilles ice rink, the town has ten gyms, six stadiums, a shooting range, two tennis clubs (Azur Tennis Club and the Tennis Club du Ménil), a skate park, a Parisian boules court and a swimming pool.

The Asnières Volley 92 participates in Ligue B (2nd national level) and plays at the Courtilles gymnasium. The city also has a handball club in agreement with neighboring cities. For the 2017-2018 season, the first team evolves in Pool 2 in National 2. Finally, the city counts, with the Molosses, an American football club, created in 1992, evolving in Casque d'Or (D2), 2-time vice-champion of France of D1 (1999, and 2014).

A full-contact club, known as ABC (Asnieres Boxing Club) is also managed by a coaching team composed with ex-France and European champions. Around 100 members take part in trainings three times a Week (Monday, Wednesday and Friday). The judo and jujitsu club Arts Martiaux d'Asnières uses several of the town's gyms.[8]

Asnières in artEdit

Georges SeuratEdit

Bathers at Asnières by Georges Seurat depicts a scene of 19th century leisure and developing industry in this suburb of Paris.

Between 1884 and 1886 Seurat painted Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grand Jatte, using a new technique – which came to be known as pointillism – of forming an image from patterns of tiny coloured dots.[9]

Vincent van GoghEdit

Van Gogh paintings of Asnières
Exterior of a Restaurant at Asnières, summer 1887 (Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam)
The Rispal Restaurant at Asnières, summer 1887(Nelson-Atkins Museum of Fine Art, Kansas City)
The Seine with the Pont de la Grande Jatte, summer 1887 (Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam)

Vincent van Gogh made a series of paintings of Asnières. Influenced by impressionism and pointillism, he modified his traditional style and used vivid colour, shorter brushstrokes, and perspective to engage the viewer. His views of the banks of the Seine represent an important progression towards his later landscape paintings.[10][11] In Asnières, within walking distance of his brother Theo's flat in Montmartre, van Gogh painted parks, cafés, restaurants, and the river.[12]

Notable residentsEdit

The old château was the death place of Anne Marie Victoire de Bourbon (1675–1700), daughter of Henri Jules de Bourbon and thus grand daughter of le Grand Condé, cousin to Louis XIV.

Asnières was the birthplace of

The Franco-Irish composer and pianist George Alexandre O'Kelly died here in 1914.

Louis Vuitton opened his first workshop and resided here until his death. The workshop still stands today.[13]

The Hutu Rwandan businessman and suspected war criminal Félicien Kabuga was arrested here on 16 May 2020 after 26 years as a fugitive for crimes against humanity committed during the Rwandan genocide. Specifically, he is accused of funding the genocide as well as buying thousands of machetes and importing them into Rwanda for use as weapons to kill Tutsis during the genocide.[14]

Local landmarksEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Asnières" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 764.
  3. ^ a b c d "Ecoles maternelles." Asnières-sur-Seine. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  4. ^ "Ecoles élémentaires." Asnières-sur-Seine. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  5. ^ "Les collèges publics Archived 2015-10-19 at the Wayback Machine." Asnières-sur-Seine. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  6. ^ "Les lycées publics Archived 2015-10-19 at the Wayback Machine." Asnières-sur-Seine. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  7. ^ Website of the Institut Baguer
  8. ^ "A.M ASNIERES". ffjudo.org (in French). Retrieved 2017-11-06.
  9. ^ The First Moderns: Profiles in the Origins of Twentieth-century Thought, p. 63–64, at Google Books
  10. ^ Hansen; Nichols; Sund; Knudsen; Bremen (2003). Van Gogh: Fields. Hatje Cantz Publishers for Toledo Museum of Art Exhibition. p. 10. ISBN 3-7757-1131-7.
  11. ^ "The Seine with the Pont de la Grande Jatte, 1887". Permanent Collection. Van Gogh Museum. 2005–2011. Retrieved 2011-04-30.
  12. ^ "Restaurant at Asnières, 1887". Permanent Collection. Van Gogh Museum. 2005–2011. Retrieved 2011-04-30.
  13. ^ Martin, Hannah. "Look Inside Louis Vuitton's Home, Now the Site of La Galerie". Architectural Digest. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  14. ^ "Mechanism fugitive Félicien Kabuga arrested today". United Nations International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals. 2020-05-16. Retrieved 2020-05-17.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit