Rueil-Malmaison

Rueil-Malmaison (French pronunciation: ​[ʁɥɛj malmɛzɔ̃]) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, in the Hauts-de-Seine department, Île-de-France region. It is located 12.6 kilometres (8 miles) from the centre of Paris. In 2017, it had a population of 78,152. It is one of the wealthiest suburbs of Paris.

Rueil-Malmaison
Château de Malmaison
Coat of arms of Rueil-Malmaison
Paris and inner ring départements
Paris and inner ring départements
Location of Rueil-Malmaison
Rueil-Malmaison is located in France
Rueil-Malmaison
Rueil-Malmaison
Paris and inner ring départements
Rueil-Malmaison is located in Île-de-France (region)
Rueil-Malmaison
Rueil-Malmaison
Rueil-Malmaison (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°52′34″N 2°10′52″E / 48.876°N 2.181°E / 48.876; 2.181Coordinates: 48°52′34″N 2°10′52″E / 48.876°N 2.181°E / 48.876; 2.181
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentHauts-de-Seine
ArrondissementNanterre
CantonRueil-Malmaison
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Patrick Ollier (LR)
Area
1
14.7 km2 (5.7 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
77,986
 • Density5,300/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
92063 /92500
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

NameEdit

Rueil-Malmaison was originally called simply Rueil. In medieval times the name Rueil was spelled either Roialum, Riogilum, Rotoialum, Ruolium, or Ruellium. This name is made of the Celtic word ialo (meaning 'clearing, glade' or 'place of') suffixed to a radical meaning 'brook, stream' (Latin: rivus, Old French: ), or maybe to a radical meaning 'ford' (Celtic ritu).

In 1928, the name of the commune officially became Rueil-Malmaison in reference to its most famous tourist attraction, the Château de Malmaison, home of Napoleon's first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais.

The name Malmaison comes from Medieval Latin mala mansio, meaning 'ill-fated domain', 'estate of ill luck'. In the Early Middle Ages Malmaison was the site of a royal residence which was destroyed by the Vikings in 846.

HistoryEdit

 
Saint-Pierre-Saint-Paul church

The Rueil barracks of the Swiss Guard were constructed in 1756 under Louis XV by the architect Axel Guillaumot, and have been classified Monument historique since 1973. The Guard was formed by Louis XIII in 1616 and massacred at the Tuileries on 10 August 1792 during the French Revolution.

Rueil is famous for the Château de Malmaison where Napoleon and his first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais lived. Upon her death in 1814, she was buried at the nearby Saint-Pierre-Saint-Paul church, which stands at the centre of the city.

During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, Rueil was located on the front line.

At the end of the 19th century, Impressionist painters like Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Édouard Manet and Claude Monet came to paint the Seine River which crosses the town.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 2,484—    
1800 2,548+0.36%
1806 2,624+0.49%
1821 2,524−0.26%
1831 3,417+3.08%
1836 3,333−0.50%
1841 3,761+2.45%
1846 4,116+1.82%
1851 5,253+5.00%
1856 5,399+0.55%
1861 6,489+3.75%
1866 7,092+1.79%
1872 8,216+2.48%
1876 8,087−0.39%
1881 8,208+0.30%
1886 9,364+2.67%
1891 9,937+1.19%
1896 9,680−0.52%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 11,013+2.61%
1906 12,437+2.46%
1911 13,203+1.20%
1921 15,842+1.84%
1926 20,671+5.47%
1931 24,924+3.81%
1936 26,796+1.46%
1946 27,016+0.08%
1954 32,212+2.22%
1962 54,786+6.86%
1968 60,804+1.75%
1975 62,727+0.45%
1982 63,412+0.16%
1990 66,401+0.58%
1999 73,469+1.13%
2007 78,145+0.77%
2012 79,563+0.36%
2017 78,152−0.36%
Source: EHESS[2] and INSEE (1968-2017)[3]

SightsEdit

The Château de Malmaison, the residence of Napoléon's first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais, is located in Rueil-Malmaison. It is home to a Napoleonic museum.

EconomyEdit

 
Office building in the new business district of Rueil-sur-Seine

The main campus of the French Institute of Petroleum research organisation is in Rueil. The city has also become home to many large companies moving out of La Défense business district, located only 5 km (3.1 mi) from Rueil, a trend first established by the move of Esso headquarters to Rueil.

There are about 850 service sector companies located in Rueil, 70 of which employ more than 100 people. A business district called Rueil-sur-Seine (previously known as "Rueil 2000") was created near the RER A Rueil-Malmaison station to accommodate these companies. The business district is equipped with a fiber-optic network.

Several major French companies have their world headquarters in Rueil-Malmaison, such as Schneider Electric and VINCI.[4][5] Schneider had its head office in Rueil-Malmaison since 2000; previously the building Schneider occupies housed the Schneider subsidiary Télémécanique.[6]

Several large international companies have also located their French headquarters in Rueil-Malmaison, such as ExxonMobil, AstraZeneca, American Express and Unilever.

InfrastructureEdit

TransportationEdit

Rueil-Malmaison is served by Rueil-Malmaison station on RER A. In the future,[when?] the commune will be served by Rueil – Suresnes – Mont Valérien station on Line 15 of the Grand Paris Express (GPE), which will be located on the border with the commune of Suresnes, as well as a western extension of Île-de-France tramway Line 1.

HealthcareEdit

The Stell Hospital, a teaching hospital of Sorbonne University, is located in Rueil-Malmaison.[7]

EducationEdit

Public schools:

  • 15 preschools[8]
  • 15 elementary schools[9]
  • Six junior high schools: Les Bons-Raisins, Henri-Dunant, La Malmaison, Les Martinets, Marcel-Pagnol, Jules-Verne[10]
  • Two senior high schools: Lycée Richelieu, Lycée polyvalent Gustave-Eiffel[11]

Private schools:[12]

  • Collège et lycée Passy-Buzenval [fr]
  • Collège et lycée Madeleine-Daniélou
  • Collège Notre-Dame
  • École maternelle et élémentaire Saint-Charles-Notre Dame
  • Ecole maternelle élémentaire Charles-Peguy
  • Ecole Montessori Bilingue de Rueil-Malmaison

There are tertiary educational institutions in the area.[13]

Engineering College:

Notable residentsEdit

Twin towns and sister citiesEdit

Rueil-Malmaison is twinned with:[16]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Rueil-Malmaison, EHESS. (in French)
  3. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  4. ^ "Privacy Policy." Schneider Electric. Retrieved on 8 July 2010.
  5. ^ "Contact." (Map) Vinci. Retrieved on 7 July 2010.
  6. ^ "Schneider-Electric s'est installé chez une filiale." Schneider Electric. Retrieved on 8 July 2010.
  7. ^ "Instituts de formation en soins infirmiers (IFSI)". Sorbonne Université – Faculté de Médecine (in French). Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  8. ^ "Les écoles maternelles." Rueil-Malmaison. Retrieved on 7 September 2016.
  9. ^ "Les écoles élémentaires." Rueil-Malmaison. Retrieved on 7 September 2016.
  10. ^ "Les collèges." Rueil-Malmaison. Retrieved on 7 September 2016.
  11. ^ "Les lycées." Rueil-Malmaison. Retrieved on 7 September 2016.
  12. ^ "Les établissements privés." Rueil-Malmaison. Retrieved on 7 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Enseignement supérieur." Rueil-Malmaison. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  14. ^ "Marine Le Pen, une riche propriétaire (comme son père)". Le Nouvel Observateur. 27 January 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016.
  15. ^ Fletcher, Paul (29 March 2017). "N'Golo Kante: How can Premier League clubs create next star?". BBC Sport. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  16. ^ "Villes jumelles". villederueil.fr (in French). Rueil-Malmaison. Retrieved 2019-11-20.

External linksEdit