2024 Summer Olympics

The 2024 Summer Olympics (French: Jeux olympiques d'été de 2024), officially known as the Games of the XXXIII Olympiad (French: Jeux de la XXXIIIe Olympiade), and commonly known as Paris 2024, is a forthcoming international multi-sport event that is scheduled to take place from 26 July to 11 August 2024 in Paris, France.[1]

Games of the XXXIII Olympiad
2024 Summer Olympics logo.svg
Host cityParis, France
Motto
  • Made for Sharing
  • (French: Venez Partager)
[citation needed]
Athletes10,500[citation needed]
Events329 in 32 sports
Opening26 July
Closing11 August
Opened by
StadiumStade de France
Summer
Winter

Having previously played host in 1900 and 1924, Paris will become the second city to host the Olympics three times, after London (1908, 1948 and 2012). 2024 will mark the centenary of the Paris Games of 1924 and the sixth Olympic Games hosted by France (three in summer and three in winter).

The bidding process for these Games began in 2015. Five cities submitted their candidature, but Hamburg, Rome and Budapest withdrew, leaving only Paris and Los Angeles in contention. A proposal to elect the 2024 and 2028 Olympic host cities concurrently was approved by an Extraordinary IOC Session on 11 July 2017 in Lausanne.[2] On 31 July 2017, the IOC negotiated a deal that would see Paris host the Games in 2024 and Los Angeles four years later.[3] The formal announcement of this decision took place at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru, on 13 September 2017.[4]

Bidding processEdit

Paris, Hamburg, Budapest, Rome, and Los Angeles were the five candidate cities. However, the process was hit by withdrawals, with political uncertainty and cost cited as deterring bidding cities.[5] Hamburg withdrew its bid on 29 November 2015 after holding a referendum.[6] Rome withdrew on 21 September 2016 citing fiscal difficulties.[7] On 22 February 2017, Budapest withdrew after a petition against the bid collected more signatures than necessary for a referendum.[8][9][10]

Following these withdrawals, the IOC Executive Board met in Lausanne, Switzerland to discuss the 2024 and 2028 bid processes on 9 June 2017.[11] The International Olympic Committee formally proposed electing the 2024 and 2028 Olympic host cities at the same time in 2017, a proposal which an Extraordinary IOC Session approved on 11 July 2017 in Lausanne.[2] The IOC set up a process whereby the LA 2024 and Paris 2024 bid committees met with the IOC to discuss who would host the Games in 2024 and 2028, and whether it was possible to select the host cities for both at the same time.[12]

Following the decision to award the two Games simultaneously, Paris was understood as the preferred host for 2024. On 31 July 2017, the IOC announced Los Angeles as the sole candidate for 2028, enabling Paris to be confirmed as host for 2024. Both decisions were ratified at the 131st IOC Session on 13 September 2017.[13]

Host city electionEdit

Paris was elected as the host city on 13 September 2017 at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru. The two French IOC members, Guy Drut and Tony Estanguet, were ineligible to vote under the rules of the Olympic Charter.

2024 Summer Olympics
bidding results
City Nation Votes
Paris   France Unanimous

SportsEdit

In 2004, the IOC established the concept of Olympics including 28 sports: 25 permanent 'core' sports with three additional sports selected for each individual Games. On 8 September 2013, IOC added wrestling to the Olympic programme for the 2020 and 2024 Games, representing one of these additional sports.[14] FILA (now known as United World Wrestling) changed freestyle and Greco-Roman wrestling weight classes for men and decreased to six categories in order to add more weights for women.[15] However, in August 2016, the IOC added five sports to the 2020 Olympics, with plans separately to evaluate the existing 28 sports.[16] During the 131st IOC Session in September 2017, the IOC approved the 28 sports of the Rio 2016 program for Paris 2024, while also inviting the Paris Organising Committee to submit up to five additional sports for consideration.[17][18]

In August 2017, the organising committee announced that it would hold talks with the IOC and professional esports organisations about the possibility of introducing competitive video gaming in 2024.[19][20] However, in July 2018, the IOC confirmed that it would not consider esports for the 2024 Olympics.[21] Effectively, Breaking has been added to the 2020 program, and baseball, softball and karate have been lost.

On 21 February 2019, the Paris Organising Committee announced they would propose breaking as a new sport, along with surfing, sport climbing, and skateboarding, which will debut at the 2020 Summer Olympics.[22][23][21] In June, breakdancing was approved.[24] At the 134th IOC Session in Lausanne, Switzerland, IOC members approved all four sports for inclusion for 2024, subject to final approval by the IOC Executive Board 7 December 2020.[23][21] The board confirmed all four sports.[25]

The 2024 Summer Olympic program is scheduled to feature 32 sports encompassing 329 events. The number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses.

VenuesEdit

Most of the Olympic events will be held in and around Paris, including the suburbs of Saint-Denis, Le Bourget, Nanterre, Versailles, and Vaires-sur-Marne which is just outside the city environs. The handball competitions will take place at Stade Pierre-Mauroy in Lille, while the sailing and surfing events will be held in the remote coastal resorts of Marseille and Teahupo'o respectively. Football will be hosted in 7 cities around France.

Grand Paris zone (8 sports)Edit

 
Stade de France with uncovered athletics track during the 2003 World Championships
Venue Events Capacity Status
Stade Olympique Colombes Yves-du-Manoir Hockey (preliminaries, 5-12 place classifications) 5,000 Renovated
Hockey (preliminaries, final four) 10,000
Stade de France Opening and closing ceremonies 78,338 Existing
Rugby
Athletics
Arena 92[a] Aquatics (swimming, water polo playoffs) 15,220
La Chapelle Arena Badminton 8,000
Gymnastics (rhythmic)
Saint-Denis[26] Aquatics (water polo preliminaries, diving, artistic swimming) 5,000 Additional
Le Bourget Shooting 3,000 Temporary
Sport Climbing 5,000
Notes
  1. ^ The local organizing committee uses the non-sponsored name Arena 92, which was the venue's name during its initial planning phase. By the time it opened in 2017, the name had changed to U Arena, also non-sponsored, and then to the current Paris La Défense Arena in 2018 through a sponsorship deal.

Paris Centre zone (19 sports)Edit

 
Champs de Mars
Venue Events Capacity Status
Parc des Princes Football 48,583 Existing
Stade Roland Garros Boxing, Tennis 34,000
Court Philippe Chatrier (with retractable roof) Tennis (preliminaries, main games, and finals) 15,000
Court Suzanne Lenglen (with temporary roof) Boxing 10,000
Court Simonne Mathieu and secondary courts Tennis (outdoor preliminaries) 9,000 (5,000+2,000+8x250)
Paris expo Porte de Versailles Volleyball (indoor) 12,000
Basketball (preliminaries, quarterfinals) 10,000
Table Tennis 6,000
Weightlifting 6,000
Paris-Bercy Arena Gymnastics (artistic and trampoline) 15,000
Basketball (semifinal, finals)
Grand Palais Fencing 8,000
Taekwondo
Place de la Concorde Basketball (3x3) 30,000 Temporary
Break Dancing
Cycling (BMX freestyle)
Skateboarding
Pont d'Iéna Aquatics (marathon swimming) 13,000
(3,000 sitting)
Athletics (marathon, race walk)
Cycling (road, time trial)
Triathlon
Champ de Mars Volleyball (beach) 12,000
Grand Palais Éphémère Judo 8,000
Wrestling
Les Invalides Archery 6,000

Versailles zone (4 sports)Edit

 
Vaires-Torcy Nautical Center
Venue Events Capacity Status
Château de Versailles Equestrian (dressage, jumping, eventing cross country) 80,000
(22,000 + 58,000)
Temporary
Modern pentathlon (excluding fencing and swimming)
Le Golf National Golf 35,000 Existing
Élancourt Hill Cycling (Mountain biking) 25,000
Vélodrome de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Cycling (track) 5,000
Modern Pentathlon (fencing)
Cycling (BMX racing) 5,000

Outlying venues (6 sports)Edit

Venue Events Capacity Status
Stade Pierre-Mauroy (Lille) Handball 26,000 Existing
National Olympic Nautical Stadium of Île-de-France (Vaires-sur-Marne) Rowing 22,000
Canoe-Kayak (sprint)
Canoe-Kayak (slalom)
Stade Vélodrome (Marseille) Football (6 preliminaries, women's quarter-final, men's semi-final) 67,394
Parc Olympique Lyonnais (Lyon) Football (6 preliminaries, men's quarter-final, women's semi-final) 59,186
Parc des Princes (Paris) Football (6 preliminaries, semi-finals, finals) 48,583
Stade Matmut Atlantique (Bordeaux) Football (6 preliminaries, women's quarter-final, men's 3rd place match) 42,115
Stade Geoffroy-Guichard (Saint-Étienne) Football (6 preliminaries, men's quarter-final, women's 3rd place match) 41,965
Allianz Riviera (Nice) Football (6 preliminaries, quarterfinals) 35,624
Stade de la Beaujoire (Nantes) Football (6 preliminaries, quarterfinals) 35,322
Port de la Pointe Rouge (Marseille) Sailing 5,000
Debarcadere Teahupoo (Teahupo'o, Tahiti, French Polynesia) Surfing 5,000

Non-competitive venuesEdit

Venue Events Capacity Status
L'Île-Saint-Denis Olympic Village 17,000 Additional
Le Bourget Media Village
Temporary
International Broadcast Centre
Main Press Centre

Participating National Olympic CommitteesEdit

On 9 December 2019, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) banned Russia from all international sport for four years, after it found that the Russian government had tampered with lab data that it provided to WADA in January 2019 as a condition of its reinstatement of the Russian Anti-Doping Agency. As at the 2018 Winter Olympics, WADA will allow individual cleared Russian athletes to compete neutrally under a title to be determined. WADA Compliance Review Committee head Jonathan Taylor stated that the IOC would not be able to use "Olympic Athletes from Russia" (OAR) as it did in 2018, specifically emphasizing that neutral athletes are to not to be portrayed as representing Russia.[27][28][29][30]

MarketingEdit

EmblemEdit

The emblem for the 2024 Summer Olympics and Paralympics was unveiled on 21 October 2019 at the Grand Rex. Inspired by Art Deco,[31][32] it is a representation of Marianne, the national personification of France, with a flame formed in negative space by her hair. The emblem also resembles a gold medal. Tony Estanguet explained that the emblem symbolised "the power and the magic of the Games", and the Games being "for people". The use of a female figure also serves as an homage to the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, which were the first to allow women to participate.[33] The emblem was designed by the French designer Sylvain Boyer[34] with the French design agencies Ecobranding & Royalties.[35][36][37]

The emblem for Paris 2024 was considering as the biggest new logo release of 2019 by many design magazines.[38][39] An Opinion Way survey shows that 83 per cent of French people say they like the new Paris 2024 Games emblem. Approval ratings were high, with 82 per cent finding it aesthetically appealing and 78 per cent creative.[40]

It was, however, met with some mockery on social media, with some commenting that the logo "would be better suited to a dating site or a hair salon".[41]

For the first time, the 2024 Summer Paralympics will share the same logo as their corresponding Olympics with no difference, reflecting a shared "ambition" between both events.[42]

Mascots (September 2021 or 2022)Edit

Corporate sponsorshipEdit

Sponsors of the 2024 Summer Olympics
Worldwide Olympic Partners
Premium Partners
Official Partners
Official Supporters

Concerns and controversiesEdit

Call for hijab banEdit

In February 2019, a French feminist group called on the organisers of the 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Paris to ban the hijab and other items of Islamic clothing during the Games, to ensure female Muslim athletes can compete free from religious restrictions. Annie Sugier, a prominent member of the group, highlighted that the Olympic Charter states no kind of "religious propaganda" is permitted in any Olympic sites, venues or other areas.[46] In 2010, the French government passed a law banning full face veils such as the niqab in public, imposing fines upon anybody who breaks the law. The law caused significant controversy and was challenged at the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), which upheld the ban in 2014.[47] In contrast to the ECHR ruling, in October 2018, the United Nations Human Rights Council declared the law a violation of human rights that risked confining Muslim women to their homes.[48]

Broadcasting rightsEdit

In France, domestic rights to the 2024 Summer Olympics are owned by Discovery Inc. via Eurosport, with free-to-air coverage sub-licensed to the country's public broadcaster France Télévisions.[49]

These will be the final Olympics to be broadcast by SBS in North and South Korea, with JTBC assuming broadcast rights beginning with the 2026 Winter Olympics.[50]

^1 – Included nations & territories are Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Niue, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit

Summer Olympics
Preceded by
Tokyo
XXXIII Olympiad
Paris

2024
Succeeded by
Los Angeles