The 2024 Summer Olympics (French: Jeux olympiques d'été de 2024), officially the Games of the XXXIII Olympiad (French: Jeux de la XXXIIIe Olympiade) and officially branded as Paris 2024, is an upcoming international multi-sport event scheduled to take place from 26 July (the date of the opening ceremony) to 11 August 2024 in France, with some competitions starting on 24 July. Paris is the main host city, with events held at 16 other cities spread across Metropolitan France, plus one subsite in Tahiti—an island within the French overseas country and overseas collectivity of French Polynesia.[4]

Games of the XXXIII Olympiad
Emblem of the 2024 Summer Olympics
Host cityParis, France
MottoGames wide open
(French: Ouvrons grand les Jeux)[1][2]
Nations206
Athletes10,714
Events329 in 32 sports
Opening26 July 2024 (in 7 days)
Closing11 August 2024
Opened by
StadiumJardins du Trocadéro and the Seine
(Opening ceremony)
Stade de France
(Closing ceremony)[3]
Summer
Winter
2024 Summer Paralympics

Paris was awarded the Games at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru, on 13 September 2017. After multiple withdrawals that left only Paris and Los Angeles in contention, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) approved a process to concurrently award the 2024 and 2028 Summer Olympics to the two remaining candidate cities; both of the bids were praised for high technical plans and innovative ways to use a record-breaking number of existing and temporary facilities. Having previously hosted in 1900 and 1924, Paris will become the second city ever to host the Summer Olympics three times (after London, which hosted the 1908, 1948 and 2012 Games). Paris 2024 will mark the centenary of Paris 1924 and Chamonix 1924 (which in turn marks the centenary of the Winter Olympics), will be the sixth Olympic Games hosted by France (three Summer Olympics and three Winter Olympics) and the first French Olympics since the 1992 Winter Games in Albertville. The Summer Games will return to the traditional four-year Olympiad cycle, after the 2020 Tokyo Olympics were postponed until 2021 because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Paris 2024 will feature the debut of breakdancing as an Olympic event,[5] and could be the final Olympic Games held during the IOC presidency of Thomas Bach.[6] The 2024 Games are expected to cost €9 billion.[7][8][9]

Bidding process

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The six candidate cities were Paris, Hamburg, Boston, Budapest, Rome, and Los Angeles. The bidding process was slowed by withdrawals, political uncertainty and deterring costs. Boston surpassed Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Washington, DC in the official US bid. On 27 July 2015, Boston and the USOC mutually agreed to terminate Boston's bid to host the Games, partly due to mixed feelings in the city of Boston. Hamburg withdrew its bid on 29 November 2015 after holding a referendum.[10] Rome withdrew on 21 September 2016, citing fiscal difficulties.[11] Budapest withdrew on 22 February 2017, after a petition against the bid collected more signatures than necessary for a referendum.[12][13][14]

Following these withdrawals, the IOC Executive Board met on 9 June 2017 in Lausanne, Switzerland, to discuss the 2024 and 2028 bid processes.[15][16] The International Olympic Committee formally proposed electing the 2024 and 2028 Olympic host cities at the same time in 2017, a proposal which an Extraordinary IOC Session approved on 11 July 2017 in Lausanne.[16] The IOC set up a process whereby the LA 2024 and Paris 2024 bid committees met with the IOC to discuss which city would host the Games in 2024 and 2028, and whether it was possible to select the host cities for both at the same time.[17]

Following the decision to award the two games simultaneously, Paris was understood to be the preferred host for 2024. On 31 July 2017, the IOC announced Los Angeles as the sole candidate for 2028,[18][19] enabling Paris to be confirmed as host for 2024. Both decisions were ratified at the 131st IOC Session on 13 September 2017.[20]

Host city election

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Paris was elected as the host city on 13 September 2017 at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru. The two French IOC members, Guy Drut and Tony Estanguet, were ineligible to vote under the rules of the Olympic Charter.[21][22]

2024 Summer Olympics
bidding results
City Nation Votes
Paris   France Preferred as 2024 host
Los Angeles   United States Preferred as 2028 host
Hamburg   Germany Withdrew
Rome   Italy
Budapest   Hungary

Development and preparations

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Venues

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Most of the Olympic events will be held in the city of Paris and its metropolitan region, including the neighbouring cities of Saint-Denis, Le Bourget, Nanterre, Versailles, and Vaires-sur-Marne.[23][24]

The basketball preliminaries and handball finals will be held in Lille, which is 225 km (140 mi) from the host city; the sailing and some football games will be held in the Mediterranean city of Marseille, which is 777 km (483 mi) from the host city; meanwhile, the surfing events are expected to be held in Teahupo'o village in the overseas territory of French Polynesia, which is 15,716 km (9,765 mi) from Paris, the host city. Football will also be hosted in another five cities, which are Bordeaux, Décines-Charpieu (Lyon), Nantes, Nice and Saint-Étienne, some of which are home to Ligue 1 clubs.

Grand Paris zone

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Stade de France
 
Paris Aquatic Centre
 
Porte de La Chapelle Arena
Venue Events Capacity Status
Yves du Manoir Stadium Field hockey 15,000 Renovated
Stade de France Rugby Sevens 77,083 Existing
Athletics (track and field)
Closing Ceremony
Paris La Défense Arena Aquatics
(swimming, water polo finals)
15,220
Porte de La Chapelle Arena Badminton 8,000 Additional
Gymnastics (rhythmic)
Paris Aquatic Centre[25][26] Aquatics (water polo preliminaries, diving, artistic swimming) 5,000
Le Bourget Climbing Venue Sport climbing 5,000 Temporary
Arena Paris Nord Boxing (preliminaries, quarterfinals) 6,000 Existing
Modern pentathlon (fencing rounds)

Paris Centre zone

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Champ de Mars
 
Grand Palais
 
Les Invalides
 
Parc des Princes
 
Stade Roland Garros
Venue Events Capacity Status
Parc des Princes Football
(group stage and gold medal matches)
48,583 Existing
Stade Roland Garros[27] Tennis 36,000
(15,000 + 12,000 + 9,000)
Boxing (finals)
Paris Expo Porte de Versailles Volleyball 18,000
(12,000 + 12,000)
Table Tennis
Handball (preliminaries)
Weightlifting
Bercy Arena Gymnastics (artistic and trampolining) 15,000
Basketball (finals)
Grand Palais Fencing 8,000
Taekwondo
Place de la Concorde Basketball (3x3) 30,000 Temporary
Breaking
Cycling (BMX freestyle)
Skateboarding
Hôtel de Ville Athletics (marathon start) 1,500
Pont Alexandre III Aquatics (marathon swimming)
Triathlon
Cycling (time trial finish)
Trocadéro (Pont d'Iéna) Athletics (race walk) 13,000
(3,000 sitting)
Cycling (road race)
Eiffel Tower Stadium (Champ de Mars) Beach Volleyball 12,000
Grand Palais Éphémère Judo 9,000
Wrestling
Les Invalides Archery 8,000
Athletics (marathon finish)
Cycling (time trial start)

Versailles zone

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Le Golf National
 
Vélodrome de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines
 
Château de Versailles
 
Vaires-Torcy Nautical Centre
Venue Events Capacity Status
Gardens of the Palace of Versailles Equestrian 80,000
(22,000 + 58,000)
Temporary
Modern pentathlon
(excluding fencing rounds)
Le Golf National Golf 35,000 Existing
Élancourt Hill Cycling (Mountain biking) 25,000
Vélodrome de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Cycling (track) 5,000
Cycling (BMX racing) 5,000

Outlying venues

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Parc Olympique Lyonnais
 
Roucas Blanc Olympic Marina, Marseille
Venue Events Capacity Status
Pierre Mauroy Stadium, Lille Basketball (group stage) 26,000 Existing
Handball (finals)
National Olympic Nautical Stadium of Île-de-France, Vaires-sur-Marne Rowing 22,000
Canoe-Kayak (slalom, sprint)
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille Football
(6 group stage, quarter-finals, women's and men's semi-finals)
67,394
Parc Olympique Lyonnais, Lyon Football
(6 group stage, quarter-finals, men's and women's semi-finals, women's bronze medal match)
59,186
Stade Matmut Atlantique, Bordeaux Football
(6 group stage, quarter-finals)
42,115
Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne Football
(6 group stage)
41,965
Allianz Riviera, Nice Football
(6 group stage)
35,624
Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes Football
(6 group stage, quarter-finals, men's bronze medal match)
35,322
Roucas Blanc Olympic Marina, Marseille Sailing 5,000
Teahupo'o, Tahiti Surfing 5,000
National Shooting Centre, Châteauroux Shooting 3,000

Non-competitive

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Venue Events Capacity Status
Jardins du Trocadéro and River Seine Opening Ceremony 330,000
(30,000 + 300,000)
Temporary
L'Île-Saint-Denis Olympic Village 18,000 Additional
Parc de l'Aire des Vents, Dugny Media Village Temporary
Le Bourget Exhibition Centre and Media Village International Broadcast Centre 15,000 Existing
Paris Congress Centre Main Press Centre

Medals

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Paris 2024 president Tony Estanguet unveiled the Olympic and Paralympic medals for the Games in February 2024, which on the obverse featured embedded hexagon-shaped tokens of scrap iron that had been taken from the original construction of the Eiffel Tower, with the Games logo engraved into it.[28] Approximately 5,084 medals would be produced by the French mint Monnaie de Paris, and were designed by Chaumet, a luxury jewellery firm based in Paris.[29]

The reverse of the medals features Nike, the Greek goddess of victory, inside the Panathenaic Stadium which hosted the first modern Olympics in 1896. Parthenon and the Eiffel Tower can also be seen in the background on both sides of the medal.[30] Each medal weighs 455–529 g (16–19 oz), has a diameter of 85 mm (3.3 in) and is 9.2 mm (0.36 in) thick.[31] The gold medals are made with 98.8 percent silver and 1.13 percent gold, while the bronze medals are made up with copper, zinc, and tin.[32]

Security

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France reached an agreement with Europol and the UK Home Office to help strengthen security and "facilitate operational information exchange" and "international law enforcement cooperation" during the Games.[33] Within the agreements, it was planned to deploy more drones and sea barriers to prevent small boats from crossing the channel illegally.[34] The British Army will also be deploying Starstreak surface-to-air missile units for air security.[35] Police in Paris held inspections and rehearsals within their bomb disposal unit before the Games, similar to their preparations for the 2023 Rugby World Cup at the Stade de France.[36]

As a part of Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani's visit to France, several agreements were signed between two nations to enhance security for the Olympics.[37] In preparation for the significant security demands and counterterrorist measures, Poland has pledged to contribute security troops, including sniffer dog handlers, to support international efforts aimed at ensuring the safety of the Games.[38][39] The Qatari Minister of Interior and Commander of Lekhwiya convened a meeting on 3 April 2024 ahead of the Olympics, with officials and security leaders, including Nasser Al-Khelaifi and Sheikh Jassim bin Mansour Al Thani to discuss security operations.[40]

Security concerns impacted the announced plans for the opening ceremony to take place as a public event along the Seine; the expected attendance was reduced by half from an estimated 600,000 to 300,000, with plans for free viewing locations now being by invitation only. In April 2024, after Islamic State claimed responsibility for the Crocus City Hall attack in March, and made several threats against the UEFA Champions League quarter-finals, French president Emmanuel Macron indicated that the opening ceremony could be scaled back or re-located if necessary.[41][42][43]

Volunteers

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The Paris 2024 volunteer platform for the Olympic and Paralympic Games was opened to the public in March 2023. There were expected to be 45,000 volunteers recruited worldwide for the Games.[44] Following the end of registration on 3 May 2023, over 300,000 applications had been submitted to the Paris Organizing Committee, exceeding the number of applicants for the previous two Olympics.[45] Applicants were notified of the outcome of their application between September and December 2023.[46] Over 800 applicants were excluded over security fears, among which 15 were flagged with Fiche S.[47]

Torch relay

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Two torchbearers in Carcassonne

The Olympic torch relay began with the lighting of the Olympic flame on 16 April in Olympia, Greece, 100 days before the start of the Games. Greek rower Stefanos Douskos was the first torchbearer and swimmer Laure Manaudou served as the first French torchbearer.[48][49] The latter was selected to be one of four captains of the torch relay, alongside swimmer Florent Manaudou (her brother), paratriathlete Mona Francis [fr], and para-athlete Dimitri Pavadé.[50][51] The torch relay is expected to have 10,000 torchbearers and visit over 400 settlements in 65 French territories, including six overseas.[48] On 18 May, it was reported that the portion of the relay in New Caledonia was cancelled due to ongoing unrest in the collectivity.[52]

The Games

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Opening ceremony

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A viewing party for the 2020 Summer Olympics at Jardins du Trocadéro, which will host the official protocol for the opening ceremony

The opening ceremony is scheduled to start at 19:30 (CEST, GMT+2) on 26 July 2024.[53] This will be the second time in history that the opening of the Olympic Games will be held outside a stadium, the first being the [41] 2018 Summer Youth Olympics opening ceremonies. The parade of nations is planned to be held during a boat parade along the Seine from Pont d'Austerlitz to Pont d'Iéna, and the official protocol to take place at Place du Trocadéro in a temporary "mini-stadium". The 6-kilometre (3.7-mile) parade route would feature the cultural elements of the ceremony and views of Paris landmarks.[54][55] The ceremonies of the 2024 Summer Olympics and Paralympics will be directed by Thomas Jolly.[56][57][58]

Organisers have promoted the ceremony as "the most spectacular and accessible opening ceremony in Olympic history", with COJOP2024 president Tony Estanguet stating that it would be free to attend, estimating that it could attract as many as 600,000 spectators—exemplifying an overall goal for Paris 2024 to be a "people's Olympics".[59][60][54][55] There will be 100,000 ticketed spectators at viewing spots on the lower banks of the Seine, and approximately 200,000 spectators at free viewing spots on the upper banks (in addition to being visible from other public locations and buildings). In March 2024, due to security concerns, the French government ordered that access to the upper bank locations be by invitation only,[59][61] and in April 2024, President Macron stated that the ceremony could be scaled back or held in a conventional manner at Stade de France, if necessary.[41][42][62]

Sports

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The programme of the 2024 Summer Olympics will feature 329 events in 32 sports, including the 28 "core" Olympic sports contested in 2016 and 2020,[63] and four optional sports that were proposed by the Paris Organising Committee: breaking will make its Olympic debut as an optional sport, while skateboarding, sport climbing, and surfing will return from 2020.[64][65][66] Four events have been dropped from weightlifting. In canoeing, two sprint events have been replaced with two slalom events, keeping the overall total at 16. In sport climbing, the previous "combined" event has been divided into separate speed climbing and boulder and lead disciplines for each gender.[67]

In February 2023, USA Boxing announced its decision to boycott the 2023 World Championships (organized by the International Boxing Association) where Russian and Belarusian athletes would compete with no restrictions, also accusing the IBA of attempting to sabotage the IOC-approved qualification pathway for the 2024 Summer Olympics. Poland, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Great Britain, Ireland, the Czech Republic, Sweden and Canada later joined the U.S.[68]

2024 Summer Olympic Sports program

New and optional sports

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When Paris was bidding for the Games in August 2017, the Paris Organising Committee announced that it would hold talks with the IOC and professional esports organisations about the possibility of introducing competitive events in 2024.[69][70] In July 2018, the IOC confirmed that it would not consider esports for the 2024 Olympics.[71] At the 134th IOC Session in June 2019, the IOC approved the Paris Organising Committee's proposed optional sports of breaking (breakdance), along with skateboarding, sport climbing, and surfing—three sports that debuted at the then-upcoming 2020 Summer Olympics.[72][64][71][66]

Closing ceremony

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The closing ceremony is scheduled to be held at Stade de France on 11 August 2024.[58] The ceremony will be titled “Records”, and is set to feature more than a hundred performers, including acrobats, dancers, and circus artists.[73] The cultural presentation by Los Angeles—host of the 2028 Summer Olympics—will be produced by Ben Winston and his studio Fulwell 73.[74]

Participating National Olympic Committees

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The following is a list of National Olympic Committees who have qualified at least one athlete for the 2024 Summer Olympics. Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the IOC suspended the Olympic Committees of Russia and Belarus for violating the Olympic Truce. Russian and Belarusian athletes will instead compete as "Individual Neutral Athletes" (AIN) without national identification,[75][76] as long as they do not "actively" support the war.[77][78] Individual neutral athletes must be approved by each sport's international federation, and then the IOC's panel.[79] As individual athletes, AIN will not be considered a delegation during the opening ceremony or in the medal tables.[80][81][82]

Participating National Olympic Committees

Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees

As of 18 July 2024

Calendar

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The following schedule is correct as of the latest update. The exact schedule can change up until the end of the games.[83]

All times and dates use Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)
OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
July/August 2024 July August Events
24th
Wed
25th
Thu
26th
Fri
27th
Sat
28th
Sun
29th
Mon
30th
Tue
31st
Wed
1st
Thu
2nd
Fri
3rd
Sat
4th
Sun
5th
Mon
6th
Tue
7th
Wed
8th
Thu
9th
Fri
10th
Sat
11th
Sun
  Ceremonies OC CC
Aquatics   Artistic swimming 1 1 2
  Diving 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
  Marathon swimming 1 1 2
  Swimming 4 3 5 3 5 4 3 4 4 35
  Water polo 1 1 2
  Archery 1 1 1 1 1 5
  Athletics 2 1 5 3 4 5 5 5 8 9 1 48
  Badminton 1 1 1 2 5
Basketball   Basketball 1 1 2
  3×3 Basketball 2 2
  Boxing 1 2 2 4 4 13
  Breaking 1 1 2
Canoeing   Slalom 1 1 1 1 2 6
  Sprint 3 4 3 10
Cycling   Road cycling 2 1 1 4
  Track cycling 1 1 2 2 2 1 3 12
  BMX 2 2 4
  Mountain biking 1 1 2
Equestrian
  Dressage 1 1 2
  Eventing 2 2
  Jumping 1 1 2
  Fencing 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 12
  Field hockey 1 1 2
  Football 1 1 2
  Golf 1 1 2
Gymnastics   Artistic 1 1 1 1 3 3 4 14
  Rhythmic 1 1 2
  Trampoline 2 2
  Handball 1 1 2
  Judo 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 15
  Modern pentathlon 1 1 2
  Rowing 2 4 4 4 14
  Rugby sevens 1 1 2
  Sailing 2 2 2 2 2 10
  Shooting 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 15
  Skateboarding 1 1 1 1 4
  Sport climbing 1 1 1 1 4
  Surfing 2 2
  Table tennis 1 1 1 1 1 5
  Taekwondo 2 2 2 2 8
  Tennis 1 2 2 5
  Triathlon 1 1 1 3
Volleyball   Beach volleyball 1 1 2
  Volleyball 1 1 2
  Weightlifting 2 2 2 3 1 10
  Wrestling 3 3 3 3 3 3 18
Daily medal events 14 13 18 12 19 18 23 27 20 18 15 21 25 34 39 13 329
Cumulative total 14 27 45 57 76 94 117 144 164 182 197 218 243 277 316 329
July/August 2024
24th
Wed
25th
Thu
26th
Fri
27th
Sat
28th
Sun
29th
Mon
30th
Tue
31st
Wed
1st
Thu
2nd
Fri
3rd
Sat
4th
Sun
5th
Mon
6th
Tue
7th
Wed
8th
Thu
9th
Fri
10th
Sat
11th
Sun
Total events
July August

Marketing

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Emblem

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The emblem for the 2024 Summer Olympics and Paralympics was unveiled on 21 October 2019 at the Grand Rex. Inspired by Art Deco,[84][85] it is a representation of Marianne, the national personification of France, with a flame formed in negative space by her hair. The emblem also resembles a gold medal. Tony Estanguet explained that the emblem symbolised "the power and the magic of the Games", and the Games being "for people". The use of a female figure also serves as an homage to the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, which were the first to allow women to participate.[86] The emblem was designed by the French designer Sylvain Boyer[87] with the French design agency Royalties.[88][89][87]

The emblem for Paris 2024 was considered the biggest new logo release of 2019 by many design magazines.[90][91] An Opinion Way survey shows that 83 per cent of French people say they like the new Paris 2024 Games emblem. Approval ratings were high, with 82 per cent of those surveyed finding it aesthetically appealing and 78 per cent finding it to be creative.[92] It was met with some mockery on social media, one user commenting that the logo "would be better suited to a dating site or a hair salon".[86]

For the first time, the 2024 Summer Paralympics is sharing the same emblem as its corresponding Olympics, with no difference, reflecting a shared "ambition" between both events.[93]

Mascots

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The Olympic Phryge (left), the official mascot of the 2024 Summer Olympics, and the Paralympic Phryge (right), the official mascot of the 2024 Summer Paralympics. Note that the lighter variant of the French flag is being used.

On 14 November 2022, The Phryges were unveiled as the mascots of the 2024 Summer Olympics and Paralympics; they are a pair of anthropomorphic Phrygian caps, a historic French symbol of freedom and liberty.[94][95] Marianne is commonly depicted wearing the Phrygian cap, including in the Eugène Delacroix painting, Liberty Leading the People.[96][97] The two mascots share a motto of "Alone we go faster, but together we go further".[98]

Posters

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The Olympic poster for these games was revealed on 4 March 2024. Designed by Ugo Gattoni, the poster uses a diptych design, with one half representing the Olympics and the other half representing the Paralympics. For the first time, the Olympic poster and Paralympic poster were designed together, as each one can work independently as halves, or be combined into one poster all together. The posters took 2,000 hours, across six months to complete.[99][100]

Corporate sponsorship

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Belgian beverage company AB InBev became the first Worldwide Olympic Partner during the Games,[101] while Japanese automobile manufacturer Toyota will not renew its TOP sponsorship, with the company reportedly unhappy with how the IOC has used its sponsorship money.[102][103]

Sponsors of the 2024 Summer Olympics [104][105]
Worldwide Olympic Partners
Premium Partners
Official Partners
Official Suppliers and Supporters

Broadcasting rights

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In France, domestic rights to the 2024 Summer Olympics are owned by Warner Bros. Discovery (formerly Discovery Inc.) via Eurosport, with free-to-air coverage sublicensed to the country's public broadcaster France Télévisions.[112] WBD's current streaming platform Max launched in France ahead of the Games on 11 June 2024, and planned to stream the Games at no additional cost to subscribers.[113][114][115] WBD networks will broadcast from Hôtel Raphael, with dedicated studios for its British, French, Polish, and Nordic channels.[116]

Concerns and controversies

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Several controversial issues occurred related to the 2024 Summer Olympics, including environmental and security concerns,[117][118] human rights,[119] terrorism,[120] and controversies over allowing Israel to participate amidst the Israel–Hamas war,[121][122] and allowing Russian and Belarusian athletes to compete as neutrals amidst the Russian invasion of Ukraine.[123][124]

See also

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References

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  2. ^ "Le nouveau slogan de Paris 2024 "Ouvrons grand les Jeux" accueilli favorablement par le président du CIO" [Paris 2024's new slogan "Let's open up the Games" welcomed by the IOC President] (in French). International Paralympic Committee. 25 July 2022. Archived from the original on 26 July 2022. Retrieved 25 July 2022.
  3. ^ "Stade de France". Archived from the original on 18 February 2023. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
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  5. ^ Keicha, Meshack (19 December 2020). "Kenya To Send Break Dancers To Paris For 2024 Olympic Games". Boxscore. Archived from the original on 1 April 2023. Retrieved 31 March 2023.
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  21. ^ "IOC Session in Lima opened with energetic ceremony". IOC. 13 September 2017. Archived from the original on 13 May 2021. Retrieved 23 May 2024.
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edit
Summer Olympics
Preceded by XXXIII Olympiad
Paris

2024
Succeeded by