Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the main stadium of an Olympic Games. An Olympic stadium is the site of the opening and closing ceremonies. Many, though not all, of these venues actually contain the words Olympic Stadium as part of their names, such as stadiums in Amsterdam, Berlin, Helsinki and Paris. Olympic Stadium may also be named a multi-purpose stadium which hosts Olympic sports.[1]

In the case of the Summer Olympic Games, athletics competitions and the football final are traditionally held in the Olympic Stadium. Exceptions to this have occurred though at the 1900, 1996 and 2016 Summer Olympics as well as at the 2010 and 2018 Summer Youth Olympic Games.

Early Winter Olympic Games often used figure skating venues as focal points. These were often designated as the Olympic Stadium, usually hosting the opening and closing ceremonies.

A number of stadiums have been used in more than one Olympics, in those cities that have held the Games more than once.

Lysgårdsbakken was the main stadium of a Winter Olympics and a Winter Youth Olympic Games (YOG). Bergiselschanze was the main stadium of two Winter Olympics and one Winter YOG. Olympiahalle jointly shared the Olympic Stadium role with Bergiselschanze during the two Winter Olympics, but not during the Winter YOG. Only one stadium, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, has been the main stadium of two Summer Olympics (and it will be a main stadium a third time during the 2028 games). In addition to the inaugural Summer Olympics, Panathinaiko Stadio was also the main stadium of the only Intercalated Games held. The other, National Stadium in Tokyo was the main stadium hosted the 1964 Summer Olympics (the first in Asia), when the 2020 games chosen to be as the main stadium and was decided to rebuild a new one. Beijing National Stadium was the main stadium being hosted at two Olympics, but with a special distinction: it would become the only stadium to have been such at both a Summer and a Winter Olympics.

A number of stadiums have hosted events at subsequent Olympics. In the 2004 Athens Games, the Panathinaiko Stadio hosted the archery competition and was the finish of both women's and men's marathon events. The Vélodrome de Vincennes was the track cycling venue of the 1924 Paris Games. The London Games of 2012 were not opened and closed at the rebuilt Wembley Stadium, the site of the 1948 Olympic Stadium, but instead at a new stadium in Stratford. Wembley was, however, the venue for some 2012 Olympic football matches, including both men's and women's finals. Likewise, the Melbourne Cricket Ground, which was the centrepiece stadium for the 1956 games, later hosted the first games of the Sydney 2000 football tournament. Lake Placid's 1932 Olympic Stadium was utilized in the 1980 Lake Placid games as the speed skating venue. Olympiahalle hosted figure skating and short-track speed skating during the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics. Stockholm Olympic Stadium hosted equestrian events for the 1956 Summer Olympics (while the 1956 games were held in Melbourne, Australia, quarantine restrictions prevented equestrian events from being held domestically, thus Stockholm, Sweden hosted the 1956 equestrian competitions).

Stadia edit

Image Olympics Season Stadium Native name City Country New/old Capacity Existing?
  1896 Summer Panathenaic Stadium Παναθηναϊκό στάδιο Athens   Greece Existing 80,000 Yes
  1900 Vincennes Velodrome (ceremony) Vélodrome de Vincennes Paris   France 50,000 Yes
Croix-Catelan Stadium (athletics) Stade Croix-Catelan No
  1904 Francis Field St. Louis   United States New 19,000 Yes
  1906 Intercalated Panathenaic Stadium Παναθηναϊκό στάδιο Athens   Greece Existing 80,000 Yes
  1908 White City Stadium London   United Kingdom New 68,000 No
  1912 Olympic Stadium Stockholms Olympiastadion Stockholm   Sweden New 20,000 Yes
  1920 Olympic Stadium Olympisch Stadion Antwerp   Belgium New 12,771 Yes
  1924 Winter Olympic Stadium Stade Olympique de Chamonix Chamonix   France New 45,000 Yes
  1924 Summer Olympic Stadium Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir Paris Existing 45,000 Yes
  1928 Winter St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink Badrutts Park St. Moritz    Switzerland New 4,000 Yes
  1928 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympisch Stadion Amsterdam   Netherlands Existing, renovated 31,600 Yes
  1932 Winter Lake Placid Speedskating Oval Lake Placid   United States New 7,500 Yes
  1932 Summer Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles Existing, expanded 101,574 Yes
  1936 Winter Große Olympiaschanze Garmisch-Partenkirchen   Germany Existing 40,000 Yes
  1936 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympiastadion Berlin New 110,000 Yes
  1948 Winter St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink Badrutts Park St. Moritz    Switzerland Existing 4,000 Yes
  1948 Summer Wembley Stadium London   United Kingdom Existing 82,000 No (replaced)
  1952 Winter Bislett Stadium Bislett stadion Oslo   Norway Existing 20,000 No (replaced)
  1952 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympiastadion Helsinki   Finland Existing 70,000 Yes
  1956 Winter Stadio Olimpico Del Ghiaccio Cortina d'Ampezzo   Italy Existing, renovated 12,000 Yes
  1956 Summer Melbourne Cricket Ground Melbourne   Australia Existing 115,000 Yes
  1960 Winter Blyth Arena Squaw Valley   United States New 8,500 No
  1960 Summer Olympic Stadium Stadio Olimpico Rome   Italy Existing 90,000 Yes
  1964 Winter Bergiselschanze (opening ceremony) Innsbruck   Austria Existing 26,000 Yes
  Olympiahalle (closing ceremony) New 10,836 Yes
  1964 Summer National Stadium 国立競技場 Tokyo   Japan Existing 71,556 No (replaced)
  1968 Winter Olympic Stadium (opening ceremony) Stade olympique Grenoble   France Temporary 60,000 No
  Le Stade de Glace (closing ceremony) New 12,000 Yes
  1968 Summer Estadio Olímpico Universitario Mexico City   Mexico Existing 83,700 Yes
  1972 Winter Makomanai Open Stadium (opening ceremony) 真駒内屋外競技場 Sapporo   Japan New 30,000 Yes
  Makomanai Ice Arena (closing ceremony) 真駒内屋内競技場 New 11,500 Yes
  1972 Summer Olympiastadion Munich   West Germany New 80,000 Yes
  1976 Winter Bergiselschanze (opening ceremony) Innsbruck   Austria Existing 26,000 Yes
  Olympiahalle (closing ceremony) Existing 10,836 Yes
  1976 Summer Olympic Stadium Stade olympique Montreal   Canada New 70,000 Yes
  1980 Winter Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium (opening ceremony) Lake Placid   United States Temporary stadium at existing equestrian grounds 30,000 No
  Olympic Center Arena (closing ceremony) New 10,000 Yes
  1980 Summer Grand Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium Большая спортивная арена центрального стадиона имени Ленина Moscow   Soviet Union Existing, renovated 103,000 Yes
  1984 Winter Olympic Stadium (opening ceremony) Olimpijski stadion Sarajevo   Yugoslavia Existing 50,000 Yes
  Zetra Olympic Hall (closing ceremony) Olimpijska dvorana Zetra New 12,000 Yes
  1984 Summer Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles   United States Existing 92,516 Yes
  1988 Winter McMahon Stadium Calgary   Canada Existing, renovated 38,205 Yes
  1988 Summer Olympic Stadium 올림픽주경기장 Seoul   South Korea Existing 100,000 Yes
1992 Winter Theatre of Ceremonies Théâtre des Cérémonies Albertville   France Temporary 35,000 No
1992 Summer Olympic Stadium Estadi Olímpic Barcelona   Spain Existing 60,713 Yes
  1994 Winter Lysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena Lysgårdsbakkene hoppanlegg Lillehammer   Norway New 35,000 Yes
  1996 Summer Centennial Olympic Stadium Atlanta   United States 85,000 Yes (reconfigured)[a]
  1998 Winter Nagano Olympic Stadium 長野オリンピックスタジアム Nagano   Japan 30,000 Yes
  2000 Summer Stadium Australia Sydney   Australia 114,714 Yes
  2002 Winter Rice–Eccles Stadium Salt Lake City   United States Existing, replacement 45,017 Yes
  2004 Summer Olympic Stadium Ολυμπιακό Κεντρικό Στάδιο Αθήνας "Σπύρος Λούης" Athens   Greece Existing, renovated 72,000 Yes
  2006 Winter Olympic Stadium Stadio Olimpico Turin   Italy Existing 28,000 Yes
  2008 Summer National Stadium 国家体育场 Beijing   China New 91,000 Yes
  2010 Winter BC Place Vancouver   Canada Existing, renovated 54,500 Yes
  2010 Youth Summer The Float@Marina Bay Pentas Terapung Teluk Marina
மரீனா பே மிதக்கும் மேடை (Tamil)
Marina Bay   Singapore Existing 30,000 Yes
  2012 Youth Winter Bergiselschanze Innsbruck   Austria 26,000 Yes
  2012 Summer Olympic Stadium London   United Kingdom New 80,000 Yes
  2014 Winter Fisht Olympic Stadium Олимпийский стадион Sochi   Russia 40,000 Yes
  2014 Youth Summer Olympic Stadium 南京奥林匹克体育中心 Nanjing   China Existing 61,443 Yes
  2016 Youth Winter Lysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena (opening ceremony) Lysgårdsbakkene hoppanlegg Lillehammer   Norway 35,000 Yes
  Håkons Hall (closing ceremony) 11,500 Yes
  2016 Summer Estádio do Maracanã (opening and closing ceremony, football) Rio de Janeiro   Brazil 74,738 Yes
  Olympic Stadium (athletics and football) Estádio Olímpico Existing, expanded 60,000[2] Yes
  2018 Winter Pyeongchang Olympic Stadium 평창 올림픽 스타디움 Pyeongchang   South Korea Temporary 35,000 No
2018 Youth Summer Obelisco de Buenos Aires (opening ceremony) Obelisco de Buenos Aires Buenos Aires   Argentina Existing, temporary N/A Yes
  Buenos Aires Youth Olympic Village (closing ceremony)[3] Existing, expanded 15,500 Yes
  2020 Youth Winter Vaudoise Arena Vaudoise Aréna Lausanne    Switzerland New 9,600 Yes
  2020 Summer Olympic Stadium 国立競技場 (tentative name) Tokyo   Japan Existing, replacement 68,000 Yes
  2022 Winter National Stadium 国家体育场 Beijing   China Existing 80,000 Yes
  2024 Summer River Seine (Opening ceremony) Paris   France Temporary 600,000 Yes
  Jardins du Trocadéro (Opening ceremony) N/A Yes
  Stade de France (Athletics, rugby sevens, Closing Ceremony) Existing 77,083 Yes
  2024 Youth Winter Alpensia Ski Jumping Stadium (Opening ceremony) SCJ 올림픽 스타디움 Gangwon   South Korea Existing,


8,500 Yes
SCJ Olympic Stadium (closing ceremony)
  2026 Winter San Siro (opening ceremony) Milan   Italy Existing 75,923 Yes
  Verona Arena (closing ceremony) Verona 15,000 Yes
2026 Youth Summer Diamniadio Olympic Stadium Stade olympique de Diamniadio Dakar   Senegal New 50,000 Yes
  2028 Summer Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (cultural opening and formal closing ceremony, athletics) Los Angeles   United States Existing, renovated 60,000 Yes
  SoFi Stadium[b] (formal opening and cultural closing ceremony, possible exhibition sports and football) Inglewood Existing 70,240-100,240 Yes
  2032 Summer The Gabba Brisbane   Australia Existing, to be demolished then rebuilt [5] 50,000 Yes
  1. ^ Following the 1996 Summer Paralympics, Centennial Olympic Stadium was reconfigured as designed into Turner Field to serve as the home of the Atlanta Braves of Major League Baseball from 1997 until 2016, after of which, the team moved to Truist Park, outside of the Atlanta city limits. In 2017, Georgia State University acquired Turner Field and reconfigured the stadium for a second time into Center Parc Stadium for the university's football team.
  2. ^ Under present IOC policy, non-sponsoring corporate naming rights are disallowed on venues during the duration of the Games.[4]

Other major events held at Olympic Stadiums edit

Venue City Events
Olympic Stadium   Amsterdam 1962 European Cup Final, 1977 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, 1981 UEFA Cup Final, 1987 Individual Speedway World Championship Finals, 1992 UEFA Cup Final, 2016 European Athletics Championships
Panathenaic Stadium   Athens 1967–68 FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup, 2011 Special Olympics World Summer Games
Olympiako Stadio Athinas 'Spyros Louis' 1983, 1994 and 2007 UEFA Champions League Finals, 1991 Mediterranean Games 1997 World Championships in Athletics, 2005, 2006 and 2022 WRC Acropolis Rally SuperSpecial Stage, 2006 IAAF World Cup
Centennial Olympic Stadium   Atlanta as Turner Field: 1999 World Series, 2000 MLB All-Star Game
as Center Parc Stadium: annual MEAC/SWAC Challenge, annual GHSA football championships (2019–2022)
Olympic Stadium   Barcelona 1989 IAAF World Cup, 2003 World Police and Fire Games, 2010 European Athletics Championships
Beijing National Stadium   Beijing 2009 Race of Champions, 2015 World Championships in Athletics, 2017 League of Legends World Championship
Olympic Stadium   Berlin 1974 and 2006 FIFA World Cups, 1994 IPC Athletics World Championships, annual IAAF Golden League (1998–2009), 2009 World Championships in Athletics, 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, 2015 UEFA Champions League Final, 2018 European Athletics Championships, annual DFB-Pokal final
Brisbane Cricket Ground   Brisbane 2020 AFL Grand Final
McMahon Stadium   Calgary Five Grey Cups, 1972 and 1978 CFL All-Star Games, 1997 World Police and Fire Games
Olympic Stadium   Helsinki 1957 Bandy World Championship, 1983 and 2005 World Championships in Athletics, 1971, 1994, and 2012 European Athletics Championships, UEFA Women's Euro 2009, 2022 UEFA Super Cup.
Bergisel Ski Jump   Innsbruck 1968 and 2005 Winter Universiades, 1933, 1985, and 2019 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, annual FIS Ski Jumping World Cup
Olympic Stadium   London 2015 Race of Champions, 2015 Rugby World Cup, 2017 World Para Athletics Championships, 2017 World Championships in Athletics, 2018 Athletics World Cup, [‡]
Wembley Stadium Original stadium: 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, and 1992 European Cup Finals, 1966 FIFA World Cup, 1989-1992 Rugby League World Cup, WWF SummerSlam 1992, 1995 Rugby League World Cup, UEFA Euro 1996, annual FA Cup final, League Cup final, and FA Charity Shield
Current stadium: 2007 and 2008 Race of Champions, 2011, 2013, and 2024 UEFA Champions League Finals[‡], 2013 Rugby League World Cup, 2015 Rugby World Cup, UEFA Euro 2020, annual FA Cup final, NFL International Series, EFL Cup final, and FA Community Shield
White City Stadium 1934 British Empire Games, 1966 FIFA World Cup
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum   Los Angeles 1959 World Series, second 1959 MLB All-Star Game, Super Bowl I (1967), Super Bowl VII (1973), 23 Pro Bowls, 1982 Individual Speedway World Championship, 2015 Special Olympics World Summer Games, AMA Supercross Championships (historically), annual Busch Light Clash, Mickey Thompson Off Road Grand Prix (historically)
SoFi Stadium Super Bowl LVI (2022), 2023 College Football Playoff National Championship, 2026 FIFA World Cup[‡], annual LA Bowl, WrestleMania 39
Melbourne Cricket Ground   Melbourne 1992 and 2015 Cricket World Cup Finals, 2006 Commonwealth Games, annual AFL Grand Final (except 2020 & 2021)
Estadio Olímpico Universitario   Mexico City 1955 Pan American Games, 1986 FIFA World Cup
San Siro   Milan 1934 and 1990 FIFA World Cups
Olympic Stadium   Montreal 1979 IAAF World Cup, 1982 MLB All-Star Game, six Grey Cups, 2014 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup
Luzhniki Stadium   Moscow 1973 Summer Universiade, 1999 UEFA Cup Final, 2008 UEFA Champions League Final, 2013 World Championships in Athletics, 2018 FIFA World Cup
Olympic Stadium   Munich 1974 FIFA World Cup, 1979 European Cup Final, UEFA Euro 1988, 1993 and 1997 UEFA Champions League Finals, 1989 Individual Speedway World Championship, 2002 and 2022 European Athletics Championships, 2012 UEFA Women's Champions League Final
Bislett Stadium   Oslo 1946 European Athletics Championships, annual IAAF Golden League (1998–2009), annual Diamond League
Lysgårdsbakken   Lillehammer annual FIS Ski Jumping World Cup and FIS Nordic Combined World Cup
Vélodrome de Vincennes   Paris 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, and 1974 Tour de France closing stages
Stade Olympique de Colombes 1938 FIFA World Cup
Stade de France 1998 FIFA World Cup, 1999 Rugby World Cup, annual IAAF Golden League (1999–2009), 2000 UEFA Champions League Final, 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup Final, 2003 World Championships in Athletics, 2006 UEFA Champions League Final, 2007 Rugby World Cup Final, UEFA Euro 2016, annual Coupe de France final, annual Top 14 final, annual Diamond League
Estádio do Maracanã   Rio de Janeiro 1950 and 2014 FIFA World Cups, 1989, 2019 and 2021 Copas América, 2000 FIFA Club World Championship, 2007 Pan American Games, 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup
Estádio Olímpico Nilton Santos 2007 Pan American Games, 2011 Military World Games, 2021 Copa América
Stadio Olimpico   Rome UEFA Euro 1968, 1980 and 2020, 1974 European Athletics Championships, 1975 Summer Universiade, 1977 and 1984 European Cup Finals, 1981 IAAF World Cup, 1987 World Championships in Athletics, 1990 FIFA World Cup, 1996 and 2009 UEFA Champions League Finals, annual IAAF Golden League (1998–2009), annual Diamond League
Rice-Eccles Olympic Stadium   Salt Lake City annual AMA Supercross Championships
Makomanai Open Stadium   Sapporo 1991 Winter Universiade
Olympic Stadium   Seoul 1986 Asian Games, 2013 EAFF East Asian Cup finals
Fisht Olympic Stadium   Sochi 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2018 FIFA World Cup
Stockholm Olympic Stadium   Stockholm 1958 European Athletics Championships, 1999 World Police and Fire Games, 2001, 2002 and 2004 Speedway Grand Prix of Sweden, annual Diamond League
Stadium Australia   Sydney 2003 Rugby World Cup, 2015 AFC Asian Cup, 2023 FIFA Women's World Cup[‡], annual NRL Grand Final
National Stadium   Tokyo Original stadium: 1958 Asian Games, 1967 Summer Universiade, 1991 World Championships in Athletics, annual Intercontinental Cup, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008 FIFA Club World Cups, 2012 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, annual Emperor's Cup final
Current stadium: annual Emperor's Cup final, 2025 World Athletics Championships
Stadio Olimpico di Torino   Turin 1934 European Athletics Championships, 1934 FIFA World Cup, 1959 and 1970 Summer Universiades
BC Place   Vancouver Nine Grey Cups, 1983 CFL All-Star Game, 1989 World Police and Fire Games, 1990 Gay Games, 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, 2026 FIFA World Cup[‡]

^ ‡: Future event scheduled to take place at venue.

References edit

  1. ^ Olympic Stadium Archived 2014-03-13 at the Wayback Machine. Big Olympic Encyclopedia. Moscow 2006-2016.
  2. ^ "João Havelange Olympic Stadium". Rio 2016. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  3. ^ "El gobierno porteño gastará $15 millones en la Ceremonia de Clausura de los Juegos Olímpicos de la Juventud". Revista Qué. 25 June 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  4. ^ Murphy, Bill Jr. (4 February 2018). "United Airlines Spent $69 Million on This Stadium Naming Deal, But They're Not Getting This 1 Important Thing". Inc. Retrieved 17 September 2019.
  5. ^ Development, Brisbane (2021-04-19). "New $1b Stadium: Gabba to be rebuilt as main Olympic stadium". BrisbaneDevelopment.com. Retrieved 2022-11-15.

External links edit