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Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the main stadium of an Olympic Games.

An Olympic stadium is the site of the opening and closing ceremonies. Many, though not all, of these venues actually contain the words Olympic Stadium as part of their names.

Olympic Stadium may also be named a multi-purpose stadium which hosts Olympic sports.[1]

In the case of the Summer Olympics, athletics competitions and the football final are traditionally held in the Olympic Stadium. Exceptions to this have occurred though at the 1900, 1996 and 2016 Summer Olympics as well as at the 2010 and 2018 Summer Youth Olympic Games.

Early Winter Games often used figure skating venues as focal points. These were often designated as the Olympic Stadium, usually hosting the opening and closing ceremonies.

A number of stadiums have been used in more than one Olympics, in those cities that have held the Games more than once.

Lysgårdsbakkene was the main stadium of a Winter Olympics and a Winter Youth Olympic Games (YOG). Bergiselschanze was the main stadium of two Winter Olympics and one Winter YOG. Olympiahalle jointly shared the Olympic Stadium role with Bergiselschanze during the two Winter Olympics, but not during the Winter YOG. Only one stadium, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, has been the main stadium of two Summer Olympics (and it will be a main stadium a third time during the 2028 games). In addition to the inaugural Summer Olympics, Panathinaiko Stadio was also the main stadium of the only Intercalated Games held. In 2022 Beijing National Stadium will join these in being the main stadium at two Olympics, but with a special distinction: it will become the only stadium to have been such at both a Summer and a Winter Olympics.

A number, including both the Panathinaiko Stadio and the Vélodrome de Vincennes, have hosted events at subsequent Olympics. The London Games of 2012 were not opened and closed at the rebuilt Wembley Stadium, the site of the 1948 Olympic Stadium, but instead at a new stadium in Stratford. Wembley was, however, the venue for some 2012 Olympic football matches. Likewise, the Melbourne Cricket Ground, which was the centrepiece stadium for the 1956 games, later hosted the first games of the Sydney 2000 football tournament. Lake Placid's 1930 Olympic Stadium was utilized in the 1980 Lake Placid games as the speed skating venue. Olympiahalle hosted figure skating and short-track speed skating during the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics. Stockholm Olympic Stadium hosted equestrian events for the 1956 Summer Olympics (while the 1956 games were held in Melbourne, Australia, quarantine restrictions prevented equestrian events from being held domestically, thus Stockholm, Sweden hosted the 1956 equestrian competitions).

Contents

StadiumsEdit

Image Olympics Season Stadium Native name City Country New/old Capacity Existing?
  1896 Summer Panathenaic Stadium Παναθηναϊκό στάδιο Athens   Greece Existing 80,000 Yes
  1900 Summer Vincennes Velodrome (ceremony) Vélodrome de Vincennes Paris   France Existing 50,000 Yes
Croix-Catelan Stadium (athletics) Stade Croix-Catelan Existing No
  1904 Summer Francis Field St. Louis   United States New 19,000 Yes
  1906 Intercalated Summer Panathenaic Stadium Παναθηναϊκό στάδιο Athens   Greece Existing 80,000 Yes
  1908 Summer White City Stadium London   United Kingdom New 68,000 No
  1912 Summer Olympic Stadium Stockholms Olympiastadion Stockholm   Sweden New 20,000 Yes
  1920 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympisch Stadion Antwerp   Belgium New 12,771 Yes
  1924 Winter Olympic Stadium Stade Olympique de Chamonix Chamonix   France New 45,000 Yes
  1924 Summer Olympic Stadium Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir Paris   France Existing 45,000 Yes
  1928 Winter St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink Badrutts Park St. Moritz    Switzerland New 4,000 Yes
  1928 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympisch Stadion Amsterdam   Netherlands Existing, renovated 31,600 Yes
  1932 Winter Lake Placid Speedskating Oval Lake Placid   United States New 7,500 Yes
  1932 Summer Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles   United States Existing/ expanded 101,574 Yes
  1936 Winter Große Olympiaschanze Garmisch-Partenkirchen   Germany Existing 40,000 Yes
  1936 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympiastadion Berlin   Germany New 110,000 Yes
  1948 Winter St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink Badrutts Park St. Moritz    Switzerland Existing 4,000 Yes
  1948 Summer Wembley Stadium London   United Kingdom Existing 82,000 No (replaced)
  1952 Winter Bislett Stadium Bislett stadion Oslo   Norway Existing 20,000 No (replaced)
  1952 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympiastadion Helsinki   Finland Existing 70,000 Yes
  1956 Winter Stadio Olimpico Del Ghiaccio Cortina d'Ampezzo   Italy Existing, renovated 12,000 Yes
  1956 Summer Melbourne Cricket Ground Melbourne   Australia Existing 115,000 Yes
  1960 Winter Blyth Arena Squaw Valley   United States New 8,500 No
  Squaw Valley Olympic Skating Rink Temporary No
  1960 Summer Stadio Olimpico Rome   Italy Existing 90,000 Yes
  1964 Winter Bergiselschanze (opening ceremony) Innsbruck   Austria Existing 26,000 Yes
  Olympiahalle (closing ceremony) New 10,836 Yes
  1964 Summer National Stadium 国立競技場 Tokyo   Japan Existing 71,556 No (being replaced)
  1968 Winter Olympic Stadium (opening ceremony) Stade olympique Grenoble   France Temporary 60,000 No
  Le Stade de Glace (closing ceremony) New 12,000 Yes
  1968 Summer Estadio Olímpico Universitario Mexico City   Mexico Existing 83,700 Yes
  1972 Winter Makomanai Open Stadium (opening ceremony) 真駒内屋外競技場 Sapporo   Japan New 30,000 Yes
  Makomanai Ice Arena (closing ceremony) 真駒内屋内競技 New 11,500 Yes
  1972 Summer Olympiastadion Munich   West Germany New 80,000 Yes
  1976 Winter Bergiselschanze (opening ceremony) Innsbruck   Austria Existing 26,000 Yes
  Olympiahalle (closing ceremony) Existing 10,836 Yes
  1976 Summer Olympic Stadium Stade olympique Montreal   Canada New 70,000 Yes
  1980 Winter Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium (opening ceremony) Lake Placid   United States Temporary stadium at existing equestrian grounds 30,000 No
  Olympic Center Arena (closing ceremony) New 10,000 Yes
  1980 Summer Grand Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium Гранд Арена Центрального стадиона имени Ленина Moscow   Soviet Union Existing 103,000 Yes
  1984 Winter Olympic Stadium (opening ceremony) Olimpijski stadion Sarajevo   Yugoslavia Existing 50,000 Yes
  Zetra Olympic Hall (closing ceremony) Olimpijska dvorana Zetra New 12,000 Yes
  1984 Summer Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles   United States Existing 92,516 Yes
  1988 Winter McMahon Stadium Calgary   Canada Existing, renovated 38,205 Yes
  1988 Summer Seoul Olympic Stadium 서울올림픽주경기장 Seoul   South Korea Existing 100,000 Yes
  1992 Winter Theatre of Ceremonies Théâtre des Cérémonies Albertville   France Temporary 35,000 No
  1992 Summer Olympic Stadium Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc
Estadio Olímpico de Montjuïc
Barcelona   Spain Existing 60,000 Yes
  1994 Winter Lysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena Lysgårdsbakkene hoppanlegg Lillehammer   Norway New 35,000 Yes
  1996 Summer Centennial Olympic Stadium Atlanta   United States New 85,000 Yes (as Georgia State Stadium)
  1998 Winter Nagano Olympic Stadium 長野オリンピックスタジアム Nagano   Japan New 30,000 Yes
  2000 Summer Stadium Australia Sydney   Australia New 114,714 Yes
  2002 Winter Rice-Eccles Olympic Stadium Salt Lake City   United States Existing, replacement 45,017 Yes
2004 Summer Olympic Stadium Ολυμπιακό Κεντρικό Στάδιο Αθήνας "Σπύρος Λούης" Athens   Greece Existing, renovated 71,030 Yes
  2006 Winter Stadio Olimpico di Torino Turin   Italy Existing 28,000 Yes
  2008 Summer Beijing National Stadium 国家体育场 Beijing   China New 91,000 Yes
  2010 Winter BC Place Stadium Vancouver   Canada Existing, renovated 54,500 Yes
  2010 Youth Summer The Float@Marina Bay Pentas Terapung Teluk Marina
滨海湾浮动舞台
மரீனா பே மிதக்கும் மேடை (Tamil)
Marina Bay   Singapore Existing 30,000 Yes
  2012 Youth Winter Bergiselschanze Innsbruck   Austria Existing 26,000 Yes
  2012 Summer Olympic Stadium London   United Kingdom New 80,000 Yes
  2014 Winter Fisht Olympic Stadium Олимпийский стадион Sochi   Russia New 40,000 Yes
  2014 Youth Summer Olympic Stadium 南京奥林匹克体育中心 Nanjing   China Existing 61,443 Yes
  2016 Youth Winter Lysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena (opening ceremony) Lysgårdsbakkene hoppanlegg Lillehammer   Norway Existing 35,000 Yes
  Håkons Hall (closing ceremony) Existing 11,500 Yes
  2016 Summer Maracanã Stadium (opening and closing ceremony, football) Estádio do Maracanã Rio de Janeiro   Brazil Existing 74,738 Yes
  João Havelange Olympic Stadium (athletics and football) Estádio Olímpico João Havelange Existing/ expanded 60,000[2] Yes
2018 Winter Pyeongchang Olympic Stadium 평창 올림픽 스타디움 Pyeongchang   South Korea Temporary 50,000 Not Yet Built
  2018 Youth Summer River Plate Stadium Estadio Mounumental Buenos Aires   Argentina Existing 61,321 Yes
2020 Youth Winter Stade Pierre de Coubertin Stade Pierre de Coubertin Lausanne    Switzerland Existing 12,000 Yes
2020 Summer New National Stadium 新国立競技場 (tentative name) Tokyo   Japan Existing, replacement 68,000 Not Yet Built
  2022 Winter Beijing National Stadium 国家体育场 Beijing   China Existing 80,000 Yes
  2024 Summer Stade de France Paris   France Existing 78,338 Yes
  2028 Summer Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (cultural opening and formal closing ceremony, athletics) Los Angeles   United States Existing/renovation in progress 70,516 Yes
  Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park (cultural opening and formal closing ceremony, possible exhibition sports and football) Inglewood, California In construction 100,000 Not Yet Built

Other major events held at Olympic StadiumsEdit

Venue City Events
Olympic Stadium   Amsterdam 1987 Individual Speedway World Championship Finals, 2016 European Athletics Championships
Panathenaic Stadium   Athens 1967–68 FIBA European Cup Winner's Cup, 2011 Special Olympics World Summer Games
Olympiako Stadio Athinas 'Spyros Louis'   Athens 1983, 1994 and 2007 UEFA Champions League Final, 1997 World Championships in Athletics, 2005 and 2006 WRC Acropolis Rally SuperSpecial Stage, 2006 IAAF World Cup
Centennial Olympic Stadium   Atlanta 1999 World Series, 2000 MLB All-Star Game (as Turner Field)
Beijing National Stadium   Beijing 2015 World Championships in Athletics, probably 2034 FIFA World Cup (including final)
Olympic Stadium   Berlin 1974 FIFA World Cup, 1994 IPC Athletics World Championships, 2006 FIFA World Cup, 2009 World Championships in Athletics, 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, 2015 UEFA Champions League Final, 2018 European Athletics Championships, annual DFB-Pokal final, UEFA Euro 2024 (including final)
Olympic Stadium   Helsinki 1983 and 2005 World Championships in Athletics, 1971, 1994, and 2012 European Athletics Championships
Olympic Stadium   London 2015 Rugby World Cup, 2017 World Para Athletics Championships, 2017 World Championships in Athletics, 2019 Cricket World Cup
Wembley Stadium   London Original stadium: 1966 FIFA World Cup, UEFA Euro 1996, 1992 European Cup Final
Current stadium: 2011 UEFA Champions League Final, 2013 UEFA Champions League Final, UEFA Euro 2020 semi-finals and final, annual FA Cup final, EFL Cup final, and FA Community Shield, 2030 FIFA World Cup (including final)
White City Stadium   London 1934 British Empire Games
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum   Los Angeles Super Bowl I (1967), Super Bowl VII (1973), 1959 World Series, 1982 Individual Speedway World Championship, 2015 Special Olympics World Summer Games, second 1959 MLB All-Star Game
Melbourne Cricket Ground   Melbourne 1992 and 2015 Cricket World Cup Finals, 2006 Commonwealth Games, annual AFL Grand Final
Estadio Olímpico Universitario   Mexico City 1955 Pan American Games, 1986 FIFA World Cup, 2026 FIFA World Cup
Olympic Stadium   Montreal 1982 MLB All-Star Game, six Grey Cups, 2014 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, 2026 FIFA World Cup
Luzhniki Stadium   Moscow 2013 World Championships in Athletics, 2008 UEFA Champions League Final, 2018 FIFA World Cup
Olympic Stadium   Munich 1974 FIFA World Cup, 1979 European Cup Final, UEFA Euro 1988, 1993 and 1997 UEFA Champions League Finals, 1989 Individual Speedway World Championship, 2002 European Athletics Championships, 2012
Bislett Stadion   Oslo 1946 European Athletics Championships
Lysgårdsbakken   Lillehammer FIS Ski Jumping World Cup and FIS Nordic Combined World Cup
Vélodrome de Vincennes   Paris 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, and 1974 Tour de France closing stages
Stade Olympique de Colombes   Paris 1938 FIFA World Cup
Stade de France   Paris 1998 FIFA World Cup, Two UEFA Champions League Finals, 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup Final, 2003 IAAF World Championships in Athletics Final, 2007 Rugby World Cup Final, UEFA Euro 2016
Estádio do Maracanã   Rio de Janeiro 1950 FIFA World Cup Final, 2000 FIFA Club World Championship, 2007 Pan American Games Opening and Closing Ceremonies, 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2014 FIFA World Cup
Stadio Olimpico   Rome 1968, 1980 and 2020, 1974 European Athletics Championships, 1977 and 1984 European Cup Finals, 1987 World Championships in Athletics, 1990 FIFA World Cup, 1996 and 2009 UEFA Champions League Finals
Olympic Stadium   Seoul 1986 Asian Games, 2013 EAFF East Asian Cup finals
Fisht Olympic Stadium   Sochi 2018 FIFA World Cup
Stockholm Olympic Stadium   Stockholm 1958 European Athletics Championships; 2001, 2002 and 2004 Speedway Grand Prix of Sweden
Stadium Australia   Sydney 2003 Rugby World Cup, 2015 AFC Asian Cup, annual NRL Grand Final, 2023 FIFA Women's World Cup
Olympic Stadium   Tokyo 1958 Asian Games, 1991 World Championships in Athletics, Intercontinental Cup, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008 FIFA Club World Cups.
Stadio Olimpico di Torino   Turin 1934 European Athletics Championships, 1934 FIFA World Cup
BC Place   Vancouver Nine Grey Cups, 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, 2026 FIFA World Cup

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Olympic Stadium. Big Olympic Encyclopedia. Moscow 2006.
  2. ^ "João Havelange Olympic Stadium". Rio 2016. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 

External linksEdit