Stadio Olimpico

The Stadio Olimpico is the largest sports facility in Rome, Italy, seating over 70,000 spectators. It is located within the Foro Italico sports complex, north of the city. The structure is owned by the Italian National Olympic Committee and it is used primarily for association football. The Stadio Olimpico is the home stadium of the Roma and Lazio football clubs, and also hosts the Coppa Italia final. It was rebuilt for the 1990 FIFA World Cup and it hosted the tournament final.

Stadio Olimpico
Olimpico
L'Olimpico - panoramio.jpg
LocationViale dei Gladiatori, 00135 Rome, Italy 
OwnerItalian National Olympic Committee
OperatorSport e Salute
Capacity70,634[2]
SurfaceGrass
105 × 66 m
Construction
Broke ground1901
Built1927
Opened1932 (partial opening), 1953
Expanded1990
Architect
  • Del Debbio (1927)
  • Moretti (1932)
  • Vitellozzi (1953 and 1990) [1]
  • Clerici (1990)
Tenants
A.S. Roma (1953–present)
S.S. Lazio (1953–present)
Italy national football team (selected matches)
Italy national rugby union team (2012–present)

Despite being an Olympic stadium, therefore exclusively dedicated to sport, musical concerts are also held, in particular the concert by Claudio Baglioni on 6 June 1998, which still holds the record attendance at the Olimpico with a total of over 100,000 spectators, thanks to the fact that the stage was located in the center of the stadium and the public surrounded it filling all the seats.[3]

Rated an UEFA category four stadium, it has also hosted four European Cup finals, the most recent being the 2009 UEFA Champions League Final. Outside football, the stadium is used by the Italian national rugby union team and it is Italy's national athletics stadium. Occasionally, it hosts concerts and events.

HistoryEdit

Throughout its history, the Stadio Olimpico has undergone several renovations.

1937, the Stadio dei CipressiEdit

In its first stages, the Stadio Olimpico was called the Stadio dei Cipressi. It was designed and constructed within the larger project of the Foro Mussolini (Mussolini Forum) which was renamed Foro Italico after the war.

Construction work began in 1927 directed by the Turinese engineer Angelo Frisa and architect Enrico Del Debbio. The construction was completed in 1932, after a few variations to the original plan. For instance, the construction of masonry stands was not part of the initial plan as, originally, stands consisted of grassed terraces.

In 1937, the construction of a second tier of stairs was started but was interrupted in 1940 due to the outbreak of World War II.

1953, the Stadio dei CentomilaEdit

 
Panoramic view of the stadium in the 1950s

In December 1950, the working site was reopened for the completion of the stadium. The project was entrusted to the engineer Carlo Roccatelli, a member of the Superior Council of Public Works. At first, the plan was for a stadium with a more complex structure than that actually realised. However, the scarcity of funds and the environmental characteristics of the area led to a less ambitious building. On the death of Roccatelli in 1951, the direction of the work was entrusted to architect Annibale Vitellozzi. The stadium now reached a capacity of about 100,000 people, hence the stadium was known as Stadio dei Centomila, until renamed for the 1960 Olympics. The building was inaugurated on 17 May 1953 with a football game between Italy and Hungary.

1960, the Stadio OlimpicoEdit

 
Opening Ceremony of the 1960 Olympic Games

During the 1960 Summer Olympics, the stadium hosted the opening and closing ceremonies and the athletics competitions. Seating at ground level was eliminated with the result of an actual capacity of 65,000 spectators.[4] Subsequently, the stadium hosted several editions of the Italian Championships of Athletics, the 1975 Summer Universiade (the stadium was the only venue for the Universiade) and the 1987 World Athletics Championships. It still hosts the annual meeting of the Golden Gala.

1990 restructuring and roofing of the stadiumEdit

 
The Stadio Olimpico from above

For the 1990 FIFA World Cup, for which it was the main stadium, the facility underwent an extensive renovation. While that work was underway in 1989 the Capitoline teams Lazio and Roma had to play their Serie A games at Stadio Flaminio. The work was entrusted to a team of designers including the original architect Annibale Vitellozzi. From 1987 to 1990, the construction plan was amended several times, with a consequent rise in costs. Ultimately, the Olimpico was entirely demolished and rebuilt in reinforced concrete, with the exception of the Tribuna Tevere which was expanded with the addition of further steps and of the curves which were closer to the field by nine metres. All sectors of the stadium were provided with full coverage in tensostructure white. Backless seats in blue plastic were installed and two giant screens built in 1987 for the World Athletics Championships were also mounted inside the curve. In the end the new version of the Olimpico had 82,911 seats. It was the 14th stadium in the world for number of seats among the football stadiums, the 29th among all stadiums and the second in Italy, just behind the San Siro Stadium of Milan.

The Stadio Olimpico was host to five matches in which the Italian national team took part and the final between West Germany and Argentina. West Germany won the final match 1–0.

With the same layout from 1990, the Stadio Olimpico hosted on 22 May 1996 the UEFA Champions League Final between Juventus and Ajax which saw the Bianconeri prevail in a penalty shoot-out.

2008 restyling of the stadiumEdit

 
Exterior of the stadium.
 
An internal panoramic view of the Stadio Olimpico in May 2017.

In 2007, a vast plan of restyling the internal design of the stadium was laid out, to conform to UEFA standards for the 2009 UEFA Champions League Final which was held in Rome. The work was performed and completed in 2008. It included the establishment of standard structures with improvements in security, the fixing of dressing rooms and of the press room. It also included the replacement of all seats, the installation of high definition LED screens, the partial removal of plexiglas fences between spectators and the field and a reduction of seating to the current capacity of 70,634. In order to enhance the comfort of the audience, part of the modernisation of the stadium involved increasing the number of restrooms and fixing the toilets. As a result of these improvements, the Stadio Olimpico was classified a UEFA Elite stadium.

Areas and capacityEdit

 
Curva Sud, used as the home end by Roma supporters.
 
Curva Nord, used as the home end by Lazio supporters.

The stadium has a current capacity of 72,698, distributed as follows:[5]

  • Tribuna Monte Mario – 16,555
  • Tribuna Tevere – 16,397
  • Distinti Sud Ovest – 5,747
  • Distinti Sud Est – 5,637
  • Distinti Nord Ovest – 5,769
  • Distinti Nord Est – 5,597
  • Curva Sud – 8,486
  • Curva Nord – 8,520
  • For end stage concerts/shows it can hold up to 75,000.
  • For center stage concerts/shows it can hold up to 78,000.

Competitions hostedEdit

Famous matchesEdit

 
Rugby union match between Italy and France at the stadium in 1954

Average attendancesEdit

The average season attendance at league matches held at the Stadio Olimpico for Lazio and Roma.[6]

# In 1989–90 season both teams played at Stadio Flaminio during the renovations of Stadio Olimpico.
* Club was in Serie B
  = Serie A champions
  = Coppa Italia winners

Notable international football matchesEdit

UEFA Euro 1968Edit

The stadium was one of the venues of the UEFA Euro 1968, and held three matches.

Date Time (UTC+02) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
8 June 1968 15:00   England 2–0   Soviet Union Third place play-off 68,817
21:15   Italy 1–1 (a.e.t.)   Yugoslavia Final 68,817
10 June 1968 21:15   Italy 2–0   Yugoslavia Final replay 32,886

UEFA Euro 1980Edit

The stadium was one of the venues of the UEFA Euro 1980, and held four matches.

Date Time (UTC+02) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
11 June 1980 17:45   Czechoslovakia 0–1   West Germany Group 1 10,500
14 June 1980 20:30   Greece 1–3   Czechoslovakia 7,614
18 June 1980 20:30   Italy 0–0   Belgium Group 2 42,318
22 June 1980 20:30   Belgium 1–2   West Germany Final 47,860

1990 FIFA World CupEdit

The stadium was one of the venues of the 1990 FIFA World Cup, and held six matches.

Date Time (UTC+02) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
9 June 1990 21:00   Italy 1–0   Austria Group A 73,303
14 June 1990 1–0   United States 73,423
19 June 1990 2–0   Czechoslovakia 73,303
25 June 1990 2–0   Uruguay Round of 16 73,303
30 June 1990   Republic of Ireland 0–1   Italy Quarter-finals 73,303
8 July 1990 20:00   West Germany 1–0   Argentina Final 73,603

UEFA Euro 2020Edit

The stadium was one of the venues of the UEFA Euro 2020, and hosted four matches.

Date Time (UTC+02) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
11 June 2021 21:00   Turkey 0–3   Italy Group A 12,916[7]
16 June 2021   Italy 3–0    Switzerland 12,445[8]
20 June 2021 18:00   Italy 1–0   Wales 11,541[9]
3 July 2021 21:00   Ukraine 0–4   England Quarter-finals 11,880[10]

Concerts of international artistsEdit

Date Performer(s) Opening act(s) Tour/Event Attendance Notes
23 July 1991 Miles Davis Pat Metheny Group
8 July 1992 Elton John The One Tour
5 July 1996 Santana Phish 1996 Tour
7 July 1996 Tina Turner Wildest Dreams Tour
9 July 1996 Various artists Live Link Festival
10 July 1996
29 June 1999 Backstreet Boys Into the Millennium Tour
7 July 2001 Sting Brand New Day Tour
23 July 2002 The Cure The Summer Festival Tour 2002 15,000
10 June 2005 R.E.M. Around The Sun Tour
23 July 2005 U2 Ash
Feeder
Vertigo Tour 67,002
16 June 2006 Roger Waters The Dark Side of the Moon Live 13,906
17 July 2006 Depeche Mode Scarling.
Franz Ferdinand
Touring the Angel 40,000 The concert was recorded for the group's live albums project Recording the Angel.
6 August 2006 Madonna Paul Oakenfold Confessions Tour 63,054
20 June 2007 Iron Maiden Motörhead
Machine Head
Mastodon
Lauren Harris
Sadist
A Matter of the Beast Tour
6 July 2007 The Rolling Stones Biffy Clyro A Bigger Bang 40,000
21 July 2007 George Michael 25 Live
6 September 2008 Madonna Benny Benassi Sticky & Sweet Tour 57,690
16 June 2009 Depeche Mode M83 Tour of the Universe 44,070 The concert was recorded for the group's live albums project Recording the Universe.
19 July 2009 Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band Working on a Dream Tour 37,834
8 October 2010 U2 Interpol U2 360° Tour 75,847 The performance of Bad was recorded for the group's live album U22: A 22 Track Live Collection from U2360°.
12 June 2012 Madonna Martin Solveig The MDNA Tour 36,658
28 June 2012 Various artists soundRome 2012
6 July 2013 Muse Arcane Roots
We Are the Ocean
The 2nd Law World Tour 60,963 The concert was filmed and recorded for the group's concert film and live album Live at Rome Olympic Stadium.
20 July 2013 Depeche Mode Motel Connection
Matthew Dear
The Delta Machine Tour 56,007
28 July 2013 Roger Waters The Wall Live 50,848
25 June 2017 Depeche Mode Algiers Global Spirit Tour 51,845
15 July 2017 U2 Noel Gallagher's High Flying Birds The Joshua Tree Tour 2017 117,924 The performance of "The Little Things That Give You Away" was recorded for the group's live album Live Songs of iNNOCENCE + eXPERIENCE.
16 July 2017
26 June 2018 Pearl Jam Pearl Jam 2018 Tour 50,000
8 July 2018 Beyoncé
Jay-Z
On the Run II Tour 40,440
16 June 2019 Ed Sheeran James Bay
Zara Larsson
÷ Tour 58,959
20 July 2019 Muse Mini Mansions
Nic Cester
Simulation Theory World Tour 50,385

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ worldstadiums.com
  2. ^ "Stadi Serie A 2015-2016" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 September 2015.
  3. ^ "Tutto Baglioni in concerto". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). 21 May 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  4. ^ 1960 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. pp. 56-7.
  5. ^ "Stadio Olimpico – nuove tecniche di safety & security". Vigili del Fuoco. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
  6. ^ "StadiaPostcards". StadiaPostcards.
  7. ^ "Full Time Summary – Turkey v Italy" (PDF). UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 11 June 2021. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Full Time Summary – Italy v Switzerland" (PDF). UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 16 June 2021. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  9. ^ "Full Time Summary – Italy v Wales" (PDF). UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 20 June 2021. Retrieved 20 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Full Time Summary – Ukraine v England" (PDF). UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 3 July 2021. Retrieved 3 July 2021.

External linksEdit

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Melbourne Cricket Ground
Melbourne
Summer Olympics
Main venue (Olympic Stadium)

1960
Succeeded by
National Stadium
Tokyo
Preceded by
Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
Madrid
UEFA European Championship
Final venue

1968
Succeeded by
Heysel Stadium
Brussels
Preceded by
Helsinki Olympic Stadium
Helsinki
European Athletics Championships
Main venue

1974
Succeeded by
Stadion Evžena Rošického
Prague
Preceded by
Luzhniki Stadium
Moscow
Summer Universiade
Main venue

1975
Succeeded by
Vassil Levski Stadium
Sofia
Preceded by
Hampden Park
Glasgow
European Cup
Final venue

1977
Succeeded by
Wembley
London
Preceded by
Stadion Crvena Zvezda
Belgrade
UEFA European Championship
Final venue

1980
Succeeded by
Parc des Princes
Paris
Preceded by
Olympic Stadium
Athens
European Cup
Final venue

1984
Succeeded by
Heysel Stadium
Brussels
Preceded by
Helsinki Olympic Stadium
Helsinki
IAAF World Championships in Athletics
Main venue

1987
Succeeded by
National Stadium
Tokyo
Preceded by
Estadio Azteca
Mexico City
FIFA World Cup
Final venue

1990
Succeeded by
Rose Bowl
Los Angeles (Pasadena)
Preceded by
Ernst-Happel-Stadion
Vienna
UEFA Champions League
Final venue

1996
Succeeded by
Olympiastadion
Munich
Preceded by
Luzhniki Stadium
Moscow
UEFA Champions League
Final venue

2009
Succeeded by
Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
Madrid

41°56′1.99″N 12°27′17.23″E / 41.9338861°N 12.4547861°E / 41.9338861; 12.4547861Coordinates: 41°56′1.99″N 12°27′17.23″E / 41.9338861°N 12.4547861°E / 41.9338861; 12.4547861