The Parc des Princes (French pronunciation: [paʁk de pʁɛ̃s], lit.'Park of Princes') is an all-seater football stadium in Paris, France.[3] It is located in the south-west of the French capital, inside the 16th arrondissement, near the Stade Jean-Bouin and Stade Roland Garros.[3][4]

Parc des Princes
Map
Address24 Rue du Commandant Guilbaud
Location75016 Paris, Île-de-France, France
Coordinates48°50′29″N 2°15′11″E / 48.84139°N 2.25306°E / 48.84139; 2.25306
Capacity47,929
Record attendance50,370 (Rugby: France vs Wales, 18 February 1989)
Field size105 m × 68 m (344 ft × 223 ft)
SurfaceGrassMaster by Tarkett Sports
Construction
BuiltJuly 8, 1967; 56 years ago (1967-07-08)
OpenedMay 25, 1972; 51 years ago (1972-05-25)
Construction cost150 million FF (1970)
(179 million in 2022 euros[1])
ArchitectRoger Taillibert & Siavash Teimouri
Tenants
Paris FC (1972–1974, 1978–1979)[2]
Paris Saint-Germain F.C. (1974–present)
France national football team (selected matches)
France national rugby union team (1974–1998)

The stadium, with a seating capacity of 47,929 spectators, has been the home of football club Paris Saint-Germain since 1974.[5][6] Before the opening of the Stade de France in 1998, it was the home stadium of France's national football team and national rugby union team.[6] The Parc des Princes pitch is surrounded by four covered all-seater stands, officially known as Tribune Borelli, Tribune Auteuil, Tribune Paris, and Tribune Boulogne.[7]

Conceived by architect Roger Taillibert and Siavash Teimouri, the current version of the Parc des Princes officially opened on 25 May 1972, at a cost of 80–150 million francs.[8][9] The stadium is the third to have been built on the site, the first opening its doors in 1897 and the second in 1932.[4]

PSG registered its record home attendance in 1983, when 49,575 spectators witnessed the club's 2–0 win over Waterschei in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup quarter-finals.[10] However, the France national rugby union team holds the stadium's absolute attendance record. They defeated Wales, 31–12, in the 1989 Five Nations Championship in front of 50,370 spectators.[11]

History edit

Original stadium (1897–1932) edit

 
The original Parc des Princes under the snow in 1908.

Originally called Stade Vélodrome du Parc des Princes, the stadium was inaugurated on 18 July 1897. Situated in the 16th arrondissement of Paris, the area was a forested parkland used by the royal family before the French Revolution. This gave the Parc des Princes its name.[9][12]

With more than 3,000 seats, the velodrome had a 728-yard track.[9][12] The director of the stadium, Henri Desgrange, was a former racing cyclist and founder of the cycling magazine L'Auto (predecessor of L'Équipe).[12] The Parc des Princes marked the finish of the Tour from its first edition in 1903 until 1967.[6] The 1900 UCI Track Cycling World Championships was held at the Parc des Princes.[12]

In 1903, an English side easily defeated a team composed by the best Parisian players (11–0) in front of 984 paying spectators, in what was the first international football played at the Parc des Princes.[9] In 1905, the France national football team contested its first ever home match against Switzerland, winning 1–0 at the Parc des Princes.[9][12] Subsequently, the stadium welcomed further prestigious friendly games, but also four USFSA French Championship finals, as well as the 1919 Coupe de France Final between CASG Paris and Olympique de Paris in front of 10,000 spectators.[9]

PSG's home also boasts a long history as an international rugby venue.[4] In 1906, the France national rugby union team played their debut international, against the New Zealand national rugby union team. Other tenants included the Racing Club de France.[12]

The stadium capacity was increased to 20,000 by the start of the 1924 Summer Olympics, held in Paris. However, Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, which had been expanded to 60,000 seats, hosted the event.[12]

Second stadium (1932–1972) edit

 
The second Parc des Princes in 1932.

In the 1930s, L'Auto founder Henri Desgrange and his business partner Victor Goddet carried out a thorough reconstruction of the Parc des Princes and expanded it so that the sports arena had seats for 45,000 visitors, including 26,000 covered.[9][12] The new stadium opened on 19 April 1932.[4][9] Its capacity, however, was quickly reduced to 38,000 seats to improve comfort.[9] The Parc des Princes hosted the opening match of the 1938 FIFA World Cup between Switzerland and Germany as well as the victory of Hungary in the semi-final against Sweden. But Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir continued to be more important, hosting the 1938 FIFA World Cup final in which Italy beat the Hungarians 4–2 to claim its second consecutive world title.[12]

Following the Liberation of Paris in August 1944 and the end of World War II in September 1945, the French football championship returned, with big Parisian clubs Stade français-Red Star and Racing Paris regularly playing at the Parc des Princes. Still equipped with a cycling track of 454 metres, the Tour de France was not the only major sporting event hosted at this stadium.[6][9] The Parc des Princes also hosted the 1954 Rugby League World Cup final, which saw Great Britain defeat hosts France in the inaugural staging of the Rugby League World Cup;[13] Real Madrid's win over Stade de Reims in the first ever European Cup final in 1956;[6] and the 1960 European Nations' Cup final, which saw the Soviet Union claim the first edition of the tournament after beating Yugoslavia.[4]

Current stadium (1972–Present) edit

Conceived by French architect Roger Taillibert and Iranian artist Siavash Teimouri, the third and current Parc des Princes is one of the continent's most emblematic and historic venues.[6][12] It is a landmark and legally protected icon of French architecture.[14] It was also the first stadium with lighting systems integrated onto its elliptical roof, and to this day is praised for its unique acoustics and its distinctive concrete ribs or razors.[3]

 
The current Parc des Princes seen from above.

The inauguration of the Parc des Princes took place on 25 May 1972 on the occasion of the football match between France and USSR. The new stadium also hosted the 1972 Coupe de France Final between Olympique de Marseille and Bastia on 4 June 1972, and the 1972 Rugby League World Cup.[9][12][15] That same year, Paris Saint-Germain – a fusion between Paris FC and Stade Saint-Germain – went through a bitter divorce. Paris FC remained in Ligue 1, while PSG kept their name but were administratively demoted to Division 3.[16][17]

PSG played their first game at the Parc des Princes against Ligue 2 promotion rivals Red Star on 10 November 1973, as a curtain-raiser for that season's league season between Paris FC and Sochaux. PSG won 3–1 as Othniel Dossevi scored the club's first goal at the stadium.[18] PSG returned to Ligue 1 in 1974, ironically the same year that Paris FC were relegated. They immediately moved into the Parc des Princes, which up until that point had been the home stadium of Paris FC.[16][17] Before that, PSG had been playing at several grounds including the Stade Georges Lefèvre, the Stade Jean-Bouin, the Stade Bauer, and even the Parc des Princes a few times that season despite the reluctance of Paris FC.[19][20] Thereafter, Paris FC and Racing Paris also played at the Parc des Princes while they were in Ligue 1 (until 1990), but never reaching the numbers of attendance leaders PSG.[9]

Following its opening, the Parc des Princes finally became France's biggest stadium.[12] This was where the national and international cup finals took place, including every single Coupe de France from 1972 to 1997, and three European club finals (the 1975 European Cup Final, the 1978 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, and the 1981 European Cup Final), and the 1991 Rugby World Cup.[4][12][15] Most importantly, the Parc des Princes saw France defeat Spain in the UEFA Euro 1984 Final to claim its first-ever title. In 1992, France was named to host the 1998 World Cup. It was the country's first since 1938 and construction of a new arena began in May 1995, at the same time that Parc des Princes hosted the 1995 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Final.[12]

Inaugurated in January 1998, the Stade de France was the stadium of the future, while the Parc des Princes hosted its last international final that same year: the 1998 UEFA Cup Final.[12] France have only played twice at the Parc des Princes since 1998: against Scotland during the UEFA Euro 2008 qualifiers in September 2007, and versus Australia in a friendly match in October 2013.[21] Nonetheless, the stadium has still staged games at the 1998 FIFA World Cup, 2007 Rugby World Cup, UEFA Euro 2016 and 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup.[4][6]

Renovation and expansion edit

In November 2013, PSG reached an agreement with the Paris City Council, owner of the Parc des Princes, to extend their stadium lease for a further 30 years until 2043, based on a fixed rent plus a variable share of their income.[12][22][23] Subsequently, under the guidance of American architect Tom Sheehan, PSG completed a three-year €75 million upgrade of the Parc des Princes (2012, 2013–2014, 2015–2016) ahead of the UEFA Euro 2016 in France.[14][23]

Two additional rows of seats were added, allowing the ground to remain at its current capacity, despite now boasting larger and more comfortable seats.[23] Hospitality capacity went from 1,200 to 4,500, and new substitutes' benches and spacious, modern changing rooms that include warm-up and treatment rooms were installed.[6][23] Carrying out this renovation work saw PSG's stadium revenue swell from €20m to €100m.[23]

PSG are also looking to increase the capacity of their home to 60,000 in the coming years.[23] From the start of their ownership at the club, Qatar Sports Investments (QSI) made it clear that a larger stadium is necessary to establish PSG as one of leading European clubs. Originally, there were two options under consideration: move to the Stade de France or expand the Parc des Princes. The former was discarded following the redevelopments made to the Parc des Princes ahead of the Euro 2016.[24] There have also been rumours that QSI are interested in buying the Parc des Princes for a fee believed to be around €150m.[12]

Major tournament matches edit

FIFA World Cup edit

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance Edition
4 June 1938    Switzerland 1–1 (a.e.t.)   Germany Round of 16 27,152 1938 FIFA World Cup
9 June 1938   Germany 2–4    Switzerland Round of 16 replay 20,025
16 June 1938   Hungary 5–1   Sweden Semi-finals 20,000
15 June 1998   Germany 2–0   United States Group stage 45,500 1998 FIFA World Cup
19 June 1998   Nigeria 1–0   Bulgaria Group stage 45,500
21 June 1998   Argentina 5–0   Jamaica Group stage 45,500
25 June 1998   Belgium 1–1   South Korea Group stage 45,500
28 June 1998   Brazil 4–1   Chile Round of 16 45,500
11 July 1998   Netherlands 1–2   Croatia Third place play-off 45,500

FIFA Women's World Cup edit

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance Edition
7 June 2019   France 4–0   South Korea Group stage 45,261 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup
10 June 2019   Argentina 0–0   Japan Group stage 25,055
13 June 2019   South Africa 0–1   China Group stage 20,011
16 June 2019   United States 3–0   Chile Group stage 45,594
19 June 2019   Scotland 3–3   Argentina Group stage 28,205
24 June 2019   Sweden 1–0   Canada Round of 16 38,078
28 June 2019   France 1–2   United States Quarter-finals 45,595

UEFA European Championship edit

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance Edition
6 July 1960   France 4–5   Yugoslavia Semi-finals 26,370 1960 European Nations' Cup
10 July 1960   Soviet Union 2–1 (a.e.t.)   Yugoslavia Final 17,966
12 June 1984   France 1–0   Denmark Group stage 47,570 UEFA Euro 1984
20 June 1984   West Germany 0–1   Spain Group stage 47,691
27 June 1984   France 2–0   Spain Final 47,368
12 June 2016   Turkey 0–1   Croatia Group stage 43,842 UEFA Euro 2016
15 June 2016   Romania 1–1    Switzerland Group stage 43,576
18 June 2016   Portugal 0–0   Austria Group stage 44,291
21 June 2016   Northern Ireland 0–1   Germany Group stage 44,125
25 June 2016   Wales 1–0   Northern Ireland Round of 16 44,342

UEFA Champions League edit

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance Edition
13 June 1956   Real Madrid 4–3   Reims Final 38,239 1955–56 European Cup
28 May 1975   Bayern Munich 2–0   Leeds United Final 48,374 1974–75 European Cup
27 May 1981   Liverpool 1–0   Real Madrid Final 48,360 1980–81 European Cup

UEFA Cup Winners' Cup edit

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance Edition
3 May 1978   Anderlecht 4–0   Austria Wien Final 48,679 1977–78 European Cup Winners' Cup
10 May 1995   Arsenal 1–2   Real Zaragoza Final 42,424 1994–95 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup

UEFA Europa League edit

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance Edition
6 May 1998   Lazio 0–3   Inter Milan Final 44,412 1997–98 UEFA Cup

UEFA Super Cup edit

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance Edition
15 January 1997   Paris Saint-Germain 1–6   Juventus Final 29,519 1996 UEFA Super Cup

Latin Cup edit

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance Edition
29 June 1952   Barcelona 1–0   Nice Final Unknown 1952 Latin Cup
26 June 1955   Real Madrid 2–0   Reims Final Unknown 1955 Latin Cup

Rugby World Cup edit

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance Edition
19 October 1991   France 10–19   England Quarter-finals 48,500 1991 Rugby World Cup
9 September 2007   South Africa 59–7   Samoa Pool stage 46,575 2007 Rugby World Cup
19 September 2007   Italy 31–5   Portugal Pool stage 45,476
28 September 2007   England 36–20   Tonga Pool stage 45,085
30 September 2007   Ireland 15–30   Argentina Pool stage 45,450
19 October 2007   France 10–34   Argentina Bronze final 45,958

Rugby League World Cup edit

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance Edition
30 October 1954   France 22–13   New Zealand Group stage 13,240 1954 Rugby League World Cup
13 November 1954   France 12–16   Great Britain Final 30,368
1 November 1972   Australia 9–5   New Zealand Group stage 8,000 1972 Rugby League World Cup

European Rugby Champions Cup edit

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Attendance Edition
19 May 2001   Stade Français 30–34   Leicester Tigers Final 44,000 2000–01 Heineken Cup

Concerts edit

Since its musical debut in June 1988, when Michael Jackson took the stage, the Parc des Princes has often hosted major concerts. Jackson played there again in 1997. The stadium was also used as a venue by other major artists, including The Rolling Stones and Prince in 1990, Johnny Hallyday in 1993, and David Bowie in 1997, as part of the Rock Festival in Paris. Following a show from U2 in 1997, the venue had a six-year musical hiatus.[25]

Johnny Hallyday's second stint in June 2003, with three concerts to celebrate his 60th anniversary, reactivated the music scene at the Parc des Princes. It subsequently welcomed the likes of Red Hot Chili Peppers (2004), Metallica (2004), Moby (2005), Iron Maiden (2005), Robbie Williams (2006), Muse (2007), Genesis (2007), Bruce Springsteen (2008), and Coldplay (2009). In June 2010, French hip hop group Suprême NTM and American rock band Green Day marked the last music chapter at the stadium in a long time.[25]

In June 2022, DJ Snake became the first artist to perform at the Parc des Princes in twelve years. He was followed by French singer Dadju later that same month.[25]

Gallery edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Pouvoir d'achat de l'euro et du franc" (in French). Insee. Retrieved 15 December 2023.
  2. ^ Guillaume, Vincent (11 September 2022). "Souvenirs : Quand le PSG et le PFC jouaient ensemble au Parc des Princes !". Memosport.fr (in French). Retrieved 21 July 2023.
  3. ^ a b c "PARC DES PRINCES". Paris2024. Archived from the original on 15 August 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Parc des Princes". UEFA.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  5. ^ "Parc des Princes". PSG.FR. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "The lowdown on the Parc des Princes". Real Madrid CF. 21 October 2015. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  7. ^ "Plan du Parc". PSG.FR. Archived from the original on 3 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  8. ^ "PSG firmly in the pantheon". FIFA.com. 17 October 2008. Archived from the original on 5 October 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Le Parc des Princes". Info PSG. Archived from the original on 21 August 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  10. ^ "PSG-OM, record d'affluence au Parc des Princes en L1". Paris.canal-historique. 24 October 2016. Archived from the original on 23 November 2016. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  11. ^ "Parc des Princes Paris". Stadium and Attendances. Archived from the original on 19 August 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Parc des Princes". The Blizzard. 4 September 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  13. ^ "World Cup 1954". Rugby League Project. 10 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  14. ^ a b "Euro 2016: Parc des Princes". StadiumDB.com. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  15. ^ a b "French Rugby Teams: Tradition, Talent, and Triumph". OVAL3. 29 November 2023. Retrieved 2 February 2024.
  16. ^ a b "Histoire du Paris Saint Germain". PSG70. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  17. ^ a b "A brief history: Paris FC". thefootballcult – Medium. 16 January 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  18. ^ "Millième au Parc des Princes : ces dix matches qui ont fait l'histoire du PSG". Europe1. 9 September 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  19. ^ "1973 - 1978 : Paris se replace sur la scène française". Paris United. 19 November 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  20. ^ "Le PSG et Manchester City, les faux jumeaux". Le Monde. 5 April 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
  21. ^ "Le grand retour des Bleus au Parc des Princes". Sport24 - Le Figaro. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  22. ^ "Paris: PSG confirm next 30 years at Parc des Princes". StadiumDB.com. 27 November 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  23. ^ a b c d e f "Paris Saint-Germain finish Parc des Princes renovation but eye expansion". Goal.com. 11 May 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  24. ^ "Paris: 2024 Olympics could accelerate Parc des Princes expansion". StadiumDB.com. 11 May 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  25. ^ a b c "Concerts au Parc des Princes, le retour". PSG.FR. 8 June 2022. Retrieved 12 August 2022.

External links edit

Preceded by
All 8 venues used for
the 1934 FIFA World Cup,
matches on the first day were
all played at the same time
FIFA World Cup
Opening match venue

1938
Succeeded by
Preceded by
first stadium
European Cup
Final venue

1956
Succeeded by
Preceded by
first stadium
European Nations' Cup
Final venue

1960
Succeeded by
Estadio Santiago Bernabéu
Madrid
Preceded by European Cup
Final venue

1975
Succeeded by
Preceded by European Cup Winners' Cup
Final venue

1978
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Santiago Bernabéu Stadium
Madrid
European Cup
Final venue

1981
Succeeded by
Preceded by UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Final venue

1995
Succeeded by
Preceded by UEFA Cup
Final venue

1998
Succeeded by