Stadion Feijenoord (pronounced [ˌstaːdijɔɱ ˈfɛiənoːrt]), more commonly known by its nickname De Kuip (pronounced [də ˈkœyp], the Tub),[3] is a stadium in Rotterdam, Netherlands. It was completed in 1937. The name is derived from the Feijenoord district in Rotterdam, and from the club with the same name (although the club's name was internationalised to Feyenoord in 1973).

Stadion Feijenoord
de Kuip
Rotterdam feyenoord stadion 1.jpg
Full nameStadion Feijenoord
LocationRotterdam, Netherlands
Capacity47,500[1](limited capacity) 51,117[2]
50,000 (concerts)
Construction
Built1935–1937
Opened27 March 1937; 85 years ago (1937-03-27)
Renovated1994
ArchitectLeendert van der Vlugt
Broekbakema (renovation)
Tenants
Feyenoord (1937–present)
Netherlands national football team (selected matches)
Website
www.dekuip.nl

The stadium's original capacity was 64,000. In 1949, it was expanded to 69,000, and in 1994 it was converted to a 51,117-seat all-seater. In 1999, a significant amount of restoration and interior work took place at the stadium prior to its use as a venue in the UEFA Euro 2000 tournament, although capacity was largely unaffected.

HistoryEdit

De Kuip before the KNVB Cup final in April 2014

Leen van Zandvliet, Feyenoord's president in the 1930s, came up with the idea of building an entirely new stadium, unlike any other on the continent, with two free hanging tiers and no obstacles blocking the view. Contemporary examples were Highbury, where the West and East stands had been recently built as a double deck, and Yankee Stadium in New York. Johannes Brinkman and Leendert van der Vlugt, the famous designers of the Van Nelle factory in Rotterdam were asked to design a stadium out of glass, concrete and steel, cheap materials at that time. The stadium was co-financed by the billionaire Daniël George van Beuningen, who made his fortune in World War I, exporting coal from Germany to Britain through neutral Netherlands.

In World War II, the stadium was nearly torn down for scrap by German occupiers. After the war, the stadium's capacity was expanded in 1949; stadium lights were added in 1958. On 29 October 1991, De Kuip was named as being one of Rotterdam's monuments.[4] In 1994 the stadium was extensively renovated to its present form:[4] It became all-seater, and the roof was extended to cover all the seats. An extra building was constructed for commercial use by Feyenoord, it also houses a restaurant and a museum, The Home of History.[5]

Facilities and related buildingsEdit

Next to De Kuip and Feyenoord's training ground there is another, but smaller, sports arena, the Topsportcentrum Rotterdam. This arena hosts events in many sports and in various levels of competition. Some examples of sports that can be seen in the topsportcentrum are judo, volleyball and handball.[6]

Commercial usesEdit

Football historyEdit

De Kuip is currently the home stadium of football club Feyenoord, one of the traditional top teams in the Netherlands. It has also long been one of the home grounds of the Netherlands national football team, having hosted over 150 international matches, with the first one being a match against Belgium on 2 May 1937. In 1963, De Kuip staged the final of the European Cup Winners' Cup, with Tottenham Hotspur becoming the first British club to win a European trophy, defeating Atlético Madrid 5–1. A record ten European finals have taken place in the stadium, the last one being the 2002 UEFA Cup Final in which Feyenoord, coincidentally playing a home match, defeated Borussia Dortmund 3–2. As a result, Feyenoord holds the distinction of being the only club to win a one-legged European final in their own stadium. In 2000, the Feijenoord stadium hosted the final of Euro 2000, played in the Netherlands and Belgium, where France defeated Italy 2–1 in extra time.[4]

Date Winners Result Runners-up Round Attendance
15 May 1963   Tottenham Hotspur 5–1   Atlético Madrid 1963 European Cup Winners' Cup Final 49,000
23 May 1968   Milan 2–0   Hamburger SV 1968 European Cup Winners' Cup Final 53,000
31 May 1972   Ajax 2–0   Inter Milan 1972 European Cup Final 61,354
8 May 1974   Magdeburg 2–0   Milan 1974 European Cup Winners' Cup Final 6,461
26 May 1982   Aston Villa 1–0   Bayern Munich 1982 European Cup Final 46,000
15 May 1985   Everton 3–1   Rapid Wien 1985 European Cup Winners' Cup Final 38,500
15 May 1991   Manchester United 2–1   Barcelona 1991 European Cup Winners' Cup Final 43,500
14 May 1997   Barcelona 1–0   Paris Saint-Germain 1997 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Final 36,802
2 July 2000   France
2–1 (g.g.)
  Italy UEFA Euro 2000 Final 50,000
8 May 2002   Feyenoord 3–2   Borussia Dortmund 2002 UEFA Cup Final 45,611

ConcertsEdit

The stadium has hosted concerts since 1978. Among the first performers at De Kuip were Bruce Springsteen and Eric Clapton.[4] David Bowie held his dress rehearsals and subsequently opened his 1987 Glass Spider Tour at the stadium.[7]

New stadiumEdit

Since 2006, Feyenoord has been working on plans for a new stadium, initially planned for 2017 completion and an estimated capacity for 85,000 people. In 2014, Feyenoord decided to renovate the stadium, making it a 70,000 seater with a retractable roof. Building was planned to start in summer 2015, and finish in 2018 with total costs of an estimated €200 million. Part of the plan was a new training facility, costing an extra €16 million.[8]

In March 2016, Feyenoord announced that they instead preferred building a new stadium.[9] In May 2017, the city of Rotterdam agreed with a plan to build a new stadium with a capacity of 63,000 seats. In December 2019, Feyenoord announced that if construction of the new stadium was given in the final go-ahead in 2020 the stadium will open its doors in the summer of 2025.[10]

Euro 2000Edit

Date Team 1 Result Team 2 Round
13 June 2000   Spain
0–1
  Norway Group C
16 June 2000   Denmark
0–3
  Netherlands Group D
20 June 2000   Portugal
3–0
  Germany Group A
25 June 2000   Netherlands
6–1
  FR Yugoslavia Quarter-finals
2 July 2000   France
2–1
(asdet)
  Italy Final

Average attendance numbers per season, 1937–2007Edit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Stadion Feijenoord" (in Dutch). dekuip.nl. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  2. ^ "Stadion Feijenoord – Het mooiste voetbalstadion van Nederland".
  3. ^ "Some of the world's scariest places to play or watch football". BBC News. 9 November 2018. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d "Feijenoord – historie". vasf.nl. Archived from the original on 2007-05-16.
  5. ^ "Home of History". stadionfeijenoord.nl. Archived from the original on 2007-02-07.
  6. ^ "Topsportcentrum Rotterdam". topsportcentrum.nl.
  7. ^ Currie, David (1987), David Bowie: Glass Idol (1st ed.), London and Margate, England: Omnibus Press, ISBN 0-7119-1182-7
  8. ^ http://www.feyenoord.nl/nieuws/nieuwsoverzicht/feyenoord-kiest-voor-vernieuwbouwde-kuip-ffc. Feyenoord.nl (in Dutch)
  9. ^ http://www.rijnmond.nl/nieuws/139913/Feyenoord-wil-nieuwe-Kuip-langs-de-Maas. Rijnmond.nl (in Dutch)
  10. ^ "Bij groen licht opent het nieuwe stadion in 2025". Feyenoord (in Dutch). 10 December 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019.

External linksEdit

Events and tenants
Preceded by European Cup Winners' Cup
Final venue

1963
Succeeded by
Preceded by European Cup Winners' Cup
Final venue

1968
Succeeded by
Preceded by European Cup
Final venue

1972
Succeeded by
Preceded by European Cup Winners' Cup
Final venue

1974
Succeeded by
Preceded by European Cup
Final venue

1982
Succeeded by
Preceded by European Cup Winners' Cup
Final venue

1985
Succeeded by
Preceded by European Cup Winners' Cup
Final venue

1991
Succeeded by
Preceded by UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Final venue

1997
Succeeded by
Preceded by UEFA European Championship
Final venue

2000
Succeeded by
Preceded by UEFA Cup
Final venue

2002
Succeeded by

Coordinates: 51°53′38.02″N 4°31′23.71″E / 51.8938944°N 4.5232528°E / 51.8938944; 4.5232528