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The Stade de Gerland (known for sponsorship reasons as Matmut Stadium de Gerland and otherwise known as Municipal de Gerland or Stade Gerland [stad ʒɛʁlɑ̃]) is a stadium in the city of Lyon, France which serves as home to Top 14 rugby club Lyon OU. It has a seating capacity of 25,000.

Matmut Stadium de Gerland
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Full nameStade de Gerland
Location353, Avenue Jean-Jaurès, 69007 VIIè Arrondissement, Lyon, France
Coordinates45°43′26″N 4°49′56″E / 45.72389°N 4.83222°E / 45.72389; 4.83222Coordinates: 45°43′26″N 4°49′56″E / 45.72389°N 4.83222°E / 45.72389; 4.83222
OwnerCity of Lyon
OperatorLyon OU
Capacity25,000
Field size105 x 68 m
SurfaceGrass
Construction
Built1914
Opened1926
Expanded1960, 1980, 1998
Construction cost32.7m
(including renovations)
ArchitectTony Garnier
René Gagis (renovation)
Tenants
Olympique Lyonnais (1950–2015)
Lyon OU (2017–present)

Situated in the Gerland quarter, it was used by French professional football club Olympique Lyonnais, who moved to the newly constructed Parc Olympique Lyonnais in 2016. Local rugby union club Lyon OU moved in beginning of 2017, replacing their much smaller stadium Matmut Stadium. The stadium's capacity was also reduced from 43,000 to a more reasonable 25,000.

The Stade de Gerland is listed as a Category three stadium by UEFA's standards and has hosted matches for the 1972 Rugby League World Cup, UEFA Euro 1984, the 1998 FIFA World Cup, and the 2007 Rugby World Cup.

The stadium has hosted concerts by many famous artists, including The Rolling Stones, Michael Jackson, David Bowie, Pink Floyd and Genesis. Former president Nicholas Sarkozy played at this arena with his rock band when he was a teenager, before getting involved in politics.

Contents

HistoryEdit

In 1910, the mayor of Lyon, Édouard Herriot, came up with the idea to develop and build a sports stadium with an athletics track and a velodrome in the city. In 1912, the stadium was officially mandated and local architect Tony Garnier was given the reins to designing and constructing it. Construction began in 1914 with hopes that the stadium would be completed before the International Exhibition of 1914. However, due to World War I, construction was temporarily halted, but resumed following the wars conclusion in 1919 with the assistance of a large number of German POWs. By 1920, the stadium was completely functional. In 1926, the Stade de Gerland was inaugurated by Herriot.

The stadium originally had a cycling track, but it was removed in order to increase the seating capacity to 50,000. In 1984, minor renovations were made to the stadium by architect Rene Gagis in order to bring the stadium up to standards for UEFA Euro 1984. This included construction of the Jean Bouin and Jean Jaurès stands. Further renovations were needed to prepare the stadium for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, as by that time FIFA had mandated that all stadiums used for international matches, including the World Cup, had to be all-seated. The north and south stands were completely dismantled and rebuilt, the Jean Jaurès and Jean Bouin side stands were untouched and the athletics track that had remained, even after the cycling track had been removed, was taken out. The renovations were done by architect Albert Constantin. The new incarnation of Gerland had a maximum capacity of 40,500.

Since 1950 the stadium has been home to French professional football club Olympique Lyonnais who play in Ligue 1, France's highest football division. Lyon moved into the stadium as a result of splitting from the Lyon Olympique Universitaire sport club, which played at the Stade des Iris. The record attendance for a Ligue 1 match is 48,552 for a derby match between Olympique Lyonnais and AS Saint-Étienne in 1982.

During the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup semi-final at the stadium between Cameroon and Colombia, Cameroon midfielder Marc-Vivien Foé collapsed on the pitch and died shortly afterwards in hospital.[1]

ArtistsEdit

Gerland is also used for events of mass such as The Rolling Stones's concerts, Michael Jackson, Pink Floyd, Johnny Hallyday, Genesis.

UEFA Euro 1984Edit

The stadium was one of the venues of the UEFA Euro 1984, and held the following matches:

Date Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
16 June 1984   Denmark 5–0   Yugoslavia Group A 24,736
24 June 1984   Spain 1–1 (5–4 pen.)   Denmark Semi-finals 47,843

1998 FIFA World CupEdit

The stadium was one of the venues of the 1998 FIFA World Cup, and held the following matches:

Date Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
13 June 1998   South Korea 1–3   Mexico Group E 39,100
15 June 1998   Romania 1–0   Colombia Group G 39,100
21 June 1998   United States 1–2   Iran Group F 39,100
24 June 1998   France 2–1   Denmark Group C 39,100
26 June 1998   Japan 1–2   Jamaica Group H 39,100
4 July 1998   Germany 0–3   Croatia Quarter-finals 39,100

2003 FIFA Confederations CupEdit

The stadium was one of the venues of the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup, and held the following matches:

Date Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
18 June 2003   France 1–0   Colombia Group A 38,541
20 June 2003   Colombia 3–1   New Zealand Group A 22,811
21 June 2003   Brazil 1–0   United States Group B 20,306
23 June 2003   United States 0–0   Cameroon Group B 19,206
26 June 2003   Cameroon 1–0   Colombia Semi-finals 12,352

2007 Rugby World CupEdit

The stadium hosted three pool matches in the 2007 Rugby World Cup: Australia vs Japan, Argentina vs Georgia and New Zealand vs Portugal.

Rugby LeagueEdit

Stade de Gerland played host to the 1972 Rugby League World Cup Final between Great Britain and Australia. The French public seemed uninterested in a final that did not involve the French team, as only 4,231 spectators turned up. The game will always be remembered by the British for their captain Clive Sullivan's wonderful long distance try, and by the Australians for perhaps "The greatest try never scored", later shown on TV to be legitimately scored by Australian fullback Graeme Langlands, but disallowed by French referee Georges Jameau who believed him to be offside (TV footage indicated Langlands had been approximately one metre behind halfback Dennis Ward as he put up his kick). Lions hooker Mike Stephenson scored the 73rd-minute try that helped Great Britain level the scores and secure the World Cup. Had Aussie winger Ray Branighan succeeded with a 79th-minute penalty, or Bob Fulton landed one of three drop goal attempts in the last five minutes, the cup could easily have gone to Australia. But for the first time in the competition's history the scores were level at full time. An additional twenty minutes extra time was played, but no further score resulted, and Great Britain were awarded the cup by virtue of a better W-L record and due to having defeated Australia earlier in the tournament.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cameroon star Foe dies". BBC Sport. 26 June 2003. Retrieved 5 January 2008.
  2. ^ 1972 Rugby League World Cup Final highlights

External linksEdit