Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Croatia national football team

The Croatia national football team (Croatian: Hrvatska nogometna reprezentacija) represents Croatia in international association football matches. The team is controlled by the Croatian Football Federation (HNS), the nation's governing body for football, and is widely supported throughout the country due to the ever-present popularity of the sport. Most home matches are played at the Stadion Maksimir in Zagreb or at the Stadion Poljud in Split, though other smaller venues are also used occasionally. They are one of the youngest national teams (since formation) to reach the knockout stage of a major tournament, as well as the youngest team to occupy the top 10 in the FIFA World Rankings.

Croatia
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) Vatreni (The Blazers or Fiery Ones)
Kockasti (The Chequered Ones)
Il furioso incendio (Istrian Italian for: Blazing Fire)
Association Croatian Football Federation
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Head coach Zlatko Dalić
Captain Luka Modrić
Most caps Darijo Srna (134)
Top scorer Davor Šuker (45)
Home stadium Various
FIFA code CRO
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 4 Increase 16 (16 August 2018)
Highest 3 (January 1999)
Lowest 125 (March 1994)
Elo ranking
Current 7 Increase (16 July 2018)
Highest 5 (July 1998, July 2018)
Lowest 26 (October 2002)
First international
Flag of Banate of Croatia (1939-1941).svg Croatia 4–0 Switzerland  
(Zagreb, Croatia; 2 April 1940)
as modern Croatia
 Croatia 2–1 United States 
(Zagreb, Croatia; 17 October 1990)
Biggest win
 Croatia 10–0 San Marino 
(Rijeka, Croatia; 4 June 2016)
Biggest defeat
 England 5–1 Croatia 
(London, England; 9 September 2009)
World Cup
Appearances 5 (first in 1998)
Best result Runners-up (2018)
European Championship
Appearances 5 (first in 1996)
Best result Quarter-finals (1996, 2008)

Croatia has represented itself as an independent nation since 1993, when the team was officially recognised by both FIFA and UEFA following dissolution from Yugoslavia. However, short-lived national sides were briefly active during periods of political upheaval, representing sovereign states such as the Banovina of Croatia from 1939 to 1941, or the Independent State of Croatia from 1941 to 1944. Before the current team was formed, most Croatian players represented the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia instead. The modern-day team has played competitive matches since 1994, starting with a successful qualifying campaign for the 1996 European Championships. In 1998, they competed in their first FIFA World Cup, finishing 3rd and providing the tournament's top scorer, Davor Šuker. Exactly twenty years later, under their second golden generation, Croatia reached the 2018 World Cup Final, securing second place and featuring the tournament's best player, Luka Modrić.

Among other nicknames, the team is colloquially referred to as the Vatreni ("Blazers" or "Fiery Ones") or the Kockasti ("Chequered"). In the Italian-speaking counties the team is known as Il furioso incendio ("The Blazing Fire"). Since becoming eligible to compete, Croatia has only failed to qualify for two major tournaments; the 2000 European Championship and the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Their biggest defeat came in 2009 with a 5–1 loss to England, while their highest-scoring victory was a 10–0 friendly win over San Marino in 2016. The national team is also known for some long-standing rivalries, such as the Derby Adriatico with Italy, or the politically-charged rivalry with Serbia, both of which have led to controversial or disruptive matches.

The team represents the second-smallest country by population and land mass to reach the World Cup final, behind Uruguay and Netherlands respectively. At major tournaments, Croatia holds joint-records for longest period between one goal and another of a player (2002–2014), most penalty shootouts played (2), most extra time periods played (3) and most penalties saved in a match (3). They are also one of only two teams—along with Colombia—to be named FIFA's "Best Mover of the Year" more than once, winning the award in 1994 and 1998.[1][2] Upon admission to FIFA, Croatia was ranked 125th in the world; following the 1998 World Cup campaign, the side rose to third place in the rankings, making it the most volatile team in FIFA Rankings history.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Pre-independenceEdit

 
The first recognised Croatian team played against Switzerland in 1940.

Association football was first introduced to Croatia by English expatriates working on industrial projects in Rijeka and Županja in 1873. By 1907, local clubs had been established in Croatia and a modern edition of the sport's laws was translated and published.[3] Before the nation's independence, Croatian footballers played for the national teams of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1919–39) and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1945–92), though during periods of political upheaval, ethnically Croatian sides occasionally formed to play unofficial matches.[4] A hastily arranged Croatian side, managed by Hugo Kinert, played a few matches in 1918–19.[5][6]

In 1940, Jozo Jakopić led an unofficial national team representing the Banovina of Croatia (part of Kingdom of Yugoslavia) in four friendly matches, against Switzerland and Hungary.[7] Following invasion by the Axis powers, the Croatian Football Federation became briefly active, joining FIFA on 17 July 1941, representing the Independent State of Croatia. The side, led by Rudolf Hitrec, went on to play 15 friendly matches, 14 of those as a member of FIFA.[8][9] Croatia's first recorded result as a FIFA member was a 1–1 draw with Slovakia on 8 September in Bratislava.[7] The Independent State of Croatia continued playing matches until 1945 and the end of World War II, when SR Croatia was formed as constituent part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.[9] From 1950 to 1956, unofficial Croatian teams were briefly active once again—winning games against Indonesia and a Yugoslav team playing as "Serbia".[6] The Yugoslavia squad at the 1956 Summer Olympics included Croatian footballers,[10] as did Yugoslavia in World Cup and European Championship tournaments up to 1990.[11][12]

Official formationEdit

The last Yugoslav team to field a considerable Croatian contingent played against Faroe Islands on 16 May 1991, days before Croatia's independence referendum.[13] However, an unofficial Croatian team was formed shortly before, and played the team's first modern international game, against the United States on 17 October 1990 at Maksimir Stadium. The game, which Croatia won 2–1,[14] was one of three games played under caretaker manager Dražan Jerković. The match against the American side also marked the introduction of Croatia's national jersey, inspired by the chequered design of the country's coat of arms.[15] Although Croatia was still officially part of Yugoslavia until its independence declaration on 8 October 1991, this team already served as a de facto national side.[16][17] Croatia went on to win two more friendly games under Jerković, against Romania in December 1990 and Slovenia in June 1991.

On 3 July 1992, Croatia was re-admitted to FIFA, playing its first official matches in the modern era against Australia in Melbourne, Adelaide and Sydney. This team was led by Stanko Poklepović as part of an international exhibition tour; in April 1993, Vlatko Marković was appointed as manager. Croatia finally gained admission into UEFA in June 1993, which was too late for the national team to enter the 1994 FIFA World Cup qualifiers, as these already commenced the year before. Marković only led the team in one match, a home win against Ukraine in June 1993, before being dismissed in February 1994 and replaced by Miroslav Blažević the following month. The team's performances before Croatia's official independence were not recorded by FIFA, so they entered the World Rankings in 125th place.[18][19] Blažević led Croatia's qualifying campaign for Euro 1996, beginning with the nation's first post-independence competitive victory, a 2–0 win over Estonia on 4 September 1994. Their first competitive defeat came on 11 June 1995 in a 1–0 away loss to Ukraine during the same qualifying campaign.[7] They eventually finished first in their qualifying group[20] and won FIFA's 1994 Best Mover of the Year award as they moved up to 62nd in the rankings by the end of the year.[21]

Blažević period and the "golden generation" (1994–99)Edit

Goran Vlaović scored the team's first goal at a major tournament, a late winner against Turkey at the City Ground in Nottingham in their first group match at Euro 96.[22] After their opening victory, Croatia beat reigning champions Denmark 3–0,[23] but went on to lose against Portugal by the same scoreline in their final group fixture.[24] Croatia still advanced to the knockout stage, but were beaten in the quarter-finals 1–2 by Germany, who went on to win the tournament.[25]

In spite of the quarter-final exit, Blažević continued to lead Croatia in the 1998 World Cup qualifying campaign, which ended successfully after an aggregate victory against Ukraine in the two-legged play-off. In the group stage of the World Cup, Croatia beat Jamaica and Japan but lost to Argentina, before defeating Romania to reach a quarter-final tie against Germany, then ranked second in the world.[26] Croatia won 3–0 with goals from Robert Jarni, Goran Vlaović and Davor Šuker, all after Christian Wörns had been sent off. Croatia then faced the host nation, France, in the semi-final. After a goalless first-half, Croatia took the lead, only to concede two goals by opposing defender Lilian Thuram and lose 1–2. In the third-place match, Croatia beat the Netherlands 2–1, with Davor Šuker winning the Golden Boot award for scoring the most goals of the tournament with six goals in seven games.[27] Croatia's performance in 1998 was among the best debut performances in the World Cup (equaling Portugal's third place debut finish at the 1966 World Cup), and as a result, Croatia rose to number three in the January 1999 FIFA World Rankings, their highest ranking to date.[19][11] For their achievements, the team of the 1990s was dubbed the "Golden Generation."[28][29] A considerable portion of this squad (Jarni, Štimac, Boban, Prosinečki and Šuker), previously won the 1987 FIFA World Youth Championship with the Yugoslavia under-20 team.

Despite good performances in their first two major competitions, Croatia's qualifying campaign for Euro 2000 was less successful, as they finished third in their qualifying group behind Yugoslavia and Republic of Ireland, and thus failed to qualify.[30] Both fixtures against archenemies Yugoslavia (the rump state later renamed Serbia and Montenegro) ended in draws, which prevented Croatia from qualifying for the tournament.[31]

Barić, Kranjčar, and Bilić periods (2000–12)Edit

 
Croatian football fans during the 2001 international season.

Although Blažević continued his tenure in spite of failure to qualify for Euro 2000, he resigned in October 2000 following draws against Belgium and Scotland in the first two games of the 2002 World Cup qualifiers. His successor at the helm of the national team was Mirko Jozić, who previously led the Yugoslavia under-20 team to a World Cup triumph in 1987. Despite the retirement of many Golden Generation players, Croatia went unbeaten during the rest of the qualifiers. They opened their 2002 World Cup campaign with a narrow loss to Mexico before producing a surprise 2–1 victory over Euro 2000 finalists Italy in the next fixture, giving life to hopes of passing through to the knockout stage.[32][33] However, they lost their final group fixture to Ecuador and were eliminated.[34] Jozić then resigned, and was replaced in July 2002 by Croatian-Austrian Otto Barić, the team's first manager born outside the Balkans.[35][36]

During Barić's tenure, most of the remaining players from the Golden Generation squad were gradually replaced by younger players over the course of the Euro 2004 qualifiers. Croatia went on to qualify for the tournament with a playoff victory against Slovenia, winning 2–1 on aggregate after Dado Pršo's decisive late goal in the second leg.[37] At the finals tournament in Portugal, Croatia drew 0–0 with Switzerland and 2–2 with reigning champions France[38] only to lose to England 2–4 and suffer another elimination in the group stage.[39] Barić's two-year contract ended in June 2004 and was not renewed.[40] Former Croatia international Zlatko Kranjčar, appointed to succeed Barić in July 2004, led the team through the 2006 World Cup qualifiers without losing a single match and topping the group ahead of Sweden and Bulgaria.[41][42] However, local media outlets accused him of nepotism for selecting his son Niko Kranjčar for the national squad.[43] At the 2006 World Cup, Croatia lost their opening game to Brazil and drew 0–0 with Japan after Darijo Srna missed a first-half penalty.[44][45] A 2–2 draw with Australia, in which three players were sent off, confirmed Croatia's exit in the group stage.[46] The game was also notable for a mistake by referee Graham Poll, who gave three yellow cards to Croatian defender Josip Šimunić, failing to send him off after his second offense. He later stated that he mistook Šimunić for an Australian player due to his Australian accent.[note 1] Poll was heavily criticised for losing control of the match, and retired from refereeing shortly afterwards.[47]

 
Croatia vs. Brazil at the 2006 FIFA World Cup

In July 2006, the Croatian Football Federation replaced Kranjčar with Slaven Bilić, who played for the national team during their Golden Generation era.[48] Bilić, who previously managed the under-21 team between 2004 and 2006, introduced a host of young players into the squad, which ultimately proved successful. His first game was a friendly away victory against 2006 World Cup champions Italy.[49][50] After controversially suspending Darijo Srna, Ivica Olić and Boško Balaban for missing a curfew after a turbofolk nightclub outing, Bilić led the team through qualifiers for Euro 2008.[51] Croatia topped their group, losing only one game to Macedonia and beating England twice, who as a result failed to qualify for the first time since 1984.[52][53]

Shortly before the European Championships, first-choice striker Eduardo, who was the team's top goalscorer during qualifying, suffered a compound fracture while playing for Arsenal in the Premier League. Bilić was forced to alter his final Euro 2008 squad significantly and recruited Nikola Kalinić and Nikola Pokrivač, neither of whom had yet played competitive games for the national team.[54][55] The team received criticism after poor attacking performances in warm-up games against Scotland and Moldova, but at the tournament they beat Austria, Germany and Poland in the group stages to reach the quarter-finals with maximum group points for the first time in their tournament history.[56][57][58] Niko Kovač remained team captain at what was expected to be his final international tournament, except in the final group fixture when Dario Šimić temporarily held the captain's armband.[59][60] Croatia's campaign ended dramatically when they lost a penalty shoot-out to Turkey, with Luka Modrić, Mladen Petrić and Ivan Rakitić all missing their penalties. Croatia left the tournament with records for fewest goals conceded (2), fewest games lost (0),[note 2] and earliest goal (in the fourth minute of their opening game against Austria; this was also the all-time earliest successful penalty at the European Championship Finals).[61][62][63][64]

Following the tournament, Bilić renewed his contract, becoming the first manager since Blažević to lead Croatia to successive tournaments.[65] Croatia were again drawn to play England in the qualifying stages for the 2010 World Cup; the tie was voted the most anticipated of the campaign on FIFA.com.[66] After a home win against Kazakhstan Croatia lost at home to England, ending a 14-year unbeaten home record.[67][68] The team was eventually weakened due to a number of key players' injuries and went on to suffer their heaviest defeat in history, losing 5–1 to England at Wembley Stadium. Although Croatia defeated Kazakhstan in their final qualifying fixture, they were ultimately eliminated as Ukraine, who had previously defeated group leaders England, beat Andorra to win second place in the group. Bilić was once again heavily expected to resign as national coach, but instead vowed to renew his contract and remain in charge.

 
Croatia vs. Italy match at UEFA Euro 2012

Despite heavy loss of form, which also saw the team fall outside the top ten in the FIFA rankings, Croatia were placed in the top tier of teams for the UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying draw; Croatia was previously a candidate to co-host the tournament with Hungary which would have allowed the team to qualify automatically, but UEFA eventually chose Poland and Ukraine as hosts instead. Despite being top-seeds in their qualifying group, Croatia finished second behind Greece, settling for a play-off against Euro 2008 rivals Turkey.[69] Croatia proceeded to beat Turkey 3–0 on aggregate, with all three goals coming in the away leg in Istanbul, thereby qualifying for the 2012 European championship. In the proceeding group-stage draw for the tournament, Croatia were placed in the third tier of teams, and were eventually grouped with Ireland, Italy and defending champions Spain.

In the buildup towards the UEFA Euro 2012 tournament, the team's first major competition since their 2008 run at the same event, manager Slaven Bilić formally agreed a deal to manage Russian club Lokomotiv Moscow, thereby announcing he would resign from the national team when the tournament ended. Croatia opened their campaign with a comfortable 3–1 victory over the Republic of Ireland, with striker Mario Mandžukić scoring twice. Mandžukić continued his run at the tournament with an equaliser in the 1–1 draw against Italy, which was marred by controversial fan reactions and referee decisions from English official Howard Webb. In their last group match, Croatia suffered a 0–1 defeat to Spain. The late Spanish goal by Jesús Navas, along with Italy's victory over the Republic of Ireland in the final round, forced Croatia to exit the tournament in the group stage once again. Upon his formal departure, Bilić was also praised for his long-standing service to the national side. Jutarnji List daily labelled him as Croatia's only manager to depart on such positive terms and credited him for his strong revival of the national side during his six-year tenure.[70]

Štimac, Kovač and Čačić period (2012–17)Edit

 
Croatia vs. Brazil at 2014 World Cup

Following Bilić's departure, former player and pundit Igor Štimac was appointed manager of the national team. Croatia's all-time top goalscorer Davor Šuker also took over as president of the Croatian Football Federation (HNS) after the death of Vlatko Marković ended a 14-year tenure.[71][72] Štimac's managerial campaign was unsuccessful, as the team endured a succession of poor performances and narrowly finished second in their 2014 World Cup qualifying group. After only a year of his appointment, Štimac was replaced by former captain Niko Kovač, who previously managed the under-21 youth side.[73] Kovač led the team to a 2–0 aggregate victory over Iceland in the qualifying playoffs for the 2014 World Cup, with both goals coming in the home leg in Zagreb.[74] At the World Cup, Croatia were drawn with host-nation Brazil, Mexico and Cameroon. In the opening game of the tournament, Croatia lost 3–1 to Brazil. The match garnered heavy media attention and controversy as Japanese referee Yuichi Nishimura was scrutinized for a number of controversial decisions.[75] In their second game, Croatia won 4–0 against Cameroon,[76] but did not progress from the group as they lost 3–1 to Mexico in their final fixture.[77][78]

In the Euro 2016 qualifying campaign, Croatia were drawn against Italy, Bulgaria, Norway, Azerbaijan and Malta.[79] Following a goalless away draw against Azerbaijan and an away defeat to Norway,[80] in early September 2015, the Executive Committee of the Croatian Football Federation unanimously decided to terminate Kovač's contract.[81] On 21 September 2015, Ante Čačić was named as the head coach of the Croatian national team.[82] On 13 October 2015, Croatia qualified for the finals by finishing as runners-up in Group H.[83] Under Čačić, Croatia broke the record for most goals scored in one match, by beating San Marino in a friendly 10–0.[84]

At Euro 2016, Croatia were drawn in Group D; against Turkey, the Czech Republic and defending champions Spain, who had won the two previous editions of the tournament, in 2008 and 2012. Croatia began their campaign with a 1–0 win over Turkey; following a sensational long-volley kick from Luka Modrić, with the goal receiving praise and being considered one of the best of the tournament.[85][86][87] The next match was against the Czech Republic; with Croatia taking the lead through Ivan Perišić and doubling it through Ivan Rakitić, before goals from Milan Škoda and a last-minute penalty from Tomáš Necid; but the match received controversy for crowd trouble in the last minutes of the match, with Flares being thrown on the pitch and a steward being hurt by a firework during stoppage time.[88][89] Croatia's final match was against Spain; conceding an early goal from Álvaro Morata, before goals from Nikola Kalinić and a late winning goal from Ivan Perišić, securing Croatia a historic win as they topped the group, meanwhile for Spain it was their first defeat at a Euro finals match for the first time since 2004.[90][91] After the match, Croatia were tipped as one of the tournament favourites[92][93], and drew Portugal in the round of sixteen, who surprisingly finished third in the group, advancing only as the third-best third-placed team.[94] The match was extremely poor, described by BBC Sport as "abysmal", as there were no serious efforts on goal, with Ricardo Quaresma's winning goal in the 117th minute after Ivan Perišić hit the post with a header in the previous attack, knocking Croatia out of the tournament.[95] Shortly after the Euro 2016 campaign, long-standing captain Darijo Srna announced his retirement from international football, amassing a record 134 appearances for the national side. Luka Modrić was announced as his successor for team captain.[96][97]

Dalić period and the second "golden generation" (2017–present)Edit

Croatia started their 2018 World Cup qualification strongly, leading their group and remaining undefeated for the first round of matches. However, consecutive defeats against Iceland and Turkey, as well as a draw against lowly-ranked Finland threatened their qualification hopes and caused a public outcry against manager Ante Čačić.[98][99] He was quickly replaced by Zlatko Dalić, who led the team to a crucial 2–0 win against Ukraine in Kiev,[100] securing a spot in the playoff round against Greece. Croatia went on to qualify for the 2018 World Cup after beating Greece 4–1, with all goals coming in the first leg in Zagreb.[101][102]

In the buildup to the tournament,The Guardian, among other news outlets, labelled the 2017–18 squad as Croatia's second golden generation.[103][104] Key players such as Luka Modrić, Ivan Rakitić, and Mario Mandžukić drew close comparisons to their 1998 counterparts, and were expected to achieve similar success.[105][106][107] Despite a poor showing in their friendly matches, Croatia started their World Cup campaign with a 2–0 victory over Nigeria, with Luka Modrić scoring a penalty.[108][109] Modrić went on to score again in a highly-applauded 3–0 victory over previous finalists Argentina, which was also marked by Vedran Ćorluka earning his 100th cap for the national team.[110][111][112] Croatia then defeated Iceland to top the group with maximum points, marking their best ever performance in the group stages of the World Cup.[113][114]

They went on to play Denmark in the round of sixteen; the match was dubbed as Croatia's best chance to finally win a knockout round fixture at a major tournament, which they hadn't done since 1998. Despite conceding in the first minute of the match, they equalized into the fourth minute of the game to force extra-time, where Modrić failed to convert a penalty in the 116th minute. In the ensuing penalty shootout, Croatia prevailed after goalkeeper Danijel Subašić saved three penalties, equalling the record for most penalties saved in a match. This was the team's first ever successful penalty shootout, garnering praise from the local public and international media.[115][116][117] In the quarter-finals, Croatia drew 2–2 with hosts Russia, but advanced after another successful penalty shootout. This made them the first team since 1990 to win two consecutive penalty shootouts at the World Cup, and also equalled their best ever run at the tournament.[118][119][120]

 
The 2017–18 national squad, dubbed the "Second Golden Generation", posing with Vladimir Putin and Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović after the 2018 World Cup Final against France.

Croatia went on to play England in the semi-finals. After falling behind once more, they equalized to force their third consecutive extra-time, equalling another record for most extra-time matches at the tournament.[121][122] Mario Mandžukić eventually scored as Croatia won 2–1, making them the second-smallest country by population to reach the World Cup final (after Uruguay in 1930).[123][124][125] The win sparked massive celebrations across the country, as reported by several media outlets.[126][127]

In the buildup to the final, Croatian parliamentary members, including president Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, wore football jerseys in support of the team.[128][129] Online searches for the team also reached their highest level in history, as the Croatian tourist board reported a 250% increase in website visits.[130] Due to tournament structure, France received an extra day of rest before the final[131] which promoted many, most notably football manager Jose Mourinho, to label the final "unfair" and deserving of "equal opportunities".[132][133] Croatia eventually lost the final 4–2 to France, after a controversial penalty awarded by the video assistant referee (VAR).[134] After the match, Luka Modrić became the first Croatian to win the Golden Ball award for best player of the tournament. For achieving their best ever World Cup finish, the Croatian players were greeted by an estimated half a million people at their homecoming in the capital of Zagreb.[135]

On 23 January 2018, Croatia were drawn to play against England and Spain in the inaugural edition of the UEFA Nations League; an international tournament contested by all UEFA member's national teams.[136][137]

Team imageEdit

Kits and crestsEdit

 
The Croatian chequy has been a symbol of Croatia since the Middle Ages.

Croatia's modern-day jersey was designed in 1990 by locally acclaimed painter Miroslav Šutej, who also designed the nation's coat of arms and banknotes. The traditional red and white motif is based on the historic Croatian checkerboard (šahovnica), which has been used to represent Croats since the Middle Ages.[138][139][140] Although there have been many slight variations made by manufacturers Lotto and Nike since the original release, the traditional chequered theme has remained a symbol of national identity, with similar incorporation used by many Croatian national sports teams and entities.[15]

Kit supplier Period
  Uhlsport 1990–1991
  Lotto 1992–1994
  Kappa 1994
  Lotto 1994–2000
  Nike 2000–present

SupportersEdit

 
Croatia supporters at UEFA Euro 2012

Football is Croatia's most popular team sport, and the national team has developed an extensive fan base since its formation in 1991.[141] Following their run at the 1998 FIFA World Cup, just three years after the Croatian war of Independence, there was a rapid rise in domestic and global attention for the side. Balkan Insight commented that the national team became a symbol of Croatian independence from Yugoslavia.[142] However, after the death of former-president Franjo Tuđman, local political ties with the national team have loosened. All matches are widely followed and televised throughout the country, particularly during tournaments.[143]

A large part of the team's support base consists of fans of Hajduk Split and Dinamo Zagreb, the two best-supported clubs in the Croatian domestic league, the Prva HNL.[144] Both sets of fans—the Bad Blue Boys of Zagreb and The Torcida from Split—have been associated with hooliganism due to their ultra-style support[145][146], though violence between them does not occur at international matches. Heavy support for the Croatian national team also comes from Croats in Bosnia-Herzegovina, particularly from fans of Zrinjski Mostar.[147] There are also considerable Croatian communities in Australia, North America, and South America that follow the team.[148][149] Among supporters, it is customary to include an inscription of their city of origin onto the Croatian flag to indicate where they are from. They are also notable for their vocal support and orchestrated chants during matches. It is common for one section to shout "U boj, u boj" (to battle, to battle), with another responding "za narod svoj" (for our people), which is an old Croatian mantra. When the team wins, supporters often chant "Bježite ljudi, bježite iz grada" (beware people, move away from here), which is a song praising the large presence of euphoric Croatian fans.[150][151] The Croatian Football Federation endorses an official fan club for the team, known as Uvijek Vjerni (Always Faithful).[152]

The national team enjoys widespread support from various local musicians, who often release tracks dedicated to them. Former manager Slaven Bilić and his rock band released a single, "Vatreno Ludilo" (Fiery Madness), which reached the top position on the Croatian music charts during Euro 2008.[153][154] Other Croatian artists such as Dino Dvornik, Connect, Prljavo Kazalište and Baruni have also recorded songs praising the team. The most widely used among supporters are "Malo nas je al nas ima" (We are few, but we exist), "Samo je jedno" (There is but one thing [in my life]), "Moja Domovina" (My Homeland), "Srce vatreno" (Fiery Heart), and "Hrvatska je prvak svijeta" (Croatia are World Champions). The players and fans often adopt other patriotic songs to celebrate victories as well.

 
Croatian supporters have traditionally used flares to celebrate the team's victories, though the use of pyrotechnics has become increasingly controversial due to sanctions imposed by FIFA and UEFA.

Fans' behaviour at international games has led to various sanctions against the national side, despite due efforts by the HNS, Croatian government and players to prevent unwanted incidents. The team has been heavily penalized for multiple acts of inappropriate behaviour by its travelling fans, such as an isolated incident of racial abuse towards English striker Emile Heskey in 2010.[155][156][157] There were also reports of minor clashes involving Croatian fans at various tournaments, which led to further sanctions imposed by FIFA and UEFA.[158][159] There are often fears of violence during matches against Serbia too, such as the politically-fuelled football riot between Croat and Serb fans following the 1990 parliamentary election.[160] This has led to extra security measures being imposed for these matches, such as restrictions on travelling fans, which has prevented any major incidents from occurring.

In response to widespread allegations of corruption within the Croatian Football Federation, there have been multiple acts of protest against the national team.[161] Croatia's Euro 2016 qualifying fixture against Italy in Milan was interrupted due to flares being thrown onto the field by a small section of attendants, which also occurred at a European Championship match against Czech Republic.[162][163] A similar incident took place in 2015 during another fixture against Italy as a swastika symbol was embedded onto the pitch at the Poljud Stadium. The Croatian Football Federation apologized for the incident and called it an act of sabotage. The players and supporters also condemned this behavior. A criminal investigation was commenced, and the team was docked 1 point in their qualifying group over the incident.[164]

StadiumsEdit

The majority of home matches take place at the Stadion Maksimir in Zagreb, which is also the home-ground of local football club Dinamo Zagreb. The venue, built in 1912 and refurbished in 1997, is named after the surrounding neighbourhood of Maksimir and has hosted national team games since Croatia's competitive home debut against Lithuania.[165] The Croatian Football Federation (HNS) previously agreed on extensive plans with the government to renovate the stadium and increase its current forty-thousand seating capacity, however the proposal was eventually rejected by Zagreb Mayor Milan Bandić in 2008 due to high construction costs.[165][166][167]

Some home matches are occasionally played at other, smaller venues around the country. The Poljud Stadium in Split has hosted several qualifying fixtures since 1995, the first being a 1–1 draw with Italy. In the period between 1995 and 2011, Croatia never won a competitive match at Poljud, which the local media dubbed "Poljudsko prokletsvo" ("the Poljud curse"). The run was finally ended after the team came from behind to beat Georgia on 3 June 2011.[168] Qualifying fixtures have also been played at the Stadion Kantrida in Rijeka, along with the Gradski vrt stadium in Osijek and the Stadion Anđelko Herjavec in Varaždin. However, these venues are rarely used due to their remote locations and smaller seating capacity, despite objections from local residents and some players.[169]

The following table provides a summary Croatia results at various venues used for home games. Since Croatia's first match in October 1990, they played home games at eleven stadiums around the country. The following table provides a summary of Croatia's results at home venues.

 
The Stadion Poljud in Split holds nearly 35,000 spectators and has been occupied by the national team since 1995.
Key: Pld–games played, W–games won, D–games drawn; L–games lost, %–win percentage
Stadium City / town Pld W D L Win % Last match hosted
Stadion Maksimir Zagreb 62 42 15 5 067.7 2017
Stadion Poljud Split 12 1 7 4 008.3 2015
Stadion Kantrida Rijeka 11 10 1 0 090.9 2011
Stadion Gradski vrt Osijek 11 9 2 0 081.8 2018
Stadion A. Herjavec Varaždin 7 5 2 0 071.4 2015
Stadion A. Drosina Pula 4 3 0 1 075.0 2014
Stadion Rujevica Rijeka 2 1 1 0 050.0 2017
Stadion Cibalia Vinkovci 1 1 0 0 100.0 2009
Stadion Kranjčevićeva Zagreb 1 1 0 0 100.0 1996
Stadion Šubićevac Šibenik 1 0 1 0 000.0 2003
Stadion Koprivnica Koprivnica 1 1 0 0 100.0 2016
Totals 113 74 29 10 65.2% &

Last updated: Croatia vs. Senegal, 8 June 2018. Statistics include official FIFA-recognised matches only.

RivalriesEdit

Croatia contests the Derby Adriatico with Italy.
Croatia and Serbia, belligerents during the violent Yugoslav Wars, have developed a fierce rivalry.
Croatia contest the Le derby tricolore with France. The 2018 World Cup Final is seen as the pinnacle of their rivalry.
Croatia were the first team to defeat England at Wembley Stadium (pictured). Two years later, England beat Croatia 5–1 at the same venue, which was Croatia's heaviest defeat in the modern era.

The Croatia national football team has developed numerous rivalries with other national teams. Most of these are friendly in nature, stemming from repeated match-ups and the context in which they are played. However, some are also politically and socially charged. Here are the team's most notable opponents:

  • Croatia v. Italy: Croatia competes with Italy in games known as the Derby Adriatico or Adratic Derby, named after the Adriatic which separates the two nations.[170][171][172] This rivalry is not to be confused with the similarly named Adriatic derby between Croatian clubs Hajduk Split and Rijeka. Croatia has not lost against Italy since 1991, with many matches between the two teams being notable for their competitive nature.[173][174] During the Euro 2016 qualifying phase, Croatia and Italy played each other twice, drawing both times.[175] Both matches were marred by crowd troubles due to flares being thrown onto the pitch, which also occurred when the two teams met at the 2012 European Championships. At the 2002 FIFA World Cup, Croatia came from behind to beat Italy 2–1, though this match was also marked by controversy after two Italian goals were disallowed.[176] As of July 2018, the two countries have played nine times: Croatia has won three times, drawn five times, and lost once.[177]
  • Croatia v. Serbia: Stemming from the Croatian war of Independence, Croatia and Serbia have developed a politically-charged football rivalry, described as one of the fiercest rivalries in the world.[178][179] Supporters of both national teams clashed for the first time at the Dinamo Zagreb–Red Star Belgrade riot, as both clubs were seen as symbols of national identity at the time. Since the breakup of Yugoslavia, both countries have continued to use their national teams to assert their national identities.[180] Croatia and Serbia played each other for the first time during qualifying for Euro 2000, with both matches ending in a draw and sparking violence among supporters and players.[181] Since then, the two teams have met twice in World Cup Qualifying, with Croatia winning 2–0 in Zagreb and the away leg ending in a draw after Josip Šimunić and Nemanja Matić were sent off. These matches were played without away supporters and with added security to avoid crowd trouble.[182][183][184]
  • Croatia v. France: France and Croatia began competing against each other in a series of friendly exhibition games, however since 1998, their encounters have become increasingly competitive.[185] As both countries have the red-white-blue tricolor, matches between the two are nicknamed Le derby tricolore ("Tricolor Derby") or Trobojnica ("Tricolor" game). During the 1998 World Cup, both France and Croatia reached their then-pinnacle of international prowess after the former won the tournament after defeating the latter who took third place. Twenty years later, the two teams battled the 2018 World Cup final where France overcame Croatia 4–2 to secure the trophy.[186][187] Similarly to 1998, the match with France elevated Croatia to its highest-ever ranking with runners-up positioning. The two teams have competed against each other five times with France winning three matches and drawing two.[185]
  • Croatia v. Germany: Although there have only been three competitive meetings between Croatia and Germany, each of them took place at a major tournament and featured a red card. The first was a quarter-final at the 1996 European Championships, which Germany won en route to becoming champions.[188][189] Two years later, Croatia eliminated Germany in a 3–0 World Cup quarter-final win, one of their most notable results to date.[190][191] The two sides played each other again at the 2008 European Championships, with Croatia winning 2–1.[192]
  • Croatia v. Turkey: Croatia's first match at a major tournament was against Turkey at the 1996 European Championships, which they won after a late goal.[193] At the 2008 European Championships, the two teams were involved in one of the most dramatic matches in the history of the tournament; Croatia took the lead with less than a minute left to play, only for Turkey to equalise almost immediately and then win the ensuing penalty shootout.[193] Croatia responded by beating Turkey 3–0 in the 2012 European Championship playoffs, qualifying at their expense. Since then, the two teams have played each other three times, one time at the 2016 European Championships and twice in World Cup qualifying, with each of them winning 1–0 and also a 1–1 draw in-between the two matches.[194][195][196]
  • Croatia v. England: Croatia and England have played each other eight times, six in competitive matches, some of which are regarded as the most notable matches in both teams' histories. During Euro 2008 qualifying, in addition to a 2–0 victory over England in Zagreb, Croatia were the first team to defeat England at the newly-built Wembley Stadium. The 3–2 defeat to Croatia meant England failed to qualify for their first major competition since hosting Euro 1996 twelve years earlier,[197] which was also Croatia's debut tournament. England in turn went on to defeat Croatia twice during qualifying for the 2010 FIFA World Cup, which caused Croatia to miss their first World Cup since gaining independence. This included a 5–1 defeat at the Wembley Stadium, which was Croatia's biggest defeat in the modern era.[198] The two teams also competed for a place in the quarter-finals at the 2004 European Championships, with England winning 4–2.[199] Most recently, they played again at the 2018 FIFA World Cup semi-finals, with Croatia winning 2–1 and ending England's best run at the tournament in 28 years. It also marked Croatia's first World Cup final, their best ever achievement at the competition.[200]

Competitive recordEdit

FIFA World CupEdit

Croatia qualified for and competed in three consecutive World Cup tournaments between 1998 and 2006, but failed to qualify for the 2010 World Cup in South Africa after finishing 3rd in Group 6 behind England and Ukraine. Although they had joined both FIFA and UEFA by 1992, they were unable to enter the 1994 World Cup as qualification had started before the side was officially recognised as a state.[201] In the following three World Cup groups they were eliminated after finishing third in all of them, before finally advancing further than the group stage at the 2018 World Cup.[202] On 11 July 2018, Croatia won their semi-final match against England, advancing the national team to their first FIFA World Cup final wherein they secured second place as runners-up against winners France.[203] Supplanting their third place positioning in 1998, this is the nation's best performance to date.[204]

*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks; correct as of 26 June 2018 after the match against Iceland.
 
The current national squad, lining up for the 2018 FIFA World Cup Final.
FIFA World Cup record FIFA World Cup qualification record
Year Result Position Pld W D L GF GA Squad Position Pld W D L GF GA
19301990 Part of   Yugoslavia
  1994 Did not enter
  1998 Third place 3rd 7 5 0 2 11 5 Squad 2nd 10 5 4 1 20 13
    2002 Group stage 23rd 3 1 0 2 2 3 Squad 1st 8 5 3 0 15 2
  2006 22nd 3 0 2 1 2 3 Squad 1st 10 7 3 0 21 5
  2010 Did not qualify 3rd 10 6 2 2 19 13
  2014 Group stage 19th 3 1 0 2 6 6 Squad 2nd 12 6 3 3 14 9
  2018 Runners-up 2nd 7 4 2 1 14 9 Squad 2nd 12 7 3 2 19 5
  2022 To be determined To be determined
    2026
Total 5/6 Runners-up 23 11 4 8 35 26 62 36 18 8 108 47
*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks
*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks

UEFA European ChampionshipEdit

*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks; correct as of 25 June 2016 (Croatia v. Portugal).
UEFA European Championship record/UEFA European Championship qualifying
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA Squad Position Pld W D L GF GA
1960 to 1992 Part of   Yugoslavia
  1996 Quarter-final 7th 4 2 0 2 5 5 Squad 1st 10 7 2 1 22 5
    2000 Did not qualify 3rd 8 4 3 1 13 9
  2004 Group stage 13th 3 0 2 1 4 6 Squad 2nd 10 6 2 2 14 5
    2008 Quarter-final 5th 4 3 1 0 5 2 Squad 1st 12 9 2 1 28 8
    2012 Group stage 10th 3 1 1 1 4 3 Squad 2nd 12 8 2 2 21 7
  2016 Round of 16 9th 4 2 1 1 5 4 Squad 2nd 10 6 3 1 20 5
  2020 To be determined To be determined
Total Quarter-final 5/6 18 8 5 5 23 20 62 40 14 8 118 39

UEFA Nations LeagueEdit

Croatia is set to play in the UEFA Nations League's League A in against Spain and England.

UEFA Nations League
Year Division Group Round Pos Pld W D L GF GA
2018–19 A 4 TBD
Total 0/1 0 0 0 0 0 0

All-time team recordsEdit

 
Alen Halilović is the youngest player to represent the team, making his debut aged 16.

Dario Šimić was Croatia's first player to reach 100 appearances, doing so before his retirement in 2008. This allowed him to surpass Robert Jarni's previous record of 81 appearances.[205][206][207] On 6 February 2013, captain Darijo Srna, Josip Šimunić and Stipe Pletikosa each also played their 100th cap for Croatia in a 4–0 friendly victory over South Korea in London. The trio went on to set a new joint-record of 101 appearances for the national team in March 2013 in a World Cup qualifying victory against Serbia in Zagreb. Srna eventually surpassed his teammates and accrued a record total of 134 international caps for Croatia before retiring in 2016. Alen Halilović is the youngest player to represent the team, making his senior debut in June 2013 aged 16 years, 11 months and 22 days.[208] The team's oldest player is Dražen Ladić, who played his last match in May 2000 aged 37 years, 4 months and 27 days.[209]

With 45 goals scored, Davor Šuker, the current president of the Croatian Football Federation, is the team's highest-scoring player.[210] Mladen Petrić holds the national team record for goals in a single match, having scored four times during Croatia's 7–0 home victory over Andorra on 7 October 2006.[211] The national team's record for highest-scoring victory was achieved in 2016, a 10–0 friendly win over San Marino. Croatia's heaviest defeat is a joint record; the Independent State of Croatia side lost 5–1 to Germany twice in the 1940s. The modern Croatian team also lost to England by the same scoreline in a 2010 World Cup qualifying fixture in London.[212]

Head-to-head record (1992–present)Edit

Key
Positive balance (more wins)
Neutral balance (equal W/L ratio)
Negative balance (more losses)
  1. ^ Includes matches against   Serbia and Montenegro which existed between 1992 and 2006 (also by a different name).

FIFA ranking historyEdit

The following is a chart of yearly averages of Croatia's FIFA ranking.[213] Upon admission to FIFA, Croatia was ranked 125th in the world; following the 1998 World Cup campaign, the side rose to third place in the rankings immediately after the tournament, making it the most volatile team in FIFA Rankings history. It held that rank until February 1999.[214][215]

 

Recent results and fixtures (2017–18)Edit

2017Edit

2018Edit

PersonnelEdit

 
Zlatko Dalić, the current manager of the Croatia national football team
Position Name
Head coach   Zlatko Dalić
Assistant coaches   Dražen Ladić
  Ivica Olić
Goalkeeping coach   Marjan Mrmić
Condition coach   Luka Milanović
Physiotherapists   Nenad Krošnjar
  Mario Petrović
  Nderim Redžaj
Doctors   Zoran Bahtijarević
  Saša Janković
  Boris Nemec
Team manager   Iva Olivari

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

The following players were called up for the 2018 FIFA World Cup and preceding warm-up matches.[218]
All numbers, caps and goals as of 15 July 2018 after match against France, only matches as FIFA member are included.

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Dominik Livaković (1995-01-09) 9 January 1995 (age 23) 1 0   Dinamo Zagreb
12 1GK Lovre Kalinić (1990-04-03) 3 April 1990 (age 28) 12 0   Gent
23 1GK Danijel Subašić RET (1984-10-27) 27 October 1984 (age 33) 44 0   Monaco

2 2DF Šime Vrsaljko (1992-01-10) 10 January 1992 (age 26) 41 0   Internazionale
3 2DF Ivan Strinić (1987-07-17) 17 July 1987 (age 31) 49 0   Milan
5 2DF Vedran Ćorluka RET (1986-02-05) 5 February 1986 (age 32) 103 4   Lokomotiv Moscow
6 2DF Dejan Lovren (1989-07-05) 5 July 1989 (age 29) 46 2   Liverpool
13 2DF Tin Jedvaj (1995-11-28) 28 November 1995 (age 22) 13 0   Bayer Leverkusen
15 2DF Duje Ćaleta-Car (1996-09-17) 17 September 1996 (age 21) 2 0   Marseille
21 2DF Domagoj Vida (1989-04-29) 29 April 1989 (age 29) 65 3   Beşiktaş
22 2DF Josip Pivarić (1989-01-30) 30 January 1989 (age 29) 23 0   Dynamo Kyiv

4 3MF Ivan Perišić (1989-02-02) 2 February 1989 (age 29) 73 21   Internazionale
7 3MF Ivan Rakitić (Vice-captain) (1988-03-10) 10 March 1988 (age 30) 99 15   Barcelona
8 3MF Mateo Kovačić (1994-05-06) 6 May 1994 (age 24) 46 1   Chelsea
10 3MF Luka Modrić (Captain) (1985-09-09) 9 September 1985 (age 32) 113 14   Real Madrid
11 3MF Marcelo Brozović (1992-11-16) 16 November 1992 (age 25) 41 6   Internazionale
14 3MF Filip Bradarić (1992-01-11) 11 January 1992 (age 26) 5 0   Cagliari
19 3MF Milan Badelj (1989-02-25) 25 February 1989 (age 29) 41 2   Lazio

9 4FW Andrej Kramarić (1991-06-19) 19 June 1991 (age 27) 38 10   1899 Hoffenheim
17 4FW Mario Mandžukić RET (1986-05-21) 21 May 1986 (age 32) 89 33   Juventus
18 4FW Ante Rebić (1993-09-21) 21 September 1993 (age 24) 22 2   Eintracht Frankfurt
20 4FW Marko Pjaca (1995-05-06) 6 May 1995 (age 23) 19 1   Fiorentina

Recent call-upsEdit

The following players have also been called up to the Croatia squad in the last 12 months and are still eligible for selection.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Karlo Letica (1997-02-11) 11 February 1997 (age 21) 0 0   Club Brugge 2018 FIFA World Cup

DF Matej Mitrović (1993-11-10) 10 November 1993 (age 24) 9 1   Club Brugge 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE
DF Borna Barišić (1992-11-10) 10 November 1992 (age 25) 3 0   Rangers 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE
DF Zoran Nižić (1989-10-11) 11 October 1989 (age 28) 2 0   Hajduk Split 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE
DF Borna Sosa (1998-01-21) 21 January 1998 (age 20) 0 0   VfB Stuttgart 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE
DF Marin Leovac (1988-08-07) 7 August 1988 (age 30) 4 0   Dinamo Zagreb v.   Peru, 23 March 2018
DF Antonio Milić (1994-03-10) 10 March 1994 (age 24) 0 0   Anderlecht v.   Ukraine, 9 October 2017

MF Marko Rog (1995-07-19) 19 July 1995 (age 23) 12 0   Napoli 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE
MF Mario Pašalić (1995-02-09) 9 February 1995 (age 23) 6 0   Atalanta 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE
MF Nikola Vlašić (1997-10-04) 4 October 1997 (age 20) 2 0   CSKA Moscow v.   Greece, 12 November 2017

FW Nikola Kalinić (1988-01-05) 5 January 1988 (age 30) 41 15   Atlético Madrid 2018 FIFA World Cup REM
FW Duje Čop (1990-02-01) 1 February 1990 (age 28) 13 2   Standard Liège 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE
FW Ivan Santini (1989-05-21) 21 May 1989 (age 29) 2 0   Anderlecht 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE

Previous squadsEdit

StatisticsEdit

Most capped playersEdit

 
Darijo Srna, former captain (2008–2016) and all-time most capped player.
  Highlighted names denote a player still playing or available for selection.
# Name Croatia career Caps Goals
1 Darijo Srna 2002–2016 134 22
2 Stipe Pletikosa 1999–2014 114 0
3 Luka Modrić 2006– 113 14
4 Josip Šimunić 2001–2013 105 3
5 Ivica Olić 2002–2015 104 20
6 Vedran Ćorluka 2006–2018 103 4
7 Dario Šimić 1996–2008 100 3
8 Ivan Rakitić 2007– 99 15
9 Mario Mandžukić 2007–2018 89 33
10 Robert Kovač 1999–2009 84 0

Last updated: France vs. Croatia, 15 July 2018.

Source: Croatian Football Federation

Top goalscorersEdit

 
Davor Šuker, Croatia's all-time top scorer.
  Highlighted names denote a player still playing or available for selection.
# Name Croatia career Goals Caps
1 Davor Šuker[31] 1991–2002 45 69
2 Mario Mandžukić 2007–2018 33 89
3 Eduardo da Silva 2004–2014 29 64
4 Darijo Srna 2002–2016 22 134
5 Ivan Perišić 2011– 21 73
6 Ivica Olić 2002–2015 20 104
7 Niko Kranjčar 2004–2013 16 81
8 Goran Vlaović 1992–2002 15 52
Nikola Kalinić 2007– 42
Ivan Rakitić 2007– 99

Last updated: France vs. Croatia, 15 July 2018.

Source: Croatian Football Federation

ManagersEdit

The following table provides a summary of the complete record of each Croatia manager including their results regarding World Cups and European Championships.

Key: Pld–games played, W–games won, D–games drawn; L–games lost, %–win percentage
Manager Croatia tenure Pld W D L Win % Major competitions
  Dražan Jerković 1990–1991 3 3 0 0 100.0 &
  Stanko Poklepović 1992 4 1 1 2 025.0 &
  Vlatko Marković 1993–1994 1 1 0 0 100.0 &
  Miroslav Blažević 1994–2000 72 33 24 15 045.8   1996 European Championship – Quarter-final
  1998 World Cup – Third place
  2000 European Championship – Failed to qualify
  Tomislav Ivić (c)[note 3] 1994 1 1 0 0 100.0 &
  Mirko Jozić 2000–2002 18 9 6 3 050.0   2002 World Cup – Group stage
  Otto Barić 2002–2004 24 11 8 5 045.8   2004 European Championship – Group stage
  Zlatko Kranjčar 2004–2006 25 11 8 6 044.0   2006 World Cup – Group stage
  Slaven Bilić 2006–2012 65 42 15 8 064.6   2008 European Championship – Quarter-final
  2010 World Cup – Failed to qualify
  2012 European Championship – Group stage
  Igor Štimac 2012–2013 15 8 2 5 053.3 &
  Niko Kovač 2013–2015 19 10 5 4 052.6   2014 World Cup – Group stage
  Ante Čačić 2015–2017 25 15 6 4 060.0   2016 European Championship – Round of 16
  Zlatko Dalić 2017– 14 8 3 3 057.1   2018 World Cup – Runners-up
Totals 286 153 78 55 53.7% 10 out of 12

Last updated: Croatia vs. France, 15 July 2018.

Source: Croatian Football Federation

HonoursEdit

Minor tournaments

Other awards

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Spain finish 2012 on top, Colombia in fifth". FIFA. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "FIFA Best Mover of the Year awards". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2008. 
  3. ^ Bach, N. Nenad (23 November 2007). "In 1880 local Croatian young men began to play football in Zupanja". Croatian World Network. Retrieved 6 September 2008. 
  4. ^ Ramet 2005, p. 171
  5. ^ Klemenčić, all pages
  6. ^ a b "Hrvatska nogometna reprezentacija kroz povijest" (in Croatian). Uvijek Vjerni. Retrieved 14 August 2008.  Translation
  7. ^ a b c Kramarsic, Igor/Puric, Bojan. "Croatia International matches". Rec. Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 14 July 2008. 
  8. ^ "Goal Programme – Croatian Football Federation – 2006". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). 17 July 2008. Retrieved 4 September 2008. 
  9. ^ a b "Povijest Hrvatskog Nogometnog Saveza" (in Croatian). H-R. 25 September 2007. Retrieved 19 August 2008.  Translation
  10. ^ Esamie, Thomas. "Games of the XVI. Olympiad". Rec. Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 22 September 2008. Retrieved 8 August 2008. 
  11. ^ a b Longman, Jere (6 July 1998). "World Cup '98; Croatia and Its Fortunate Sons". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 August 2008. 
  12. ^ "1990 FIFA World Cup squads – Yugoslavia". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). Archived from the original on 8 September 2008. Retrieved 26 August 2008. 
  13. ^ "Yugoslavia National Team List of Results 1990–1999". Rec. Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 19 June 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2008. 
  14. ^ "Aljosa Asanovic – International appearances". Rec. Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 20 July 2008. 
  15. ^ a b Mario Duspara; Tanja Simić (20 February 2006). "Hrvatske kocke opet modni hit" [Croatian chequy are fashionable again] (in Croatian). Nacional. Archived from the original on 30 June 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  16. ^ "Croatia – International matches 1990–1995". Rec. Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 12 June 2008. Retrieved 18 July 2008. 
  17. ^ "Croatia Marks Independence Day for First Time". Southeast European times. Retrieved 21 July 2008. 
  18. ^ "Fantasy Euro2008". The World Game. Retrieved 3 August 2008. [dead link]
  19. ^ a b "Croatia – FIFA World Rankings". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). Retrieved 11 August 2008. 
  20. ^ "1996 European Championship – Qualifying". The Football Association. Archived from the original on 11 February 2005. Retrieved 10 August 2008. 
  21. ^ "Best Mover of the Year". FIFA. Archived from the original on 26 October 2008. Retrieved 11 December 2008. 
  22. ^ "Croatia contemplate Turkey task". European Championships archive. Union of European Football Associations (UEFA.com). 4 January 2008. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  23. ^ "Šuker stars as Danes downed". European Championships archive. Union of European Football Associations (UEFA.com). 16 June 1996. Archived from the original on 22 April 2008. Retrieved 10 August 2008. 
  24. ^ Jon Culley (20 June 1996). "Portugal take advantage of slack Croatia". The Independent. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  25. ^ "Germany overcome ten-man Croatia". European Championships archive. Union of European Football Associations (UEFA.com). 23 June 1996. Archived from the original on 5 May 2008. Retrieved 10 August 2008. 
  26. ^ "FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). 20 May 1998. Retrieved 10 December 2008. 
  27. ^ "Zidane lights the blue-touch paper for France". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). Archived from the original on 4 August 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2008. 
  28. ^ Campbell, Alan (2 September 2001). "The Golden Generation beginning to show their age". The Sunday Herald. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  29. ^ "Pletikosa inspired by Croatia's past". European Championships archive. Union of European Football Associations (UEFA.com). 9 June 2008. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  30. ^ "Sport: Football Euro 2000 qualifying group tables". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC News). 10 October 1999. Retrieved 23 July 2008. 
  31. ^ a b Islamović, Elvir (1 April 2008). "Suker: a man with the Midas touch". European Championships archive. Union of European Football Associations (UEFA.com). Archived from the original on 23 May 2008. Retrieved 22 July 2008. 
  32. ^ "2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan Preliminaries". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). Archived from the original on 12 November 2008. Retrieved 10 August 2008. 
  33. ^ "Croatia punish Italy". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC Sport). 8 June 2002. Retrieved 10 August 2008. 
  34. ^ "Ecuador end Croatia hopes". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC Sport). 13 June 2002. Retrieved 10 August 2008. 
  35. ^ "Jozic to step down". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC Sport). 16 June 2002. Retrieved 31 August 2008. 
  36. ^ "Baric leads Croatian charge". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC Sport). 26 May 2004. Retrieved 31 August 2008. 
  37. ^ "Euro 2004 Qualifying Group Eight". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC Sport). 11 October 2004. Retrieved 31 August 2008. 
  38. ^ "Croatia 2–2 France". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC News). 17 June 2004. Retrieved 23 July 2008. 
  39. ^ "England 4–2 Croatia". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC News). 21 June 2004. Retrieved 23 July 2008. 
  40. ^ "Baric to step down". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC News). 27 May 2004. Retrieved 31 August 2008. 
  41. ^ "Former striker Kranjcar hired to lead Croatia to World Cup". CNN Sports Illustrated. 13 July 2004. Retrieved 22 July 2008. 
  42. ^ "2006 World Cup qualifying standings". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). Archived from the original on 12 January 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2008. 
  43. ^ Mcdermott, Scott (23 March 2008). "Croatia Fans Hate Me But I'd Never Quit Says Niko Kranjcar". The Sunday Mail. Retrieved 1 September 2008. 
  44. ^ "2006 FIFA World Cup – Brazil vs Croatia match report". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). Archived from the original on 10 July 2008. Retrieved 11 August 2008. 
  45. ^ "2006 FIFA World Cup – Croatia vs Japan match report". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). Archived from the original on 29 July 2008. Retrieved 11 August 2008. 
  46. ^ "Croatia 2–2 Australia". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC Sport). 22 June 2006. Retrieved 19 October 2008. 
  47. ^ Biggs, Alan/Kelso, Paul (24 June 2006). "Poll's career on the line after Stuttgart debacle". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 23 July 2008. 
  48. ^ "Bilic appointed new Croatia coach". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC Sport). 25 July 2006. Retrieved 20 August 2008. 
  49. ^ "Slaven Bilic: Encouraging my players is my way of doing things". The Independent. London. 14 June 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2008. 
  50. ^ Phillips, Mitch (17 August 2006). "Croatia beat Italy 2–0". Rediff News. Retrieved 20 August 2008. 
  51. ^ Grant, Michael (7 June 2008). "Fear Factor: Despite his brutish look, Croatia manager Slaven Bilic has charisma and passion, just do not make him mad". The Sunday Herald. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  52. ^ "Macedonia 2–0 Croatia: Croats qualify". ESPNSoccernet. 17 November 2007. Retrieved 7 October 2008. 
  53. ^ "Croatia, England face off again in World Cup qualifying". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC Sports). Associated Press. 25 November 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2008. 
  54. ^ "After Taylor breaks Eduardo's leg, Wenger insists: Ban him for life". Daily Mailauthor=Ryan, Mark. 24 February 2008. Retrieved 22 October 2008. 
  55. ^ Islamović, Elvir (5 May 2008). "Bilić names squad for EURO assault". European Championships archive. Union of European Football Associations (UEFA.com). Archived from the original on 26 May 2008. Retrieved 31 August 2008. 
  56. ^ Moffat, Colin (26 March 2008). "Scotland 1–1 Croatia". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC Sport). Retrieved 1 September 2008. 
  57. ^ "Croatia 1–0 Moldova". ESPNSoccernet. Retrieved 1 September 2008. 
  58. ^ Haylett, Trevor (16 June 2008). "Klasnić completes Croatian clean sweep". European Championships archive. Union of European Football Associations (UEFA.com). Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. Retrieved 21 July 2008. 
  59. ^ "Croatia captain Niko Kovac to retire from national team after Euro 2008". International Herald Tribune. 19 June 2008. Retrieved 28 July 2008. 
  60. ^ "Bilic to field reserves against Poland". Eurosport. 15 June 2008. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008. Retrieved 28 July 2008. 
  61. ^ "Bilic came close to quitting job". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC Sport). 21 June 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2008. 
  62. ^ Maher, Reda (21 June 2008). "Euro 2008 – Comeback kings Turkey do it again". Eurosport. Retrieved 6 September 2008. [dead link]
  63. ^ "Bilic on wrong end of upset as Croatia fluff the penalty shootout in Euro 2008 quarterfinals". International Herald Tribune. 21 June 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2008. 
  64. ^ Hughes, Ian (8 June 2008). "Austria 0–1 Croatia". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC Sport). Retrieved 26 August 2008. 
  65. ^ "Bilic agrees new Croatia deal". SkySports.com. 30 April 2008. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2008. 
  66. ^ "England-Croatia topping the bill". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). 5 December 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2008. 
  67. ^ Stevenson, Jonathan (11 September 2008). "Croatia 1–4 England". British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC Sport). Retrieved 11 September 2008. 
  68. ^ "Croatia 3–0 Kazakhstan: Croats cruise". ESPNSoccernet. 6 September 2008. Retrieved 11 September 2008. 
  69. ^ "UEFA Qualifying Round". 1998–2011 UEFA. 28 September 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  70. ^ "Ponosni smo sto smo imali bas ovakvog Slavena Bilica". Jutarnji List. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2012. 
  71. ^ Medo, Ivica (5 July 2012). "Šuker novi predsjednik HNS-a: Ujedinio sam nogometnu Hrvatsku!" (in Croatian). Gol.hr. Retrieved 21 July 2014. [permanent dead link]
  72. ^ "Igor Štimac novi izbornik hrvatske nogometne reprezentacije!" (in Croatian). 5 July 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  73. ^ Korać, Branimir (16 October 2013). "Igor Štimac razriješen dužnosti izbornika, reprezentaciju preuzima Niko Kovač!" (in Croatian). Sportnet.hr. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  74. ^ FIFA.com. "2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil™: Croatia-Iceland - Report - FIFA". FIFA. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  75. ^ "Brazil 3 Croatia 1". BBC Sport. 12 June 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  76. ^ "Cameroon 0 Croatia 4". BBC Sport. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  77. ^ "Croatia 1 Mexico 3". BBC Sport. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
  78. ^ Elvir Islamović (24 June 2014). "Croatia's World Cup highs and lows". UEFA. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  79. ^ Ben Gladwell (16 November 2014). "Italy cling on to hold Croatia". UEFA. Retrieved 29 November 2014. 
  80. ^ "Hrvatska potučena u Oslu u najvažnijoj utakmici kvalifikacija". N1 HR (in Croatian). Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  81. ^ "HNS terminates Niko Kovač's contract". Croatian Football Federation. 9 September 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  82. ^ "Ante Čačić takes over Croatia reins". Croatian Football Federation. 21 September 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2015. 
  83. ^ "Malta 0 Croatia 1". BBC Sport. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  84. ^ "Croatia beats San Marino by record 10–0 in Euro 2016 warmup". Daily Mail. 4 June 2016. Retrieved 4 June 2016. 
  85. ^ "Turkey 0–1 Croatia". BBC Sport. 12 June 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  86. ^ "Turkey 0–1 Croatia, Euro 2016 RESULT: Modric scores thunderous volley". Daily Mailaccess-date=1 July 2018. 
  87. ^ Sport, Telegraph; js, APTN 9:58 am BST 13 June 2015 Follow !function{var; fjs=d.getElementsByTagName;if){js=d.createElement;js.id=id;js.src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js";fjs.parentNode.insertBefore;}}; (13 June 2015). "Outrage at swastika marked on pitch for Croatia v Italy". Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  88. ^ "Czech Republic 2–2 Croatia". BBC Sport. 17 June 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  89. ^ "[VIDEO] Remi Hrvatske i Češke nakon nereda na tribinama". Hrvatska radiotelevizija. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  90. ^ "Croatia 2–1 Spain". BBC Sport. 21 June 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  91. ^ "Croatia 2–1 Spain: Ivan Perisic hands Croatia dramatic win to top Group D". Sky Sports. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  92. ^ "Croatia have become Euro 2016 favourites after beating Spain, says Nikola Kalinic". The National. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  93. ^ CNN, Matias Grez,. "Euro 2016: Croatia stuns reigning champion Spain to top Group D". CNN. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  94. ^ "Hungary 3–3 Portugal". BBC Sport. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  95. ^ "Croatia 0–1 Portugal". BBC Sport. 25 June 2016. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  96. ^ "Luka Modrić, the new captain: "I'm so proud"". Croatian Football Federation. 29 August 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  97. ^ Trifunović, Boris (9 August 2016). "Srna je dobio nasljednika: Luka Modrić novi kapetan Hrvatske" [Srna has his successor: Modrić is Croatia's new captain]. 24sata (in Croatian). Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  98. ^ "Real Madrid star Luka Modric unwilling to back Croatia coach in outburst | Goal.com". Retrieved 24 October 2017. 
  99. ^ "Dosje Ante Čačić: Niti zna, niti autoritet ima..." Slobodna Dalmacija (in Croatian). Retrieved 24 October 2017. 
  100. ^ "Ukraine vs. Croatia | 2017 UEFA World Cup Qualifying Highlights (VIDEO)". Fox Sports. Retrieved 24 October 2017. 
  101. ^ "[VIDEO] Rapsodija Vatrenih u Maksimiru, u Pirej nose prednost 4:1!". Hrvatska radiotelevizija. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  102. ^ "Croatia 4–1 Greece". BBC Sport. 9 November 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  103. ^ Walker, Shaun (16 June 2018). "Croatia's Luka Modric: 'It is only right there are great expectations of us'". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 July 2018. Croatia enter the World Cup on Saturday, their Golden Generation beginning what is surely a last quest towards making an impact on the greatest stage. 
  104. ^ Miller, Nick (30 June 2018). "Are Ivan Rakitic and Luka Modric the World Cup's biggest unsung heroes?". The Independent. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  105. ^ Callaghan, Joe (30 June 2018). "Modrić magic at heart of Croatian soccer's golden generation | The Star". Toronto Star. Retrieved 5 July 2018. The golden generation – with Modrić, Rakitiž and striker Mario Mandžukić as its pillars – have more often watched such efforts go up in flames. 
  106. ^ "Croatia's golden generation keen to live up to expectations". USA Today. 15 June 2018. Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
  107. ^ Datta, Dwaipayan (23 June 2018). "FIFA World Cup: Croatia's new golden generation to the rescue". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 July 2018. 
  108. ^ Fisher, Ben (16 June 2018). "Croatia 2–0 Nigeria: World Cup 2018 – as it happened". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  109. ^ "World Cup 2018: Croatia 2 – 0 Nigeria FT". Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  110. ^ "World Cup 2018: Argentina 0–3 Croatia". BBC Sport. 21 June 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  111. ^ "Hrvatska u osmini finala nakon veličanstvene pobjede protiv Argentine: Hrvati pregazili Messija i društvo!". Gol.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  112. ^ "RATINGS: Every player marked out of 10 from Argentina 0–3 Croatia". The Independent. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  113. ^ "World Cup 2018: Iceland out after defeat by group winners Croatia". BBC Sport. 26 June 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  114. ^ Burnton, Simon (26 June 2018). "Iceland 1–2 Croatia: World Cup 2018 – as it happened". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  115. ^ FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ - Matches - Croatia - Denmark - FIFA". FIFA. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  116. ^ "World Cup 2018: Croatia beat Denmark on penalties to reach quarter-finals". BBC Sport. 1 July 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  117. ^ "Suba, majstore! Uništio Dance penalima, Vatreni idu na Rusiju" (in Croatian). Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  118. ^ "World Cup 2018: Croatia beat hosts Russia 4–3 on penalties to reach semi-final". BBC Sport. 7 July 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  119. ^ "Viva la Vida i Raketa!!! Vatreni kroz rulet penala do polufinala" (in Croatian). Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  120. ^ Murray, Scott (7 July 2018). "World Cup 2018: Russia 2–2 Croatia (aet; Croatia win 4–3 on pens) – as it happened". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  121. ^ "(VIDEO) Hrvatska je u finalu svjetskog prvenstva! Herojski i povijesni preokret u režiji Mandže i Perišića! | Dnevno.hr". Dnevno.hr (in Croatian). 11 July 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
  122. ^ "Hrvatska u Moskvi ispisala nogometnu povijest: 'sretna' 13. država u finalu, druga najmanja na svijetu". Slobodna Dalmacija (in Croatian). Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
  123. ^ FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ - Matches - Croatia - England - FIFA". FIFA. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  124. ^ Taylor, Daniel (11 July 2018). "England's World Cup dream dashed as Croatia win semi-final in extra time". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
  125. ^ "Croatia 2–1 England AET: Mario Mandžukić breaks Three Lions hearts". Daily Mailaccess-date=12 July 2018. 
  126. ^ "Hrvatska je u finalu Svjetskog prvenstva: Pogledajte nevjerojatnu navijačku atmosferu u Zagrebu". Gol.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
  127. ^ "Srušili smo Engleze, Hrvatska je u finalu Svjetskog prvenstva!" (in Croatian). Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
  128. ^ "Croatia's cabinet members wore team jerseys to celebrate their entry into FIFA World Cup 2018 final". The Indian Express. 13 July 2018. Retrieved 13 July 2018. 
  129. ^ Bell, Bethany (13 July 2018). "World Cup final 'means everything' to Croatia fans". BBC News. Retrieved 13 July 2018. 
  130. ^ "Croatia's World Cup consolation: Google searches soar as world seeks information on finalists". theconversation.com. Retrieved July 20, 2018. 
  131. ^ Editorial, Reuters (July 22, 2018). "Factbox: France v Croatia". Reuters. Retrieved July 22, 2018. France have also had an extra day of rest having beaten Belgium 1-0 in their semi-final on Tuesday. Croatia won 2-1 after extra time against England on Wednesday. 
  132. ^ McMahon, Bobby (July 22, 2018). "2018 World Cup: Mourinho Says Extra Day Of Rest Gives France An Advantage Over Croatia". Forbes. Retrieved July 22, 2018. France has one more day of rest. I think that's unfair. I think both teams should play in one day. In the final both teams should have equal opportunities. 
  133. ^ Grohmann, Karolos (July 22, 2018). "Comeback king Croatia still has unfinished business". Reuters. Retrieved July 22, 2018. We reached the final, we want to play the final, France had one extra day to recover but there will be no excuses. 
  134. ^ "In Photos: The highest scoring FIFA World Cup finals since 1966". Rappler. July 15, 2018. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  135. ^ "Philosophical fans celebrate Croatia's historic World Cup, despite final defeat". The Guardian. July 16, 2018. Retrieved July 20, 2018. 
  136. ^ "Sve što trebate znati o premijernom izdanju novog UEFA-ina natjecanja – Lige nacija!". Gol.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  137. ^ UEFA.com. "UEFA Nations League 2018/19 League Phase draw". UEFA. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  138. ^ "Knjižnice grada Zagreba – Hrvatski nacionalni simboli". Retrieved 20 July 2017. 
  139. ^ "Croatian coat of arms till 1600 – Croatian History". Retrieved 20 July 2017. 
  140. ^ "THE STORY BEHIND THE CHECKERS (AND A FEW LINES ON EMBLEMS AS WELL)". Retrieved 20 July 2017. 
  141. ^ Foster 2004, p. 52
  142. ^ Bellamy, A 2003, The Formation of Croatian National Identity: A Centuries-old Dream, Manchester University Press, pg. 116
  143. ^ "HRT Broadcasts via Satellite to Australia and New Zealand". Hrvatska radiotelevizija. 20 May 2008. Retrieved 24 November 2008. 
  144. ^ "Za koji hrvatski nogometni klub navijate?" (in Croatian). Growth from Knowledge (GFK Hrvatska). 18 May 2005. Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. Retrieved 19 August 2008.  Translation
  145. ^ Brincat, Henry. "Incident brings back memories of Malta-Croatia match: Seven Hajduk fans arrested". The Malta Independent. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2008. 
  146. ^ Brimson, Dougie/Miles, Kevin (31 May 2006). "Is hooliganism inevitable at this World Cup?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 4 September 2008. 
  147. ^ "Football, blood and war". The Observer. London. 18 January 2004. Retrieved 26 August 2008. 
  148. ^ Murray, Oliver. "Forget 'It's coming home', you shouldn't be supporting England". News.com.au. Retrieved 22 July 2018. 
  149. ^ Gorman, Joe. "Back to the future - Croatia's presence in Australian football". SBS. Retrieved 22 July 2018. 
  150. ^ "VIDEO Slavlje na ulicama Kanade: Bježite ljudi, bježite iz grada". direktno.hr (in Croatian). 12 July 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
  151. ^ "Plenković objavio video iz aviona za Rusiju: "Bježite ljudi, bježite iz grada…"". Maxportal (in Croatian). 11 July 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2018. 
  152. ^ "About the club". Retrieved 4 January 2009. 
  153. ^ "Bilic has Croatia rocking". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). 18 April 2008. Retrieved 15 July 2008. 
  154. ^ Marcus, Jeffrey (19 June 2008). "Rock on Slaven Bilic". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 August 2008. 
  155. ^ "Croatia federation fined over racist fans". Reuters. 28 June 2008. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2008. 
  156. ^ Mitchell, Kevin (26 September 2008). "Tabloids steam in as racists make a monkey of Fifa". The Observer. London. Retrieved 28 September 2008. 
  157. ^ "Croatia threatened with expulsion". Daily Maildate=10 October 2006. Retrieved 15 July 2008. 
  158. ^ Eder, Alan (20 June 2008). "Police Clash with Croatian Football Fans". Javno. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 8 September 2008. 
  159. ^ "Croatia faces fresh Euro 2012 racism probe". CNN. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  160. ^ "10 Days When Things Got Out of Hand". Sports Illustrated. 18 August 2008. Archived from the original on 13 September 2008. Retrieved 28 September 2008. 
  161. ^ Marcotti, Gabriele (18 June 2016). "Why did Croatian fans use flares to disrupt their team's Euro matches?". ESPN. Retrieved 24 July 2018. 
  162. ^ Fraser Masefield (16 November 2014). "Euro 2016 Qualifying – Croatia hold Italy after match suspended due to crowd trouble". Eurosport. Archived from the original on 17 November 2014. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  163. ^ Holiga, Aleksandar (18 June 2016). "WWhy did Croatia fans disrupt their Euro 2016 match against Czech Republic?". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 July 2018. 
  164. ^ Gittings, Paul (13 June 2015). "Euro 2016: Croatia apologizes over Nazi swastika on its home pitch". CNN. Retrieved 16 August 2015. 
  165. ^ a b McIntyre, Katie, Architecture & Design – Maksimir Stadium, 7 (4), Panstadia, archived from the original on 13 January 2010, retrieved 7 August 2008 
  166. ^ "Maksimir Stadium – World's Most Expensive". Javno. 11 October 2007. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 7 July 2008. 
  167. ^ "Mayor: I Will Not Build Stadium at That Cost". Javno. 11 October 2007. Archived from the original on 7 December 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2008. 
  168. ^ "Nastavljeno poljudsko prokletstvo" (in Croatian). Net.hr. 6 February 2008. Retrieved 21 November 2010.  Translation
  169. ^ "Vatreni poručili HNS-u: Ne želimo više igrati "manje utakmice" u Maksimiru" (in Croatian). Slobodna Dalmacija. 10 September 2014. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  170. ^ "Quanti incroci: Italia e Croazia, la storia infinita". Sky Sport Italia. 12 June 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2018. 
  171. ^ "Parla Boban: "Italia, riscopri l'arte di Rivera e Baggio"". La Gazzetta dello Sport. 14 November 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2018. 
  172. ^ "Kroatien bleibt Italiens Angstgegner". Tiroler Tageszeitung. 14 June 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2018. 
  173. ^ "Jadranski derbi završio remijem u sjeni svastike". Index.hr. 13 June 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2018. 
  174. ^ "Vatreni duel jadranskih susjeda". N1. 12 June 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2018. 
  175. ^ Editorial, Reuters (June 10, 2015). "Croatia and Italy clash in empty stadium". Reuters. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  176. ^ Federation, UEFA (July 15, 2018). "Italy's competitive record against Croatia in football". worldfootball.net. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  177. ^ "Italy national football team: record v Croatia". www.11v11.com. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  178. ^ "International Football's 10 Most Politically-Charged Football Rivalries". Bleacher Report. Archived from the original on 7 January 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2014. 
  179. ^ CNN – SPORT – Football – Top 10 international rivalries Retrieved 6 November 2008.
  180. ^ Fenton-Thomas, Alex (November 22, 2013). "Croatia v Serbia: the sporting rivalry - in pictures". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  181. ^ "Archived copy". Retrieved 16 August 2015. 
  182. ^ "Croatia v Serbia the rematch: memories of riots, battles and war". The Independent. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  183. ^ Fenton-Thomas, Alex (November 22, 2013). "Croatia v Serbia: the sporting rivalry - in pictures". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  184. ^ Sportske – Vest – Domaci Fudbal – Bez navijaca u Zagrebu i Beogradu (Without fans in Zagreb and Belgrade) Retrieved 20 July 2012.
  185. ^ a b Kennedy, Paul. "France-Croatia: Three things to know about the rivalry". Retrieved 13 July 2018. 
  186. ^ Gregory, Sean (11 July 2018). "32 Teams Entered, 2 Remain. Your Ultimate Guide to the World Cup Final". Time. Retrieved 13 July 2018. 
  187. ^ Mather, Andrew Das and Victor (14 July 2018). "France, the Class of the World Cup, Brings Home the Trophy". Retrieved 14 July 2018. 
  188. ^ "Deutschland-Kroatien: Vom Aufbaugegner zum Rivalen". Der Spiegel. 12 June 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2018. 
  189. ^ uefa.com (6 October 2003). "UEFA EURO 1996 - History - Germany-Croatia – UEFA". UEFA. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  190. ^ "1998 FIFA World Cup France – Matches – Germany-Croatia". FIFA. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  191. ^ "Croatia national football team: record v Germany". 11v11.com. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  192. ^ "Croatia 2-1 Germany". 2008-06-12. Retrieved 2018-08-06. 
  193. ^ a b "Euro 2016: Croatia and Turkey Resume Old European Rivalry in Paris". News18. June 18, 2016. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  194. ^ Jackson, Jamie (June 12, 2016). "Luka Modric stunner for Croatia sinks Turkey in Euro 2016 Group D tie". the Guardian. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  195. ^ UEFA.com. "European Qualifiers - Turkey-Croatia". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2018-08-06. 
  196. ^ FIFA.com. "2018 FIFA World Cup Russia™ - Matches - Croatia-Turkey - FIFA.com". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2018-08-06. 
  197. ^ "England 2-3 Croatia". BBC. 21 November 2007. Retrieved 21 July 2018. 
  198. ^ "England 5-1 Croatia". BBC. 9 September 2009. Retrieved 21 July 2018. 
  199. ^ "England challenge ignited by Rooney". UEFA. 22 June 2004. Retrieved 21 July 2018. 
  200. ^ "England's World Cup dream dashed as Croatia win semi-final in extra time". The Guardian. 11 Jul 2018. Retrieved 21 July 2018. 
  201. ^ "World Cup 1994 qualifications". Rec. Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 11 May 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2008. 
  202. ^ "World Cup 2018: Argentina 0–3 Croatia". BBC Sport. 21 June 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  203. ^ Taylor, Daniel (11 July 2018). "England's World Cup dream dashed as Croatia win semi-final in extra time". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  204. ^ FIFA.com. "1998 FIFA World Cup France ™ - FIFA". FIFA. Retrieved 1 July 2018. 
  205. ^ "Šimić ends playing career". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA.com). Retrieved 11 August 2010. 
  206. ^ Milosavljevic, Zoran (5 June 2008). "Croatia`s Dario Simic Eyes 100th Cap". Reuters. Retrieved 25 August 2008. 
  207. ^ Pacak, Tomislav (15 September 2008). "Šimić završio sa stotkom" (in Croatian). Sportnet.hr. Retrieved 25 August 2008.  Translation
  208. ^ "Alen Halilović player profile". Hrvatski Nogometni Savez (Croatian Football Federation). Retrieved 6 February 2018. 
  209. ^ "Statistike Hrvatskog Nogometa". HR Nogomet. Retrieved 6 February 2018. 
  210. ^ Islamović, Elvir (1 April 2008). "Suker: a man with the Midas touch". European Championships archive. Union of European Football Associations (UEFA.com). Archived from the original on 23 May 2008. Retrieved 22 July 2008. 
  211. ^ Islamović, Elvir (7 October 2006). "Petric inspires Croatian record". European Championships archive. Union of European Football Associations (UEFA.com). Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  212. ^ Kramarsic, Igor/Puric, Bojan. "Croatia International matches". Rec. Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 14 July 2008. 
  213. ^ "FIFAranking yearly averages for Croatia". FIFA. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  214. ^ "Croatia follow in golden footsteps". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). 7 August 2008. Archived from the original on 26 August 2008. Retrieved 26 August 2008. 
  215. ^ "Croatia eyeing top ten". Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA.com). 3 March 2007. Archived from the original on 6 December 2008. Retrieved 26 August 2008. 
  216. ^ The game was originally scheduled for 2 September, but due to heavy rains in Zagreb was postponed for the next day.
  217. ^ "ODLUKE IZVRŠNOGODBORA HNS-A". hns-cff.hr. 
  218. ^ hns-cff.hr (4 June 2018). "IZBORNIK DALIĆ POTVRDIO KONAČAN POPIS PUTNIKA ZA SP". hns-cff.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 4 June 2018. 

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ The rules of Association football state that on receiving a second yellow card in a single match a player must be given a red card and be removed for the rest of the match per the Laws of the Game.
  2. ^ Under the rules of Association football and the official European Championship tournament regulations, a loss inflicted via a penalty shootout does not count as a defeat, but rather a tie which needed a final process to determine the team which advances per the Laws of the Game.
  3. ^ In September 1994, national team manager Miroslav Blažević, who was also coaching Croatia Zagreb at the time, was dismissed in a 1994–95 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup match against Auxerre. Blažević was suspended by UEFA for one game and Ivić was appointed as his replacement for the UEFA Euro 1996 qualifying match against Italy in November 1994.

BooksEdit

  • Ramet. P, Sabrina (2005). Thinking about Yugoslavia. Cambridge University. ISBN 0-521-85151-3. 
  • Klemenčić, Mladen (2004). Nogometni leksikon. Miroslav Krleža lexicographic institute. ISBN 953-6036-84-3. 
  • Foster, Jane (2004). Footprint Croatia. Footprint Travel Guides. ISBN 1-903471-79-6. 
  • Bellamy. J, Alex (2003). The Formation of Croatian National Identity. Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-7190-6502-X. 
  • Giulianotti, Richard (1997). Entering the Field: New Perspectives on World Football. Berg Publishers. ISBN 1-85973-198-8. 

External linksEdit