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Lusail (Arabic: لوسيل‎) is a planned city in Qatar, located on the coast, in the northern part of the municipality of Al Daayen. Lusail is located about 23 km north of the city centre of Doha, just north of the West Bay Lagoon, on over 38 km² and will eventually have the infrastructure to accommodate 450,000 people.[2] Of these 450,000 people, it is estimated that 250,000 or less will be residents, 190,000 will be office workers and 60,000 will be retail workers.[3]

Lusail City

مدينة لوسيل
Lusail Marina Interchange Arch. This iconic arch delineates one of the southern borders between Doha and Lusail.
Lusail Marina Interchange Arch. This iconic arch delineates one of the southern borders between Doha and Lusail.
Lusail City is located in Qatar
Lusail City
Lusail City
Coordinates: 25°30′N 51°29′E / 25.500°N 51.483°E / 25.500; 51.483Coordinates: 25°30′N 51°29′E / 25.500°N 51.483°E / 25.500; 51.483
Country Qatar
MunicipalityAl Daayen
ZoneZone 69, Zone 70
District no.123
Area
 • Total38 km2 (15 sq mi)
Elevation5 m (16 ft)
Population
 • Total250,000 (planned)
WebsiteLusail.com

It is planned to have marinas, residential areas, island resorts, commercial districts, luxury shopping and leisure facilities, and a golf course community, man made islands and several entertainment districts. Construction is still ongoing. Development is being carried out by the state-controlled developer Qatari Diar along with Parsons Corporation and Dorsch-Gruppe.

It is one of the proposed venues for the Qatar 2022 World Cup.[4]

EtymologyEdit

Lusail's name is derived from "al wassail", the local term for a plant that grows bountifully in the area.[5]

HistoryEdit

 
Lusail labeled as Doaat el Wosseil in an 1824 map
 
Ongoing construction in Lusail

In 1908, J.G. Lorimer recorded Lusail in his Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. He wrote:

A village on the east coast of Qatar about 15 miles north of Dohah: the principal residence at the present time of Shaikh Jasim, the head of the Al Thani family of Qatar. About 500 yards inland of the place is Jabal Lusail, a rocky hillock of some height which forms a landmark well known to mariners. On the summit of Jabal Lusail is a double-storeyed tower which can be seen from several miles inland; and at the foot of the hill are three wells, one on the north and two on the west side; the water of these is extremely brackish. The village of Lusail consists of about 50 substantial stone and mud houses of Hamaidat and 2 or 3 of Ma'adhid, the latter being personal retainers of the Shaikh. To the village belong 9 pearl boats, 2 other sea-going vessels, and 3 fishing boats. Animals of transport are 20 horses and 70 camels. The house of the Shaikh stands about 200 yards to the south of the village: it was built about 1901 and is a four-sided, high-walled building of stone and plaster, adjoined by a few yards and out-houses and by a small mosque. By courtesy it is called a fort, but it contains no guns.[6]

In an earlier 1904 transcript of Lorimer's Gazeetteer, he remarks that Sheikh Jassim first settled in Lusail in 1903 with a few allied tribes.[7] Sheikh Jassim died and was buried in Lusail in July 1913.[8]

Plans for the development of Lusail City were first announced in 2005.[9] After a cabinet resolution was passed in 2002, Lusail along with its suburbs of Al Kharayej and Jabal Thuaileb became the first areas of Qatar where foreigners could own real estate.[10] In December 2013, Qatari Diar announced that more than 80% of the plots in Lusail have been purchased.[11] It was stated in April 2018 that over 80% of the city's infrastructure projects were completed.[3]

GeographyEdit

 
Skyline of Lusail's Fox Hills district

Boundaries of the city are understood to run from the Persian Gulf in the east, to the Al Khor Coastal Road in the west, and for roughly 7 km north of the Ritz Carlton Hotel in Doha. Not included in city boundaries is the district of Al Egla which hosts the Doha Golf Club.[12]

Two nearby settlements to the south of the original town of Lusail, Al Kharayej and Jabal Thuaileb (Fox Hills), have been incorporated into Lusail as standalone districts. At the time the project was launched, these places were not inhabited. The only standing structures in the area prior to development were an Ooredoo station, a cement factory and three farms, one of which was still in use. Youth would commonly use the area for recreational off-roading and on occasion waste was dumped in its sabkhas (salt flats).[13] Located to the north of the city are a number of abandoned fishing villages.[14]

Groundwater quality in the area is poor. On the city's border with the Persian Gulf, the groundwater elevation is 1 meter above sea level and flows east-to-west. Salinity levels are highest on the eastern side, at 40 ppt, compared to a low of 18 ppt in the western section; these levels are too high for consumption or use in agriculture. Because of the groundwater's high salinity, only salt- and drought-tolerant plants grow in this area. A geographic survey found 25 species of plants within city limits; all of which are found abundantly elsewhere on the peninsula.[15]

With the exception of dogs and camels kept on a local farm, no mammals were recorded in the area during the initial environmental impact assessment. However, several species of snakes and lizards were found, including the spiny-tailed lizard which is common to Qatar. Nine species of birds were found to occur in the area, particularly in its mudflats.[15] Grass coverage in its mudflat area is less than 30%, with most grass being found in soils with the highest sand content.[16]

DistrictsEdit

Lusail has 19 designated districts as part of the city's master plan.[12] They are:

No. District name Area (ha.) Population capacity Expected res. population Building density / height
1 Golf District 366 29,000 22,000 Low / 2–5 levels
2 North Residential District /
Waterfront Residential District
126 /
52
7,100 5,400 Low / 2 levels
3 Al Kharayej Towers 29 11,000 10,500 Medium–high / 15–20 levels
4 Stadium District 100 87,000 N/A N/A
5 Waterfront Residential District 53 19,000 17,000 Low–high / 20–36 levels
6 Energy City 1 72 25,000 Nil Medium / 4 levels
7 Waterfront Commercial District 54 29,700 9,600 Medium–high / 3–15 levels
8 Fox Hills (Jabal Thuaileb) 168 50,000 38,600 Medium / 5–8 levels
9 Al Erkyah 26 12,000 10,600 Medium / 8–10 levels
10 Energy City 2 46 20,700 18,000 Medium / 5–7 levels
11 Entertainment City 98 32,400 8,400 Medium / 4–13 levels
12 Entertainment Island 23 4,200 N/A Medium / 2–12 levels
13 Medical and Education District 164 N/A N/A N/A
14 Qatar Petroleum District 45 N/A N/A N/A
15 Marina District 188 103,900 31,000 High / 15–60 levels
16 Qetaifan Islands 256 37,500 22,000 Low / 2–4 levels
17 Boulevard Commercial 52 20,900 5,500 Low–medium / 3–6 levels
18 Lusail Towers 16 19,300 Nil High / 55–80 levels
Total 1,944

Golf DistrictEdit

As its name suggests, the main attraction of the Golf District is its 18-hole golf course. Many high-end villas are situated within the golf course's vicinity.[17] The city's education guidelines state that there will be one school occupying upwards of 55,000 m² for kindergarten to secondary students.[18]

North Residential DistrictEdit

 
Roads in the North Residential District in 2017

Once fully completed, the North Residential District will feature 895 large villas spread over an area of 126 hectares.[17] As part of the city's educational plan, there will be four schools in this district, 4 of which are kindergartens, with the other two accommodating kindergarten to secondary students.[18]

Waterfront Residential DistrictEdit

High-rise housing units with a panoramic view of Lusail's coastline are under construction here.[19] Two schools are planned for here.[18]

Al Kharayej TowersEdit

Originally a rural settlement on the outskirts of Doha, Al Kharayej has been reformed as a district of Lusail under the name Al Kharayej Towers. Bounded by the Golf District and the Waterfront Residential District, this district will consist of 42 high-rise apartment complexes built in a mixed-Arabic style.[17] A 7,750 m² kindergarten will serve this district.[18]

Stadium DistrictEdit

As a result of Qatar winning the hosting rights to the 2022 FIFA World Cup, it was decided that a massive stadium should be constructed in Lusail. The outcome was the Lusail Iconic Stadium, which will host the opening and closing games of the 2022 World Cup and which will have a capacity of 89,000. Sports fans will be able to access the district through the Lusail LRT and the Doha Metro.[19]

Energy City 1Edit

First launched in 2006, Energy City 1 is meant to be a major business hub for the country's oil and gas industry. The International Mercantile Exchange, a trading platform for energy, will be centered in the district. Microsoft was said to be assisting in developing the technology infrastructure.[20] In July 2013, CEO of Energy City Hesham Al Emadi revealed that, as a result of many requests for office space by non energy-related companies, the city will be converted to a mixed-use facility.[21]

Waterfront Commercial DistrictEdit

Also known as Seef Lusail, the Waterfront Commercial District will serve as a hub for shopping malls and other commercial establishments. A small amount of land in this district has been designated for residential and office use.[22] City developers have planned two kindergartens for this district.[18]

Fox HillsEdit

 
Fox Hills skyline off Lusail Street

Development of Fox Hills as a residential district was commenced in 2006.[23] In 2013, officials claimed that it would receive its first inhabitants for its under-development residential complexes in 2014.[24]

In 2015, the community was said to accommodate 9,200 apartments ranging from 5 to 7 stories. Many of the buildings were constructed with traditional architectural elements in order to represent Qatari heritage. Most major infrastructure projects for electricity, water and streets were completed the same year.[25]

Numerous parks are found in this district, including the Crescent Park.[22] Three schools are planned for the northern section: a kindergarten, a primary school and a secondary school. In the southern section, two schools are under construction.[18]

Al ErkyahEdit

Located along the Al Khor Coastal Road, Al Erkyah will be a mixed-use district comprising mainly open space, commercial and medical facilities.[22] According to the education guidelines published by the city, one 10,000 m² primary school will be based here.[18]

Energy City 2Edit

This district, found next to the industrial-oriented Energy City 1, will consist mainly of residential units, especially for residents who are employed in Energy City 1.[26] In the future it is planned to contain a school for children aged 3 to 18 spanning a roughly 14,000 m² area.[18]

Entertainment CityEdit

 
Aerial photograph of Place Vendôme shopping mall in Lusail in 2017

A designated entertainment district, Entertainment City will contain over 2,000 housing units, 11 hotels, and several theme parks, night clubs and shopping malls. Place Vendôme is a major mall being constructed in the city, and will feature a canal which runs the length of the mall, an amusement park and a cinema complex.[27] In regards to education, there will be one 10,000 m² primary school here.[18]

Entertainment IslandEdit

This district will play host to a large-scale museum in the future.[27]

Medical and Education DistrictEdit

Most of Lusail's medical and education facilities will be based here. Furthermore, there will be a small amount of residences here. Much green space will be spread throughout the district.[28]

Qatar Petroleum DistrictEdit

Serving Qatar's chief energy company Qatar Petroleum (QP), this district will host the new headquarters of QP. Transport will be facilitated by the Lusail LRT and the adjacent Al Khor Coastal Road.[28]

Marina DistrictEdit

 
Boats docked in Lusail's Marina district

One of the main attractions of the Marina district will be Katara Hospitality's tourism complex known as Lusail Marina Iconic Development. When completed, the complex will feature leisure facilities, luxury restaurants and upwards of 800 hotel and apartment rooms.[29]

Another attraction is the Marina Twin Towers, which comprises 8,236 m² of office space.[30] Retail demand will be mainly be met by Lusail Marina Mall, which will cover an area of 57,605 m².[31]

It is planned for two primary schools to be built here, one exclusively for boys and the other exclusively for girls.[18]

Qetaifan IslandsEdit

 
Satellite view of Qetaifan Islands

In large part, Qetaifan Island North will consist of tourist attractions such as water parks and hotels.[27]

Qetaifan Island South is composed of three islands. Prospective luxury villas, a marina waterfront and marketplaces will be built here.[27] Furthermore, a school for primary and secondary students is planned.[18]

Boulevard CommercialEdit

As the central hub of Lusail, retail and office space will be found here. Its street and buildings will be inspired by the Champs-Élysées avenue in France.[32] Three kindergartens are in the works for this district.[18]

Lusail TowersEdit

This district will contain office and commercial towers. Lusail's tallest structures will be found here.[32]

SportsEdit

The planned Lusail Iconic Stadium, with a capacity of 80,000+ people, will host the opening and final matches of the 2022 FIFA World Cup.[33] The stadium's design is inspired from the sail of a traditional dhow as the city will be located north of Doha on the eastern coast, which is a historic focal point of pearling vessels. After the FIFA World Cup, the stadium will be used to host other sporting and cultural events.[34] The architects are MANICA Architecture and Foster and Partners. [35]

Lusail Sports Arena is another sporting venue in the city and hosted matches of the 2015 World Men's Handball Championship. Constructed at a cost of $318 million, it has a capacity of 15,300 spectators and opened its doors in 2012.[36]

Located just outside the city is the Losail International Circuit, which has hosted the Qatar motorcycle Grand Prix every year since 2004. Since 2007 it has been the opening round of the MotoGP world championship, and in 2008 floodlights were installed to the facility, making it the only race on the calendar to be held at night. The first Qatari Diar Triathlon will be held in the Spring of 2019 in Lusail City-Marina Promenade. This event will provide participants and spectators an opportunity to see the amenities available in Lusail City.[37]

IndustryEdit

 
Aerial view of industries at Lusail

Numerous non-energy related companies are also headquartered in Lusail. Hotel operator and developer Katara Hospitality is based in the city,[38] as is Qatari Diar Real Estate Investment Company and its subsidiaries,[39] such as Lusail Real Estate Development Company[40] and utilities company Marafeq Qatar.[41] Qatari Diar was responsible for launching the Lusail City Development Project in 2005.[42]

The Lusail Industrial Area hosts many construction companies. In the Lusail Ready-Mix Batching Plant Zone, two ready-mix batching plants are maintained by Qatar Alpha Beton Ready Mix,[43] one ready-mix batching plant is maintained by SMEET,[44] REDCO owns a precast plant,[45] Qatar Concrete has 1 ready-mix batching plant,[46] and HBK ReMIX operates a ready-mix factory.[47]

EducationEdit

As part of Lusail's master plan, the city is ultimately set to contain 36 schools with a capacity for 26,000 students. Upwards of 75,000 m² has already been reserved for school buildings by the Lusail City Real Estate Development Company; these schools are expected to be commissioned by 2019.[48]

InfrastructureEdit

 
Beachside view of construction in Lusail

UtilitiesEdit

A network of gas pipelines will transport synthetic natural gas (SNG) to the city. Distributed by a gas pipeline with a length upwards of 150 km², up to 28,000 m3/hr of natural gas will be fed from the Lusail City Gas Farm.[49] Lusail's SNG system was developed as part of a joint venture between the National Gas Company of Oman and Qatari company Petro Serv Limited.[50] In regards to power stations, 66 kV and 11 kV substations will be constructed. The latter will be built underground in specialized structures. Portions of the 66 kV substations connecting from mainland Lusail to the Qetaifan Islands are planned to be set up under the sea bed and run through utility tunnels.[49]

Green spacesEdit

Numerous public parks are housed throughout Lusail's districts. In the Fox Hills district, for example, there are 33 parks which provide around 10.3 hectares of green space. One of the largest parks is called Crescent Parks. This park includes a forested area, playgrounds, water features, bike trails, kiosks, monuments and several sports fields. In addition, there are several small-to-mid sized parks known as pocket gardens which contain less facilities than parks. There are 18 of these situated in the Marina district, occupying an overall space of more than 26,000 m². Also in the Marina district are roughly 3 km of promenades along the waterfront.[51]

TransportEdit

Transport in Lusail is facilitated by six main roads which connect to Doha in the south, connect to Lusail Highway in the east and north and connect to Al Khor Highway in the west.[52]

Doha Metro's Red Line will run through Lusail once completed, providing its residents with convenient access to Doha and Al Wakrah.[53] Qatar Rail is involved in the construction of the Lusail LRT. First designed in August 2007, the Lusail LRT will be spread over a distance of 33.1 km, of which 10.4 km will be underground and the remaining 22.7 km will be overground. The network will connect to the Doha Metro Red Line through the Lusail Main Station and the Lusal Marina Station.[54]

Housing & accommodationEdit

Once fully completed, Lusail is expected to house 250,000 residents. Future developments will see this capacity potentially increase to 450,000. Currently, there are 22 hotels operating or under construction in the city.[55]

Katara Hospitality stated that they would be constructing a luxury resort comprising a water park and a four-star hotel on the Qetaifan Island North in October 2017.[56] Another project by Katara Hospitality, 'Katara Towers', was launched in October 2012 at a cost of QR 2.2 billion. Equipped with two hotels, high-end apartments and other facilities, the project was scrapped after a short time. It was revealed by the company that they had relaunched the project in August 2017 and were estimating a completion date of 2020.[57]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit