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The national flag of Croatia (Croatian: Zastava Hrvatske) or The Tricolour (Trobojnica) is one of the state symbols of Croatia. It consists of three equal size, horizontal stripes in colours red, white and blue. In the middle is the coat of arms of Croatia.

Republic of Croatia
Flag of Croatia.svg
NameTrobojnica
(The Tricolour)
UseNational flag
Proportion1:2
Adopted21 December 1990
DesignA horizontal tricolour of red, white, and blue with the Coat of Arms of Croatia in the centre.
Designed byMiroslav Šutej[1]
Civil Ensign of Croatia.svg
Variant flag of Republic of Croatia
UseCivil and state ensign
Proportion2:3
Adopted1992
DesignThree equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the Croatian coat of arms.
Naval Ensign of Croatia.svg
Variant flag of Republic of Croatia
UseNaval ensign
Proportion2:3
Adopted1992
DesignThree equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and blue superimposed by the emblem of the Croatian Navy.

HistoryEdit

The flag combines the colours of the flags of the Kingdom of Croatia (red and white), the Kingdom of Slavonia (blue and white) and partially of the Kingdom of Dalmatia (blue and yellow). Those three kingdoms are the historic constituent states of the Croatian Kingdom.

The red-white-blue tricolour has been used as the Croatian flag since 1848, and the pan-Slavic colours are widely associated with romantic nationalism. While the Banovina of Croatia existed within the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, it had a similar flag without the modern crown above the chequy. During the Independent State of Croatia, the flag was like the modern, but without crown and there was the letter "U" at the top left of the flag. Also, the first field of Croatian chequy was white. While Croatia was part of the SFR Yugoslavia its tricolour was the same, but it had a five-pointed red star with a yellow border in place of the coat of arms. The star was replaced by the coat in May 1990, shortly after the first multiparty elections. The current flag and the coat of arms were officially adopted on 21 December 1990, about ten months before the proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia and a day before the Constitution of Croatia on 22 December 1990.

ShieldEdit

The shield is in the red and white checks of Croatia. Above is a crown made of shields of its various regions. From left to right they are the ancient arms of Croatia, Dubrovnik, Dalmatia, Istria and Slavonia.

ColoursEdit

 
The largest flying flag in Croatia, atop the Srđ mountain over the city of Dubrovnik

The following colours are specified for use in the flag:[2]

Scheme Red White Cyan Blue Yellow Black
Pantone 186 C Transparent white Process Cyan C Reflex Blue C 108 C Process Black C
CMYK 0-100-100-0 0-0-0-0 100-0-0-0 100-82-0-2 0-6-95-0 0-0-0-100
RGB 255-0-0 255-255-255 0-147-221 23-23-150 247-219-23 0-0-0
Hex #ff0000 #ffffff #0093dd #171796 #f7db17 #000000

UnicodeEdit

The national flag of Croatia is represented as the Unicode emoji sequence U+1F1ED 🇭 REGIONAL INDICATOR SYMBOL LETTER H and U+1F1F7 🇷 REGIONAL INDICATOR SYMBOL LETTER R.[3]

Historical flagsEdit

Other official flags in CroatiaEdit

Naval and other official flagsEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Flag of the Republic of Croatia". Croatian Parliament. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  2. ^ "Hrvatski sabor - Grafički standardi zastave RH". Sabor.hr. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  3. ^ "🇭🇷 Flag for Croatia Emoji". Retrieved 2018-10-30.
  4. ^ Heimer, Željko. "Hrvatska-povijesne zastave". zeljko-heimer-fame.from.hr. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  5. ^ Jelena Boršak-Marijanović, Zastave kroz stoljeća, Croatian History Museum, Zagreb, 1996, p. 110

External linksEdit