The 2024 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as UEFA Euro 2024 (stylised as UEFA EURO 2024), or simply Euro 2024, is the ongoing 17th edition of the UEFA European Championship, the quadrennial international football championship organised by UEFA for the European men's national teams of its member associations. Germany is hosting the tournament, which is taking place from 14 June to 14 July 2024. The tournament comprises 24 teams, with Georgia making their European Championship debut.

UEFA Euro 2024
Fußball-Europameisterschaft 2024
(in German)

United by Football.
Vereint im Herzen Europas.

(United in the heart of Europe.)
Tournament details
Host countryGermany
Dates14 June – 14 July
Teams24
Venue(s)10 (in 10 host cities)
Tournament statistics
Matches played50
Goals scored114 (2.28 per match)
Attendance2,615,688 (52,314 per match)
Top scorer(s)
  • Six players
(3 goals each)
2020
2028
All statistics correct as of 10 July 2024.

It is the third time that European Championship matches are played on German territory and the second time in reunified Germany, as West Germany hosted the tournament's 1988 edition, and four matches of the multi-national Euro 2020 were played in Munich. It is the first time the competition is held in what was formerly East Germany, with Leipzig as a host city, as well as the first major tournament since the 2006 FIFA World Cup that Germany serves as a solo host nation.[1][2] The tournament returned to its usual four-year cycle after the 2020 edition was postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Italy were the defending champions, having won the 2020 final against England on penalties,[3] but were eliminated in the round of 16 by Switzerland.[4] Host nation Germany were eliminated by Spain in the quarter-finals.

Host selection

 
The Trophy

On 8 March 2017, UEFA announced that two countries, Germany and Turkey, had announced their intentions to host the tournament before the deadline of 3 March 2017.[5][6]

The host was chosen by the UEFA Executive Committee in a confidential ballot,[7][8] needing only a simple majority of votes to win. If the votes were equal, the final decision rested with UEFA president Aleksander Čeferin.[9][10] Out of the 20 members on the UEFA Executive Committee, Reinhard Grindel (Germany) and Servet Yardımcı (Turkey) could not vote because they were ineligible. Lars-Christer Olsson (Sweden) was also absent due to illness. In total, 17 members were able to vote.[11][12]

The host was selected on 27 September 2018 in Nyon, Switzerland.[11][13][14] Germany initially planned to fully host Euro 2020, although had not announced any firm interest by May 2012.[15]

Voting results
Country Votes
  Germany 12
  Turkey 4
Abstention 1
Total 17

Venues

Germany had a wide choice of stadiums that satisfied UEFA's minimum capacity requirement of 30,000 seats for European Championship matches.[16]

Of the ten venues selected for Euro 2024, nine were used for the 2006 FIFA World Cup: Berlin, Dortmund, Munich, Cologne, Stuttgart, Hamburg, Leipzig, Frankfurt, and Gelsenkirchen.[17][18] Düsseldorf, which was not used in 2006 but had previously been used for the 1974 FIFA World Cup and UEFA Euro 1988, will serve as the tenth venue; conversely, Hanover, Nuremberg and Kaiserslautern, host cities in 2006 (in addition to 1974 and 1988 in Hanover's case), will not be used for this championship. Munich, the site of the first game of UEFA Euro 2024, was also a host city at the multi-national UEFA Euro 2020 tournament, hosting four matches (three involving Germany) in front of a greatly reduced number of spectators due to COVID-19 restrictions.[19]

Various other stadiums, such as those in Bremen and Mönchengladbach, were not selected.[20] The area with the highest number of venues at UEFA Euro 2024 is the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, with four of the ten host cities (Dortmund, Düsseldorf, Gelsenkirchen and Cologne).[21]

Berlin Munich Dortmund Stuttgart
Olympiastadion Allianz Arena Westfalenstadion MHPArena
Capacity: 71,000[22] Capacity: 66,000[23] Capacity: 62,000[24] Capacity: 51,000[25]
 
 
   
Gelsenkirchen
Arena AufSchalke
Capacity: 50,000[26]
 
Hamburg
Volksparkstadion
Capacity: 49,000[27]
 
Düsseldorf Frankfurt Cologne Leipzig
Merkur Spiel-Arena Waldstadion RheinEnergieStadion Red Bull Arena
Capacity: 47,000[28] Capacity: 47,000[29] Capacity: 43,000[30] Capacity: 40,000[31]
 
 
   

Team base camps

Each team chose a "team base camp" for its stay between the matches. The teams will train and reside in these locations throughout the tournament, travelling to games staged away from their bases. The "team base camp" needs to be in Germany.[32]

Team Base camp Training ground
  Albania Kamen[33] SportCentrum Kaiserau
  Austria Berlin[34] Mommsenstadion
  Belgium Ludwigsburg[35] Wasenstadion, SGV Freiberg am Neckar
  Croatia Neuruppin[36] Volksparkstadion [de], MSV Neuruppin
  Czech Republic Hamburg[37] Edmund-Plambeck-Stadion, FC Eintracht Norderstedt 03
  Denmark Freudenstadt[38] Hermann-Saam-Stadion
  England Blankenhain[39] Golfresort Weimarer Land
  France Bad Lippspringe[40] Home Deluxe Arena, SC Paderborn 07
  Georgia Velbert[41] Stadion Velbert, SSVg Velbert
  Germany Herzogenaurach[42] Adidas Campus/HomeGround
  Hungary Weiler-Simmerberg[43] Tannenhof Resort, Sport & Spa
  Italy Iserlohn[44] Hemberg-Stadion
  Netherlands Wolfsburg[45] AOK Stadion, VfL Wolfsburg (women)
  Poland Hanover[46] Eilenriedestadion
  Portugal Harsewinkel[47] Hotel-Residence Klosterpforte Marienfeld / Sports grounds
  Romania Würzburg[48] Akon Arena, FC Würzburger Kickers
  Scotland Garmisch-Partenkirchen[49] Stadion am Gröben
  Serbia Augsburg[50] Rosenaustadion, FC Augsburg (Women)
  Slovakia Mainz[51] Bruchwegstadion, 1. FSV Mainz 05 (Women)
  Slovenia Wuppertal[52] Stadion am Zoo, Wuppertaler SV
  Spain Donaueschingen[53] Der Öschberghof
   Switzerland Stuttgart[54] Gazi-Stadion auf der Waldau, Stuttgarter Kickers
  Turkey Barsinghausen[55] Sporthotel Fuchsbachtal [de]
  Ukraine Wiesbaden Stadion am Halberg

Ticketing

Tickets for the venues were sold directly by UEFA via its website, or distributed by the football associations of the 24 finalists. Ticket sales started on 3 October 2023. More than 80% of 2.7 million tickets for the 51 tournament matches were available for the fans of the participating teams and the general public.[56] Fans of each participating team allocated 10,000 tickets for group stage matches, 6,000 tickets for the round of 16 and quarter-finals, 7,000 for the semi-finals, and 10,000 for the final match. Over 50 million applications from 206 countries were received. Besides fans of Germany, the most tickets were requested by fans supporting Turkey, Hungary, England, Albania and Croatia.[57] Prices ranged from €30 (for a seat behind the goal at a group match) to €1000 (for a seat in the main stand at the final).[58]

Qualification

 
  Team qualified for UEFA Euro 2024
  Team failed to qualify
  Team was banned from entering the competition
  Not a member of UEFA

As hosts, Germany qualified for the tournament automatically. The 23 remaining spots were determined by a qualifying tournament; 20 spots were decided by the direct qualification of the winners and runners-up of the 10 qualifying groups, with the remaining three spots decided by play-offs.[59] Places in the play-offs were given to the teams that performed the best in the 2022–23 UEFA Nations League who did not already qualify via the main qualifying tournament.[60] The draw for the UEFA Euro 2024 qualifying group stage was held on 9 October 2022 at the Festhalle in Frankfurt.[61][62] The qualifying group stage took place from March to November 2023, while the three play-offs were held in March 2024.[63]

Qualified teams

Of the 24 teams that qualified for the tournament, 19 had participated in the previous edition. These include the defending champions Italy and runners-up England, as well as 2022 World Cup runners-up France and bronze medalist Croatia. Portugal was the only team to qualify with a flawless record, whilst France, England, Belgium, Hungary, and Romania also qualified without a loss.[64]

Albania and Romania returned after missing out on Euro 2020, the former qualifying for only their second major tournament. Serbia and Slovenia both returned for the first time since Euro 2000, with Serbia qualifying for the first time since Serbia and Montenegro became separate nations, and Slovenia qualifying for their fourth major tournament as an independent nation.[65][66] Georgia beat Greece on penalties in the play-offs to qualify for their first-ever tournament since gaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, also becoming the only debutants for this edition and ensuring every final tournament since the inaugural Euro 1960 saw one new team make their debut.[67]

Notable absentees include Sweden, Russia, and Wales. Sweden failed to reach the finals for the first time since Euro 1996 and also failed to qualify for their second major tournament in a row, having missed out on the 2022 World Cup. Russia, who were regulars at finals since Euro 2000, were barred from the qualifiers altogether in the aftermath of the country's invasion of Ukraine, the first time a national team had been banned from the competition since FR Yugoslavia in 1992. Wales, who reached the knockout stages at the previous two editions, including the semi-finals at Euro 2016, lost to Poland on penalties in the play-offs. Having made their debut at the previous edition, both North Macedonia and Finland failed to qualify for this edition.

Team Qualified as Qualified on Previous appearances in tournament[A]
  Germany[B] Host 27 September 2018 13 (1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020)
  Belgium Group F winner 13 October 2023 6 (1972, 1980, 1984, 2000, 2016, 2020)
  France Group B winner 13 October 2023 10 (1960, 1984, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020)
  Portugal Group J winner 13 October 2023 8 (1984, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020)
  Scotland Group A runner-up 15 October 2023 3 (1992, 1996, 2020)
  Spain Group A winner 15 October 2023 11 (1964, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020)
  Turkey Group D winner 15 October 2023 5 (1996, 2000, 2008, 2016, 2020)
  Austria Group F runner-up 16 October 2023 3 (2008, 2016, 2020)
  England Group C winner 17 October 2023 10 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2012, 2016, 2020)
  Hungary Group G winner 16 November 2023 4 (1964, 1972, 2016, 2020)
  Slovakia[C] Group J runner-up 16 November 2023 5 (1960, 1976, 1980, 2016, 2020)
  Albania Group E winner 17 November 2023 1 (2016)
  Denmark Group H winner 17 November 2023 9 (1964, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2012, 2020)
  Netherlands Group B runner-up 18 November 2023 10 (1976, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2020)
  Romania Group I winner 18 November 2023 5 (1984, 1996, 2000, 2008, 2016)
   Switzerland Group I runner-up 18 November 2023 5 (1996, 2004, 2008, 2016, 2020)
  Serbia[D] Group G runner-up 19 November 2023 5 (1960, 1968, 1976, 1984, 2000)[E]
  Czech Republic[C] Group E runner-up 20 November 2023 10 (1960, 1976, 1980, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020)
  Italy Group C runner-up 20 November 2023 10 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020)
  Slovenia Group H runner-up 20 November 2023 1 (2000)
  Croatia Group D runner-up 21 November 2023 6 (1996, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020)
  Georgia Play-off Path C winner 26 March 2024 0 (debut)
  Ukraine Play-off Path B winner 26 March 2024 3 (2012, 2016, 2020)
  Poland Play-off Path A winner 26 March 2024 4 (2008, 2012, 2016, 2020)
  1. ^ Bold indicates champion for that year. Italic indicates host for that year.
  2. ^ From 1972 to 1988, Germany competed as West Germany.
  3. ^ a b From 1960 to 1980, both Slovakia and the Czech Republic competed as Czechoslovakia.[68][69][70][71]
  4. ^ From 1960 to 1984, Serbia competed as Yugoslavia, and in 2000 as FR Yugoslavia.
  5. ^ FR Yugoslavia were initially to appear in 1992 (after qualifying as Yugoslavia), but were replaced after being banned by the United Nations from all international sport.

Disqualification of Russia

At a meeting of the UEFA Executive Committee in Hvar, Croatia, on 20 September 2022, it was confirmed that Russia would be excluded from qualifying for Euro 2024, reaffirming the suspension of all Russian teams following the country's invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 and making this the first European Championship finals Russia would miss since 2000.[72][73][74][75]

Final draw

The final tournament draw took place on 2 December 2023, 18:00 CET, at the Elbphilharmonie in Hamburg.[76] The teams were seeded in accordance with the overall European Qualifiers rankings. Hosts Germany were automatically seeded into pot 1, and they were placed in position A1. The three play-off winners were not known at the time of the draw, and the teams participating in those play-offs, scheduled to be held in March 2024, were placed into pot 4 for the draw.[77][78][79][80] The draw was disrupted by various sexual noises whilst it was taking place, as the result of a prankster.[81][82]

  • Pot 1: Germany (Host), group winners ranked 1–5
  • Pot 2: Group winners ranked 6–10, group runner-up ranked 1 (6–11 overall)
  • Pot 3: Group runners-up ranked 2–7 (12–17 overall)
  • Pot 4: Group runners-up ranked 8–10 (18–20 overall), play-off winners A–C (identity unknown at the time of the draw)

Seeding

Pot 1
Team Rank
  Germany (hosts)
  Portugal 1
  France 2
  Spain 3
  Belgium 4
  England 5
Pot 2
Team Rank
  Hungary 6
  Turkey 7
  Romania 8
  Denmark 9
  Albania 10
  Austria 11
Pot 3
Team Rank
  Netherlands 12
  Scotland 13
  Croatia 14
  Slovenia 15
  Slovakia 16
  Czech Republic 17
Pot 4[a]
Team Rank
  Italy 18
  Serbia 19
   Switzerland 20
Play-off winners A
Play-off winners B
Play-off winners C
  1. ^ Identity of the three play-off winners was unknown at the time of the draw.

Draw

Group A
Pos Team
A1   Germany
A2   Scotland
A3   Hungary
A4    Switzerland
Group B
Pos Team
B1   Spain
B2   Croatia
B3   Italy
B4   Albania
Group C
Pos Team
C1   Slovenia
C2   Denmark
C3   Serbia
C4   England
Group D
Pos Team
D1   Poland[a]
D2   Netherlands
D3   Austria
D4   France
Group E
Pos Team
E1   Belgium
E2   Slovakia
E3   Romania
E4   Ukraine[a]
Group F
Pos Team
F1   Turkey
F2   Georgia[a]
F3   Portugal
F4   Czech Republic
  1. ^ a b c Identity of the three play-off winners was unknown at the time of the draw.

Squads

The maximum squad size of the teams was increased from the original quota of 23 to 26 players. Teams had to provide the list containing a minimum of 23 players and a maximum of 26 by the deadline of 7 June.[83]

Match officials

In April 2024, 19 refereeing teams were selected to take charge of the 51 matches at the tournament, including an Argentine team selected as part of a co-operation agreement between the UEFA and CONMEBOL confederations.[84][85]

Refereeing teams
Country Referee Assistant referees Matches assigned
  Argentina Facundo Tello Gabriel Chade [de]
Ezequiel Brailovsky [es]
Turkey–Georgia (Group F)
Scotland–Hungary (Group A)
  England Michael Oliver Stuart Burt [de]
Dan Cook [de]
Spain–Croatia (Group B)
Slovakia–Ukraine (Group E)
Germany–Denmark (Round of 16)
Portugal–France (Quarter-finals)
  England Anthony Taylor Gary Beswick [de]
Adam Nunn [de]
Netherlands–France (Group D)
Ukraine–Belgium (Group E)
Spain–Germany (Quarter-finals)
  France François Letexier Cyril Mugnier [de]
Mehdi Rahmouni [de]
Croatia–Albania (Group B)
Denmark–Serbia (Group C)
Spain–Georgia (Round of 16)
Spain–England (Final)
  France Clément Turpin Nicolas Danos [de]
Benjamin Pagès [de]
Germany–Scotland (Group A)
England–Slovenia (Group C)
Netherlands–Turkey (Quarter-finals)
  Germany Daniel Siebert Jan Seidel
Rafael Foltyn
Georgia–Czech Republic (Group F)
Slovakia–Romania (Group E)
  Germany Felix Zwayer Stefan Lupp [de]
Marco Achmüller [de]
Italy–Albania (Group B)
Turkey–Portugal (Group F)
Romania–Netherlands (Round of 16)
Netherlands–England (Semi-finals)
  Italy Marco Guida Filippo Meli [it]
Giorgio Peretti [de]
Portugal–Czech Republic (Group F)
France–Poland (Group D)
  Italy Daniele Orsato Ciro Carbone [de]
Alessandro Giallatini [de]
Serbia–England (Group C)
Switzerland–Germany (Group A)
Portugal–Slovenia (Round of 16)
England–Switzerland (Quarter-finals)
  Netherlands Danny Makkelie Hessel Steegstra [de]
Jan de Vries [simple]
Germany–Hungary (Group A)
Croatia–Italy (Group B)
  Poland Szymon Marciniak Tomasz Listkiewicz [de]
Adam Kupsik [de]
Belgium–Romania (Group E)
Switzerland–Italy (Round of 16)
  Portugal Artur Soares Dias Paulo Soares [de]
Pedro Ribeiro [de]
Poland–Netherlands (Group D)
Denmark–England (Group C)
Austria–Turkey (Round of 16)
  Romania István Kovács Vasile Marinescu [de]
Mihai Ovidiu Artene [de]
Slovenia–Serbia (Group C)
Czech Republic–Turkey (Group F)
  Slovakia Ivan Kružliak Branislav Hancko [de]
Jan Pozor [de]
Scotland–Switzerland (Group A)
Netherlands–Austria (Group D)
  Slovenia Slavko Vinčić Tomaž Klančnik [de]
Andraž Kovačič [de]
Hungary–Switzerland (Group A)
Spain–Italy (Group B)
Spain–France (Semi-finals)
  Spain Jesús Gil Manzano Diego Barbero Sevilla [de]
Ángel Nevado Rodríguez [es]
Austria–France (Group D)
  Sweden Glenn Nyberg Mahbod Beigi [de]
Andreas Söderkvist [de]
Romania–Ukraine (Group E)
Albania–Spain (Group B)
France–Belgium (Round of 16)
  Switzerland Sandro Schärer Stéphane de Almeida [de]
Bekim Zogaj [de]
Slovenia–Denmark (Group C)
Georgia–Portugal (Group F)
  Turkey Halil Umut Meler Mustafa Emre Eyisoy [de]
Kerem Ersoy [de]
Belgium–Slovakia (Group E)
Poland–Austria (Group D)
England–Slovakia (Round of 16)

In addition, UEFA announced twenty video match officials and twelve support match officials (who will act as fourth official or reserve assistant referee).[85]

Video match officials
Country Referee(s)
  England Stuart Attwell
David Coote
  France Jérôme Brisard
Willy Delajod
  Germany Bastian Dankert
Christian Dingert
Marco Fritz
  Italy Massimiliano Irrati
Paolo Valeri
  Netherlands Rob Dieperink [nl]
Pol van Boekel
  Poland Bartosz Frankowski
Tomasz Kwiatkowski [pl]
  Portugal Tiago Martins
  Romania Cătălin Popa [it]
  Slovenia Nejc Kajtazovič [nl]
  Spain Alejandro Hernández Hernández
Juan Martínez Munuera
  Switzerland Fedayi San [it]
  Turkey Alper Ulusoy [tr]
Support match officials
Country Fourth official Reserve assistant referee
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Irfan Peljto Senad Ibrišimbegović [de]
  Lithuania Donatas Rumšas [nl] Aleksandr Radiuš [de]
  Netherlands Serdar Gözübüyük Johan Balder [de]
  Norway Espen Eskås Jan Erik Engan [de]
  Slovenia Rade Obrenović [it] Jure Praprotnik [de]
  Ukraine Mykola Balakin [it] Oleksandr Berkut [de]

Group stage

 
Result of teams participating in UEFA Euro 2024

UEFA announced the tournament schedule on 10 May 2022, which included kick-off times only for the opening match, semi-finals, and final.[86][87] The kick-off times for all other matches were announced on 2 December 2023 following the draw.[88][89]

Group winners, runners-up and the best four third-placed teams advanced to the round of 16.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Tiebreakers

If two or more teams are equal on points on completion of the group matches, the following tie-breaking criteria are applied:[77]

  1. Higher number of points obtained in the matches played between the teams in question;
  2. Superior goal difference resulting from the matches played between the teams in question;
  3. Higher number of goals scored in the matches played between the teams in question;
  4. If, after having applied criteria 1 to 3, teams still have an equal ranking, criteria 1 to 3 are reapplied exclusively to the matches between the teams who are still level to determine their final rankings.[a] If this procedure does not lead to a decision, criteria 5 to 9 will apply;
  5. Superior goal difference in all group matches;
  6. Higher number of goals scored in all group matches;
  7. If on the last round of the group stage, two teams who are facing each other are tied in points, goal difference and goals scored then they drew their match, their ranking is determined by a penalty shoot-out. (This criterion is not used if more than two teams had the same number of points.);
  8. Lower disciplinary points total in all group matches (1 point for a single yellow card, 3 points for a red card regardless whether it was a direct red card or two yellow cards, 4 points for a yellow card followed by a direct red card);
  9. Higher position in the European Qualifiers overall ranking, unless the comparison involves host Germany, in which case a drawing of lots will take place.

Notes

  1. ^ If there is a three-way tie on points, the application of the first three criteria may only break the tie for one of the teams, leaving the other two teams still tied. In this case, the tiebreaking procedure is resumed, from the beginning, for the two teams that are still tied.

Group A

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Germany (H) 3 2 1 0 8 2 +6 7 Advance to knockout stage
2    Switzerland 3 1 2 0 5 3 +2 5
3   Hungary 3 1 0 2 2 5 −3 3
4   Scotland 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1
Source: UEFA
(H) Hosts
Germany  5–1  Scotland
Report
Attendance: 65,052[90]
Hungary  1–3   Switzerland
Report

Germany  2–0  Hungary
Report
Attendance: 54,000[92]
Scotland  1–1   Switzerland
Report

Switzerland  1–1  Germany
Report
Attendance: 46,685[94]
Scotland  0–1  Hungary
Report
Attendance: 54,000[95]

Group B

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Spain 3 3 0 0 5 0 +5 9 Advance to knockout stage
2   Italy 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
3   Croatia 3 0 2 1 3 6 −3 2
4   Albania 3 0 1 2 3 5 −2 1
Source: UEFA
Spain  3–0  Croatia
Report
Attendance: 68,844[96]
Italy  2–1  Albania
Report
Attendance: 60,512[97]

Croatia  2–2  Albania
Report
Spain  1–0  Italy
Report

Albania  0–1  Spain
Report
Croatia  1–1  Italy
Report

Group C

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   England 3 1 2 0 2 1 +1 5 Advance to knockout stage
2   Denmark 3 0 3 0 2 2 0 3[a]
3   Slovenia 3 0 3 0 2 2 0 3[a]
4   Serbia 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2
Source: UEFA
Notes:
  1. ^ a b Tied on head-to-head result (Slovenia 1–1 Denmark), overall goal difference and overall goals scored. Disciplinary points: Denmark −6, Slovenia −7.[102][103]
Slovenia  1–1  Denmark
Report
Attendance: 54,000[104]
Serbia  0–1  England
Report

Slovenia  1–1  Serbia
Report
Attendance: 63,028[106]
Denmark  1–1  England
Report

England  0–0  Slovenia
Report
Denmark  0–0  Serbia
Report
Attendance: 64,288[109]

Group D

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Austria 3 2 0 1 6 4 +2 6 Advance to knockout stage
2   France 3 1 2 0 2 1 +1 5
3   Netherlands 3 1 1 1 4 4 0 4
4   Poland 3 0 1 2 3 6 −3 1
Source: UEFA
Poland  1–2  Netherlands
Report
Austria  0–1  France
Report

Poland  1–3  Austria
Report
Attendance: 69,455[112]
Netherlands  0–0  France
Report
Attendance: 38,531[113]

Netherlands  2–3  Austria
Report
Attendance: 68,363[114]
France  1–1  Poland
Report
Attendance: 59,728[115]
Referee: Marco Guida (Italy)

Group E

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Romania 3 1 1 1 4 3 +1 4 Advance to knockout stage
2   Belgium 3 1 1 1 2 1 +1 4
3   Slovakia 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
4   Ukraine 3 1 1 1 2 4 −2 4
Source: UEFA
Romania  3–0  Ukraine
Report
Attendance: 61,591[116]
Referee: Glenn Nyberg (Sweden)
Belgium  0–1  Slovakia
Report
Attendance: 45,181[117]

Slovakia  1–2  Ukraine
Report
Belgium  2–0  Romania
Report

Slovakia  1–1  Romania
Report
Attendance: 45,033[120]
Ukraine  0–0  Belgium
Report
Attendance: 54,000[121]

Group F

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Portugal 3 2 0 1 5 3 +2 6[a] Advance to knockout stage
2   Turkey 3 2 0 1 5 5 0 6[a]
3   Georgia 3 1 1 1 4 4 0 4
4   Czech Republic 3 0 1 2 3 5 −2 1
Source: UEFA
Notes:
  1. ^ a b Head-to-head result: Turkey 0–3 Portugal.
Turkey  3–1  Georgia
Report
Portugal  2–1  Czech Republic
Report
Attendance: 38,421[123]
Referee: Marco Guida (Italy)

Georgia  1–1  Czech Republic
Report
Turkey  0–3  Portugal
Report
Attendance: 61,047[125]

Georgia  2–0  Portugal
Report
Czech Republic  1–2  Turkey
Report

Ranking of third-placed teams

Pos Grp Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1 D   Netherlands 3 1 1 1 4 4 0 4[a] Advance to knockout stage
2 F   Georgia 3 1 1 1 4 4 0 4[a]
3 E   Slovakia 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
4 C   Slovenia 3 0 3 0 2 2 0 3
5 A   Hungary 3 1 0 2 2 5 −3 3
6 B   Croatia 3 0 2 1 3 6 −3 2
Source: UEFA
Rules for classification: 1) Points; 2) Goal difference; 3) Goals scored; 4) Wins; 5) Lower disciplinary points total; 6) European Qualifiers overall ranking (or drawing of lots, if hosts Germany had been involved in the tiebreaker).[77]
Notes:
  1. ^ a b Disciplinary points: Netherlands −2, Georgia −6.[103]

Knockout stage

In the knockout stage, if a match is level at the end of normal playing time, extra time is played (two periods of 15 minutes each). If still tied after extra time, the match is decided by a penalty shoot-out.[77]

As with every tournament since UEFA Euro 1984, there is no third place play-off.

All times listed are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)

Bracket

 
Round of 16Quarter-finalsSemi-finalsFinal
 
              
 
30 June – Cologne
 
 
  Spain4
 
5 July – Stuttgart
 
  Georgia1
 
  Spain (a.e.t.)2
 
29 June – Dortmund
 
  Germany1
 
  Germany2
 
9 July – Munich
 
  Denmark0
 
  Spain2
 
1 July – Frankfurt
 
  France1
 
  Portugal (p)0 (3)
 
5 July – Hamburg
 
  Slovenia0 (0)
 
  Portugal0 (3)
 
1 July – Düsseldorf
 
  France (p)0 (5)
 
  France1
 
14 July – Berlin
 
  Belgium0
 
  Spain
 
2 July – Munich
 
  England
 
  Romania0
 
6 July – Berlin
 
  Netherlands3
 
  Netherlands2
 
2 July – Leipzig
 
  Turkey1
 
  Austria1
 
10 July – Dortmund
 
  Turkey2
 
  Netherlands1
 
30 June – Gelsenkirchen
 
  England2
 
  England (a.e.t.)2
 
6 July – Düsseldorf
 
  Slovakia1
 
  England (p)1 (5)
 
29 June – Berlin
 
   Switzerland1 (3)
 
   Switzerland2
 
 
  Italy0
 

Round of 16

Switzerland  2–0  Italy
Report
Attendance: 68,172[128]

Germany  2–0  Denmark
Report

England  2–1 (a.e.t.)  Slovakia
Report Schranz   25'

Spain  4–1  Georgia
Report

France  1–0  Belgium
Report

Portugal  0–0 (a.e.t.)  Slovenia
Report
Penalties
3–0
Attendance: 46,576[133]

Romania  0–3  Netherlands
Report
Attendance: 65,012[134]

Austria  1–2  Turkey
Report

Quarter-finals

Spain  2–1 (a.e.t.)  Germany
Report
Attendance: 54,000[136]

Portugal  0–0 (a.e.t.)  France
Report
Penalties
3–5

England  1–1 (a.e.t.)   Switzerland
Report
Penalties
5–3

Netherlands  2–1  Turkey
Report
Attendance: 70,091[139]

Semi-finals

Spain  2–1  France
Report
Attendance: 62,042[140]

Netherlands  1–2  England
Report
Attendance: 60,926[141]
 
English and Dutch supporters at an official screening of the semifinal match in Frankfurt

Final

Spain  Match 51  England
Report

Statistics

Goalscorers

There have been 114 goals scored in 50 matches, for an average of 2.28 goals per match (as of 10 July 2024). Players highlighted in bold are still active in the competition.

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

1 own goal

Source: UEFA[142]

Discipline

A player is automatically suspended for the next match for the following offences:[77]

  • Receiving a red card (red card suspensions can be extended for serious offences)
  • Receiving two yellow cards in two different matches; yellow cards expire after the completion of the quarter-finals (yellow card suspensions are not carried forward to any other future international matches)

The following players earned a suspension during the tournament:[143][103][144][145]

Player Offence(s) Suspension(s)
  Giorgi Loria   in qualifying vs Greece (26 March 2024) Group F vs Turkey (matchday 1; 18 June 2024)
  Ryan Porteous   in Group A vs Germany (matchday 1; 14 June 2024) Group A vs Switzerland (matchday 2; 19 June 2024)
Group A vs Hungary (matchday 3; 23 June 2024)[146]
  Mirlind Daku[A] Nationalist chants following Group B vs Croatia (matchday 2; 19 June 2024)[147][148] Group B vs Spain (matchday 3; 24 June 2024)
  Rodri   in Group B vs Croatia (matchday 1; 15 June 2024)
  in Group B vs Italy (matchday 2; 20 June 2024)
Group B vs Albania (matchday 3; 24 June 2024)
  Dodi Lukebakio   in Group E vs Slovakia (matchday 1; 17 June 2024)
  in Group E vs Romania (matchday 2; 22 June 2024)
Group E vs Ukraine (matchday 3; 26 June 2024)
  Rafael Leão   in Group F vs Czech Republic (matchday 1; 18 June 2024)
  in Group F vs Turkey (matchday 2; 22 June 2024)
Group F vs Georgia (matchday 3; 26 June 2024)
  Abdülkerim Bardakcı   in Group F vs Georgia (matchday 1; 18 June 2024)
  in Group F vs Portugal (matchday 2; 22 June 2024)
Group F vs Czech Republic (matchday 3; 26 June 2024)
  Jonathan Tah   in Group A vs Scotland (matchday 1; 14 June 2024)
  in Group A vs Switzerland (matchday 3; 23 June 2024)
Round of 16 vs Denmark (29 June 2024)
  Silvan Widmer   in Group A vs Hungary (matchday 1; 15 June 2024)
  in Group A vs Germany (matchday 3; 23 June 2024)
Round of 16 vs Italy (29 June 2024)
  Riccardo Calafiori   in Group B vs Albania (matchday 1; 15 June 2024)
  in Group B vs Croatia (matchday 3; 24 June 2024)
Round of 16 vs Switzerland (29 June 2024)
  Patrick Wimmer   in Group D vs Poland (matchday 2; 21 June 2024)
  in Group D vs Netherlands (matchday 3; 25 June 2024)
Round of 16 vs Turkey (2 July 2024)
  Morten Hjulmand   in Group C vs Slovenia (matchday 1; 16 June 2024)
  in Group C vs Serbia (matchday 3; 25 June 2024)
Round of 16 vs Germany (29 June 2024)
  Erik Janža   in Group C vs Serbia (matchday 2; 20 June 2024)
  in Group C vs England (matchday 3; 25 June 2024)
Round of 16 vs Portugal (1 July 2024)
  Nicușor Bancu   in Group E vs Belgium (matchday 2; 22 June 2024)
  in Group E vs Slovakia (matchday 3; 26 June 2024)
Round of 16 vs Netherlands (2 July 2024)
  Antonín Barák     in Group F vs Turkey (matchday 3; 26 June 2024) Suspension to be served outside the tournament
  Tomáš Chorý   in Group F vs Turkey (matchday 3; 26 June 2024)
  Anzor Mekvabishvili   in Group F vs Czech Republic (matchday 2; 22 June 2024)
  in Group F vs Portugal (matchday 3; 26 June 2024)
Round of 16 vs Spain (30 June 2024)
  Samet Akaydin   in Group F vs Portugal (matchday 2; 22 June 2024)
  in Group F vs Czech Republic (matchday 3; 26 June 2024)
Round of 16 vs Austria (2 July 2024)
  Hakan Çalhanoğlu   in Group F vs Georgia (matchday 1; 18 June 2024)
  in Group F vs Czech Republic (matchday 3; 26 June 2024)
  Marc Guéhi   in Group C vs Slovenia (matchday 3; 25 June 2024)
  in Round of 16 vs Slovakia (30 June 2024)
Quarter-finals vs Switzerland (6 July 2024)
  Adrien Rabiot   in Group D vs Poland (matchday 3; 25 June 2024)
  in Round of 16 vs Belgium (1 July 2024)
Quarter-finals vs Portugal (5 July 2024)
  Matjaž Kek (manager)   in Round of 16 vs Portugal (1 July 2024) Suspension to be served outside the tournament
  Orkun Kökçü   in Group F vs Czech Republic (matchday 3; 26 June 2024)
  in Round of 16 vs Austria (2 July 2024)
Quarter-finals vs Netherlands (6 July 2024)
  İsmail Yüksek   in Group F vs Czech Republic (matchday 3; 26 June 2024)
  in Round of 16 vs Austria (2 July 2024)
  Merih Demiral[B] Nationalist hand symbol in Round of 16 vs Austria (2 July 2024)[149][150]
  Dani Carvajal     in Quarter-finals vs Germany (5 July 2024) Semi-finals vs France (9 July 2024)
  Robin Le Normand   in Group B vs Italy (matchday 2; 20 June 2024)
  in Quarter-finals vs Germany (5 July 2024)
  Bertuğ Yıldırım   in Quarter-finals vs Netherlands (6 July 2024) Suspension to be served outside the tournament
  1. ^ Daku was handed a two-match ban, with the second match of the suspension to be served outside the tournament.
  2. ^ Demiral was handed a two-match ban, with the second match of the suspension to be served outside the tournament.

Prize money

The prize money was finalised on 2 December 2023. Each team will receive a participation fee of €9.25 million, with the winner able to earn a maximum of €28.25 million.[151]

Round achieved Amount Number of teams
Final tournament €9.25m 24
Group stage €1m for a win
€500,000 for a draw
24
Round of 16 €1.5m 16
Quarter-finals €2.5m 8
Semi-finals €4m 4
Runner-up €5m 1
Winner €8m 1

Records

  • Lamine Yamal became the youngest player to feature at a UEFA European Championship at 16 years and 338 days old after playing for Spain in their opening match against Croatia. The previous youngest was Poland's Kacper Kozłowski, aged 17 years and 246 days in 2021.[152]
  • Subsequently, with his goal in the semi-final against France, Lamine Yamal became the youngest goalscorer in the history of European Championships, aged 16 years 362 days. The previous youngest was Switzerland's Johan Vonlanthen, aged 18 years and 141 days in 2004, also against France.[153]
  • Nedim Bajrami set the record for fastest goal scored in European Championship history, scoring for Albania against Italy in 23 seconds. This shattered the previous record of 67 seconds, by Russia's Dmitri Kirichenko in 2004. Kirichenko's goal was then pushed into the third fastest goal position by Merih Demiral's goal for Turkey against Austria, after only 58 seconds. The fourth fastest goal was also recorded, when Youri Tielemans scored for Belgium against Romania after only 74 seconds.[154]
  • Portugal's Pepe became the oldest player to make an appearance at the European Championship, aged 41 years and 130 days in his quarter-final match against France. Hungary goalkeeper Gabor Király, the previous record holder, was aged 40 years and 86 days when he faced Belgium in the round of 16 in 2016. Before Pepe, the oldest outfield player was Lothar Matthäus, who won his 150th and final cap for Germany aged 39 years and 91 days in 2000.[155]
  • Cristiano Ronaldo extended his own record for the most tournaments featured in, appearing in his sixth European Championship.[156]
  • Luka Modrić became the oldest player to score a goal at the European Championship, aged 38 years and 289 days. The previous record was held by Austria's Ivica Vastić, who was 38 years and 257 days old when he scored against Poland in 2008.[157]
  • Kevin Csoboth set the record for the latest regular time goal in tournament history, scoring for Hungary against Scotland in the 10th minute after the 90-minute mark.[158][159]
  • The final Group F game between Czech Republic and Turkey broke the record for the most number of cards shown in total in a single match. 19 cards (17 yellow and 2 red) were shown (Czech Republic receiving 7 of them and Turkey 12), surpassing the previous record of 10 shown in the Euro 2016 final between Portugal and France.[160]
  • Portuguese goalkeeper Diogo Costa made three saves in the round of 16 penalty shoot-out against Slovenia, breaking the European Championship record for most saves in one penalty shoot-out, while Slovenia became the first team in tournament history to miss all of their penalties.[161][162]

Marketing

 
Countdown clock for UEFA Euro 2024 in front of Düsseldorf City Hall

Branding

The official logo was unveiled on 5 October 2021, during a ceremony at the Olympiastadion in Berlin. The logo depicts the Henri Delaunay Trophy with 24 coloured slices around the trophy representing the 24 participating nations, and the ellipse reflects the shape of the Olympiastadion.[163] In addition, each of the ten host cities has their own unique logo, featuring the following local sights:[164]

The official slogan of the tournament is "United by Football. Vereint im Herzen Europas." The slogan was chosen to promote diversity and inclusion.[165]

Merchandise

In November 2023, it was announced that EA Sports had picked up the rights for the UEFA Euro 2024 video game, and that the Euro 2024 downloadable update would be coming to EA Sports FC 24, EA Sports FC Mobile, and EA Sports FC Online in the summer of 2024.[166] Released on 11 June, the update features a full tournament mode, local and online friendlies, and a Euro-themed single player career mode, called "Lead Your Nation", each including all of the teams, players, and tournament venues.[167][168]

From Euro 2024, Fanatics will be controlling the e-commerce, event retail and licensing of UEFA National Team competitions until Euro 2028.[169]

Topps, also owned by Fanatics, is the official sticker and trading card partner of the tournament, marking the end of Panini's association with UEFA which began in 1976. Stickers were produced for all the Euro 2024 teams, including the teams that did not qualify for the qualifying play-offs. These stickers can be sold, collected or traded.[170]

Official song

In December 2023, Italian DJ group Meduza, American pop rock band OneRepublic and German singer Kim Petras were all announced as the official music artists of the tournament.[171] However, in March 2024, it was announced that Petras had withdrawn from production due to scheduling issues, and was replaced by German singer Leony.[172] The official song, "Fire", was released on 10 May 2024.[173] It will be performed live by the three music artists at the tournament's closing ceremony before the final on 14 July 2024.[174]

Broadcasting rights

The International Broadcast Centre (IBC) will be located at the halls of the Leipzig Trade Fair in Leipzig, Germany.[175]

Unlike the previous two tournaments, UEFA has discontinued 4K ultra-high-definition broadcasts due to technical constraints, and amid lukewarm interest in the format among European broadcasters in comparison to high-dynamic-range (HDR) color.[176]

Sponsorship

UEFA will use virtual advertising for the first time in the history of Euros, having three different types of sponsorship besides the Global sponsors, one pack for Germany, one for the United States and another for the Chinese market.[177]

Official global sponsors[178]

Official Germany national sponsors[177]

Symbols

Mascot

 
The official mascot "Albärt".

The official UEFA Euro 2024 mascot was unveiled on 20 June 2023 at the Germany vs. Colombia international friendly in Gelsenkirchen.[197] The mascot is a teddy bear with shorts on.[198] A public vote was used to select the name of the mascot, with options being "Albärt", "Bärnardo", "Bärnheart" and "Herzi von Bär", all referencing the German word for bear (Bär).[199] Results were made public on 5 July, with the mascot's name announced to be "Albärt", getting 32% of the votes.[200]

Unofficially the event even has an animal oracle following in the footsteps of Paul the Octopus: Bubi the Elephant, who "predicted" Germany's opening round against Scotland with her initial kick through a makeshift goal.[201]

Match ball

 
Official replica-version of the match ball "Fussballliebe".

The official match ball of the tournament, "Fussballliebe", was unveiled by UEFA and Adidas on 15 November 2023.[202] Translated from the German as "football love", it features black wing shapes with red, blue, orange and green edges and curves to showcase the qualified nations' vibrancy to the tournament, and the love that fans around the world give to football. Created with sustainable organic materials,[202] this is the first ball for a UEFA Euro to feature "Connected Ball Technology", where it contains internal electronic sensors, allowing detection of its movement for UEFA match officials to use to assist in decision-making.[203]

Controversies and incidents

Pitch invasions, thrown projectiles, and other interference

The Group F match between Turkey and Portugal was interrupted four times by pitch invaders trying to take a selfie with Cristiano Ronaldo. Two others invaded the pitch right after the final whistle. Additional pitch invasions happened during the game between Albania and Italy, one during the game between Romania and Ukraine, and one during the round of 16 game between Romania and the Netherlands. During another pitch invasion after the semi-final between Spain and France, a security guard chasing the invader accidentally slid into Spanish striker Álvaro Morata, who suffered an injury as a consequence.[204][205][206][207][208][209]

Several players and managers have complained about fans throwing reusable plastic cups on the pitch, on occasion hitting players, particularly when taking a corner kick.[210] Other objects have been thrown as well,[211] and Kevin De Bruyne had a laser pointer shone in his eye in one match.[212][213][214][215]

Barnabás Varga injury

During the second half of the Group A fixture between Scotland and Hungary, Hungarian striker Barnabás Varga was left unconscious after a collision with Scottish goalkeeper Angus Gunn, landing in a fencing response. It was later revealed that Varga had suffered from a concussion and sustained multiple fractured cheekbones.[216] Rapidly following the incident, medics made their way toward the scene and protective sheets were held around Varga. However, the stretcher bearers were seen walking toward the player, rather than running, prompting dismay from players, fans, and staff alike. Hungary captain Dominik Szoboszlai and fellow player Endre Botka proceeded to run with the stretcher in an attempt to speed up the process.[217] Following the injury, the captain expressed his frustration, stating that the medical staff did not react quick enough, with hopes that "everyone can save a few seconds and save a life." This was rebutted by UEFA, who claimed that the coordination between the on-site medical staff was "professional", with "no delay in the treatment of and assistance to the player.”[218]

The match was resumed after 10 minutes, as Hungary went on to win by a score of 0–1 following a stoppage time goal from Kevin Csoboth, with Varga making a full recovery after undergoing surgery.[219]

Balkan incidents

During the group stage, several controversies came up due to the behaviour of various Balkan fans and players. Albania and Serbia were both fined €10,000 after their fans displayed irredentist symbols; Serbian fans displayed maps of Kosovo as being a part of Serbia while Albanian fans displayed maps of Greater Albania. Serbia threatened to quit the tournament if UEFA did not take action against Croatia and Albania after some of their fans chanted anti-Serbian slogans during the match, such as Ubij ubij ubij Srbina ("Kill kill kill the Serb"); an investigation was later launched into Croatia.[220] After the group stage game between Albania and Croatia, Mirlind Daku led the Albanian supporters in chanting anti-Macedonian and anti-Serbian slogans, and Albania was fined €47,250 and Daku was banned for two games. Kosovar journalist Arlind Sadiku was banned after making the crossed hands gesture towards Serbian fans during the Serbia and England game.[220]

Merih Demiral celebration

In the Austria vs Turkey match on 2 July 2024, Turkish player Merih Demiral celebrated his second goal of the match with a wolf salute. The gesture is seen as ultra-nationalist due to its connection with far-right extremist group Grey Wolves and is banned in Austria, as well as France.[221] The celebration was criticised by German interior minister Nancy Faeser, while Nationalist Movement Party president Devlet Bahçeli shared his support for the celebration.[222] Demiral also posted a photo on his Twitter account of him performing the celebration along with the caption of: “How happy is the one who says I am a Turk!". UEFA opened an investigation on Demiral the following day[223] before later handing him a two-match ban, meaning he would miss Turkey's quarter-final match against the Netherlands, as well as their first 2024–25 UEFA Nations League match as they were eliminated in the quarter-finals.[224]

See also

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