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The 2000 UEFA European Football Championship, also known as Euro 2000, was the 11th UEFA European Football Championship, which is held every four years and organised by UEFA, association football's governing body in Europe.[1]

UEFA Euro 2000
UEFA Europees Voetbalkampioenschap
België/Nederland 2000 (in Dutch)
UEFA Championnat Européen du Football
Belgique/Pays Bas 2000 (in French)
UEFA Fußball-Europameisterschaft
Belgien/Niederlande 2000 (in German)
UEFA Euro 2000 logo.svg
UEFA Euro 2000 official logo
Football without frontiers
Tournament details
Host countries Belgium
Netherlands
Dates 10 June – 2 July
Teams 16
Venue(s) 8 (in 8 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  France (2nd title)
Runners-up  Italy
Tournament statistics
Matches played 31
Goals scored 85 (2.74 per match)
Attendance 1,122,833 (36,220 per match)
Top scorer(s) Netherlands Patrick Kluivert
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Savo Milošević
(5 goals each)
Best player France Zinedine Zidane
1996
2004

The finals of Euro 2000 were co-hosted (the first time this happened) by Belgium and the Netherlands, between 10 June and 2 July 2000. Spain and Austria also bid to host the event.[2] The final tournament was contested by 16 nations. With the exception of the national teams of the hosts, Belgium and the Netherlands, the finalists had to go through a qualifying round to reach the final stage. France won the tournament, by defeating Italy 2–1 in the final, via a golden goal.[3]

The finals saw the first major UEFA competition contested in the King Baudouin Stadium (formerly the Heysel Stadium) since the events of the 1985 European Cup Final and the Heysel Stadium disaster, with the opening game being played in the rebuilt stadium.

A high-scoring tournament with many exciting matches and a very high standard of play, Euro 2000 is often named by football writers as one of the greatest international tournaments ever.[4][5][6][7]

Contents

Bid processEdit

Belgium and the Netherlands were selected as co-hosts on 14 July 1995 by the UEFA Executive Committee at a meeting in Geneva, Switzerland.[8][9]

SummaryEdit

One of the biggest surprises of the tournament was Portugal, winning Group A with three wins, including a 3–0 win against Germany, with Sérgio Conceição scoring a hat-trick,[10] and a 3–2 win over England, in which they came back from 2–0 down.[11] Romania was the other qualifier from the group, beating England with a late penalty in their last group game.[12]

Belgium had a surprise exit in the group stage, winning the tournament's first game against Sweden,[13] but losing to Turkey and Italy.[14][15] They finished third in Group B, behind Italy and Turkey. The other co-host and favourite, the Netherlands, progressed as expected from Group D, along with World Cup winners France. The Netherlands won the group, by beating France in their last group match.[16] Also in Group D, Denmark's three losses with eight goals conceded and none scored set a new record for the worst team performance in the group stages of a Euros. Group C was memorable for the match between FR Yugoslavia and Spain. Spain needed a win to ensure progression, but found themselves trailing 3–2, after Slobodan Komljenović scored in the 75th minute. The Spanish side rescued their tournament by scoring twice in injury time to record a 4–3 victory.[17] FR Yugoslavia managed to go through as well, despite losing because Norway and Slovenia played to a draw.[18]

 
France and Italy before the final on 2 July

Italy and Portugal maintained their perfect records in the quarter-finals, beating Romania and Turkey, respectively, and the Netherlands started a goal-avalanche against FR Yugoslavia, winning 6–1. Spain fell 2–1 to France; Raul missed a late penalty that ended Spanish hopes.

Italy eliminated the Netherlands in the semi-finals, despite going down to ten men and facing two penalty kicks. Italian goalkeeper Francesco Toldo, who had been drafted into the starting XI as Gianluigi Buffon missed the tournament through injury, made two saves in the penalty shootout (in addition to his penalty save in normal time) to carry the Italians to the final.

In the other semi-final, Portugal lost in extra time to France after Zinedine Zidane converted a controversial penalty kick. Several Portuguese players challenged the awarding of the penalty for a handball and were given lengthy suspensions for shoving the referee.[19] France won the tournament, defeating Italy 2–1 in the final with a golden goal by David Trezeguet after equalising with a last-minute goal, and became the first team to win the European championship while being world champion.[20]

In Britain, Match of the Day named Stefano Fiore's goal against Belgium the Goal of the Tournament, ahead of Patrick Kluivert's against France and Zinedine Zidane's against Spain.[21]

QualificationEdit

 
Nationale-Nederlanden building in Rotterdam with "breakthrough" featuring Edgar Davids.

Qualification for the tournament took place throughout 1998 and 1999. Forty-nine teams were divided into nine groups and each played the others in their group, on a home-and-away basis. The winner of each group and the best runner-up qualified automatically for the final tournament. The eight other runners-up played an additional set of play-off matches to determine the last four qualifiers. Belgium and the Netherlands automatically qualified for the tournament as co-hosts.

Qualified teamsEdit

Team Qualified as Qualified on Previous appearances in tournament[A]
  Belgium Co-host 14 July 1995 3 (1972, 1980, 1984)
  Netherlands Co-host 14 July 1995 5 (1976, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996)
  Czech Republic[B] Group 9 winner 9 June 1999 4 (1960, 1976, 1980, 1996)
  Norway Group 2 winner 8 September 1999 0 (debut)
  Sweden Group 5 winner 8 September 1999 1 (1992)
  Spain Group 6 winner 8 September 1999 5 (1964, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996)
  Italy Group 1 winner 9 October 1999 4 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1996)
  Germany[C] Group 3 winner 9 October 1999 7 (1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996)
  France Group 4 winner 9 October 1999 4 (1960, 1984, 1992, 1996)
  Romania Group 7 winner 9 October 1999 2 (1984, 1996)
  FR Yugoslavia[D] Group 8 winner 9 October 1999 4 (1960, 1968, 1976, 1984)[E]
  Portugal Best runner-up 9 October 1999 2 (1984, 1996)
  Denmark Play-off winner 17 November 1999 5 (1964, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996)
  England Play-off winner 17 November 1999 5 (1968, 1980, 1988, 1992, 1996)
  Slovenia Play-off winner 17 November 1999 0 (debut)
  Turkey Play-off winner 17 November 1999 1 (1996)
  1. ^ Bold indicates champion for that year. Italic indicates host for that year.
  2. ^ From 1960 to 1980, the Czech Republic competed as Czechoslovakia.
  3. ^ From 1972 to 1988, Germany competed as West Germany.
  4. ^ From 1960 to 1984, FR Yugoslavia competed as Yugoslavia.
  5. ^ Yugoslavia qualified in 1992, but was banned by the United Nations from all international sport.

Final drawEdit

The composition of pots 1 to 3 was based on the teams' UEFA coefficient at the end of 1999.[22][23] The finals draw took place on 12 December 1999.[24][25]

Pot 1[a]
Team Coeff Rank
  Germany[b] 2.278 7
  Spain[c] 2.611 1
Pot 2
Team Coeff Rank
  Romania 2.600 2
  Norway 2.500 3
  Sweden 2.389 4
  Czech Republic 2.300 6
Pot 3
Team Coeff Rank
  Yugoslavia 2.222 9
  Portugal 2.100 11
  France 2.100 12
  Italy 2.063 13
Pot 4
Team Coeff Rank
  England 2.000 15
  Turkey 1.938 18
  Denmark 1.938 19
  Slovenia 1.000 37
  1. ^ Co-hosts Belgium (coefficient 2.375; rank 5th) and the Netherlands (coefficient 2.250; rank 8th) were automatically assigned to positions B1 and D1, respectively.
  2. ^ Defending champions Germany (coefficient 2.278; rank 7th) were automatically assigned to position A1.
  3. ^ Highest ranked Spain (coefficient 2.611; rank 1st) were automatically assigned to position C1.

Prior to the draw, the seeded teams in Pot 1 were assigned positions: Germany (defending champion) to A1, Belgium (co-host) to B1, Spain (highest coefficient) to C1, and the Netherlands (co-host) to D1. Teams were drawn consecutively from Pots 2 to 4 into a group, with each team then being assigned a specific position (for the purposes of determining the match schedules in each group).[26]

The draw resulted in the following groups:

Group A
Pos Team
A1   Germany
A2   Romania
A3   Portugal
A4   England
Group B
Pos Team
B1   Belgium
B2   Sweden
B3   Turkey
B4   Italy
Group C
Pos Team
C1   Spain
C2   Norway
C3   FR Yugoslavia
C4   Slovenia
Group D
Pos Team
D1   Netherlands
D2   Czech Republic
D3   France
D4   Denmark

VenuesEdit

 

Rotterdam
Amsterdam
Eindhoven
Arnhem
Bruges
Brussels
Liège
Charleroi
  Rotterdam   Amsterdam
Feijenoord Stadion
Capacity: 51,000[27][a]
Amsterdam Arena
Capacity: 52,000[27]
   
  Eindhoven   Arnhem
Philips Stadion
Capacity: 33,000[27]
GelreDome
Capacity: 30,000[27]
   
  Brussels   Bruges   Liège   Charleroi
King Baudouin Stadium
Capacity: 50,000[27]
Jan Breydel Stadium
Capacity: 30,000[27]
Stade Maurice Dufrasne
Capacity: 30,000[27]
Stade du Pays de Charleroi
Capacity: 30,000[27]
       
  1. ^ Capacity figures are those for matches at UEFA Euro 2000 and are not necessarily the total capacity that the stadium is capable of holding.

Team base campsEdit

The 16 national teams each stayed in their own "team base camp" during the tournament.[28]

Team Arrival Last match Base camp Ref
Belgium 5 June 19 June Lichtaart [29][30]
Czech Republic 6 June 21 June Knokke-Heist [31]
Denmark 5 June 21 June Brunssum [32]
England 8 June 20 June Spa
Waterloo
[28][33]
France 7 June 2 July Genval [34]
Germany 8 June 20 June Vaals [35]
Italy 6 June 2 July Grobbendonk [36][37]
Netherlands 6 June 29 June Hoenderloo [30][38]
Norway 7 June 21 June Knokke-Heist [30][39]
Portugal 5 June 28 June Ermelo [30][40]
Romania 7 June 24 June Grimbergen
Arnhem
[41]
Slovenia 6 June 21 June Soestduinen [42][43]
Spain 4 June 25 June Tegelen [44]
Sweden 4 June 19 June Oisterwijk [45]
Turkey 5 June 24 June Delden [46]
FR Yugoslavia 8 June 25 June Edegem [30][47]

SquadsEdit

Each national team had to submit a squad of 22 players, three of whom must be goalkeepers.

Match officialsEdit

On 15 February 2000, UEFA appointed 12 referees, 16 assistant referees and four fourth officials for the competition, including a referee and an assistant referee from the Confederation of African Football.[48] The event saw assistant referees being allowed to intervene an ongoing game, in particular to help the match official apply the 10-metre rule when deciding free-kicks – as well as warn the referee instantly if he had booked or ejected the wrong player, something that was not possible in previous tournaments.[49] Also, fourth officials were given a larger role in assisting to take command of the match if any decisions are gone unnoticed by the referee or an assistant referee.[49]

The German referee Markus Merk was selected to referee the opening game between Belgium and Sweden.[50]

Referees Assistant referees Fourth officials
  Günter Benkö   Yury Dupanau   Michel Piraux
  Kim Milton Nielsen   Roland Van Nylen   Kyros Vassaras
  Gamal Al-Ghandour   Ivan Lekov   Terje Hauge
  Graham Poll   Jens Larsen   Ľuboš Micheľ
  Gilles Veissière   Philip Sharp
  Markus Merk   Jacques Poudevigne
  Pierluigi Collina   Kurt Ertl
  Dick Jol   Sergio Zuccolini
  Vítor Melo Pereira   Dramane Dante
  Hugh Dallas   Emanuel Zammit
  José García-Aranda   Jaap Pool
  Anders Frisk   Eddie Foley
  Urs Meier   Nicolae Grigorescu
  Igor Šramka
  Carlos Martín Nieto
  Leif Lindberg
  Turgay Güdü

Group stageEdit

 
UEFA Euro 2000 finalists and their results

The teams finishing in the top two positions in each of the four groups progress to the quarter-finals, while the bottom two teams in each group were eliminated.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

TiebreakersEdit

If two or more teams finished level on points after completion of the group matches, the following tie-breakers were used to determine the final ranking:[51]

  1. greater number of points in the matches between the teams in question;
  2. greater goal difference in matches between the teams in question;
  3. greater number of goals scored in matches between the teams in question;
  4. greater goal difference in all group games;
  5. greater number of goals scored in all group games;
  6. higher coefficient derived from Euro 2000 and 1998 World Cup qualifiers (points obtained divided by number of matches played);
  7. fair play conduct in Euro 2000;
  8. drawing of lots.

Group AEdit

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Portugal 3 3 0 0 7 2 +5 9 Advance to knockout stage
2   Romania 3 1 1 1 4 4 0 4
3   England 3 1 0 2 5 6 −1 3
4   Germany 3 0 1 2 1 5 −4 1
Source: UEFA

12 June 2000 (2000-06-12)
18:00
Germany   1–1   Romania
Scholl   28' Report Moldovan   5'

12 June 2000 (2000-06-12)
20:45
Portugal   3–2   England
Report
Philips Stadion, Eindhoven
Attendance: 31,500
Referee: Anders Frisk (Sweden)

17 June 2000 (2000-06-17)
18:00
Romania   0–1   Portugal
Report Costinha   90+4'
GelreDome, Arnhem
Attendance: 18,200
Referee: Gilles Veissière (France)

17 June 2000 (2000-06-17)
20:45
England   1–0   Germany
Shearer   53' Report

20 June 2000 (2000-06-20)
20:45
England   2–3   Romania
Report

20 June 2000 (2000-06-20)
20:45
Portugal   3–0   Germany
Conceição   35'54'71' Report
Feijenoord Stadion, Rotterdam
Attendance: 51,504
Referee: Dick Jol (Netherlands)

Group BEdit

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Italy 3 3 0 0 6 2 +4 9 Advance to knockout stage
2   Turkey 3 1 1 1 3 2 +1 4
3   Belgium (H) 3 1 0 2 2 5 −3 3
4   Sweden 3 0 1 2 2 4 −2 1
Source: UEFA
(H) Host.

10 June 2000 (2000-06-10)
20:45
Belgium   2–1   Sweden
Report Mjällby   53'
King Baudouin Stadium, Brussels
Attendance: 46,700
Referee: Markus Merk (Germany)

11 June 2000 (2000-06-11)
14:30
Turkey   1–2   Italy
Okan   62' Report
GelreDome, Arnhem
Attendance: 22,500
Referee: Hugh Dallas (Scotland)

14 June 2000 (2000-06-14)
20:45
Italy   2–0   Belgium
Report

15 June 2000 (2000-06-15)
20:45
Sweden   0–0   Turkey
Report
Philips Stadion, Eindhoven
Attendance: 28,560
Referee: Dick Jol (Netherlands)

19 June 2000 (2000-06-19)
20:45
Turkey   2–0   Belgium
Şükür   45+2'70' Report

19 June 2000 (2000-06-19)
20:45
Italy   2–1   Sweden
Report Larsson   77'
Philips Stadion, Eindhoven
Attendance: 29,500
Referee: Vítor Melo Pereira (Portugal)

Group CEdit

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Spain 3 2 0 1 6 5 +1 6 Advance to knockout stage
2   FR Yugoslavia 3 1 1 1 7 7 0 4
3   Norway 3 1 1 1 1 1 0 4
4   Slovenia 3 0 2 1 4 5 −1 2
Source: UEFA

13 June 2000 (2000-06-13)
18:00
Spain   0–1   Norway
Report Iversen   65'
Feijenoord Stadion, Rotterdam
Attendance: 41,500
Referee: Gamal Al-Ghandour (Egypt)

13 June 2000 (2000-06-13)
20:45
FR Yugoslavia   3–3   Slovenia
Report

18 June 2000 (2000-06-18)
18:00
Slovenia   1–2   Spain
Zahovič   59' Report
Amsterdam Arena, Amsterdam
Attendance: 42,500
Referee: Markus Merk (Germany)

18 June 2000 (2000-06-18)
20:45
Norway   0–1   FR Yugoslavia
Report Milošević   8'
Stade Maurice Dufrasne, Liège
Attendance: 27,250
Referee: Hugh Dallas (Scotland)

21 June 2000 (2000-06-21)
18:00
FR Yugoslavia   3–4   Spain
Report
Jan Breydel Stadium, Bruges
Attendance: 24,000
Referee: Gilles Veissière (France)

21 June 2000 (2000-06-21)
18:00
Slovenia   0–0   Norway
Report
GelreDome, Arnhem
Attendance: 22,500
Referee: Graham Poll (England)

Group DEdit

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1   Netherlands (H) 3 3 0 0 7 2 +5 9 Advance to knockout stage
2   France 3 2 0 1 7 4 +3 6
3   Czech Republic 3 1 0 2 3 3 0 3
4   Denmark 3 0 0 3 0 8 −8 0
Source: UEFA
(H) Host.

11 June 2000 (2000-06-11)
18:00
France   3–0   Denmark
Report
Jan Breydel Stadium, Bruges
Attendance: 28,100
Referee: Günter Benkö (Austria)

11 June 2000 (2000-06-11)
20:45
Netherlands   1–0   Czech Republic
F. de Boer   89' (pen.) Report
Amsterdam Arena, Amsterdam
Attendance: 50,833
Referee: Pierluigi Collina (Italy)

16 June 2000 (2000-06-16)
18:00
Czech Republic   1–2   France
Poborský   35' (pen.) Report
Jan Breydel Stadium, Bruges
Attendance: 28,100
Referee: Graham Poll (England)

16 June 2000 (2000-06-16)
20:45
Denmark   0–3   Netherlands
Report
Feijenoord Stadion, Rotterdam
Attendance: 51,117
Referee: Urs Meier (Switzerland)

21 June 2000 (2000-06-21)
20:45
Denmark   0–2   Czech Republic
Report Šmicer   64'67'
Stade Maurice Dufrasne, Liège
Attendance: 18,000
Referee: Gamal Al-Ghandour (Egypt)

21 June 2000 (2000-06-21)
20:45
France   2–3   Netherlands
Report
Amsterdam Arena, Amsterdam
Attendance: 51,000
Referee: Anders Frisk (Sweden)

Knockout stageEdit

The knockout stage was a single-elimination tournament with each round eliminating the losers.[51] Any game that was undecided by the end of the regular 90 minutes, was followed by up to thirty minutes of extra time.[51] For the second time the golden goal system was applied, whereby the first team to score during the extra time would become the winner.[51] If no goal was scored there would be a penalty shoot-out to determine the winner.[51] For the second time the final was won by a golden goal.[51]

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

BracketEdit

 
Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
 
                   
 
25 June – Bruges
 
 
  Spain 1
 
28 June – Brussels
 
  France 2
 
  France (golden goal) 2
 
24 June – Amsterdam
 
  Portugal 1
 
  Turkey 0
 
2 July – Rotterdam
 
  Portugal 2
 
  France (golden goal) 2
 
24 June – Brussels
 
  Italy 1
 
  Italy 2
 
29 June – Amsterdam
 
  Romania 0
 
  Italy (p) 0 (3)
 
25 June – Rotterdam
 
  Netherlands 0 (1)
 
  Netherlands 6
 
 
  FR Yugoslavia 1
 

Quarter-finalsEdit

24 June 2000 (2000-06-24)
18:00
Turkey   0–2   Portugal
Report Nuno Gomes   44'56'
Amsterdam Arena, Amsterdam
Attendance: 42,000
Referee: Dick Jol (Netherlands)

24 June 2000 (2000-06-24)
20:45
Italy   2–0   Romania
Report

25 June 2000 (2000-06-25)
18:00
Netherlands   6–1   FR Yugoslavia
Report Milošević   90+2'

25 June 2000 (2000-06-25)
20:45
Spain   1–2   France
Mendieta   38' (pen.) Report
Jan Breydel Stadium, Bruges
Attendance: 30,000
Referee: Pierluigi Collina (Italy)

Semi-finalsEdit

28 June 2000 (2000-06-28)
20:45
France   2–1 (a.e.t.)   Portugal
Report Nuno Gomes   19'
King Baudouin Stadium, Brussels
Attendance: 50,000
Referee: Günter Benkö (Austria)

29 June 2000 (2000-06-29)
18:00
Italy   0–0 (a.e.t.)   Netherlands
Report
  Penalties  
3–1
Amsterdam Arena, Amsterdam
Attendance: 51,300
Referee: Markus Merk (Germany)

FinalEdit

2 July 2000 (2000-07-02)
20:00
France   2–1 (a.e.t.)   Italy
Report Delvecchio   55'
Feijenoord Stadion, Rotterdam
Attendance: 48,200
Referee: Anders Frisk (Sweden)

StatisticsEdit

GoalscorersEdit

Patrick Kluivert and Savo Milošević were the top goalscorers with five goals each.[52]

4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goal

AwardsEdit

UEFA Team of the Tournament
Goalkeepers Defenders Midfielders Forwards
  Fabien Barthez
  Francesco Toldo
  Laurent Blanc
  Marcel Desailly
  Lilian Thuram
  Fabio Cannavaro
  Paolo Maldini
  Alessandro Nesta
  Frank de Boer
  Patrick Vieira
  Zinedine Zidane
  Demetrio Albertini
  Edgar Davids
  Rui Costa
  Luís Figo
  Pep Guardiola
  Thierry Henry
  Francesco Totti
  Patrick Kluivert
  Nuno Gomes
  Savo Milošević
  Raúl
Golden Boot

UEFA Player of the Tournament

Prize moneyEdit

Prize money
Rank Team CHFMillion[53]
1   France 14.4
2   Italy 13.2
3   Netherlands
  Portugal
10.2
5   Romania
  Spain
  Turkey
  FR Yugoslavia
7.8
9   Belgium
  Czech Republic
  England
  Norway
5.4
13   Denmark
  Germany
  Slovenia
  Sweden
4.8

A sum of CHF120 million was awarded to the 16 qualified teams in the competition.[53][54] France, the winners of the tournament, received a total prize money of CHF14.4 million.[53] Below is a complete list of the allocations:[54]

Extra payment based on teams performances:

  • Winner: CHF14.4 million
  • Runner-up: CHF13.2 million
  • Semi-finals: CHF10.2 million
  • Quarter-finals: CHF7.8 million
  • Group stage:
    • Third place: CHF5.4 million
    • Fourth place: CHF4.8 million

On 9 July 2000, UEFA refused to hand FR Yugoslavia their prize money of CHF7.8 million, because of alleged ties between the Football Association of FR Yugoslavia and Slobodan Milošević's government.[55] However, no connections were found and the Football Association of FR Yugoslavia later received their money with an additional bonus.[56]

MarketingEdit

Slogan and theme songEdit

The slogan of the competition was "Football without frontiers".[57][58] "Campione 2000" by E-Type was the official anthem of the event.[59]

Match ballEdit

 
The match ball used at the tournament.

Adidas Terrestra Silverstream was unveiled as the official match ball of the competition on 13 December 1999 at Constant Vanden Stock Stadium, Anderlecht's home arena by Alessandro Del Piero, Edwin van der Sar, Zinedine Zidane and Luc Nilis.[60][61]

MascotEdit

 
Benelucky, the Euro 2000 mascot

The official mascot for the tournament was Benelucky[62] (a pun on Benelux), named a lion-devil with its hair colour being a combination of the flag colours of both host nations. The lion is the national football emblem of the Netherlands and a devil is the emblem of Belgium (the team being nicknamed "the Red Devils").[63]

SponsorshipEdit

UEFA distinguishes between global sponsors and national sponsors. Global Euro sponsors can come from any country and have exclusive worldwide sponsorship rights for a UEFA Euro championship. National (event) sponsors come from a host country and only have sponsorship rights within that country.[64]

Global sponsors Event sponsors
Belgium Netherlands

BroadcastingEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Nielsen suffered an injury in the 39th minute and was replaced by fourth official Günter Benkö (Austria).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Policing Euro 2000" (PDF). Police Academy of the Netherlands. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Dietrich Schulze-Marmeling: Die Geschichte der Fußball-Europameisterschaft, Verlag Die Werkstatt, ISBN 978-3-89533-553-2
  3. ^ "France add Europe to the world". The Guardian. 2 July 2000. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Delaney, Miguel. "The debate: was Euro 2000 the greatest international tournament ever?". 
  5. ^ "Soccernet.com Euro 2000 News: So, is this the best tournament we've ever seen?". www.espnfc.com. 
  6. ^ McNulty, Paul. "A Personal Account Of Possibly The Best European Championships Of All". 
  7. ^ Smyth, Rob (27 June 2008). "The Joy of Six: great international tournaments" – via The Guardian. 
  8. ^ "EK zorgt voor economische impuls" [European Championship provides economic boost]. Provinciale Zeeuwse Courant (in Dutch). Vlissingen. 15 July 1995. Retrieved 15 November 2017. 
  9. ^ "Nederland en België hopen quitte te spelen bij EK" [Netherlands and Belgium are hoping to break even in European Championship]. de Volkskrant (in Dutch). Amsterdam. 15 July 1995. Retrieved 15 November 2017. 
  10. ^ "Holders Germany suffer heavy defeat". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 20 June 2000. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  11. ^ "England crushed in five-goal classic". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 13 June 2000. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  12. ^ "Late penalty breaks English hearts". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 20 June 2000. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  13. ^ "Belgium kick off with fine win". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 10 June 2000. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  14. ^ "Turks through as Belgium crash out". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 19 June 2000. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  15. ^ "Italy head for quarter-finals". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 14 June 2000. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  16. ^ "Group D goes Dutch". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 21 June 2000. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  17. ^ "Spain survive in seven-goal classic". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 21 June 2000. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  18. ^ "Norway crash out after Slovenia draw". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 21 June 2000. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  19. ^ "UEFA suspends Portuguese trio". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. 2 July 2000. Retrieved 6 June 2008. 
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