The 1960 European Nations' Cup was the inaugural tournament of the UEFA European Championship, held every four years and organised by UEFA. The first tournament was held in France. It was won by the Soviet Union, who beat Yugoslavia 2–1 in Paris after extra time.
|Coupe d'Europe des nations de football |
|Venue(s)||2 (in 2 host cities)|
|Champions||Soviet Union (1st title)|
|Goals scored||17 (4.25 per match)|
|Attendance||78,958 (19,740 per match)|
|Top scorer(s)|| François Heutte|
(2 goals each)
The tournament was a knockout competition, with just 17 teams entering. There were some notable absences, including West Germany, Italy, Netherlands and England, each of whom had voted against the creation of the tournament in 1957. The entrants would play home-and-away matches until the semi-finals; the final four teams would then move on to the final tournament, whose host was selected after the teams became known.
In the quarter-finals, Spain, who were under Francoist rule, refused to travel to the Soviet Union for political reasons. After a proposal to play the tie over one leg at a neutral venue were rejected by the Soviets, Spain were disqualified: accordingly, three of the final four teams were from communist countries: the USSR, Czechoslovakia, and SFR Yugoslavia, to go with hosts France.
In the semi-finals, the Soviets made easy work of the Czechoslovaks in Marseille, beating them 3–0. The other match saw a nine-goal thriller as Yugoslavia came on top 5–4 after coming back from a two-goal deficit twice. Czechoslovakia beat the demoralised French 2–0 for third place.
In the final, Yugoslavia scored first, but the Soviet Union, led by legendary goalkeeper Lev Yashin, equalised in the 49th minute. After 90 minutes the score was 1–1, and Viktor Ponedelnik scored with seven minutes left in extra time to give the Soviets the inaugural European Championship.
Qualified teams edit
|Team||Qualified as||Qualified on|
|France (host)||Quarter-finals winner||27 March 1960|
|Yugoslavia||Quarter-finals winner||22 May 1960|
|Soviet Union||Quarter-finals winner[A]||28 May 1960|
|Czechoslovakia||Quarter-finals winner||29 May 1960|
- These quarter-final matches were scratched and the Soviet Union qualified by walkover after Spain refused to travel to the Soviet Union for the first leg.
|Parc des Princes||Stade Vélodrome|
|Capacity: 40,000||Capacity: 40,000|
Match officials edit
Final tournament edit
|6 July – Marseille|
|10 July – Paris|
|Soviet Union (a.e.t.)||2|
|6 July – Paris|
|Third place play-off|
|9 July – Marseille|
Third place play-off edit
There were 17 goals scored in 4 matches, for an average of 4.25 goals per match.
- UEFA Team of the Tournament
|Lev Yashin|| Ladislav Novák
| Josef Masopust
| Slava Metreveli|
- Murray, Scott. "The Joy of Six: European Championship qualifiers". The Guardian. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
At a Uefa congress in 1957, a motion to set up a European championship was finally put to the floor. Predictably, the British associations acted like a petulant child, just as it had done three decades earlier with the World Cup. Fearing such a tournament would interfere with the Home Internationals, it abstained, though this time it was by no means the only offender: seven other countries voted against, including West Germany, Italy and Holland.
- Муртазин, Салават (10 July 2020). "Первая и последняя победа сборной СССР на Евро. Как это было". Championat.com (in Russian). Retrieved 15 July 2021.
- Malone, Emmet (21 April 2016). "Euro Moments: General Franco pulls Spain from 1960 tournament". The Irish Times. Retrieved 9 August 2023.
- Rostance, Tom (21 May 2012). "BBC Sport - Euro 1960: Lev Yashin leads Soviets to glory in France". BBC Sport. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
- "European Cup Committee – Meeting of May 28th, 1960, Francfort". Bulletin officiel de l'UEFA. No. 15. Union of European Football Associations. November 1960.
In connection with the withdrawal of Spain (v. USSR) the Committee decided to apply Article 7 of the Regulations, namely, to qualify Russia for the Final Tournament.
- "1960 team of the tournament". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 1 January 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
- 1960 European Nations' Cup at UEFA.com