Hakan Şükür

Hakan Şükür (Albanian: Shykyr; born 1 September 1971) is a Turkish former professional footballer who played as a striker. Nicknamed the "Bull of the Bosphorus" and Kral (king),[2][3][4][5] he spent the majority of his professional career with Galatasaray, being a three-time Gol Kralı (Goal King, title and award given to the annual top goalscorer of the Süper Lig),[6] representing the club in three different spells and winning a total of 14 major titles.[7][8][9]

Hakan Şükür
Hakan.jpg
Şükür playing for Galatasaray in 2006
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
12 June 2011 – 23 June 2015
Constituencyİstanbul (III)
Personal details
Born (1971-09-01) 1 September 1971 (age 50)
Sapanca, Turkey
Political partyIndependent (2013–present)
Other political
affiliations
Justice and Development Party (2011–2013)
Spouse(s)
Esra Elbirlik
(m. 1995; div. 1995)

Beyda Sertbaş
(m. 1999)
Children3
AwardsState Medal of Distinguished Service (2002)[1]
Websitewww.hakansukur.com.tr

Association football career
Height 1.91 m (6 ft 3 in)
Position(s) Striker
Youth career
Sakaryaspor
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1987–1990 Sakaryaspor 41 (19)
1990–1992 Bursaspor 54 (11)
1992–1995 Galatasaray 90 (54)
1995 Torino 5 (1)
1995–2000 Galatasaray 156 (108)
2000–2002 Inter Milan 24 (5)
2002 Parma 15 (3)
2002–2003 Blackburn Rovers 9 (2)
2003–2008 Galatasaray 146 (55)
Total 540 (260)
National team
1987–1988 Turkey U16 6 (2)
1988–1990 Turkey U18 13 (1)
1990–1993 Turkey U21 16 (5)
1992–2007 Turkey 112 (51)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

Şükür represented Turkey a total of 112 times, scoring 51 goals, making him the nation's top goalscorer[10][11] and 19th in the world at the time of his retirement. One of the most prolific strikers of the modern era, he netted 383 goals throughout his club career as well as the fastest ever in a World Cup, in 2002.[12] He retired from football in 2008, only scoring once in single digits for his main team in 13 seasons; he was renowned for his heading ability.[13]

In the 2011 general elections, he was elected as an Istanbul MP for the Justice and Development Party. He resigned from the party in December 2013, to serve as an independent.[14] He is wanted for arrest in Turkey since August 2016 for being a member of Gülen movement and has lived in exile in the United States since mid 2016.[15]

Club careerEdit

Early yearsEdit

Born in Sapanca, Sakarya Province, Şükür began his football career with local club Sakaryaspor, making his professional debut shortly after his 17th birthday. His first goal came in a match against Eskişehirspor on 26 February 1989: with the match tied 2–2, he entered the pitch as a substitute and scored the winning goal;[16] he went on to score a further 18 Süper Lig goals in his three-year spell with the club.

In the summer of 1990, Şükür joined fellow first division side Bursaspor. He scored six goals in 27 games in his second season, helping the team to a sixth-place finish,[17] and making his Turkish national team debut shortly after.

Galatasaray – TorinoEdit

Subsequently, Şükür signed for national giants Galatasaray SK.[16] Nicknamed the Bull of the Bosphorus,[18] he scored 19 goals in 30 matches in his first year with the club, helping it win both the league and cup titles, adding 16 and 19, respectively, in the next two seasons and attracting the attention of Torino FC. In 1995 he moved to the Italian club, becoming the second Turkish player to ever play in Serie A, but returned to his country and Galatasaray in the following winter transfer window, failing to settle and only netting once in the league.

Upon his return to Galatasaray, Şükür regained his scoring form, scoring 16 goals in the league and helping the club win the cup. The following season, he collected 38 goals in the league, tying him for second-most goals scored in a season with Metin Oktay, one goal behind record holder Tanju Çolak; both players were playing for Galatasaray when they broke the record.[16] Şükür also finished third in the ESM Golden Boot rankings with 57 points, behind Mário Jardel (60) and Ronaldo (68).[19] He won the Gol Kralı award the following two seasons, netting 33 and 18 goals respectively, with the Istanbul side winning the title in all three seasons.[6][20]

In the 1999–2000 season, Şükür's last with Galatasaray in his second stint, the team completed a domestic double for the second year in succession, and added the year's UEFA Cup, becoming the first Turkish side to win a European title; in the 4–1 penalty shootout win against Arsenal he scored on his attempt, having netted ten times in 17 games during the campaign.[21]

Return to Italy – BlackburnEdit

 
Şükür in 2008

Şükür then moved to Italy again, this time to Inter Milan, scoring six goals in 35 official matches. His appearances were limited by the presence of Ronaldo and Christian Vieri in the team's attack[22] and January 2002, after one and a half seasons, he signed with another team in the country, Parma FC, but was unable to produce again, only finding the net three times. He helped Parma win the Coppa Italia but only played in the first leg of the final.[23][24]

Having been released, on 9 December 2002 Şükür joined Blackburn Rovers in the Premier League for the remainder of the campaign, signed by former Galatasaray manager Graeme Souness.[22] His spell began with him sustaining a broken leg in training which ruled him out for two months,[25] after which made his debut for the club on 1 March 2003, replacing the injured Egil Østenstad at half time in a 1–0 home win over Manchester City;[26] he scored twice from nine appearances, both goals coming in a 4–0 defeat of Fulham at Loftus Road on 7 April.[27]

Third spell at GalatasarayEdit

Şükür returned to Galatasaray on 7 July 2003, after failing to negotiate a new contract with Blackburn.[25] He scored 12 times in 28 league games in his first season and 18 in the following, with the team winning the 2005 Turkish cup during that timeframe. Also, on 3 December 2003, he found the net twice in a 2–0 home defeat of Juventus F.C. for the 2003–04 UEFA Champions League;[28] in November 2003, to celebrate UEFA's Jubilee, he was selected as Turkey's Golden Player by the Turkish Football Federation, as their most outstanding player of the past 50 years.[29]

In the 2005–06 season, Şükür again scored in double digits (ten) as Galatasaray again won the league. After helping the club win a record-tying 17th first division title in 2007–08, netting 11 goals, he decided to retire from the game aged nearly 37. Subsequently, he often appeared as a television pundit on Turkish Radio and Television Corporation;[30] during his career, he scored 38 goals in all European competitions.[31]

International careerEdit

Şükür won his first cap for Turkey in a friendly with Luxembourg in March 1992 – his debut being awarded by German manager Sepp Piontek – scoring his first international goal in his next match, against Denmark, and totalling six in his first 11 appearances. He netted seven in qualification for UEFA Euro 1996 and started all of the matches at the finals in England, in which they were eliminated in the group stage without scoring a single goal.

Şükür scored eight times in qualification for the 1998 FIFA World Cup: half of those in a 6–4 home win over Wales on 20 August 1997,[32] but Turkey did not reach the play-offs. At Euro 2000 he netted twice for the quarterfinalists, in a 2–0 group stage win against co-hosts Belgium.[33][34]

During the 2002 World Cup, held in South Korea and Japan, Şükür scored once for Turkey in seven matches as the national team finished in third place. On 29 June he scored the fastest ever goal in a FIFA World Cup, netting against South Korea 10.8 seconds into the third-place play-off (3–2 win).[18]

Of his 112 senior appearances, Şükür captained Turkey in 30. After appearing in some Euro 2008 qualifiers, notably scoring four against Moldova in a 5–0 win in Frankfurt, Germany,[35] he was not selected for the finals, his last game being a 0–1 home loss to Greece at the age of 36 (17 October 2007).[36]

Personal lifeEdit

Şükür is of Albanian origin. Both of his parents are immigrants from Yugoslavia, his father being born in Pristina, and his mother in Skopje.[7][8][9][37] His surname is spelled "Shykyr" in Albanian.[38] His first wife, Esra Elbirlik, married him in a ceremony broadcast live on television,[39] initiated by Prime Minister Tansu Çiller and performed by Mayor of Istanbul Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

The couple divorced after four months, and Elbirlik and her family died in the 1999 İzmit earthquake. Şükür fathered three children with his second spouse, Beyda.[40]

PoliticsEdit

On 18 June 2011, Şükür was elected as a Member of Parliament to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey in the 2011 general elections, from the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), representing the 2nd electoral district of Istanbul Province.[41]

On 16 December 2013, Şükür, known for his links to the Islamic Gülen movement of the Turkish cleric Fethullah Gülen,[14] resigned from his position in protest after the interdiction of the group's "dershane" system, and decided to continue working as an independent MP.[14][42] He subsequently went on to work as a football pundit for Turkish Radio and Television Corporation.[43]

Prosecution and exileEdit

In February 2016, Şükür was charged with insulting president Erdoğan on Twitter.[44] In August, a warrant was issued for his arrest as he was charged with being a member of the Gülen movement, designated as a terrorist organization in Turkey.[45]

Şükür fled Turkey in November 2017, taking up self-exile in San Francisco, California and planning to become a restaurateur in Palo Alto.[46][47] He left this job because "strange people kept coming into the bar".[48]

In January 2020, Şükür told Germany's Welt am Sonntag that he was working as an Uber driver and selling books in the United States. He also said that his houses, businesses and bank accounts in Turkey had been seized by the government.[49][48]

Career statisticsEdit

ClubEdit

Appearances and goals by club, season and competition[50][51]
Club Season League Cup[52] Europe Total
Division Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Sakaryaspor 1987–88 1.Lig 3 0 2 1 5 1
1988–89 1.Lig 11 5 11 5
1989–90 1.Lig 27 5 27 5
Total 41 10 2 1 43 11
Bursaspor 1990–91 1.Lig 27 4 27 4
1991–92 1.Lig 27 7 7 3 34 10
Total 54 11 7 3 61 14
Galatasaray 1992–93 1.Lig 30 19 8 5 6 2 47 26
1993–94 1.Lig 27 16 7 4 9 0 43 20
1994–95 1.Lig 33 19 7 1 8 5 48 25
Total 90 54 22 10 23 7 135 71
Torino 1995–96 Serie A 5 1 5 1
Galatasaray 1995–96 1.Lig 25 16 7 2 32 18
1996–97 1.Lig 32 38 3 4 4 4 39 46
1997–98 1.Lig 34 32 9 2 7 0 50 34
1998–99 1.Lig 33 19 9 2 7 6 49 27
1999–2000 1.Lig 32 14 5 1 17 10 54 25
Total 156 119 33 15 35 20 224 152
Inter Milan 2000–01 Serie A 24 5 1 0 9 1 34 6
Parma 2001–02 Serie A 15 3 0 0 1 0 16 3
Blackburn Rovers 2002–03 Premier League 9 2 0 0 9 2
Galatasaray 2003–04 Süper Lig 28 12 1 0 9 6 38 18
2004–05 Süper Lig 33 18 3 4 35 22
2005–06 Süper Lig 31 10 4 2 2 1 37 13
2006–07 Süper Lig 26 4 2 0 6 1 34 5
2007–08 Süper Lig 28 11 4 1 9 2 41 14
Total 146 55 14 7 26 10 186 72
Career total 540 260 79 34 94 38 709 332

InternationalEdit

Appearances and goals by national team and year[53]
National team Year Apps Goals
Turkey 1992 8 5
1993 3 1
1994 5 3
1995 7 4
1996 12 3
1997 5 6
1998 4 1
1999 7 3
2000 9 3
2001 10 6
2002 10 2
2003 9 4
2004 8 5
2005 5 0
2006 5 4
2007 5 1
Total 112 51
Scores and results list Turkey's goal tally first, score column indicates score after each Şükür goal.[36][53]
List of international goals scored by Hakan Şükür
No. Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1 8 April 1992 Ankara, Turkey   Denmark 2–1 Friendly
2 26 August 1992 Trabzon, Turkey   Bulgaria 3–2 Friendly
3
4 28 October 1992 Ankara, Turkey   San Marino 4–1 1994 World Cup qualification
5
6 27 October 1993 Istanbul, Turkey   Poland 2–1 1994 World Cup qualification
7 7 September 1994 Budapest, Hungary   Hungary 2–2 Euro 1996 qualifying
8 12 October 1994 Istanbul, Turkey   Iceland 5–0 Euro 1996 qualifying
9
10 26 April 1995 Bern, Switzerland    Switzerland 2–1 Euro 1996 qualifying
11 6 September 1995 Istanbul, Turkey   Hungary 1–0 2–0 Euro 1996 qualifying
12
13 15 November 1995 Stockholm, Sweden   Sweden 2–2 Euro 1996 qualifying
14 1 May 1996 Samsun, Turkey   Ukraine 3–2 Friendly
15 10 November 1996 Istanbul, Turkey   San Marino 7–0 1998 World Cup qualification
16
17 2 April 1997 Bursa, Turkey   Netherlands 1–0 1–0 1998 World Cup qualification
18 20 August 1997 Istanbul, Turkey   Wales 6–4 1998 World Cup qualification
19
20
21
22 10 September 1997 Serravalle, San Marino   San Marino 5–0 1998 World Cup qualification
23 10 October 1998 Bursa, Turkey   Germany 1–0 1–0 Euro 2000 qualifying
24 27 March 1999 Istanbul, Turkey   Moldova 2–0 Euro 2000 qualifying
25 5 June 1999 Helsinki, Finland   Finland 4–2 Euro 2000 qualifying
26
27 19 June 2000 Brussels, Belgium   Belgium 1–0 2–0 UEFA Euro 2000
28
29 11 October 2000 Baku, Azerbaijan   Azerbaijan 1–0 1–0 2002 World Cup qualification
30 24 March 2001 Istanbul, Turkey   Slovakia 1–1 2002 World Cup qualification
31 2 June 2001 Istanbul, Turkey   Azerbaijan 3–0 2002 World Cup qualification
32 15 August 2001 Oslo, Norway   Norway 1–1 Friendly
33 1 September 2001 Bratislava, Slovakia   Slovakia 1–0 1–0 2002 World Cup qualification
34 5 September 2001 Istanbul, Turkey   Sweden 1–0 1–2 2002 World Cup qualification
35 14 November 2001 Istanbul, Turkey   Austria 5–0 2002 World Cup qualification – Playoffs
36 17 April 2002 Kerkrade, Netherlands   Chile 2–0 Friendly
37 29 June 2002 Daegu, South Korea   South Korea 3–2 2002 FIFA World Cup
38 11 June 2003 Istanbul, Turkey   North Macedonia 3–2 Euro 2004 qualifying
39 6 September 2003 Vaduz, Liechtenstein   Liechtenstein 3–0 Euro 2004 qualifying
40 9 September 2003 Dublin, Republic of Ireland   Ireland 2–2 Friendly
41 19 November 2003 Istanbul, Turkey   Latvia 2–2 Euro 2004 qualifying – Playoff
42 21 May 2004 Sydney, Australia   Australia 3–1 Friendly
43
44 2 June 2004 Seoul, South Korea   South Korea 1–0 1–0 Friendly
45 5 June 2004 Daegu, South Korea   South Korea 1–2 Friendly
46 18 August 2004 Denizli, Turkey   Belarus 1–2 Friendly
47 11 October 2006 Frankfurt, Germany   Moldova 5–0 Euro 2008 qualifying
48
49
50
51 2 June 2007 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina   Bosnia and Herzegovina 2–3 Euro 2008 qualifying

HonoursEdit

Sakaryaspor

Galatasaray[55]

Parma

Inter

Turkey

Individual

Further readingEdit

  • "Turkish ex-football star Şükür driving Uber in U.S". Ahvalnews.com. 14 January 2020.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "A Milli Futbol Takımımıza Devlet Üstün Hizmet Madalyası Verilmesi Töreni" [National football team honoured by state in medal ceremony] (in Turkish). Presidency of Turkey. 9 October 2002. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Kral'ın vasiyeti" [The king's legacy]. Hürriyet (in Turkish). 12 November 1998. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  3. ^ Çakır, Ahmet (24 March 2015). "Hakan Şükür'e FIFA'dan kral ödül" [Hakan Şükür king of FIFA award]. Zaman (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 27 March 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  4. ^ Çakır, Ahmet (17 November 2013). "Hakan Şükür'e çağrı: O kitabı yayınlayalım" [The calling of Hakan Şükür: I will publish a book]. Zaman (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  5. ^ "Hakan Şükür'den spor dünyasını sarsacak sözler" [Şükür promises to shake the world of sports up] (in Turkish). Samanyolu Haber TV. 12 October 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
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  8. ^ a b "Erdoğan'dan Hakan Şükür açıklaması" [Description of Hakan Şükür by Erdoğan] (in Turkish). NTV. 23 February 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Thaçi priti legjendën Şükür" [Thaçi meets legend Şükür]. Telegrafi (in Albanian). 21 August 2010. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
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  12. ^ "Meet Hakan Sukur". The Guardian. 4 December 2002. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
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  14. ^ a b c "Ex-footballer Hakan Şükür resigns from ruling AKP". Hürriyet Daily News. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
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  29. ^ a b "Golden Players take centre stage". UEFA. 29 November 2003. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  30. ^ "Deputy Şükür named new pundit of Lig TV". Hürriyet Daily News. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  31. ^ a b "Dünden bugüne Hakan Şükür!" [Hakan Şükür from yesterday to today!]. Habertürk (in Turkish). 16 October 2008. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
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  38. ^ "Hakan Şükür: I am Albanian, not Turkish". Oculus News. July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  39. ^ May, John (26 June 2002). "Bull on the horns of a dilemma". BBC Sport. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
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  50. ^ Hakan Şükür at Mackolik.com (in Turkish)  
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  52. ^ Includes Atatürk Cup, Chancellor Cup, President Cup, TSYD Cup, Turkish Cup and Turkish Super Cup
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BibliographyEdit

  • Sarıçiçek, Hasan (2006). Kral Hakan Şükür: Bir Kral'ın Entrikaları Alt Üst Eden Başarı Öyküsü (in Turkish). Biyografi.net Publications. ISBN 9789750039430.
  • Tuncay, Bülent (2002). Galatasaray Tarihi: Avrupa Zaferleriyle Unutulmaz Yıldızlarıyla (in Turkish). Yapı Kredi Yayınları. ISBN 9750804546.

External linksEdit