Velbert (Low Rhenish: Vèlbed) is a town in the district of Mettmann, in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The town is renowned worldwide for the production of locks and fittings.

Velbert
VelbertMuenzbrunnen.jpg
Flag of Velbert
Coat of arms of Velbert
Location of Velbert within Mettmann district
Mettmann (district)North Rhine-WestphaliaEnnepe-Ruhr-KreisRemscheidWuppertalSolingenRheinisch-Bergischer KreisLeverkusenCologneRhein-Kreis NeussDüsseldorfDuisburgMülheim an der RuhrEssenMonheim am RheinLangenfeldHildenHaanErkrathMettmannWülfrathVelbertHeiligenhausRatingenVelbert in ME.svg
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Velbert is located in Germany
Velbert
Velbert
Velbert is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Velbert
Velbert
Coordinates: 51°20′N 7°3′E / 51.333°N 7.050°E / 51.333; 7.050Coordinates: 51°20′N 7°3′E / 51.333°N 7.050°E / 51.333; 7.050
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
DistrictMettmann
Subdivisions3
Government
 • Mayor (2020–25) Dirk Lukrafka[1] (CDU)
Area
 • Total74.9 km2 (28.9 sq mi)
Elevation
230 m (750 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total81,564
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
42549–42555
Dialling codes02051–02053
Vehicle registrationME
Websitewww.velbert.de

GeographyEdit

Velbert is located on the hills of 'Niederberg' (meaning Lower Mountain), part of the Berg region, approx. 20 kilometres north-east of the capital of North Rhine Westphalia, Düsseldorf, and 12 kilometers north-west of Wuppertal on the south side of the Ruhr river.

Velbert stands on the highest part of the Niederberg region and also in its centre. Its average elevation is around 230 metres above sea level; its highest point, at 303 metres, is the Hordt-Berg, and its lowest, at around 70.6 metres, is in Nierenhof am Deilbach. The highest point in Velbert itself is 263 metres above sea level, at the corner of Friedrichstraße and Langenberger Straße.

IncorporationEdit

As part of the reform of local government districts in North Rhine-Westphalia that came into effect on 1 January 1975, the formerly independent cities of Velbert, Neviges and Langenberg were merged to form the present city of Velbert.

HistoryEdit

Velbert was first mentioned in AD 875 as Feldbrahti and was ruled by the abbey at Werden.

AdministrationEdit

Velbert is divided into three administrative areas, reflecting the three former cities: Velbert-Mitte (Central Velbert), Neviges and Langenberg. There are also numerous suburbs, including Tönisheide, Losenburg, Nordpark, Langenhorst, Birth, Röttgen and Hefel.

PoliticsEdit

The current mayor of Velbert is Dirk Lukrafka of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) since 2014. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, with a runoff held on 27 September, and the results were as follows:

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Dirk Lukrafka Christian Democratic Union 12,730 40.9 12,352 50.4
Esther Kanschat Alliance 90/The Greens 6,686 21.5 12,132 49.6
Rainer Hübinger Social Democratic Party 5,148 16.5
August-Friedrich Tonscheid Velbert Differently 1,915 6.2
Cem Demircan Independent Velbert Citizens 1,862 6.0
Helmut Stiegelmeier Pirate Party Germany 1,262 4.1
Birgit Onori The Left 1,009 3.2
Marcel Stubbe Independent 521 1.7
Valid votes 31,133 98.3 24,484 99.4
Invalid votes 540 1.7 137 0.6
Total 31,673 100.0 24,621 100.0
Electorate/voter turnout 65,876 48.1 65,837 37.4
Source: City of Velbert (1st round, 2nd round)

City councilEdit

 
Results of the 2020 city council election.

The Velbert city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

Party Votes % +/- Seats +/-
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 9,471 30.4   4.2 21 ±0
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne) 6,543 21.0   10.2 15   8
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 5,435 17.4   9.7 12   5
Independent Velbert Citizens (UVB) 2,343 7.5   2.2 5   2
Alternative for Germany (AfD) 1,998 6.4 New 4 New
Velbert Differently (Anders) 1,643 5.3   1.3 4 ±0
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 1,392 4.5   0.4 3 ±0
The Left (Die Linke) 1,174 3.8   1.6 3 ±0
Pirate Party Germany (Piraten) 1,177 3.8   1.3 3   1
Independent 18 0.1 New 0 New
Valid votes 31,194 98.5
Invalid votes 471 1.5
Total 31,665 100.0 70   8
Electorate/voter turnout 65,875 48.1   1.1
Source: City of Velbert

Coat of armsEdit

The first coat of arms was created in 1882 and abolished in local government reform of 1975. It showed the lion of the Counts, later Dukes, of Berg (originally the symbol of Limburg) and keys referring to locksmithing, a traditional industry in Velbert.

After 1975 a new coat of arms was created that included heraldic symbols for all three formerly independent towns. The key, referring to Velbert's main traditional industry, was retained with a simpler design. Langenberg is represented by an oak leaf, referring to the oak in the old arms of Langenberg. The chevrons in the bit of the key refer to the coat of arms of the lords of Hardenberg, from the coat of arms of Neviges.

EconomicsEdit

The main traditional industry of Velbert is small scale manufacturing, mostly metal based, typical products include locks, hinges, small tools, hoseclamps. Most companies are small to medium scale and many evolved from backyard forges. There are also companies producing parts for the automotive industry, for example the suppliers of vehicle access systems Witte Automotive and Huf. As well as this Stein & Co Gmbh, the makers of Sebo vacuum cleaners, are based in the city.

TransportationEdit

Velbert's S-Bahn service runs every 30 minutes line S9, from Recklinghausen / Haltern am See–- Gladbeck to BottropEssen-Nierenhof - Langenberg-Neviges - Rosenhügel-Wuppertal - Hagen, which is an attractive line to commuters. The old town of Velbert has no railway connection left. In 2011 most of the former railway line within the city was converted to a cyclepath. The former station buildings at Velbert-West and Velbert-Central are now restaurants, and the station at Velbert-Tönisheide is disused. All three were on the discontinued Niederberg Railway (Wülfrath-Velbert-HeiligenhausKettwig). The operational stations serving the city are Langenberg, Neviges, Nierenhof and Rosenhügel.

Velbert also used to have a tram service, and was the meeting point of tramlines from Heidhausen, Neviges, Wülfrath and Hösel with Heiligenhaus. Nowadays a number of bus routes connect Velbert to the surrounding cities. The city belongs to the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr.

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Velbert is twinned with:[3]

Friendly citiesEdit

Velbert also has friendly relations with:[3]

Sites of interestEdit

TheatresEdit

  • The central theatre of the town is in Forum Niederberg.

MuseumsEdit

The town's museum is also located in Forum Niederberg. It is the German museum for locks and metal fittings. The museum exhibits a broad variety of keys and locks.

BuildingsEdit

  • Maria, Königin des Friedens, or Nevigeser Wallfahrtsdom, also known as Mariendom, in Neviges which was designed by the famous architect Gottfried Böhm
  • Hardenberg Castle in Neviges
  • Historical town centres in Neviges and Langenberg
  • Event Church in Langenberg
  • Bürgerhaus (Citizen's house) in Langenberg
  • Transmission towers in Langenberg for MW, FM and TV (303.7 m and 170m high)
  • City hall incl. Thomas-Carré in Velbert-Mitte
  • The Art Nouveau church called Christuskirche (Christ Church) in Velbert-Mitte

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 21 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Partnerstädte". velbert.de (in German). Velbert. Retrieved 2021-02-21.

Further readingEdit

  • Horst Degen, Christoph Schotten, Stefan Wunsch (authors), Bergischer Geschichtsverein Abteilung Velbert / Hadenberg e.V. (editor): Velbert – Geschichte dreier Städte, J.P. Bachem Verlag, Cologne, 2009, ISBN 978-3-7616-1843-1.

External linksEdit