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BYD Auto Co., Ltd. is the automotive subsidiary of the Chinese multinational BYD Co Ltd,[2] which is based in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province.[3] It was founded in January 2003, following BYD Company's acquisition of Tsinchuan Automobile Company in 2002.[4][5] The company produces automobiles, buses, electric bicycles, forklifts, rechargeable batteries and trucks. The current model range of automobiles includes electric vehicles, plug-in hybrids and petrol-engined vehicles.

BYD Auto Co., Ltd.
Native name
比亚迪汽车
Subsidiary
IndustryAutomotive
Founded2003; 16 years ago (2003)
Headquarters,
China
Area served
Worldwide
ProductsAutomobiles
Buses
Electric bicycle
Truck
Forklift
Rechargeable batteries
RevenueRMB 102.65 Billion (2017)[1]
ParentBYD Co Ltd
SubsidiariesShenzhen BYD Daimler New Technology Co., Ltd. (50%)
Shenzhen BYD Auto Co. Ltd.
Changsha BYD Auto Co. Ltd.
Shaoguan BYD Auto Co. Ltd.
BYD Auto Sales Co., Ltd.
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese比亚迪汽车
Traditional Chinese比亞迪汽車
Websitebyd.com

The Denza brand, a joint venture with Daimler AG, produces luxury electric cars.

Electric bus at terminal in Landskrona, Sweden

HistoryEdit

 
The Qinchuan QCJ7081 Flyer, later sold as a BYD
 
The BYD stand at the 2009 Central China High-Tech Fair in Shenzhen

BYD Co Ltd created the wholly owned subsidiary BYD Auto a year after its 2002 acquisition of the Norinco-owned Qinchuan Machinery Works,[6] which may have been made solely to acquire the passenger car production license held by the purchased company.[7] Qinchuan had been manufacturing cars since 1987, when the company began production of the 0.5 L (30.5 cu in) QJC7050 model.[8] At the time of the acquisition, the QCJ7181 Flyer was in production, which from 2005 was rebadged to the "BYD Flyer."

In 2008, a plugin hybrid version of the BYD F3 compact sedan was introduced.[9] Total sales in 2009 were 448,400 vehicles.[10] In the same year, BYD began the export of its cars to Africa, South America and the Middle East, where the cars competed on price, not quality.[11]

In 2012, the municipal government of Shenzen purchased 500 BYD E6 cars for use as taxis.[12] A total of 506,189 passenger cars were sold in China in 2013, making it the tenth-largest selling brand.[13]

In 2013, BYD was awarded The Top Crash Facility Award of the year 2013.[14]

In 2014, the BYD Qin plug-in hybrid had total sales of 14,747 (plus a relatively small number of sales in Latin America),[15][16] In 2015, sales of the Qin increased to 31,898[17] and the Qin was the 88th highest selling sedan in China.[18] In 2016, the BYD Tang plug-in hybrid SUV had 31,405 sales, the plug-in hybrid version of the Qin compact sedan had 21,868 sales and the BYD e6 electric compact MPV had 20,605 sales.[19] By 2016, total sales of the Qin were 68,655 cars.[19][20]

 
BYD US Headquarter in Los Angeles

In 2015, the company was planning to open factories in Brazil to produce electric cars and buses.[21] In July 2015, exports to Russia were suspended, due to the war in Ukraine and the falling value of the Russian currency.[22] BYD was the highest selling brand of highway legal light-duty plug-in electric vehicles (combined sales for plug-in hybrids and battery electric cars),[23] with 61,772 passenger vehicles sold, mostly plug-in hybrids.[24] BYD continued as the world's top selling plug-in car manufacturer in 2016 with over 100,000 units sold, up 64% from 2015. BYD sold more than 100,000 new energy passenger cars in China in 2016. The BYD Tang was the top selling plug-in car in China in 2016 with 31,405 units delivered.

BYD achieves top rankings of 2015 J.D Power's Quality Study.[25]

In September 2016, the company became the third largest manufacturer of plug-in cars, with a total of 161,000 plug-in cars produced since 2008.[26] Also in September 2016, the company introduced a range of electric sanitation truck models, to be used in Beijing.[27]

ProductsEdit

Former modelsEdit

Current carsEdit

  • BYD e1 city car based on the F0 (electric vehicle)
  • BYD e2 compact hatchback (electric vehicle)
  • BYD e5 compact sedan (electric vehicle)
  • BYD e6 compact MPV (electric vehicle)
  • BYD E-Seed GT concept sports car (electric vehicle)
  • BYD F3 compact sedan (petrol engine)
  • BYD F5 Surui compact saloon (petrol engine)
  • BYD Qin compact sedan (petrol engine / plug-in hybrid / electric vehicle)
  • BYD S2 subcompact SUV based on the Yuan (electric vehicle)
  • BYD Song compact SUV (petrol engine / plug-in hybrid / electric vehicle)
  • BYD Song Max MPV (petrol engine / plug-in hybrid)
  • BYD Tang mid-size SUV (petrol engine / plug-in hybrid / electric vehicle)
  • BYD Yuan subcompact SUV (petrol engine / electric vehicle)

Current transit busesEdit

 
BYD K8A, K9FE, C9, C8, K6, T8SA, T3
  • BYD K6 electric bus (7m/23 ft)[29]
  • BYD K7 electric bus (8m/26 ft)[29]
  • BYD K8 electric bus (10.5m/35 ft)[29]
  • BYD K9 electric bus (12m/40 ft)[29]
  • BYD K10 electric bus (double decker, 10m/32 ft)[29]
  • BYD K11 electric bus (articulated, 18m/60 ft)[29]

Current coachesEdit

 
BYD C9
  • BYD C6 electric coach (7m/23 ft)[29]
  • BYD C8 electric coach (10.5m/35 ft)[29]
  • BYD C9 electric coach (12m/40 ft)[29]
  • BYD C10 electric coach (14m/45 ft)[29]

Current vansEdit

  • BYD T3 (commercial electric van)[30]
  • BYD Class 6 electric Step Van[31]

Current trucksEdit

BYD Design CenterEdit

In 2019, BYD launched its global design center, which is led by an all-star team of industry veterans from Audi, Ferrari, and Mercedes-Benz. Leading the team is Wolfgang Egger. The carmaker unveiled its E-SEED GT, the first joint effort from the new design team, at the Auto Shanghai industry show in April 2019. The futuristic design concept reflects the sleek lines of the Chinese dragon, and the company plans to feature more Chinese cultural symbols in future models.[35]

BYD Auto had been accused of taking designs from other manufacturers. Articles claimed BYD F1 "is a clear copy of the Toyota Aygo,"[36] that the BYD S6 "closely apes the Lexus RX",[37] the BYD F3 "is a copycar of the Toyota Corolla[38] the BYD S8 has a similar appearance to a Mercedes-Benz SL-Class,[39] and the BYD F8 "features an almost identical Mercedes-Benz CLK front-end and Renault Megane CC rear".[40] Although the U.S. government had been advised by its consul-general in Guangzhou, China that BYD uses an approach of "copying and then modifying car designs." Chinese courts ruled BYD has not infringed on patents.[41]

A company logo formerly used by BYD Auto from 2005-2009 strongly resembled the BMW logo.[42][43]

Settled Albuquerque bus claimEdit

In December 2018, the Albuquerque council filed a lawsuit against BYD for "issues including bolts falling off doors, doors opening on their own and battery range issues".[44] BYD disputed the city's allegations and disputed Mayor Tim Keller's "false and misleading statements." [45] The lawsuit was settled with no money changing hands. A joint statement was issued in May 2019.[46]

FacilitiesEdit

Facilities consist of two manufacturing plants in Xi'an, an R&D center and manufacturing plant in Shenzhen (the headquarters of BYD Co Ltd), a manufacturing plant in Changsha, a manufacturing plant in Shaoguan, and an R&D center and parts plant in Shanghai.[47] Construction of a third manufacturing plant in Xi'an resumed in 2011, following the company being fined for illegal land use.[48]

Manufacturing plants for buses opened in Dalian, Liaoning province in late 2014[49] and Lancaster, California in May 2013.[50][51]

Denza joint ventureEdit

In May 2010, the Shenzhen BYD Daimler New Technology Co., Ltd., trading as "Denza" was established with Daimler AG[52] to produce luxury electric vehicles.[53] The Denza 500 model is based on the previous generation Mercedes-Benz B-Class.[54]

SalesEdit

In 2010, BYD Auto sold a total of 519,800 vehicles, representing 2.9% of the market in China and the sixth largest manufacturer.[47][55] In 2011, the BYD sales rank was outside the top ten.[56] In 2012, the company became the 9th largest car manufacturer in China, producing over 600,000 vehicles.[57]

The majority of vehicles are sold within China, however export markets include Bahrain,[58] the Dominican Republic,[59][60] Ukraine[61] and Moldova.[62]

The North American headquarters opened in Los Angeles in 2011.[63] As of 2013 BYD Auto sells the e6 and Electric Bus in the United States as fleet vehicles only. BYD has supplied the Los Angeles Metro system with buses since 2015. A 2018 investigation by the Los Angeles Times found reliability issues with the BYD buses.[64]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "BYD Company Limited Annual Report 2017". BYD Company Limited.
  2. ^ http://en.byd.com/usa/
  3. ^ "BYD Contacts". BYD Auto. Archived from the original on 1 April 2018. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  4. ^ "About BYD". BYD Auto. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012.
  5. ^ Anne C. Lee (17 February 2010). "Most Innovative Companies - 2010: BYD". Fast Company. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012.
  6. ^ "Company Profile". BYD Auto. Archived from the original on 26 August 2009.
  7. ^ Chang, Crystal (9 August 2009), Developmental Strategies in a Global Economy: The Unexpected Emergence of China’s Independent Auto Industry, p. 13, SSRN 1450117
  8. ^ Van Ingen Schenau, Eric (2008). "Catalogue of the Present Chinese Motorcar Production" (PDF). Ortaffa, France: China Motor Vehicle Documentation Centre. p. 36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016.
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  11. ^ Marc Gunther (13 April 2009). "Why Warren Buffett is investing in electric car company BYD". CNNMoney. Archived from the original on 27 April 2009.
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  14. ^ BusinessWire (18 November 2013). "BYD Wins ATTI Crash Test Facility of the Year". BusinessWire.
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  17. ^ Cobb, Jeff (12 January 2016). "Tesla Model S Was World's Best-Selling Plug-in Car in 2015". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 23 January 2016. The Tesla Model S was the top selling plug-in electric car in 2015 (50,366), followed by the Nissan Leaf (about 43,000), the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV (about 39,000), the BYD Qin (31,898) and the BMW i3 (24,057).
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  64. ^ John, Paige St (20 May 2018). "Stalls, stops and breakdowns: Problems plague push for electric buses". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 August 2018.