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Longkou (simplified Chinese: 龙口; traditional Chinese: 龍口; pinyin: Lóngkǒu), formerly Huang County (simplified Chinese: 黄县; traditional Chinese: 黃縣; pinyin: Huáng Xiàn), is a port city in northeastern Shandong province, China, facing the Bohai Sea to the north and the Laizhou Bay to the west. Longkou, a county-level city, is administered by the prefecture-level city of Yantai. The total population of Longkou is 620,000.[citation needed]

Longkou

龙口市
Nanshan Temple in Longkou
Nanshan Temple in Longkou
Location in Yantai
Location in Yantai
Longkou is located in Shandong
Longkou
Longkou
Location in Shandong
Coordinates: 37°39′25″N 120°29′28″E / 37.657°N 120.491°E / 37.657; 120.491Coordinates: 37°39′25″N 120°29′28″E / 37.657°N 120.491°E / 37.657; 120.491
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceShandong
Prefecture-level cityYantai
Township-level divisions5 subdistricts
8 towns
Municipal seatXinjia Subdistrict (新嘉街道)
Population
 • Total620,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
265700

HistoryEdit

Huang County was the center of the ancient Dongyi state of Lai during China's Zhou dynasty.[1] Under the Qing, it was administered as part of Dengzhou (now Penglai).[1]

Huang County was renamed Longkou in 1986.[2]

Administrative divisionsEdit

There are 5 subdistricts and 8 towns under the city's administration:[3]

Subdistricts:

Towns:

GeographyEdit

Longkou is a coastal harbour city adjacent to Penglai city and Yantai urban area to the east, linked to Qingdao to the south. Its administrative area (county-level city) covers 893 km2 (345 sq mi) and contains a coastline of 68.4 km (42.5 mi).[4]

The city can be roughly divided into four major built-up areas: a central urban area, Longkou harbour city, Donghai and Nanshan.

At the west coast of Longkou, there is one of China's largest land reclamation projects under development. It will encompass six artificial islands with an extent of approx. 10 to 10 km.

Longkou is quite mountainous in the south and flat plains to the north. It has with low hills in the southeast and littoral plains in the northwest. There are mountains and rivers surrounding Longkou. The annual average temperature within the city is 11.7 °C. Although longkou has pleasant temperature in summer, it could be extremely cold during winter [5]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Longkou
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1
(33)
2
(35)
8
(46)
16
(60)
22
(71)
27
(80)
29
(84)
28
(82)
24
(75)
19
(66)
11
(51)
4
(39)
16
(60)
Average low °C (°F) −7
(19)
−6
(21)
−1
(30)
5
(41)
11
(51)
17
(62)
21
(69)
20
(68)
14
(57)
9
(48)
2
(35)
−3
(26)
7
(44)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.6
(0.3)
10
(0.4)
13
(0.5)
33
(1.3)
38
(1.5)
71
(2.8)
170
(6.5)
130
(5.3)
64
(2.5)
36
(1.4)
23
(0.9)
10
(0.4)
610
(23.9)
Source: Weatherbase [6]

EconomyEdit

Longkou is well known for its production of cellophane noodles, it is home to the New Dragon Asia Corporation head office as well as the Nanshan Group, an industrial conglomerate.[7] Longkou is a port city with an international deep-water cargo port. It handles over 70.000 tons annually.

There is also a number of smaller industrial companies, such as Longkou Beer Equipment Co. [8]

TransportEdit

Longkou is linked to the national expressway network of China via the G18 expressway (Weifang-Yantai) and the new S19 provincial expressway Longkou-Qingdao. There will be a highspeed rail connection via Weifang, currently this is still under construction. The closest airport is Yantai airport, about one hour east of Longkou.

EducationEdit

Longkou is home to Yantai Nanshan University (烟台南山学院), a private university offering bachelor and masters degrees [9] and to a bilingual (Chinese-English) high school.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Legge, James (1872), The Ch'un Ts'ew with Tso Chuen, The Chinese Classics, Vol. V, Hong Kong: Lane, Crawford, & Co., Prol., Ch. iii, p. 131.
  2. ^ "History of Longkou". Official website of Longkou Government. Archived from the original on August 31, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
  3. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:龙口市 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
  4. ^ (in Chinese) LongKou China Archived 2007-08-20 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ (in Chinese) LongKou China Archived 2007-08-20 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Longkou, China". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  7. ^ "https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-06-09/china-s-nanshan-buys-virgin-australia-stake-from-air-new-zealand"
  8. ^ https://m.tianyancha.com/company/2588956586#!
  9. ^ http://www.nanshan.edu.cn/

External linksEdit