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Fuzhou (simplified Chinese: 抚州; traditional Chinese: 撫州; pinyin: Fǔzhōu,[fùʈʂóu] ), also known as Gandong (Chinese: 赣东; literally: 'East of Jiangxi')[citation needed], is a prefecture-level city in the northeastern part of Jiangxi province, People's Republic of China.

Fuzhou

抚州市

Fuchow
Vanguard 20160201 165207.jpg
Location of Fuzhou within Jiangxi
Location of Fuzhou within Jiangxi
Fuzhou is located in China
Fuzhou
Fuzhou
Location in China
Coordinates: 27°57′N 116°21′E / 27.950°N 116.350°E / 27.950; 116.350
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJiangxi
Government
 • MayorZhang Heping
 • SecretaryGong Jianhua
Area
 • Land18,800 km2 (7,300 sq mi)
Elevation
45 m (147 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,912,312
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s)0794
ISO 3166 codeCN-JX-10
Licence plate prefixes赣F
Websitehttp://www.jxfz.gov.cn/[permanent dead link]

Fuzhou is located to the south of the provincial capital Nanchang, bordered in the east by Fujian Province. Its total area is 18,800 km2 (7,300 sq mi). The population is 3,900,000. The area is located northwest of the Wuyi Mountains, and is drained by the Fu River (Fuhe), which flows northwest to the Poyang Lake (in the neighboring Nanchang Prefecture).

HistoryEdit

The area was part of Chu during the Warring States Period. After being conquered by the Qin, it was included in the Jiujiang Commandery.

In 204 BC, the territory was added to the Huainan Kingdom. Two years later, Yuzhang Commandery was dissociated from Huainan. Names of the counties Nancheng and Linru, both of which then part of Yuzhang, first appeared in this period.

In 257 AD, counties Linru and Nancheng were added to a new commandery, Linchuan. Thereafter they were divided to 10 counties including Linru, Nancheng, Xiping, Xinjian, Xicheng, Yihuang, Anpu, Nanfeng, Yongcheng, Dongxing, with the administration center in Linru County. In 522 AD, another new commandery, Bashan, was divided from Linchuan, administering 7 counties Xinjian, Xining, Bashan, Dafeng, Xin’an, Xingping, Fengcheng. Linchuan and Bashan belonged to Gao State in 557 AD. The two commanderies were replaced by Fu Prefecture (Fuzhou) in 589 AD.

Tang Dynasty and laterEdit

In 811 AD, Fuzhou was renamed as Shangzhou. In 975 AD, it was renamed as Junzhou. In 1149 AD, Le’an County was established in the prefecture, which administered counties Linchuan, Chongren, Yihuang, Jinxi and Le’an at that time. On June 23, 2000, Fuzhou City was officially established as a prefecture-level city in China.

EconomyEdit

The main industries in the area are food, textiles, food processing and light-modeled cars.

AdministrationEdit

Fuzhou has direct jurisdiction over two districts and nine counties:

Districts (, qu):

Counties (, xian):

Map

TransportationEdit

Recent historyEdit

Famous peopleEdit

Fuzhou is historically important as the home (specifically Linchuan) of Wang Anshi, the famous reformist prime minister of Song Dynasty, Zeng Gong, an influential scholar and historian of the Song Dynasty, and Tang Xianzu, the great Ming Dynasty dramatist.

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jiang, Steven (26 May 2011). "2 dead after bomb blasts in eastern Chinese city". CNN. Retrieved 2011-05-26.

Coordinates: 27°59′N 116°21′E / 27.983°N 116.350°E / 27.983; 116.350