Morioka

  (Redirected from Morioka, Iwate)

Morioka (盛岡市, Morioka-shi) is the capital city of Iwate Prefecture located in the Tōhoku region of northern Japan. On 1 March 2020, the city had an estimated population of 291,560 in 132,719 households[1], and a population density of 330 per square kilometre (850/sq mi). The total area of the city is 886.47 square kilometres (342.27 sq mi).

Morioka

盛岡市
Morioka and Mount Iwate
Morioka and Mount Iwate
Flag of Morioka
Flag
Official seal of Morioka
Seal
Map of Iwate Prefecture with Morioka highlighted in pink
Map of Iwate Prefecture with Morioka highlighted in pink
Morioka is located in Japan
Morioka
Morioka
 
Coordinates: 39°42′7.5″N 141°09′16.2″E / 39.702083°N 141.154500°E / 39.702083; 141.154500Coordinates: 39°42′7.5″N 141°09′16.2″E / 39.702083°N 141.154500°E / 39.702083; 141.154500
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureIwate
Government
 • -MayorHiroaki Tanifuji
Area
 • Total886.47 km2 (342.27 sq mi)
Population
 (March 1, 2020)
 • Total291,560
 • Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeKatsura
• FlowerRabbit-ear iris
• BirdWagtail
Phone number019-651-4111
Address12-2 Uchimaru, Morioka-shi, Iwate-ken 020-8530
WebsiteOfficial website
Morioka City Hall

GeographyEdit

Morioka is located in the Kitakami Basin in central Iwate Prefecture, at the confluence of three rivers, the Kitakami, the Shizukuishi and the Nakatsu. The Kitakami River is the second largest river on the Pacific side of Japan (after the Tone River) and the longest in the Tōhoku region. It runs through the city from north to south and has a number of dams within the city boundaries, including the Shijūshida Dam and Gandō Dam. An active volcano, Mount Iwate, dominates the view to the northwest of the city. Mount Himekami is to the north and Mount Hayachine can sometimes be seen to the southeast.[citation needed]

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

Iwate Prefecture

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Morioka peaked at around the year 2000, but has slightly declined since.

YearPop.±%
1960 155,575—    
1970 226,868+45.8%
1980 272,814+20.3%
1990 292,632+7.3%
2000 302,857+3.5%
2010 298,572−1.4%

ClimateEdit

Morioka has a cold, humid, continental climate (Köppen Dfa) characterized by warm, short summers and long, cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Morioka is 10.2 °C (50.4 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,314 millimetres (51.7 in) with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are at their highest on average in August, at around 23.7 °C (74.7 °F), and lowest on average in January, at around −2.4 °C (27.7 °F).[3]

Climate data for Morioka, Iwate (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
2.9
(37.2)
7.0
(44.6)
14.4
(57.9)
19.7
(67.5)
23.5
(74.3)
26.4
(79.5)
28.3
(82.9)
23.6
(74.5)
17.6
(63.7)
10.6
(51.1)
4.6
(40.3)
15.0
(59.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.2
(36.0)
8.6
(47.5)
14.0
(57.2)
18.3
(64.9)
21.8
(71.2)
23.4
(74.1)
18.7
(65.7)
12.1
(53.8)
5.9
(42.6)
1.0
(33.8)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F) −5.6
(21.9)
−5.2
(22.6)
−2.2
(28.0)
3.0
(37.4)
8.5
(47.3)
13.8
(56.8)
18.1
(64.6)
19.6
(67.3)
14.6
(58.3)
7.3
(45.1)
1.5
(34.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
5.9
(42.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 53.1
(2.09)
48.7
(1.92)
80.5
(3.17)
87.5
(3.44)
102.7
(4.04)
110.1
(4.33)
185.5
(7.30)
183.8
(7.24)
160.3
(6.31)
93.0
(3.66)
90.2
(3.55)
70.8
(2.79)
1,266.2
(49.84)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 85
(33)
74
(29)
46
(18)
4
(1.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
10
(3.9)
53
(21)
272
(106.5)
Average relative humidity (%) 73 70 67 65 69 75 80 79 80 77 75 74 69
Mean monthly sunshine hours 116.9 127.5 160.4 173.7 185.4 154.7 128.5 149.1 123.7 145.8 116.9 101.6 1,684.2
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency

HistoryEdit

 
Morioka Castle

The area of present-day Morioka has been continuously inhabited since the Japanese Paleolithic period. Numerous Jōmon, Yayoi and Kofun period tombs and remains have been found. The Emishi inhabited the area into the Heian period. During the Enryaku era of the Heian period, Sakanoue no Tamuramaro, was ordered north to Shiwa Castle in 803 AD, as a military center to extend the domination of the Yamato dynasty over Mutsu Province. The area was later ruled by the Abe clan until their destruction during the Former Nine Years War at the hands of the Minamoto and Kiyohara clans. The Kiyohara were in turn defeated in the Gosannen War and the area came under the control of the Ōshū Fujiwara Clan based in Hiraizumi, to the south of Morioka. After the Ōshū Fujiwara were destroyed by Minamoto no Yoritomo at the start of the Kamakura period, the area was disputed by several samurai clans until the Nanbu clan, based in Sannohe to the north, expanded their territory during the Sengoku period and built Kozukata Castle in 1592.

Following the Battle of Sekigahara and the formal recognition of Morioka Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate, Kozukata Castle was renamed Morioka Castle.[4] Its name was changed from 森岡 to 盛岡 (both read as "Morioka")[5] During the Boshin War of the Meiji Restoration, Morioka Domain was a key member of the pro-Tokugawa Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei.

After the start of the Meiji period, former Morioka Domain became Morioka Prefecture in 1870, and part of Iwate Prefecture from 1872. With the establishment of the modern municipality system on April 1, 1889, the city of Morioka was established as the capital of Iwate Prefecture. The city was connected by train to Tokyo in 1890. The city emerged from World War II with very little damage, having been subject to only two minor air raids during the war.[6]

On January 10, 2006, the village of Tamayama was merged into Morioka. Morioka was proclaimed a core city in 2008, with increased local autonomy.

During the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, Morioka was hit by a 6.1 earthquake, and numerous aftershocks, but with little damage other than extensive power outages.[7]

GovernmentEdit

Morioka has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 38 members. Morioka contributes ten seats to the Iwate Prefectural legislature. In terms of national politics, the town is part of Iwate 1st district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EducationEdit

Colleges and universityEdit

High schoolsEdit

Morioka has eight public high schools operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education.

There is also one public high school operated by the city government and ten private high schools

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Tōhoku Shinkansen

  East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Tōhoku Main Line

  East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Tazawako Line (Akita Shinkansen)

  • Morioka

  East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Yamada Line

  East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Hanawa Line

  Iwate Ginga Railway Line

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Sports venuesEdit

Sports teamsEdit

Temples and shrinesEdit

 
Sansa Odori festival
  • Hōon-ji is a Sōtō Zen Buddhist temple which was originally built at Sannohe by the 13th lord of the Nambu clan, Nambu Moriyuki, in 1394, and brought to Morioka by the 27th lord, Nambu Toshinao. It was considered the head temple among the 280 operated by the Nambu clan. A notable feature is the Rakan-dō, built in 1735 and rebuilt in 1858. Its central statue Rushana butsu is reported to be made by Kōbō-daishi. Within the Rakan-dō are statues of the 500 Rakan, which were made in Kyoto and later brought to Morioka. Included are representations of Kublai Khan and Marco Polo. It is an active Zen training temple for monks.
  • Mitsuishi Jinja is a Shinto shrine which has three large rocks on the grounds with shackles around them to represent the story of 'Oni no tegata', which is a legend explaining the origin of the name of Iwate prefecture. According to the legend, there was once an Oni or demon who often tormented and harassed the local people. When the people prayed to the spirit of Mitsuishi for protection, the demon was immediately shackled to the rocks and made to promise never to trouble the people again. As a sign of this promise, the demon left a handprint on one of the rocks, thus giving rise to the name Iwate, literally meaning "rock hand".
  • Morioka Hachiman Shrine
  • Sakurayama is a Shinto shrine 20 feet above (6 meters) featuring a massive rock.[clarification needed]

FoodEdit

Morioka attracts tourists with local noodles such as jajamen, reimen, and wanko soba. Brewing is also a thriving industry of the city. Nambu Senbei, a type of rice cracker, is considered a local specialty.

MediaEdit

International relationsEdit

Notable personsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Morioka City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Morioka population statistics
  3. ^ Morioka climate data
  4. ^ "Archived copy" 不来方 [Kozukata]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2013-02-01.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-16. Retrieved 2013-09-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Ministry of Home Affairs of Japan (in Japanese)
  7. ^ http://www.marketwatch.com/story/new-61-magnitude-quake-hits-near-morioka-japan-2011-03-11 - retrieved March 14, 2011
  8. ^ Morioka Castle Ruins Agency for Cultural Affairs (in Japanese)
  9. ^ "志波城跡 しわじょうあと". Cultural Heritage Online (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 25 December 2016. (in Japanese)
  10. ^ "岩手銀行(旧盛岡銀行)旧本店本館". Cultural Heritage Online (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 25 April 2020. (in Japanese)
  11. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  12. ^ Tucker, Spencer (2005). World War I: Encyclopedia, Volume 1. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. p. 539. ISBN 978-1851094202.
  13. ^ ミラノコレクションA.T. [Milano Collection A.T.]. New Japan Pro Wrestling (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2010-06-18. Retrieved 2014-02-03.

External linksEdit