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Takizawa (滝沢市, Takizawa-shi) is a city located in Iwate Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2017, the city had an estimated population of 279,483, and a population density of 303 persons per km². The total area of the city is 182.46 square kilometres (70.45 sq mi).

Takizawa

滝沢市
upper: Mount Iwate , upper-middle: Iwate Prefectural University lower-middle: Takisawa Station Takizawa C
upper: Mount Iwate
, upper-middle: Iwate Prefectural University
lower-middle: Takisawa Station
Takizawa C
Flag of Takizawa
Flag
Official logo of Takizawa
Emblem
Location of Takizawa in Iwate Prefecture
Location of Takizawa in Iwate Prefecture
Takizawa is located in Japan
Takizawa
Takizawa
 
Coordinates: 39°44′4.9″N 141°4′37.4″E / 39.734694°N 141.077056°E / 39.734694; 141.077056Coordinates: 39°44′4.9″N 141°4′37.4″E / 39.734694°N 141.077056°E / 39.734694; 141.077056
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureIwate
Area
 • Total182.46 km2 (70.45 sq mi)
Population
 (January 31, 2017)
 • Total55,279
 • Density303/km2 (780/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeSakura
- FlowerMountain Lily
- BirdCommon cuckoo
Phone number019-684-2111
Address55, Nakaukai, Takizawa-shi, Iwate-ken 020-0692
Websitehttp://www.city.takizawa.iwate.jp/
Takizawa City Hall

GeographyEdit

Takizawa is located in central Iwate Prefecture, bordered to the north and west by the Iwate Mountains, and the Kitakami River to the east and the Shizukuishi River to the south.

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

ClimateEdit

Takizawa has a cold humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Takizawa is 9.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1386 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around -3.3 °C.[1]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Takizawa has grown rapidly over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 12,000
1980 25,686
1990 38,108
2000 51,241
2010 53,853

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Takizawa was part of ancient Mutsu Province. During the Heian period, it was ruled by the Abe clan. During the Sengoku period, the area came under the control of the Nambu clan during the Edo period, who ruled Morioka Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate.

In the Meiji period, the village of Takizawa was established within Iwate District on April 1, 1889, with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Takizawa was promoted directly from a village to a city on January 1, 2014.

GovernmentEdit

Takizawa has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members.

EconomyEdit

Takizawa is a bedroom community for Morioka. Agriculture still plays an important role in the local economy, with Takizawa known for its summer watermelon and fall apples.

EducationEdit

Universities and collegesEdit

Primary and secondary educationEdit

Takizawa has nine public elementary schools, eight of which are operated by the city government, and one of which is operated by the Morioka city government, although physically located within Takizawa. There are likewise seven public middle schools, six of which are operated by the city government and one of which is operated by the Morioka city government. There are two public high schools operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education. There is also a special education school operated by the prefectural government.

TransportationEdit

Local attractionsEdit

  • Chagu Chagu Umakko - Takizawa is famous for its Chagu-Chagu Horse Festival (チャグチャグ馬コ, Chagu-Chagu Umakko) held every June. The festival is designated by the Japanese government to be an Important Cultural Asset. The festival celebrates the horses which once played an important role in the area’s agriculture. The festival gets its name from the bells the horses wear during the procession. The sound the bells make, in Japanese, is "chagu-chagu". The festival begins at Chagu-Chagu Shrine which is a large shrine in Takizawa dedicated to horses. After a brief ceremony a long line of colorfully dressed horses ridden mostly by children in traditional dress leave the shrine and go on a 15 km procession that takes them to Hachimangu Shrine in Morioka. In total the trip takes nearly five hours to complete.[3]

Noted people from TakizawaEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

  Media related to Takizawa, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons