Hachimantai, Iwate

Hachimantai (八幡平市, Hachimantai-shi) is a city located in Iwate Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2020, the city had an estimated population of 25,076, and a population density of 29 persons per km² in 10,531 households.[1] The total area of the city is 862.30 square kilometres (332.94 sq mi).

Hachimantai

八幡平市
City
Hachimantai City Hall
Hachimantai City Hall
Flag of Hachimantai
Flag
Official seal of Hachimantai
Seal
Location of Hachimantai in Iwate Prefecture
Location of Hachimantai in Iwate Prefecture
Hachimantai is located in Japan
Hachimantai
Hachimantai
 
Coordinates: 39°57′22″N 141°4′16″E / 39.95611°N 141.07111°E / 39.95611; 141.07111Coordinates: 39°57′22″N 141°4′16″E / 39.95611°N 141.07111°E / 39.95611; 141.07111
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureIwate
Area
 • Total862.30 km2 (332.94 sq mi)
Population
 (April 1, 2020)
 • Total25,076
 • Density29/km2 (75/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
• TreeJapanese red pine
• FlowerRindo
• BirdCopper pheasant
Phone number0195-76-2111
Address62 Ōfuke dai-35 jiwari, Hachimantai-shi, Iwate-ken 028-7192
WebsiteOfficial website
Lake Hachiman

GeographyEdit

Hachimantai is located in the Ōu Mountains of far northwest Iwate Prefecture, bordered by Aomori Prefecture to the north and Akita Prefecture to the west. The headwaters of the Yoneshiro River are in Hachimanai. Part of Mount Hachimantai and Mount Iwate are within its borders. Parts of the city are within the borders of the Towada-Hachimantai National Park. Mount Iwate, the highest mountain in Iwate Prefecture, is on the border of Hachimantai with Shizukuishi and Takizawa.

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Aomori Prefecture

Akita Prefecture

Iwate Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Hachimantai has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa), the same as much of Hokkaido to the north, characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hachimantai is 9.3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1387 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 22.9 °C, and lowest in January, at around -3.4 °C.[2]

Climate data for Hachimantai (former Matsuo Village、1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
12.0
(53.6)
18.0
(64.4)
27.7
(81.9)
31.8
(89.2)
33.5
(92.3)
35.2
(95.4)
35.5
(95.9)
34.0
(93.2)
26.5
(79.7)
20.7
(69.3)
16.9
(62.4)
35.5
(95.9)
Average high °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
1.6
(34.9)
5.7
(42.3)
13.7
(56.7)
19.3
(66.7)
23.3
(73.9)
26.2
(79.2)
27.8
(82.0)
22.9
(73.2)
16.9
(62.4)
9.7
(49.5)
3.6
(38.5)
14.2
(57.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.4
(25.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
0.9
(33.6)
7.6
(45.7)
13.3
(55.9)
17.6
(63.7)
21.1
(70.0)
22.4
(72.3)
17.5
(63.5)
10.9
(51.6)
4.7
(40.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
9.1
(48.4)
Average low °C (°F) −8.4
(16.9)
−8.0
(17.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.3
(34.3)
7.2
(45.0)
12.6
(54.7)
16.9
(62.4)
18.1
(64.6)
12.7
(54.9)
5.2
(41.4)
−0.2
(31.6)
−4.5
(23.9)
4.0
(39.2)
Record low °C (°F) −21.8
(−7.2)
−22.2
(−8.0)
−15.4
(4.3)
−11.0
(12.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.7
(35.1)
7.7
(45.9)
7.7
(45.9)
1.3
(34.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
−11.0
(12.2)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−22.2
(−8.0)
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Hachimantai peaked at around the year 1950 and has declined steadily over the past 60 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 21,815—    
1930 27,328+25.3%
1940 36,316+32.9%
1950 47,852+31.8%
1960 53,806+12.4%
1970 36,764−31.7%
1980 34,926−5.0%
1990 33,287−4.7%
2000 32,485−2.4%
2010 28,690−11.7%

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Hachimantai was part of ancient Mutsu Province. The area was dominated by the Nanbu clan from the early Muromachi period. During the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate, the area was under Morioka Domain, and was divided between Ninohe District in the north and Iwate District in the south.

In the early Meiji period, the village of Arasawa was created within Ninohe District on April 1, 1889, with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Arasawa merged with neighboring Tayama Village on September 30, 1956 to form the town of Ashiro. Ashiro was transferred to Iwate District on April 1, 2002.

Likewise, on April 1, 1889, the villages of Tairadate, Obun, Dendo and Terada were established within Kita-Iwate District. Kita-Iwate was merged with Minami-Iwate in 1896. The four villages merged on September 30, 1956 for form the town of Nishine.

The city of Hachimantai was established on September 1, 2005, from the merger of the towns of Ashiro and Nishine, and the village of Matsuo.

GovernmentEdit

Hachimantai has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 22 members. Hachimantai, together with the towns of Iwate and Kuzumaki contribute two seats to the Iwate Prefectural legislature. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Iwate 2nd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The local economy is based on agriculture, forestry and seasonal tourism.

EducationEdit

Hachimantai has ten public elementary schools and four public middle schools operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Hanawa Line

HighwayEdit

Sister citiesEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Notable people from HachimantaiEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hachimantai city official statistics
  2. ^ Hachimantai climate data
  3. ^ "岩手松尾(八幡平) 19801-2010年". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 2011-10-18.
  4. ^ Hachimantai population statistics
  5. ^ "Yakehashiri Lava Flow ( Hachimantai City )". A Trip to Iwate. Iwate Prefecture Tourism Portal. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  6. ^ "Hachimantai Resort ( Panorama Ski Area/Shimokura Ski Area ) ( Hachimantai City )". A Trip to Iwate. Iwate Prefecture Tourism Portal. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  7. ^ "Fudo no Taki Falls ( Hachimantai City )". A Trip to Iwate. Iwate Prefecture Tourism Portal. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  8. ^ "Matsukawa Gorge ( Hachimantai City )". A Trip to Iwate. Iwate Prefecture Tourism Portal. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  9. ^ "Nambu Fuji Country Club ( Hachimantai City )". A Trip to Iwate. Iwate Prefecture Tourism Portal. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  10. ^ "Hachimantai Hot Springs and Appi Hot Springs ( Hachimantai City )". A Trip to Iwate. Iwate Prefecture Tourism Portal. Archived from the original on 16 March 2017. Retrieved 28 March 2017.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Hachimantai, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons