Yahaba, Iwate

Yahaba (矢巾町, Yahaba-chō) is a town in Iwate Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2020, the town had an estimated population of 27,227, and a population density of 400 persons per km² in 10,131 households.[1] The total area of the town is 67.32 square kilometres (25.99 sq mi).[2]

Yahaba
矢巾町
Town
Yahaba Town Hall
Yahaba Town Hall
Flag of Yahaba
Official seal of Yahaba
Location of Yahaba in Iwate Prefecture
Location of Yahaba in Iwate Prefecture
Yahaba is located in Japan
Yahaba
Yahaba
 
Coordinates: 39°36′21.6″N 141°08′34.6″E / 39.606000°N 141.142944°E / 39.606000; 141.142944Coordinates: 39°36′21.6″N 141°08′34.6″E / 39.606000°N 141.142944°E / 39.606000; 141.142944
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureIwate
DistrictShiwa
Area
 • Total67.32 km2 (25.99 sq mi)
Population
 (April 1, 2020)
 • Total27,227
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreePine
- FlowerLily
- BirdCommon cuckoo
Phone number019-697-2111
Address13-123 Minamiyahaba Yahaba-chō, Shiwa-gun, Iwate-ken 027-8501
WebsiteOfficial website

GeographyEdit

Yahaba is located in central Iwate Prefecture, bordered by Morioka city to the north, Shiwa town to the south and Shizukuishi to the west.

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Iwate Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Yahaba has a humid oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Yahaba is 10.1 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1341 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.8 °C, and lowest in January, at around -2.6 °C.[3]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Yahaba has seen a long and steady increase over the past century.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 9,662—    
1930 10,759+11.4%
1940 11,615+8.0%
1950 13,832+19.1%
1960 13,923+0.7%
1970 13,526−2.9%
1980 17,465+29.1%
1990 19,920+14.1%
2000 25,268+26.8%
2010 27,262+7.9%
2020 28,058+2.9%

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Yahaba was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jōmon period. The area was inhabited by the Emishi people, and came under the control of the Yamato dynasty during the early Heian period with the construction Tokutan Castle (徳丹城) a fortified settlement, by Sakanoue no Tamuramaro in 813 AD. During the Sengoku period, the area was dominated by various samurai clans before coming under the control of the Nambu clan during the late Sengoku period, who ruled Morioka Domain under the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate.

After the start of the Meiji period, the villages of Kemuyama, Tokuda and Fudo were established within Shiwa District by the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. The three villages merged on March 1, 1955 to form Yahaba village, which was raised to town status on May 1, 1966.

GovernmentEdit

Yahaba has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members. Yahaba, and the town of Shiwa collectively contribute two seats to the Iwate Prefectural legislature. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Iwate 1st district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The local economy of Yahaba is traditionally based on agriculture, primarily rice cultivation. However, due to its proximity to Morioka, light industries and warehousing have been increasing in importance, and the town is increasingly becoming a bedroom community for Morioka.

EducationEdit

Yahaba has four public elementary schools and two public junior high schools operated by the town government and two public high schools operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education.[5]

In addition, the College of Pharmacy of the Iwate Medical University is located in Yahaba.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  East Japan Railway Company (JR East) -Tōhoku Main Line

HighwayEdit

International relationsEdit

Local attractionsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Yahaba town official statistics
  2. ^ 詳細データ 岩手県矢巾町. 市町村の姿 グラフと統計でみる農林水産業 (in Japanese). Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  3. ^ Yahaba climate data
  4. ^ Yahaba population statistics
  5. ^ Yahaba town official home page (in Japanese)
  6. ^ "Database of Registered National Cultural Properties" (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 1 February 2017.

External linksEdit