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Several supercars at a meet, by Ferrari, Lamborghini, Pagani, Bugatti, and Mercedes-Benz
Several supercars

A supercar is a luxury, high-performance sports car or grand tourer.[1][2] The term is used in marketing by automakers for unusual and expensive vehicles, and has been used to refer to different sorts of cars:

  • Limited-production specials from an "elite" automaker[3]
  • Standard-looking cars modified for power and performance[3]
  • Models from smaller manufacturers that appeal to enthusiasts[3]

Contents

HistoryEdit

An advertisement for the Ensign 6, a 6.7 L (410 cu in) high-performance car similar to the Bentley Speed Six, appeared in The Times for 11 November 1920 with the phrase "If you are interested in a supercar, you cannot afford to ignore the claims of the Ensign 6."[4] The Oxford English Dictionary also cites the use of the word in an advertisement for an unnamed car in The Motor dated 3 November 1920, "The Supreme development of the British super-car."[5] and defines the phrase as suggesting "a car superior to all others". A book published by the Research Institute of America in 1944, that previewed the economic and industrial changes to occur after World War II,[6] used the term "supercar" (author's emphasis) to describe future automobiles incorporating advances in design and technology such as flat floorpans and automatic transmissions.[7]

In the United States, the term "supercar" predates the classification of muscle car.[8][9] It describes the "dragstrip bred" affordable mid-size cars of the 1960s and early 1970s that were equipped with large, powerful V8 engines and rear wheel drive.[10] The term was often (though not always) spelled with a capital S.[11] The combination of a potent engine in a lightweight car began with the 1957 Rambler Rebel that was described as a "veritable supercar".[12] "In 1966 the sixties supercar became an official industry trend"[13] as the four domestic automakers "needed to cash in on the supercar market" with eye-catching, heart-stopping cars.[14] Among the numerous examples of the use of the supercar description include the May 1965 issue of the American magazine Car Life, in a road test of the Pontiac GTO, as well as how "Hurst puts American Motors into the Supercar club with the 390 Rogue"[15] (the SC/Rambler) to fight in "the Supercar street racer gang" market segment.[16] The "SC" in the model name stood for "SuperCar".[17] The supercar market segment included regular production models[18] in different muscle market segments (such as the "economy supercar"[19]), as well as limited edition, documented dealer-converted vehicles.[20]

The word supercar later came to mean a "GT" or grand touring type of car.[21] By the 1970s and 1980s the phrase was in regular use, if not precisely defined.[22][23]

During the late 20th century, the term supercar was used to describe "a very expensive, fast or powerful car with a centrally located engine",[1] and stated in more general terms: "it must be very fast, with sporting handling to match", "it should be sleek and eye-catching" and its price should be "one in a rarefied atmosphere of its own".[24]

The supercar term has also been applied to technologically advanced vehicles using new fuel sources, powerplants, aerodynamics, and lightweight materials to develop an 80 mpg‑US (2.9 L/100 km; 96 mpg‑imp) family-sized sedan.[25] "Supercar" was the unofficial description for the United States Department of Commerce R&D program, Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV).[26] The program was established in 1993 to support the domestic U.S. automakers (GM, Ford, and Chrysler) develop prototypes of a safe, clean, affordable car the size of the Ford Taurus, but delivering three times the fuel efficiency.[26][27]

HypercarEdit

The term became largely popularized after the release of the Porsche 918 Spyder, Ferrari LaFerrari, and the McLaren P1.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins Publishers. 2003. ISBN 0-00-710983-0. 
  2. ^ Ward, Ian (1985). "Secondhand Supercar". London's Motor Show Motorfair 85 Official Catalogue. 
  3. ^ a b c Cheetham, Craig (2006). Supercars. MotorBooks/MBI Publishing. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-7603-2565-0. 
  4. ^ "British Ensign Motors". The Times. 11 November 1920. p. 6. 
  5. ^ "super-, prefix 6.c". Oxford English Dictionary. 1989. Archived from the original on June 22, 2011. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 
  6. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (4 September 1989). "Carl Hovgard, Tax Adviser, 83; Founder of the Research Institute". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  7. ^ Cherne, Leo (1944). The Rest of Your Life. Doubleday, Doran and Co. pp. 216–217. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  8. ^ Harless, Robert (2004). Horsepower War: Our Way of Life. iUniverse. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-595-30296-3. 
  9. ^ Gunnell, John (2001). Standard Guide to American Muscle Cars: A Supercar Source Book, 1960-2000. Krause. p. 8. ISBN 9780873492621. Retrieved 16 January 2018. The term muscle car wasn't heard much hack when these vehicles were first hitting the market. In those days, the enthusiast magazines favored the term supercar. 
  10. ^ Norbye, Jan P.; Dunne, Jim (October 1966). "The Hot Ones: Supercars of medium size flaunt tough suspensions, great brakes, most powerful engines in existence". Popular Science. 189 (4): 83–85. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  11. ^ Severson, Aaron (27 July 2009). "Super-iority: Defining the Supercar and Muscle Car". Ate Up With Motor. Retrieved 16 January 2018. what we now think of as muscle cars were more commonly called “Supercars,” often (though not always) spelled with a capital S. 
  12. ^ Auto Editors of Consumer Guide (22 August 2007). "1957-1960 Rambler Rebel". auto.howstuffworks.com. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  13. ^ Harless, p. 8.
  14. ^ Campisano, Jim (1995). American Muscle Cars. MetroBooks. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-56799-164-2. 
  15. ^ "Rambler Scrambler". Car Life. 16: 33–36. 1969. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  16. ^ "Rambler Scrambler". Car and Driver. 14: 84. 1968. 
  17. ^ Lyons, Dan; Scott, Jason (2004). Muscle Car Milestones. MotorBooks/MBI Publishing. p. 89. ISBN 978-0-7603-0615-4. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  18. ^ Bonsall, Thomas E. (1985). Muscle Plymouths: The Story of a Supercar. Bookman Publishing. ISBN 978-0-934780-71-1. 
  19. ^ Primedia (2004). Hot Rod Magazine: Muscle Car Files. MotorBooks International. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-7603-1647-4. 
  20. ^ Carner, Colin (February 1999). "1967 Chevrolet Stage III Nickey Camaro". Sports Car Market. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  21. ^ Harless, p. 5.
  22. ^ Marshall, Stuart (4 September 1975). "Rewards and frustrations of the super cars". The Times. London. p. 23. 
  23. ^ "Business Roundup; From the Land of the VW, a $35,000 Supercar". The New York Times. 21 September 1975. p. F15. 
  24. ^ Ward, Ian (1985), Secondhand Supercars, London Motor Show "Motorfair 1985" Official Catalogue 
  25. ^ McCosh, Dan (June 1994). "Emerging Technologies for the Supercar". Popular Science. 244 (6): 95–100. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  26. ^ a b Eisenstien, Paul (June 2000). "80 mpg". Popular Mechanics. 177 (6): 88–91. 
  27. ^ Fuhs, Allen E. (2008). Hybrid vehicles and the future of personal transportation. CRC Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-4200-7534-2. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 

External linksEdit