The BYD Qin (pronounced "Chin") is a plug-in hybrid compact sedan developed by BYD Auto with an all-electric range of 70 km (43 mi) and a hybrid electric powertrain that can extend the car's total range to a distance similar to that of a conventional gasoline-powered vehicle. The BYD Qin concept car was unveiled at the 2012 Beijing International Automotive Exhibition. It was named after China's first empire, the Qin Dynasty. An all-electric variant with a range of 300 km (190 mi), the BYD Qin EV300, was released in China in March 2016. The second generation model, the BYD Qin ProEV, was launched in September 2018.
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Compact car / Small family car (C)|
|Body style||4-door sedan|
The Qin is the successor of the BYD F3DM, the world's first mass-produced plug-in hybrid automobile which launched in China in 2008. In April 2012, BYD announced that due to its low sales, the F3DM was to be replaced by the Qin. The BYD Qin is the plug-in hybrid version of the BYD Su Rui, launched in the Chinese market in August 2012. Deliveries in China began in mid December 2013. Retail sales of the BYD Qin began in Costa Rica in November 2013, and BYD planned to start sales in other countries in Central and South America in 2014.
Sales of the plug-in hybrid model in China passed the 50,000 unit milestone in April 2016. From 2014 until mid-2018, the Qin was the all-time top-selling highway legal plug-in passenger car in China. Since inception, cumulative Qin plug-in hybrid sales in China totaled 136,818 units through December 2018 (accounting for both generations of the dual mode model)[excessive citations] The BYD Qin was the top selling plug-in electric car in China in 2014 and 2015, and ranked as the second top selling plug-in hybrid model in 2016. The Qin was the world's second best selling plug-in hybrid car in 2015, and also ranked fifth in 2015 among the world's top selling plug-in electric cars. As of June 2016[update], the Qin plug-in hybrid listed sixth among the world's top ten best-selling plug-in electric cars ever. The all-electric variant, the Qin EV300, totaled 10,656 units sold between March and December 2016.
|Body and chassis|
|Class||compact car (C)|
|Engine||1.5 L BYD476ZQA I4 (turbo petrol)|
|Electric motor||Two 110 kW|
|Transmission||6 speed DCT|
|Battery||13 kWh LiFePO4 battery pack|
|Electric range||70 km (43 mi)|
|Wheelbase||2,670 mm (105.1 in)|
|Length||4,740 mm (186.6 in)|
|Width||1,770 mm (69.7 in)|
|Height||1,480 mm (58.3 in) (2014–2015)|
1,490 mm (58.7 in) (2016–present)
At launch, the BYD Qin started at 189,800 rmb before any applicable government subsidies and tax exemptions were available for eco-friendly vehicles. The EV300 starts at 259,800 rmb before incentives.
The Qin was designed with BYD's next-generation, more efficient, dual-mode, electric powertrain. The BYD Qin uses a smaller lithium iron phosphate battery (LiFePO4) than the F3DM—13 kWh instead of 16 kWh. The LiFePo4 battery has a high energy density, can withstand up to 4,000 charges and still retain 80 percent performance, and uses no toxic heavy metals in its manufacture. Due to its improved design, the new battery is about 50 percent smaller and lighter than the one used on the F3DM. The reduced battery pack size translates into reduced price at the expense of the all-electric range, which BYD estimates at 50 kilometres (31 mi). The larger battery in the F3DM delivers an all-electric range of 97 kilometres (60 mi). BYD said the Qin would be seven percent more efficient with savings in power and energy in all-electric (EV) mode.
In hybrid mode, the Qin uses two 110 kW electric motors and a 1.5 litre turbo-charged direct-injected engine, instead of the 1-litre 3-cylinder engine used in the F3DM, to output 223 kW of power and 440 N⋅m of torque. According to BYD Auto, the Qin has a top speed of 185 km/h (115 mph) and can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) in less than 5.9 seconds. Thanks to its smaller battery and increased wheelbase, the Qin will have more interior space than the F3DM, and the styling has also been improved over BYD's earlier models, most notably in the car's interior. The Qin features two large TFT LCD displays on the dashboard, equipped with the BYD "i" intelligent cloud system platform incorporating features like telematics, cloud-computing and a full range of services 24 hours a day.
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BYD Qin EV300Edit
A pure battery electric version, the Qin EV300, was released in China in March 2016. The BYD Qin EV300 is powered by a 218 hp electric motor and a battery pack that is expected to deliver a range of 300 km (190 mi). Top speed is 150 kilometres per hour (93 mph). There are four versions of the Qin EV300, with pricing ranging between 259,800 and 309,800 rmb, before any applicable government subsidies and tax exemptions. Sales during its first month in the Chinese market totalled 229 units.
|BYD Qin Pro|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||compact car (C)|
|Body style||4-door Sedan|
|Engine||1.5 L BYD476ZQA I4 (turbo petrol)|
|Transmission||6 speed DCT|
|Wheelbase||2,718 mm (107.0 in)|
|Length||4,765 mm (187.6 in)|
|Width||1,837 mm (72.3 in)|
|Height||1,495 mm (58.9 in)|
|Predecessor||BYD Qin I|
The BYD Qin Pro is a plug-in hybrid sedan that debuted at the 2018 Beijing Auto Show. Initially sold alongside the first generation BYD Qin, it is the first BYD sedan to be designed by BYD's new chief designer, Wolfgang Egger. The BYD Qin Pro is powered by a 154 hp 1.5 turbo, inline four engine combined with a 150 hp electric motor to produce a total of 304 hp. The top speed of the BYD Qin Pro is 200 kilometres per hour (120 mph) and can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 62 mph) in 5.9 seconds. According to BYD, fuel consumption is one litre per 100 kilometres. 
BYD's website states that the 2019 Qin Pro will have a dragon face design on the front grille and a rotating DiLink 12.8 inch touchscreen with artificial intelligence voice interaction system. It will have a suite of advanced safety and driver-assistance systems including ACC-S&C[expand acronym] stop-type, full-speed, adaptive cruise system and AEB-CCR[expand acronym] automatic emergency braking system. Its LCB[expand acronym] high-rigidity body and high-strength steel on its structure uses a rate that is as high as 73.5 percent.[clarification needed]
The newly-launched BYD Qin ProEV sold 1,003 units in September 2018, its first month on the market.
Production and salesEdit
In May 2015, Qin sales passed the 25,000 units milestone to become the seventh plug-in to achieve that mark globally. The BYD Qin was the world's second best selling plug-in hybrid car in 2015 and also ranked fifth in 2015 among the world's top selling plug-in electric cars. Sales of the Qin plug-in hybrid model in China passed the 50,000 unit milestone in April 2016, the sixth plug-in electric car to achieve that mark. As of June 2016[update], the Qin plug-in hybrid was listed sixth among the world's all-time top ten best-selling plug-in electric cars.
After missing the original market launch of August 2013, retail deliveries were rescheduled to begin in Shenzhen in November 2013 and then pushed back until December 2013. The carmaker delayed the launch to coincide with the roll out of local government subsidies for new energy vehicles. Deliveries began in December 2013. Prices started at 189,800 rmb, before a 35,000 rmb central government subsidy available for eco-friendly vehicles, in addition to existing local incentives. The high end trim was priced at 209,800 rmb before incentives.
A total of 142 units were sold in China in December 2013. Sales totalled 14,747 units in 2014, which made the Qin the top selling plug-in electric car in China in 2014 and the all-time top selling plug-in passenger car in the country. In 2015, with 31,898 units sold, the Qin was the top selling plug-in passenger car in China for the second year running and remained the all-time top selling passenger new energy vehicle in China. A total of 21,868 Qins were sold in 2016, which made it the second best-selling plug-in car in the country in 2016 after the BYD Tang. In addition, 10,656 units of the all-electric variant EV300 were sold between March and December 2016.
Sales totaled 20,738 units in 2017 and 47,425 units in 2018. The second generation BYD Qin ProEV was launched in September 2018. The all-electric variant sold a total of 10,527 units in 2018. Since inception, cumulative Qin plug-in hybrid sales in China totaled 136,818 units through December 2018, accounting for both generations of the dual mode (DM) model.[excessive citations]
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- Staff (2017-01-19). "Best-selling China-made EVs in 2016". China Auto Web. Retrieved 2017-01-25. Three BYD Auto models topped the Chinese ranking of best-selling new energy passenger cars in 2016. The BYD Tang SUV was the top selling plug-in electric car in China in 2016 with 31,405 units sold, followed by the BYD Qin with 21,868 units sold, and ranking third overall in 2016 was the BYD e6 with 20,605 units.
- Kane, Mark (2018-01-26). "BYD #1 In World For Plug-In Electric Car Sales In 2017, Beats Tesla Again". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2018-10-31. During 2017, BYD Qin sales totaled 20,738 units and BYD Tang totaled 14,592 units.
- Kane, Mark (2019-01-14). "BYD Sold Record 37,000 Electric Cars In December 2018". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2019-01-14. Sales of the BYD Qin totaled 47,425 units during in 2018, and the Qin BEV sold 10,527 units.
- Staff (2016-01-14). "Sales Ranking of China-made Pure-electric Cars in 2015". China Auto Web. Retrieved 2016-02-10. A total of 16,736 Kandi EVs, 16,488 BAIC E-Series EVs, and 15,467 Zotye Z100 EVs were sold in China in 2015.
- Cobb, Jeff (2016-01-12). "Tesla Model S Was World's Best-Selling Plug-in Car in 2015". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2016-01-17. The Tesla Model S was the top selling plug-in electric car in 2015 (50,366), followed by the Nissan Leaf (about 43,600), the Mitsubishi Outlander P-HEV (about 43,000), the BYD Qin (31,898) and the BMW i3 (24,057).
- Cobb, Jeff (2016-08-10). "Global 10 Best-Selling Plug-In Cars Are Accelerating Forward". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2016-08-24. As of June 2016[update], cumulative global sales of the top selling plug-in electric cars were led by the Nissan Leaf (over 228,000), followed by theTesla Model S (129,393), Votl/Ampera family (about 117,300), Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV (about 107,400), Toyota Prius PHV (over 75,400), BYD Qin (56,191), Renault Zoe (51,193), BMW i3 (around 49,500), Mitsubishi i-MiEV family (about 37,600) and BYD Tang (37,509).
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