Camaçari is a city in Bahia, Brazil. It is located at . It is part of the Salvador Metropolitan Region (Região Metropolitana de Salvador), being the industrial city of the metropolis. Camaçari covers 784.658 km2 (302.958 sq mi), and had an estimated population of 292,074 in 2014, with a population density of 370 per square kilometer. The municipality consists of three districts: Camaçari, Abrantes, and Monte Gordo.
Município de Camaçari
Central street of Camaçari
Location of Camaçari in Bahia
|• Mayor||Antônio Elinaldo (DEM) (2017–2020)|
|• Total||784.658 km2 (302.958 sq mi)|
|Elevation||36 m (118 ft)|
|• Density||370/km2 (960/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (BRT)|
The area of Camaçari was inhabited by Tupinambá ethnic group prior to the arrival of the Portuguese. The first Portuguese settlement was in 1558 by two Jesuit priests, João Gonçalves and Antônio Rodrigues. They formed a village called Aldeia do Divino Espírito Santo. Aldeia do Divino Espírito Santo played an important role in the expulsion of the Dutch who arrived in Bahia in the 17th century. Troops under the leadership of bishop D. Mark Teixeira drove out the Dutch in 1624. The name of the village was changed to Vila de Nova Abrantes do Espírito Santo on September 28, 1758 under orders from the Marquiq de Pombal. The Jesuits were also expelled from the area at the same time. Later the village came to be known simply as Vila de Abrantes.
Several factories and petrochemical plants compose one of the largest industrial areas in Brazil and the largest of the Northeast region of the country. The Brazilian multinational company Braskem, the largest petrochemical company in the Americas by production capacity, owns a major petrochemical complex in Camaçari. It is the largest in Brazil, along with that of Triunfo, which is also owned by Braskem. The city is also home to a large automobile factory owned by the Ford Motor Company.
- "Camaçari" (in Portuguese). Brasília, Brazil: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. 2017. Retrieved 2015-07-22.
- Bazin, Germain (1956). L'architecture religieuse baroque au Brésil (in French). 2. São Paulo: Museu de Arte. p. 11.
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