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The China Ordnance Industries Group Corporation Limited (Chinese: 中国兵器工业集团有限公司), also known as China North Industries Group Corporation Limited (Chinese: 中国北方工业集团有限公司), officially abbreviated as Norinco, is a Chinese defense corporation that manufactures a diverse range of civil and military products. It is also involved in domestic civil construction and military defence projects. Norinco is one of the world's largest defense companies and contractors.
|China North Industries Group Corporation|
|State owned company|
|Yin Jiaxu (Chairman)|
Wen Gang (President)
tank and artillery shells, firearms, grenade launchers, artillery, mortars, autocannons, rotary cannons, turrets, remote controlled weapon stations, CIWS, anti-aircraft cannons,
combat vehicles, aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles
missiles, cruise missiles, MLRSs, rockets
|CN￥ 403.8 billion (2016)|
|CN￥ 13.5 billion (2016)|
Number of employees
|China North Industries Group Corporation Limited|
|Alternative Chinese name|
- 1 History
- 2 International customers
- 3 Controversy
- 4 Products
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Established in 1980 with the approval of the State Council of China, Norinco is an enterprise group engaged in both products and capital operation, integrated with research and development, manufacturing, marketing, and services. Norinco mainly deals with defense products, petroleum & mineral resources development, international engineering contracting, optronic products, civilian explosives and chemical products, sports arms and equipment, vehicles and logistics operation, etc. Norinco has been ranked among the forefront of China’s 500 largest state-owned enterprises in terms of total assets and revenue.
The New York Times states that Norinco "is turning military vehicles into riot-control systems, complete with water cannons and tear gas launchers" and that "it’s selling them to rogue nations like Venezuela, known for trampling on human rights". They explain that the equipment sold is used to support "oppressive regimes ... like Venezuela" and that the design of arms produced by Norinco are "reflective of the hardball tactics that China takes against dissent".
Defense experts have also explained that Norinco's design for anti-riot equipment – firing projectiles, water canons and tear gas from behind a tall barricade – is dangerous, allowing authorities to haphazardly fire upon demonstrators without clear visibility and blocking the safe exit of those being fired upon. Tear gas cannons are also constructed in layouts intended to fire directly into crowds instead of being delivered in an arched trajectory, turning the canisters into lethal projectiles.
Trade disputes with the United StatesEdit
In 1993, the import of most Norinco firearms and ammunition into the United States was blocked under new trade rules when China's permanent normal trade relations status was renewed. The prohibition did not apply to sport shotguns or shotgun ammunition, however. In 1994, U.S. Customs agents conducted a sting operation, named Operation Dragon Fire, against Atlanta based importers of Norinco firearms as well as Poly Technologies. Seven officials were arrested after agreeing to smuggle 2,000 fully automatic, Chinese-made AK-47s to undercover agents the officials believed may have been connected to the mafia. At least one official, Hammond Ku, attempted to sell Chinese-produced tanks and rocket launchers to the undercover agents.
In August 2003, the Bush Administration imposed sanctions on Norinco for allegedly selling missile-related goods to Iran. These sanctions led to a prohibition on imports into the US of the remaining types of firearms and ammunition not covered by the 1993 ban.
Norinco produces firearms, grenade launchers, light and armored vehicles, tanks, aircraft, UAVs, artillery, fuel air bombs, precision strike systems, missiles, air defence and anti-missile systems, air-launched weapons, amphibious assault weapons and equipment, night vision products, long-range suppression weapon systems, machinery, radars, optical-electronic products, engineering equipment, oil field equipment, chemicals, light industrial products, explosives and blast materials, infantry equipment, high-effect destruction systems, anti-riot equipment, civil and military firearms and ammunition.
- 38mm Anti-Riot Revolver Launcher, tear gas grenade launcher
- LW2 38mm Anti-Riot Launcher, tear gas grenade launcher
- 64mm/38mm Tear Gas Grenade Launcher, mounted multiple tear gas grenade launcher
- ZM-87, a portable laser disturber
- Type 69 RPG anti-armor rocket launcher, clone of RPG-7
- Type 98 anti-tank rocket 120 mm anti-tank rocket system
Assault and battle riflesEdit
- CQ, clone of M16A1 variant of M16 rifle
- CQ-A, clone of M4A1 variant of M4 carbine
- CQ-B, clone of M16A4 variant of M16 rifle
- M14S or M305, clone of M1A, a civilian version of the M14 rifle
- Type 56 Carbine, clone of Russian SKS semi-automatic rifle
- Type 56 assault rifle, clone of AK-47
- Type 81 assault rifle
- Type 86S bullpup assault rifle
- QBZ-95 (Type 95), an assault rifle
- QBZ-03 (Type 03), an assault rifle
- NAR-556/NAR-751 A new multi-caliber rifle solely for export, with 5.56x45mm NATO, 7.62x39mm, and 7.62x51mm NATO conversion kits available. There is also the option of including a single shot 40mm grenade launcher similar in design to the Heckler & Koch M320 GLM.
- JW-103/JW-105, bolt action hunting rifles
- JW-14, semi automatic .22 hunting rifle
- JW-15, bolt action .22 hunting rifles, close copy of the BRNO model 2. JW23 is the .22WMR version
- JW-20, Semi automatic .22 takedown hunting rifle, close copy of the Browning takedown
- JW-21, Lever action .22 hunting rifle
- JW-23, bolt action .22 hunting rifles, same as JW-15 close copy of the BRNO model 2 but .22WMR version
- JW-25, or TU-KKW, bolt action .22 training/hunting rifle, variant of the JW-15, patterned after Mauser KKW
- JW-25a, or TU-G33/40, patterned after G33/40.
- JW-27, bolt action .22 hunting rifle. Variant of the JW-15 with a 2-piece stock.
- Type 54, clone of TT-33 Pistol
- Type 64, pistol
- Type 77, pistol
- NP50, clone of Smith & Wesson model 64
- NRP9 Police Revolver，.38 Special revolver
- NP-216, 9x19mm revolver
- QSZ-92 (Type 92), pistol
- NZ-75, clone of CZ 75 pistol
- NP-22 (rename by importer NP226 or NC226) a SIG Sauer P226 pistol first version clone
- M-1911A1, clone of Colt M1911A1 pistol (blue version)
- M-1911A1-P, Government Model version with Mil-spec (USGI) M-1911A1 clone; with the Phosphate finish
- M-1911A1-TT, Two-Tone version of M-1911A1
- 1911A1-Sport-B, Sport version of M-1911A1, with Three dot sighting system, Extended slide release, Front slide serrations, Ambidextrous safety, Raised anti glare rib on slide, Large beavertail grip safety, Lite weight competition hammer, Lightened target trigger, Full length guide rod, The finish is non-reflective satin blue and Extended mag release.
- 1911A1-Sport-TT, Two-Tone version of 1911A1-Sport-B
- M-1911A1C, Combat Commander style pistol
- NP-28, Colt M1911A1 clone in 9x19mm Parabellum with double-column magazine (10 rounds)
- NP-29, Colt M1911A1 clone in 9x19mm Parabellum.
- NP-30, tactical version of Colt M1911A1 pistol clone with double column magazines, beavertail grip safety, extended slide release, flat mainspring housing, and extended ambidextrous safety
- NP-44, Colt M1911A1 clone in .45 ACP with double-column magazine (14 rounds)
- M1911A1 C, Colt M1911A1 Clone in .38 special
- M93, Colt Woodsman clone in .22LR
- NP-18, clone of FEG P9R
- YL-1887L, clone of Winchester Model 1887/1901 lever-action shotgun
- YL-1897, clone of Winchester Model 1897 pump-action shotgun
- HP9-1, also known as the Norinco 982, clone of Remington 870, a pump-action shotgun
- NDM-86, a version of the Dragunov Sniper Rifle that fires .308 Win. ammo or traditional 7.62×54mmR depending on model
- QBU-88 (Type 88), sniper rifle
- NR-08, sub machine gun(SMG), clone of Heckler & Koch MP5.
- Poly Technologies
- China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation
- China Aviation Industry Corporation (AVIC)
- China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation
- China State Shipbuilding Corporation
- Aeroengine Corporation of China
- State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense
- Bazalt (Russian manufacturer of the RPG-7, RPG-29, etc.)
- List of modern armament manufacturers
- Letpadaung Copper Mine
- Norinco Group. "Leadership - Norinco Group".
- "China - China North Industries Group (NORINCO (G))". GlobalSecurity.org.
- "DEFENSE PRODUCTS--北方工业". www.norinco.com.
- "NORINCO (Company) Aircraft List".
- "China's NORINCO, AVIC Among Top 10 Defense Companies Worldwide; SIPRI". www.defenseworld.net.
- "NORINCO of China presents a wide range of high-tech military equipment and combat vehicles 2211141". www.armyrecognition.com.
- "CHINA NORTH INDUSTRIES CORPORATION (NORINCO) - Italian Aerospace Network". www.itaerospacenetwork.it.
- The New York Times (December 23, 2017). "The Anti-Protest Gear Used in Venezuela". YouTube.
- Chinea, Eyanir; Gupta, Girish (June 11, 2017). Cooney, Peter (ed.). "Venezuela Maduro says children used in protest violence, will write to pope". Reuters.
Another opposition leader, Henrique Capriles, said recently that 150 armored vehicles bought from Chinese defense conglomerate China North Industries Group Corp, or Norinco, had arrived at Venezuela’s Puerto Cabello and were expected to be quickly transported to Caracas for what he called “repression.” A document seen by Reuters on Sunday showed that Norinco recently shipped 165 vehicles to Venezuela.
- "The Anti-Protest Gear Used in Venezuela | NYT Investigates". The New York Times. 23 December 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
- Serrill, Michael (24 June 2001). "Anatomy of a Sting". Time Magazine.
- Ostrow, Ronald (24 May 1996). "U.S. Agents Say Chinese Tanks, Rockets Offered". LA Times. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
- "BBC NEWS - Business - US punishes firms in Iran and China". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- Pike, John. "Hemmat Industrial Complex - Iran Special Weapons Facilities". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "China". Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- AK-47.net: Norinco MAK-90 AK
- Johnson, Steve. "BREAKING: New NORINCO NAR-556 and NAR-751 Modern Assault, Battle and Automatic Rifles". www.thefirearmblog.com. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- "Norinco's SCAR Copy in 7.62x39mm, and Picatinny Mounted Grenade Launcher". www.thefirearmblog.com. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- Foss, Christopher F. (October 1, 2018). "China building bridging systems for heavy vehicles". Jane's Information Group.
The HZ21 military bridging system is deployed by China and referred to by CHIC as a 'fast bridge'. It is transported and launched over the rear of a forward control 8×8 cross-country truck.