Hino Motors, Ltd. (日野自動車株式会社, Hino Jidōsha), commonly known as simply Hino, is a Japanese manufacturer of commercial vehicles and diesel engines (including those for trucks, buses and other vehicles) headquartered in Hino-shi, Tokyo. The company is a leading producer of medium and heavy-duty diesel trucks in Asia.
|Traded as||TYO: 7205|
|Founded||1 May 1942|
|Headquarters||Hino-shi, Tokyo, Japan|
|Masakazu Ichikawa, Chairman|
Yasuhiko Ichihashi, President
|Products||Trucks and buses|
|Revenue||¥1,314,588 million (2012) |
|¥37,527 million (2012) |
|¥16,303 million (2012) |
|Total assets||¥845,008 million (2012) |
|Total equity||¥234,931 million (2012) |
Number of employees
|25,820 (2012) |
The company traces its roots back to the founding of Tokyo Gas Industry Company in 1910. In 1910 Chiyoda Gas Co. was established and competed fiercely against incumbent Tokyo Gas Company for gas lighting users. Tokyo Gas Industry was a parts supplier for Chiyoda Gas but it was defeated and merged into Tokyo Gas in 1912. Losing its largest client, Tokyo Gas Industry Co. broadened their product line including electronic parts, and renamed itself as Tokyo Gas and Electric Industry (東京瓦斯電気工業), TG&E and was often abbreviated as Gasuden. It produced its first motor vehicle in 1917, the Model TGE "A-Type" truck. In 1937, TG&E merged its automobile division with that of Automobile Industry Co., Ltd. and Kyodo Kokusan K.K., to form Tokyo Automobile Industry Co., Ltd., with TG&E as a shareholder. Four years later, the company changed its name to Diesel Motor Industry Co., Ltd., which would eventually become Isuzu Motors Limited.
The following year (1942), the new entity of Hino Heavy Industry Co., Ltd. spun itself out from Diesel Motor Industry Co., Ltd., and the Hino name was born. During World War II, Hino manufactured Type 1 Ho-Ha half-track and Type 1 Ho-Ki armored personnel carrier for the Imperial Japanese Army. Following the end of World War II, the company had to stop producing large diesel engines for marine applications, and with the signing of the treaty, the company dropped the "Heavy" from its name and formally concentrated on the heavy-duty trailer-trucks, buses and diesel engines markets, as Hino Industry Co., Ltd. The company took its name from the location of its headquarters in Hino (日野市 Hino-shi) city within Tokyo prefecture.
To sharpen its marketing focus to customers, in 1948, the company added the name "Diesel" to become Hino Diesel Industry Co., Ltd. In 1950 the heavy-duty TH10 was introduced, equipped with the all-new 7-liter DS10 diesel engine. An eight-tonner, this was considerably larger than existing Japanese trucks which had rarely been built for more than 6,000 kg (13,230 lb) payload.
In 1953, Hino entered the private car market, by manufacturing Renaults under licence, and in 1961 it started building its own Contessa 900 sedan with an 893cc rear-mounted engine, and a pickup truck called the Hino Briska with the Contessa engine slightly enlarged and installed in the front with rear wheel drive. The Italian stylist Giovanni Michelotti redesigned the Contessa line in 1964 with a 1300 cc rear-mounted engine. Fed by two SU type carburettors, this developed 60 hp (44 kW) in the sedan and 70 hp (51 kW) in the coupé version. However, Hino ceased private car production very quickly in 1967 after joining the Toyota group. In 1963, the Hamura factory began operations, and focused entirely on commercial truck and bus manufacture.
Hino Trucks have also been assembled in Portugal and in Canada.
Hino has been marketing trucks in Canada since the 1970s. Hino Motors Canada Ltd., is the exclusive distributor of Hino products in Canada, and is part of the Toyota Group of Companies, with head office and Parts Distribution Centre in Mississauga, Ontario. In May 2006, Hino opened a new 12,300 m2 (132,000 sq ft) assembly plant in Woodstock, Ontario, employing at first 45 (grown since to more than 70) and with an annual capacity of 2,400 trucks. It began assembly of Class 4 and 5 trucks in 2006 and continued to do so until 2010. Since then, it has been building only Class 6 and 7 trucks.
Hino Motors Manufacturing Colombia (HMMC) is a partnership between the Mitsui group and the Colombia manager for the Hino Brand, PRACO-Didacol S.A.. The partnership assembles medium and heavy trucks, destined mainly to the export market for the Andinean and Central American countries. The factory was opened on 9 October 2007 in Cota, a municipality near the capital city of Bogotá. From this facility, the FCJ and Hino Dutro (300, 500 & 900 series) trucks are assembled. The Mitsui-Keiretsu is the principal shareholder and owner of this factory. The plant produced the 1000th unit in July 2009. The 20,000th truck was finished on 14 May 2014.
PT. Hino Motors Manufacturing Indonesia (HMMI) is strategic production base for ASEAN region. HMMI is in partnership between the PT. Hino Motors, Ltd and PT. Indomobil Sukses Internasional, Tbk. The partnership assembles medium, heavy duty trucks, mainly or ASEAN market. The factory was opened on April 2003, evolving from PT. Hino Indonesia Manufacturing which was opened on October 1982. The factory is located on Purwakarta, West Java. Its sister company PT. Hino Motors Sales Indonesia (HMSI) is formed April 2003. Currently there are 42 dealerships and 160 branches, around the archipelago.
Hino Motors signed a 10-year assembly agreement with Kaiser-Illin Industries of Haifa, Israel, in 1963. Assembly of the Contessa 900 started in 1964. Later, Briska 900 and 1300 and the Contessa 1300 sedan were assembled in Haifa as well. During the years 1964-1965, Israel was Hino's second most important market for its Contessas. Israel exports amounted to ~10% of total Contessa production. After it was purchased by Toyota, the contract was terminated and the very last Israeli Contessas rolled off the assembly line in March 1968. In total, over 8,000 Hino Contessa and Briska were assembled in Israel.
In mid 2008, Hino Motors was said to be building a new truck assembly facility in Guanajuato, Mexico, serving international deliveries. The facility was reportedly built in an 80:20 partnership with Japanese trading firm Mitsui, opening in 2009 and with a production capacity for 1,200 of the Hino 500 series trucks per year.
Hinopak Motors was formed in 1985 by a diverse group of sponsors. These included Hino Motors Limited, Toyota Tsusho Corporation, Al-Futtaim Group and PACO. In 1998, Hino Motors, and Toyota Tsusho Corporation obtained majority shareholding in the company after disinvestments by the other two founding sponsors.
Hinopak Motors manufactures and markets diesel trucks and buses in Pakistan. Hinopak Motors has gained 70% market share making it the largest manufacturer in medium and heavy-duty truck and bus industry in Pakistan. Hinopak Motors Head Office is located in S.I.T.E Industrial Area, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.
In 1975, Hino has entered the Philippine market, and creating Pilipinas Hino, Inc. It initially to manufacture buses, and later trucks. Previously that in the 1970s, Hino had initially shipped vehicles to the country from Japan before the PHI was formed.
In 2015, Pilipinas Hino, Inc. announced name its change to Hino Motors Philippines Corporation.
In 2017, Hino Motors announced that it was going to open its first factory in Russia. The factory will begin producing trucks in 2019 and will have the capacity to produce 3,000 yearly.
In the United States, Hino has operated since 1995. Hino Motors Manufacturing U.S.A., Inc. assembles medium-duty trucks at its Williamstown, West Virginia, plant. They opened a second plant in Mineral Wells, West Virginia in late 2018. Its manufacturing facilities in Ontario, California, and Marion, Arkansas, produce axles, knuckles, and suspension components for Toyota's Tacoma, Tundra, and Sequoia models. Hino's Parts Distribution Center in Mira Loma, California, supplies Latin American and Caribbean distributors with genuine Hino service parts. The 18,000 m2 (194,000 sq ft) assembly plant in Williamstown, West Virginia, assembles Class 6-7 Hino trucks at an annual capacity of 10,000 units. The plant was opened in November 2007 and employs about 200. The plant in Long Beach, California, where Hino's US-based medium duty truck production had begun in 2004, was closed in 2007 and its production was transferred to the West Virginia facility. Production in West Virginia began with Class 4-7 trucks but the Class 4-5 products were dropped after 2010 model year and the plant now focuses on Class 6-7 products. Opened in 2016, Hino operates a distribution center in Gahanna Ohio.
Trucks and busesEdit
- Hino TH-series: a heavy duty bonneted truck, sold from 1950 until discontinued in favor of cab-over trucks in 1968.
- Ford N Series trucks (sold 1980-1998 in Oceania) These were badge-engineered Hino Ranger models.
- Profia (previously Super Dolphin Profia), sold as Hino 700 for export: heavy duty truck
- Bonneted medium truck (for North America): coded Hino 600.
- Dutro: light truck, hybrid vehicle version available, sold as Hino 300.
- Ranger 2 FA, FB, FC: light trucks replaced by Dutro.
- Ranger: also sold as Hino 500, medium to heavy truck
- The Ranger KL was first introduced in 1969
- The 2nd generation was launched in 1980
- The 3rd generation of 1989 is called Rising Ranger and Cruising Ranger.
- The latest 4th generation (Ranger Pro) came in 2002, Hybrid vehicle version available.
- The first generation Ranger KL spawned into KM, KR, and other variants. In Australia.
- 155 Class 4: light duty truck
HINO Ranger commercial grade truck used by the JGSDF for peacetime/rear line duties
Hino also sells the European truck Scania R 420 in Japan, into an agreement with the Swedish brand.
USA only conventional/bonneted trucks Hino 600:
- 145 Class 4: medium duty truck (discontinued)
- 165 Class 4: medium duty truck (discontinued)
- 185 Class 5: medium duty truck (discontinued)
- 238 Class 6: medium duty truck
- 258 Class 6: medium duty truck
- 268 Class 6: medium duty truck
- 338 Class 7: heavy duty truck
- 358 Class 7: heavy duty truck
Miller Lite Hino 338 T Verrastro dashboard
- Poncho: Non-step light bus
- Liesse & Liesse II: light bus
- The Liesse II is a rebadged Toyota Coaster.
- Blue Ribbon & Blue Ribbon II: city bus
- The Blue Ribbon II is a rebadged Isuzu Erga.
- Rainbow & Rainbow II: medium bus
- The Rainbow II is a rebadged Isuzu Erga Mio.
- Melpha: medium bus
- S'elega: luxury bus
- The new model is offered as High Decker and Super High Decker.
- Front-engine chassis (FB, FC, XZU): light bus
- Front-engine chassis (AK, FF, FG): big bus
- Mid-engine chassis (BG, BX, BT, CG, CM): big bus
- Rear-engine chassis (RC, RF, RG, RM, RK, RU, RV, RN, HT): big bus
- Front-engine Type C school bus chassis (Hino 338): Used in the production of the Starcraft Guardian
HINO RM Bus in the Philippines (operated by GV Florida Transport)
Authorized bus body builders in the PhilippinesEdit
- Almazora Motors (Carmona, Cavite)
- Partex Autobody/Pilipinas Hino (Santa Rosa, Laguna)
- Santarosa Motor Works Inc. (Santa Rosa, Laguna)
- Del Monte Motor Works, Inc. (Quezon City)
- Hino 300 Innovator light duty trucks for small business
- Hino 500 Dominator medium duty trucks for Agriculture business
- Hino 500 Victor heavy duty trucks for transportation business
- Hino 700 Splendor heavy duty trucks for international transportation business
- Hino Motors Canada, Ltd.—see Toyota Canada
- Hino Motors Sales U.S.A.
- Hino Motors Manufacturing Colombia
- Harris Hino, Ireland
- Hinopak Motors, Pakistan
- Hino Motors Philippines Corporation (Pilipinas Hino, Inc.)
- Samco (Vietnam)
- Indomobil (Indonesia)
- Hino Motors Manufacturing USA
- Hino Motors Manufacturing (Thailand) Ltd.
- Hino Motors Sales (Thailand)Co., Ltd.
Hino has competed in the Dakar Rally since 1991 with a Ranger FT 4WD truck driven by the Japanese rally driver, Yoshimasa Sugawara. Hino has always finished in the Top 10 in the Camion Category, and 1-2-3 overall in the 1997 event.
The Tokyo Gas & Electrical Industry Co. Ltd. (a.k.a. Gasuden) were responsible for the production of several aircraft types in the 1930s as listed below: (Tokyo Gasu Denki Kogyo KK - Tokyo Gas & Electrical Industry Co. Ltd.)
- Gasuden KR-1 Small Passenger Transport
- Gasuden KR-2 Small Passenger Transport
- Gasuden Model 1 Trainer
- Gasuden Model 2 Trainer
- Gasuden Model 3 Trainer
- Gasuden Koken Long-range Research aircraft
- Gasuden TR-1 Medium Passenger Transport
- Gasuden TR-2 Medium Passenger Transport
- "Financial Results for the Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2012" (PDF). Hino. 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2012-09-13.
- "Hino Motors achieves top domestic medium and heavy-duty truck sales share 34 consecutive year" (Press release). Hino. 2007-01-07. Retrieved 2012-09-13.
- "Hino TH10 Truck". 240 Landmarks of Japanese Automotive Technology. Society of Automotive Engineers of Japan (JSAE). Archived from the original on 2013-01-27. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
- Minnis, Peter (May 1982). "New Hinos head for Britain". TRUCK. London, UK: FF Publishing Ltd: 42.
- Hino Motors Canada, Ltd. - Company Profile. Hinocanada.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- "Hino abrirá planta de camiones en Cota" [Hino truck plant opened in Cota]. El Tiempo (in Spanish). 2008-10-24. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
- "Toyota es dueño del 50,1% de las acciones de Hino" [Toyota is 50.1% owner of the shares of Hino] (Press release) (in Spanish). Colombia: Hino. November 2009. Archived from the original on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
- "Camiones" [Trucks] (in Spanish). Colombia: Hino. Archived from the original on 2015-08-15. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
- "La planta de Hino Motors en Colombia llegó a la unidad mil" [Hino Motors plant in Colombia reached the thousandth unit]. El Tiempo (in Spanish). 2009-07-31. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
- "Hino Motors Manufacturing Celebra La Unidad 20.000" [Hino Motors Manufacturing celebrates 20,000th unit]. Carga Pesada. 2014-05-26. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
- "Hino Motors Manufacturing Indonesia Profile Page".
- "PT. Hino Motors Sales Indoensia about page".
- "Hino to open new truck plant in Mexico". Today's Trucking. 2008-08-14. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
- "Japan's Hino Motors to build truck plant in Russia". Reuters. Retrieved 2017-11-04.
- "Our history in the U.S.A." Hino Motors Manufacturing U.S.A. 2017. Retrieved 2018-06-30.
- "Hino Standardized SCR Unit". Hino Motors. Archived from the original on 2014-08-05. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- "The DPR Future" (PDF). Hino Motors. Retrieved 2014-07-30.
- The New Starcraft Type C School Bus At-a-Glance Archived 2012-04-05 at the Wayback Machine. Stnonline.com (2010-10-12). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Mikesh, Robert; Shorzoe Abe (1990). Japanese Aircraft 1910–1941. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-85177-840-2.
- IsraelMotorIndustry.org. "Hino Contessa in Israel".