Group of death

A group of death in a multi-stage tournament is a group which is unusually competitive, because the number of strong competitors in the group is greater than the number of qualifying places available for the next phase of the tournament. Thus, in the group phase, one or more strong competitors in the "group of death" will necessarily be eliminated, who would otherwise have been expected to progress further in the tournament. The informal term was first used for groups in the FIFA World Cup finals. It is now also used in other association football tournaments and other sports.

After the draw for a tournament has been made, debates often arise about which of the preliminary groups is "the" group of death. This happens for multiple reasons: in part, from more general debates about the relative strengths of the various competitors; but, additionally, because there is no exact definition of the term "group of death". Sometimes, the term simply signifies a group with only the strongest competitors, all of which are potential winners of the tournament, implying there is always precisely one such group; other definitions allow for multiple groups of death or for none at all.

The term is sometimes derided as a purely journalistic invention, a cliché,[1][2][3] or oversimplification based entirely on the unsportsmanlike notion that outcomes of such tournaments are largely predictable and that there are always underdogs, dark horses and top dogs.[4][5]


The term "group of death" was coined (as Spanish: grupo de la muerte) by Mexican journalists for Group 3 of the 1970 FIFA World Cup.[6][7][8][9] This featured reigning champions England, favourites and eventual champions Brazil, 1962 runners-up Czechoslovakia and Romania.

It was used again for the second-phase Group C in the 1982 World Cup in Spain.[10] This grouped defending champions Argentina, the eventual champions Italy and Brazil.[11] In 2007, The Guardian called this the deadliest-ever Group of Death.[12]

It was popularised after the draw for the 1986 World Cup, when Uruguay manager Omar Borrás so described Group E, which included Uruguay, West Germany, Denmark, and Scotland.[13][14] As with the 1970 group, this was the only one with all four teams from Europe and South America. The label was widely repeated by the English-language media.[15][16][17][18][19][20][21] By the 1986 tournament rules, two or three of the four teams in each group would progress to the knockout phase; in the event, Scotland was the only team not to qualify from the prototypical "group of death". Uruguay were criticised for persistent foul play in the decisive match with Scotland; Borrás was suspended for retorting, "The Group of Death? Yes, there was a murderer on the field today. The referee."[22]


Tournaments are often seeded to provide an even distribution of strong and weak competitors across all preliminary groups.[23] However, in association football, the ranking methods used for seeding may be crude. In the World Cup, until 2018 the usual strategy was for each group to contain one seeded team and three unseeded teams, with the unseeded teams picked from separate regional confederations.[24] Some North American, African and Asian teams are significantly stronger than others.[13] The net result was that some groups may have had stronger teams than others.[25] From the 2018 edition onwards this system has been changed, with a distribution of teams based on the FIFA World Rankings introduced, but with continental limitations still to be retained.

The reigning champion and the host nation or nations are traditionally among the seeds.[25] In the case of UEFA Euro 2008, this meant three of the four seeds were among the weakest teams in the tournament: hosts Austria and Switzerland, and surprise 2004 champions Greece. 2006 World Cup finalists France and Italy were unseeded and ended up in Group C with Netherlands and Romania.[26][27] This was considered a "group of death" with Romania as underdogs against three of Europe's top sides.[28][29]

Even in competitions that give no seeding advantage to hosts or defending champions, "group of death" scenarios can still emerge. For example, the draw for the pools of the Rugby World Cup (union) primarily uses teams' positions in the World Rugby Rankings to determine placement in the "pots" for the draw. However, the draw has traditionally been held nearly three years before the competition. For example, the pool draw for the 2015 Rugby World Cup was held in December 2012. This led to the host team, England, being drawn into a pool that included traditional powers Australia and Wales, with only two teams able to advance to the knockout stage. Because Wales had gone winless in their November 2012 Tests, they had dropped to ninth in the rankings at the time of the draw. Australia were third and England fifth at the time, placing all three teams into separate pots. In August 2015, World Rugby CEO Brett Gosper told the Press Association that the body was seriously considering rescheduling the draw for future World Cups to be much closer in time to the competition.[30] However, this change could not be implemented for the 2019 Rugby World Cup mainly because of the potential for ticketing clashes with the 2020 Summer Olympics, since Japan was to host both events.[31]

Debates and definitionsEdit

In the FIFA World Cup tournament proper, the UEFA European Championship and the UEFA Champions League, each preliminary group has four teams, two of which qualify for the knockout phase. Some sources imply all four teams must be in contention for a "group of death";[25][32][33] others allow for three teams fighting for two places, with one underdog making up the numbers.[34] In the latter case, the term gains an additional facet from the expected "death" of the weak team: the Glasgow Herald described Euro 1992 Group B as the "Group of Certain Death" because Scotland were grouped with the Netherlands, Germany, and the CIS.[35] More extreme still, Ian Paul suggested semi-final Group B of the 1992–93 UEFA Champions League was a "group of death" for all but one team, A.C. Milan, who were almost sure to top the group and reach the final.[2] Milan ultimately won all six matches against IFK Göteborg, Porto, and PSV.

In the case of UEFA qualifying tournaments, groups have deeper seeding and always feature some weaker teams. For example, Qualifying Group B for Euro 2008 was dubbed the "group of death" in Scotland because Scotland were drawn against Italy, France, and Ukraine, respectively champion, finalist, and quarter-finalist at the 2006 World Cup. The presence in the group of Lithuania, Georgia, and the Faroe Islands did not contribute to the label.[1][36]

It is often assumed that a tournament has precisely one Group of Death.[37][38][39][40] In the 1994 World Cup, Group E (Italy, the Republic of Ireland, Mexico and Norway) was often given the label;[3][4][32][33][41][42][43][44][45][46][47][48][49] Brazil head coach Carlos Alberto Parreira said it was Group B (Brazil, Russia, Cameroon and Sweden);[50] some reporters suggested both were "groups of death".[51][52]

On the other hand, after the draw for the 2010 World Cup finals, some commentators said there was no group of death.[53][54] Sports Illustrated said Group G was the group of death because it had two of the top five nations in the FIFA World Rankings, Brazil and Portugal, as well as the second-ranked African team, Ivory Coast; it described fourth team North Korea as "unenviable underdog".[55] On the other hand, Andrew Downie of the Christian Science Monitor said, "No self-respecting Group of Death would be caught dead with North Korea in it... As far as I'm concerned, there is no Group of Death in this World Cup."[56] Spain manager Vicente del Bosque said of 2014 World Cup Group B, "We have to define it as complicated but I don't believe this is the Group of Death. There are others very hard. But our group is difficult."[57]

The "Group of Death" may simply be the one with the strongest teams, or the most strong teams.[4][15][17] Using FIFA World Rankings as a measure of the strength of the teams, The Guardian calculated in 2007 that the strongest "Group of Death" was Euro 1996 Group C. The teams (and world rankings) were Germany (2), Russia (3), Italy (7) and the Czech Republic (10).[12][13][58] This record was exceeded by the May 2012 rankings for Euro 2012 Group B, with Germany (2), the Netherlands (4), Portugal (5) and Denmark (10),[59] but not the June rankings immediately before the tournament (3, 4, 10 and 9 respectively)[60][61] In women's football, 2007 World Cup Group B featured three of the top five teams in the FIFA Women's World Rankings entering the tournament – the United States (1), Sweden (3) and North Korea (5) – with Nigeria (24) being the "minnows".[62][63]

There may be an emphasis on the "group of death" having a tight finish, with all four teams in contention.[39] This was the case in Group F of the 1990 World Cup, in which five of the six matches were drawn,[64] and in Group E of the 1994 World Cup, when all four teams finished level on points and goal difference.[42]

However, the label is usually applied in anticipation of the tournament rather than in retrospect.[5] Simon Burnton comments, "Inevitably, one of the big teams involved gets so scared about being in the Group of Death that they play really badly, meaning not only that they go home in disappointment and disgrace, but that the group turns out not to be so very troublesome after all.".[65] David Lacey said, "Draws may nominate a group of death but results decide its real mortality rating. France and Argentina found this out in Japan."[13] Lacey also said, "There are groups of death and groups of death wishes. In Euro 2000 Group D looked daunting but was shrugged aside by the Netherlands, the co-hosts, and France, the eventual champions, with the Czechs, runners-up in 1996, and the Danes, winners in 1992, offering scant resistance. Group A turned out to be the killer."

Lack of consensus about which is the group of death can fuel debates among fans and journalists.[66] In the 2002 World Cup, The Guardian called Group F (Sweden, England, Argentina and Nigeria) "the group of death"[13][67] and Group E (Germany, the Republic of Ireland, Cameroon and Saudi Arabia) "the other Group of Death".[68] South Koreans called Group D (South Korea, United States, Portugal and Poland) the "Real Group of Death".[69] In the 2006 World Cup, both Group C (Argentina, the Netherlands, Ivory Coast and Serbia and Montenegro)[70][71] and Group E (Italy, Ghana, Czech Republic and the United States)[58] were nominated as "group of death".[39] In the 2014 World Cup, three groups were acknowledged in the media as "group of death": Group B (Spain, the Netherlands, Chile, Australia),[72] Group D (Uruguay, Costa Rica, England and Italy),[73] and Group G (Germany, Portugal, Ghana and the United States);[74][75] Group G was considered especially difficult in the U.S., as they had been eliminated by its "weakest" team, Ghana, in each of the past two tournaments. In the 2018 World Cup, there were three groups that were considered groups of death: Group E (Brazil, Costa Rica, Serbia and Switzerland), Group F (reigning champions Germany, Mexico, South Korea and Sweden) and Group D (Argentina, Croatia, Nigeria and Iceland).[76] In UEFA Euro 2020, Group F – the only group with three top-fifteen teams in the FIFA World Rankings as of the draw date:[77] #2 France, #7 Portugal and #15 Germany, along with #52 Hungary – was considered the group of death.[78] Despite France, Germany, and Portugal all progressing, Group F was the only group not to contain any teams in the quarterfinals, with Portugal losing 1–0 to Belgium, France losing to Switzerland on penalties after a 3–3 draw, and Germany losing 2–0 to England.

The UEFA Champions League has had its fair share of groups of death: highlights include Group H in the 2017-18 edition (Real Madrid, Tottenham Hotspur, Borussia Dortmund and APOEL), Group C in the 2018-19 edition (Paris Saint-Germain, Liverpool, Napoli and Red Star Belgrade), Group F in the 2019-20 edition (SK Slavia Prague, Inter Milan, Borussia Dortmund, and FC Barcelona[79]) and Group C in the 2022-23 edition (Bayern Munich, FC Barcelona, Inter Milan and Viktoria Plzeň).

In the 1998-99 UEFA Champions League group stage there were six groups which all contained four teams, but only the group winners and the two second-placed teams with the best records would qualify for the next round. In that season, Group C (Holders Real Madrid, 1998 UEFA Cup Winners Internazionale, 1998 UEFA Cup semi-finalists Spartak Moscow and comparative minoows Sturm Graz) and Group D (Spanish champions Barcelona, former Champions Cup winners Bayern Munich and Manchester United as well as relative minnows Brøndby) could well be considered group of deaths. In the event, those groups were the two whose second-placed teams would go on to have the best records among second-placed teams, and the top two teams of Group D, Bayern Munich and Manchester United, would go on to contest the final.

Fans may describe as the "group of death" any tough group which contains their favoured team. George Vecsey says, "In soccer, every nation always thinks it has been stiffed into the toughest pool, the Group of Death."[80] In this sense, David Warren comments that a "top seeding in a finals group gives a country a good chance to advance and the best chance to avoid a so-called group of death".[81]

Other sportsEdit

The label "group of death" has been used in other sports than association football; for example:

2021 Sudirman Cup Group A (where China, India and Thailand are placed in the same group)
1994 FIBA World Championship Group A;[82] 2010 NCAA Men's Midwest Regional;[83][84] 2014 NCAA Men's Midwest Regional (where undefeated Wichita State was pitted in an early round against a young, talented Kentucky team playing far better than their ranking would suggest, and in a bracket which also included powerhouses Michigan, Duke and Louisville);[85] 2016 NCAA Men's East Regional;[86] 2019 FIBA World Cup Group H[87]
Rugby union
Rugby World Cup: 1995 World Cup Pool B;[88] 2003 World Cup Group A;[89] 2007 World Cup Pool D;[90][91] 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool A (where Australia, hosts England and Wales were placed in the same group, being second, third and fourth respectively in the World Rugby rankings as of 21 September 2015[92]); 2019 Rugby World Cup Pool C.
Heineken Cup: 2001–02 Heineken Cup Pool 6;[93] 2011-12 Heineken Cup Pool 3 (Glasgow Warriors were drawn against reigning champions Leinster, a young Bath side and the best of the lowest-seeded teams Montpellier).
Paralympic association football
2012 Summer Paralympics 7-a-side Group B;[94] 2016 Summer Paralympics 7-a-side Group A;[95] 2016 Summer Paralympics 5-a-side Group B[96]
Rugby league
1995 World Cup Group 3;[97] 2008 World Cup Group A[98] (the 2008 group was deliberately constructed by putting the top four seeds in one group, with three to qualify, to ensure more competitive matches in the first phase, and guarantee weaker sides a semi-final place)
2008 Twenty20 Cup North Division;[99] 2009 World Twenty20 Group C;,[100] 2012 World Twenty20 Super8 - Group 2;[101]2021 T20 World Cup Super 12 - Group 1[102]
Ice hockey
2010 Olympic men's qualifying group G.[103]
2016 CS:GO Cologne Major Group D, 2019 LoL Worlds Group C, 2022 LoL Worlds Group A.
2023 World Baseball Classic Pool D (Miami)


Variant definitionsEdit

"Group of death" has occasionally been used to characterise a qualifying group in some other way. The southern section preliminary round Group 5 of the 1990-91 Leyland DAF Cup had lowly teams replaying poorly-attended matches;[104] after many postponements, Robert Pryce commented: "The Leyland Daf Cup Southern Section preliminary round's Group of Death has achieved almost total rigor mortis."[105]

Scotland manager Andy Roxburgh described Euro 1992 qualifying Group 2 as a "group of death" in a different sense because of the lack of a glamorous opponent "to get people out of the house and into Hampden Park."[106] The group combined Bulgaria, Romania, San Marino, Scotland, and Switzerland.

The Asian final qualifying group for the 1994 World Cup featured two sets of militantly hostile neighbours: Iran, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia; and North Korea, South Korea, and Japan. This was called the "group of death" for black humour.[107][108]

A similar quip was made of the UEFA qualifying group 1 for the 1998 World Cup:

The toughest group in the World Cup qualifying competition is the Group of Death. For the 1998 qualifiers, group one takes the title with ease. Bosnia, Croatia and Slovenia were drawn in group one. . . . There was, mercifully, no Serb-dominated rump Yugoslavia drawn in the same group. But there was, as far as the others are concerned, the next worse thing: the Greeks. They share the Orthodox religion with the Serbs, and give them strong diplomatic support. Pity Denmark, the reigning European champions, who make up the group.[109]

Related termsEdit

Occasionally, alternatives to "group of death" are proffered. Javier Clemente said of 1998 World Cup Group D, "This is not the group of death, as some people have said. It is the group of heart attacks"[110] John Harrell said of 1994 World Cup Group E, "The characterization might be a bit harsh. Perhaps the 'Group of Surprises' is a better term."[4]

Sometimes the excitement of a close contest between high-quality teams has suggested the positive "group of life" is more appropriate than "group of death".[111] Of 2002 World Cup Group F, Paul Wilson said, "England's group is not so much the group of death as the group of life, for few others promise any drama"[23] Of 2006 World Cup Group C, Gary Lineker said after Argentina's demolition of Serbia and Montenegro, "Argentina produced one of the great performances in recent World Cup history. The group of death has become the group of life."[112]

However, "Group of Life" has also been used as the opposite of "Group of Death", to mean an easy group with weak teams. Chuck Culpepper wrote of 2006 World Cup Group B, 'If each World Cup draw brings a "Group of Death," anointed for its incomparable rigour among the eight groups, England 2006 surely occupies the Group of Life, or the Group of Tranquillity, or the Group of So Few Worries We Spent All Day Yesterday Following the Metatarsal Melodrama Rather Than Worry About Trinidad and Tobago.'[113] Radio Télévision Suisse said Switzerland was "far from being in a group of 'death'" when drawn in 2014 World Cup Group E.[114] Polish-speaking media tend to refer to relatively tough and forgiving groups as grupa śmierci ("group of death") and grupa marzeń ("dream group") respectively.[115][original research?]

1986 World Cup Group F, with two goals in the first four games combined, was dubbed the "Group of Sleep".[116][117]

Before the UEFA Euro 2012 tournament draw, financial writer Chris Sloley coined the term "Group of Debt" for a possible group comprising PIIGS indebted countries;[118] in the event, three of these (Spain, Italy and the Republic of Ireland) were grouped together with Croatia in Group C, while Greece and Portugal were in other groups.

"Group of Champions" has been used in the UEFA Champions League both for groups where all teams are former champions of that competition,[119] and for groups where all teams are reigning domestic champions.[120]

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Pickstone, Jon; Ben Franklin (27 January 2006). "Groups of death, Chop Suey and other soccer clichés". The Limey. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  2. ^ a b Paul, Ian (23 November 1992). "Dutch can live in the Milan 'Group of Death'". The Herald. Glasgow. p. 10. If that notorious nickname of 1986, "The Group of Death," which was used to describe Scotland's section in the World Cup finals in Mexico, was the child of an over-enthusiastic hack, three of the teams in Group B of the Champions' League would consider it a mild moniker for their section.
  3. ^ a b Lovejoy, Joe (21 December 1993). "Republic miss comfort zone; Germany's easy group ride makes them clear favourites". The Independent. London. p. 32. American television, leaving no cliche unturned, promptly christened it the group of death.
  4. ^ a b c d Harrell, John (16 June 1994). "Mix of talent, tactics make for most intriguing quartet". USA Today. p. 8C. Many refer to Group E at this summer's World Cup as the "Group of Death." It's the strongest by far of the six four-team alignments, and at least one well-regarded team thus will not advance to the second round. The characterization might be a bit harsh. Perhaps the "Group of Surprises" is a better term.
  5. ^ a b Hawkey, Ian (4 June 2006). "African dream lives in Ivory tower". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 4 December 2009. The Group of Death has always been an ugly misnomer, although as every big tournament now seems obliged to identify its corpses early, the World Cup has to have one.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Jenkins, Garry; Pedro Redig; Antonio Pires Soares (1998). The beautiful team: in search of Pelé and the 1970 Brazilians. Simon & Schuster. p. 22. ISBN 0-684-81955-4. Saldanha had no argument with the journalists who quickly christened the Group of Death.
  7. ^ Motson, John; Nick Brownlee (2006). Motson's World Cup Extravaganza. Robson. p. 171. ISBN 1-86105-936-1. Group of Death - The term 'Group of Death' was first coined by the Mexican press in 1970 to describe Group 3
  8. ^ "México 1970" (in Spanish). El Mercurio Online. Associated Press. 2002. Archived from the original on 13 October 2009. Retrieved 3 December 2009. Se puede decir que el primer "Grupo de la Muerte" en la historia lo fue el 3
  9. ^ "Futbol". Hispano Americano; Semanario de la Vida y la Verdad (in Spanish). Mexico: Tiempo. 57: 66, 103. 1970.
  10. ^ "Mundial". Razones (in Spanish). Mexico: Decanova (67): 59. 26 July 1982.
  11. ^ "Brazil: the unfinished samba". Previous FIFA World Cups. FIFA. 26 July 2005. Archived from the original on 7 December 2011. Retrieved 3 December 2009. Only the top team in this group of death would qualify for the semi-finals.
  12. ^ a b Ashdown, John; Alan Gardner; James Dart (12 December 2007). "The Knowledge: the deadliest group of death ever". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
  13. ^ a b c d e Lacey, David (7 June 2004). "Dial D for death: Three previous winners in one group is a sign of the times". The Guardian.
  14. ^ Lacey, David (15 November 1988). "Robson landed with a flight of fancy; David Lacey on England's Concorde trip to Saudi Arabia for a friendly in the Gulf which stretches the credibility gap". The Guardian. p. 18. Omar Borras, who managed the Uruguayans in the 1986 World Cup, went into the tournament remarking that their first-round draw with West Germany, Scotland and Denmark was "the group of death"
  15. ^ a b "World Cup Briefs". United Press International. 19 May 1986. West Germany will play in Group F, dubbed The Group of Death because of the strength of its four teams. The others are Uruguay, Scotland team and Denmark.
  16. ^ Lief, Fred (22 May 1986). "World Cup Roundup". United Press International. Uruguay is part of the demanding Group E — known as the Group of Death — along with West Germany, Denmark and Scotland.
  17. ^ a b Chad, Norman (25 May 1986). "World's Eyes on Mexico: Month-Long Tournament Beginning May 31 Will Be Magnet for Hundreds of Million". Washington Post. p. B4. Group E, comprising Denmark, Scotland, West Germany and Uruguay, has been labeled the "Group of Death" because of the strength of the teams.
  18. ^ Brown, Brian (1 June 1986). "All the World Cup's a stage for soccer epic". San Diego Union-Tribune. p. H-1. Group E (Queretaro, Nezahualcoyotl) This has come to be known as El Grupo de la Muerte (The Group of Death) because three of the top 10 teams are in it.
  19. ^ Lief, Fred (14 June 1986). "Sports News". United Press International. The game featured two teams from the Group of Death, so called because of the quality of the four squads. But the term assumed more sinister connotations as one tackle followed another.
  20. ^ Warshaw, Andrew (24 June 1986). "Sports News". Associated Press. Then there was Alex Ferguson of Scotland, whose team had the misfortune of competing with Denmark, West Germany and Uruguay in what became known as the "Group of Death."
  21. ^ Lacey, David (9 December 1999). "Soccer: Nobody gets to be drawn until the fat guy sings - The Eternal City on the hopes, fears and ephemera surrounding this afternoon's World Cup lucky dip". The Guardian. London. The Scots would be extremely unlucky to get a 1990 equivalent of Mexico's 'Group of death' when they found themselves facing Uruguay, West Germany and Denmark.
  22. ^ Gardner, Paul (1994). The simplest game: the intelligent fan's guide to the world of soccer (2nd ed.). Collier. p. 96. ISBN 0-02-043225-9.
  23. ^ a b Wilson, Paul (2 December 2001). "It's the Group of Life". The Observer. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
  24. ^ "FIFA World Cup Draw History" (PDF). FIFA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 November 2009.
  25. ^ a b c Wagman, Robert (24 June 2006). "FIFA must examine World Cup policies". SoccerTimes. Nuremberg. Archived from the original on 17 December 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  26. ^ "Domenech fumes over potential Euro 2008 'group of death'". The Guardian. 30 November 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
  27. ^ McCarra, Kevin (3 December 2007). "Domenech fury after France draw Italy in group of death". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
  28. ^ "Euro 2008 - France to meet Italy in Group of Death". Eurosport. Reuters. 2 December 2007. Archived from the original on 13 December 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2009. Romania are the unlucky team to be in Group C, the inevitable "Group of Death"
  29. ^ Opik, Lembit (27 May 2008). "Help us choose our Euro 2008 team". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 December 2009. We should back the underdog - Romania is in the group of death with France, Italy and the Netherlands, and they need all the help they can get.
  30. ^ "Rugby World Cup bosses will try to avoid 'pool of death' scenarios". ESPN (UK). Press Association. 19 August 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2015.
  31. ^ Bartlett, Rob (3 November 2015). "How the 2020 Olympic Games will affect the 2019 Rugby World Cup". ESPN (UK). Retrieved 13 November 2015.
  32. ^ a b "Tie with Italy gives Mexico top spot in 'group of death'; tying Norway, Charlton's Ireland team also advances". Mercury News. San Jose. 29 June 1994. p. 6F. Group E was the "Group of Death," a group with no weaklings, a group in which any of the four teams could, on a given day, beat any other.
  33. ^ a b Chapman, Doug (28 June 1994). "Ireland will play short-handed in key match against Norway". Journal-Bulletin. Providence. p. 3B. Group E - dubbed the "Group of Death" because of its top-to-bottom competitiveness
  34. ^ "Who's afraid of the Group of Death?". FIFA. 2 December 2009. Archived from the original on 5 December 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009.
  35. ^ Traynor, James (8 June 1992). "Let's be brave and add a touch of arrogance to our challenge". The Herald. Glasgow. p. 8. It was said before Scotland's participation in the finals of the 1986 World Cup that, having been drawn with Denmark, Germany and Uruguay, they had been placed in the Group of Death, but this time it could be said they are in the Group of Certain Death.
  36. ^ Fifield, Dominic (28 January 2006). "Smith rues fall-out of Scotland slump in group of death". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 December 2009. a tough Euro 2008 qualifying group which will see his side face France, Italy and Ukraine
  37. ^ Leigh, John; David Woodhouse (2006). Football Lexicon (revised ed.). London: Faber and Faber. p. 90. ISBN 0-571-23052-0. Group of Death: A regular visitor to the language of football, this nice piece of hyperbole appears whenever World Cup draws are held, but can make an intermediate appearance at European Championships or other regional tournaments too. It is so familiar that commentators promptly debate which of the groups drawn might be the Group of Death, as though it were a title which has to be assigned to one of them
  38. ^ Bell, Jack (4 June 2008). "Euro 2008: The Group of Death". New York Times. Goal blog. Retrieved 4 December 2009. Every soccer tournament has one
  39. ^ a b c Vecsey, George (22 June 2006). "Simple Math for U.S.: Victory Is Only Option". New York Times. Retrieved 4 December 2009. Reyna ... has maintained all along that the Americans were drawn into this year's Group of Death at the World Cup, even though Argentina and the Netherlands were drawn together in a different group. And the tangled results in the United States' group seem only to prove his point. ... The group is the only one of the eight four-team clusters to have all four teams in contention entering the final games.
  40. ^ Vecsey, George (10 December 2005). "Sports of The Times; With Field Fleshed Out, Now the Blood Starts to Boil". New York Times. Retrieved 4 December 2009. By definition, every World Cup draw must have a Group of Death, a phrase translated into virtually every language – the Todesgruppe, they were calling it around here.
  41. ^ Mulligan, Mike; Diether Endlicher (17 July 1994). "Battle of the Titans; Brazil, Italy Still Tower Over Rest of the World". Sun-Times. Chicago. p. 18. The draw with Mexico left the Italians in third place in the so-called Group of Death.
  42. ^ a b Haydon, John (3 July 1994). "First-round games full of goals and upsets". Washington Times. Washington. p. C8. Group E, otherwise known as the "Group of Death," lived up to its name. All four teams in the group - Mexico, Ireland, Italy and Norway - had a 1-1-1 record and four points each.
  43. ^ Mifflin, Lawrie (28 June 1994). "Death on the World Cup Express". New York Times. New York. p. B10. the traditional nickname, "Group of Death"
  44. ^ Reid, Scott M. (25 June 1994). "Mexico tops Ireland; Group E deadlocked All four teams have 3 points in 'Group of Death'". Journal and Constitution. Atlanta. p. D14. The danger of Group E was recognized as soon as it was announced at the tournament draw last December. Italy, Ireland, Norway and Mexico were immediately dubbed members of "The Group of Death." The name stuck.
  45. ^ Reusse, Patrick (20 June 1994). "Uff da: Norway on quite a roll". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. p. 1C. There are six first-round groups in the World Cup tournament. It has been a tournament tradition to look at the assignments and to refer to one of the six as the "Group of Death."
  46. ^ Alfano, George (5 June 1994). "U.S. tops Mexico before 91,123". Press Enterprise. Riverside. p. C7. Mexico will play in the World Cup's Group E, which includes Italy, Ireland and Norway and is known as the "Group of Death" because three teams are ranked among the top 15 in the world.
  47. ^ Luxbacher, Joe (17 April 1994). "Here's World Cup team groupings". Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh. p. C2. Group E: Italy, Ireland, Norway, Mexico. Probably the toughest group. Some analysts already are calling it the group of death, as all four teams are capable of advancing to the later rounds.
  48. ^ Ziegler, Mark (19 January 1994). "Fiesta expected tonight for soccer doubleheader". Union-Tribune. San Diego. p. D-1. Some are calling it the "Group of Death," if only because at most three of the four can advance to the second round. Meaning: At least one of them won't.
  49. ^ Shane, Jeff (20 December 1993). "Group E: 'Group of Death'". United Press International. Already, it's being labeled the Group of Death. Group E contains three of the top 10 teams in the current world ratings – No. 2 Italy, No. 4 Norway and No. 10 Ireland. Meanwhile, Mexico won the CONCACAF Gold Cup over the summer and made a very good showing at the Copa America.
  50. ^ "Brazil drawn in a 'group of death', says coach Parreira". Las Vegas: Xinhua. 19 December 1993. Brazil were drawn in the world cup group which coach Carlos Alberto Parreira called 'the group of death'. Brazil plays Russia, Cameroon and Sweden in Group B."
  51. ^ AAP (21 December 1993). "Cup draw cruel for top guns". Courier-Mail. p. 35. There is always one "group of death" in soccer's World Cups. In the US next year there may be two. making Brazil's Group B and Italy's Group E potentially the toughest.
  52. ^ "Cup 'groups of death'". Herald Sun. Associated Press. 21 December 1993. TWO "groups of death" emerged from the Nevada desert in yesterday's soccer World Cup draw. [...] The draw made Brazil's Group B and Italy's Group E the toughest.
  53. ^ Stevenson, Jonathan (4 December 2009). "World Cup draw & reaction as it happened". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 13 December 2009.
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