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Paralympic association football

Paralympic football consists of adaptations of the sport of association football for athletes with a physical disability. These sports are typically played using International Federation of Association Football (FIFA) rules, with modifications to the field of play, equipment, numbers of players, and other rules as required to make the game suitable for the athletes.

The two most prominent versions of Paralympic football are 5-a-side football for athletes with visual impairments, and 7-a-side football for athletes with cerebral palsy.

Contents

5-a-side footballEdit

5-a-side football, also known as futsal and blind football, is an adaptation of football for athletes with visual impairments including blindness. The sport, governed by the International Blind Sports Federation (IBSA), is played with modified FIFA rules. The field of play is smaller, and is surrounded by boards. Teams are reduced to five players, including the goalkeeper, per team. Teams may also use one guide, who is positioned off the field of play, to assist in directing players. The ball is equipped with a noise-making device to allow players to locate it by sound. Matches consist of two 25-minute halves, with a ten-minute break at half-time.

 
Brazil vs. Argentina in the Final of the Football for 5 at the 2007 Parapan American Games in Rio de Janeiro

Football 5-a-side players are assigned to one of three sport classes based on their level of visual impairment:

  • B1 - Totally or almost totally blind; from no light perception up to light perception but inability to recognise the shape of a hand.
  • B2 - Partially sighted; able to recognise the shape of a hand up to a visual acuity of 2/60 or a visual field of less than 5 degrees.
  • B3 - Partially sighted; visual acuity from 2/60 to 6/60 or visual field from 5 to 20 degrees

Teams are permitted to use sighted athletes as goalkeepers and guides; sighted goalkeepers cannot have been registered with FIFA for at least five years.

Two types of competition exist. For Class B1 games, only athletes with sport class B1 are permitted as players, with the exception of the goalkeepers and the guides, who may be class B2, B3, or sighted. For Class B2/B3 games, teams can field players in sport classes B2 and B3; at least two B2 players must be on the field at all times.

5-a-side football in Europe was developed in Spain. The first Spanish national championships took place in Spain in 1986. In South America, there are records of a Brazilian Tournament organized in 1980. European and American Championships took place in 1997, followed by the first World Championships in 1998. The sport was added to the Summer Paralympic Games in 2004.

Brazil was champion of the world tournaments in 1998, 2000, 2010 and 2014[1] and Argentina won in 2004 and 2006.

IBSA Blind Football World Championships (Men's B1)Edit

Year Venue Winners Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams
1998
Details
 
Campinas
  Brazil 1–0   Argentina   Spain 2–0   Colombia 6
2000
Details
 
Jerez
  Brazil 3–0   Argentina   Spain 4–0   Greece 8
2002
Details
 
Rio de Janeiro
  Argentina 4–2   Spain   Brazil 2–0   Colombia 9
2006
Details
 
Buenos Aires
  Argentina 1–0   Brazil   Paraguay 2–1   Spain 8
2010
Details
 
Hereford
  Brazil 2–0   Spain   China 1–0   England 10
2014
Details
 
Tokyo
  Brazil 1–0   Argentina   Spain 0–0 (2-0 in Penalty)   China 12
2018
Details
 
Madrid
  Brazil 2–0   Argentina   China 2–1   Russia 16

IBSA Blind Football World Championships (Men's B2/B3=Partially Sighted)Edit

Year Venue Winners Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams
1998
Details
 
Campinas
  Belarus 3–2   Spain   Italy 9–2   Argentina 6
2002
Details
 
Varese
  Belarus 14–2   Russia   Spain 3–2   Brazil 12
2013
Details
 
Miyagi
  Russia 1–0 (AET)   Ukraine   England 14–0   Japan 4
2017
Details
 
Cagliari
  Ukraine 3–0   England   Russia 2–2 (2-1 in Penalty)   Spain 8
2021
Details

IBSA Blind Football World Championships (Women's B1)Edit

not yet

IBSA Blind Football World Championships (Women's B2/B3=Partially Sighted)Edit

not yet

Blind Football at the IBSA World GamesEdit

Men's B1

Year Venue Winners Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams
2007
Details
 
São Paulo
  Brazil 2–0   Argentina   Spain 0–0(1-0 in Penalty)   Japan 4
2011
Details
 
Antalya
  Iran 3–0   France   China 3–0   England 7
2015
Details
 
Seoul
  Argentina 2–1   United Kingdom   Spain 1–0   China 9
2019
Details

Men's B2/B3

Year Venue Winners Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams
2007
Details
 
São Paulo
  Belarus 1–1(3-2 in Penalty)   Ukraine   Spain 4–0   Brazil 4
2011
Details
 
Antalya
  Belarus 5–1   Ukraine   Spain 7–4   England 9
2015
Details
 
Seoul
  Ukraine 3–1   Spain   Italy 2–1   Japan 5
2019
Details

Women's B1

  • not yet

Women's B2/B3

  • not yet

IBSA Blind Football Asian ChampionshipsEdit

Until 2017 only in Men's B1 (not Women's and not Men's B2/B3)

Year Venue Winners Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams
2005
Details
 
Ho Chi Minh City
  Japan Round Robin   South Korea   Vietnam Round Robin none 3
2007
Details
 
Seoul
  China 3–0   South Korea   Iran 1–0   Japan 4
2009
Details
 
Tokyo
  China 2–0   Japan   South Korea 0–0 (1-0 in Penalty)   Iran 5
2011
Details
 
Sendai
  China 1–0   Iran   Japan 2–0   South Korea 4
2013
Details
 
Beijing
  China 0–0 (3-2 in Penalty)   Japan   South Korea Round Robin none 3
2015
Details
 
Tokyo
  Iran 0–0 (1-0 in Penalty)   China   South Korea 0–0 (2-1 in Penalty)   Japan 6
2017
Details
 
Kuala Lumpur
  China 2–0   Iran   Thailand 2–0   South Korea 6

Blind Football at the Asian Para GamesEdit

Until 2014 only in Men's B1 (not Women's and not Men's B2/B3)

Year Venue Winners Score Runners-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams
2010
Details
 
Guangzhou
  China 1–0   Iran   South Korea 0–0 (2-1 in Penalty)   Japan 5
2014
Details
 
Incheon
  Iran Round Robin   Japan   China Round Robin   South Korea 5

IBSA Blind Football European ChampionshipsEdit

IBSA Blind Football American ChampionshipsEdit

IBSA Blind Football African ChampionshipsEdit

7-a-side footballEdit

7-a-side football is an adaptation of association football for athletes with cerebral palsy and other neurological disorders, including stroke and traumatic brain injury. The sport is governed by the Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation Association (CP-ISRA). The sport is played with modified FIFA rules. Among the modifications are a reduced field of play, a reduction in the number of players, elimination of the offside rule, and permission for one-handed throw-ins. Matches consist of two thirty-minute halves, with a fifteen-minute half-time break.

Players competing in 7-a-side football are given a sport class based on their level of disability. Eligible classes are:

  • C5: Athletes with difficulties when walking and running, but not in standing or when kicking the ball.
  • C6: Athletes with control and co-ordination problems of their upper limbs, especially when running.
  • C7: Athletes with hemiplegia.
  • C8: Minimally disabled athletes; they must meet eligibility criteria and have an obvious impairment that has impact on the sport of football.

Teams must field at least one class C5 or C6 player at all times. No more than one players of class C8 are permitted to play at the same time.

International competition in 7-a-side football began at the 1978 CP-ISRA International Games in Edinburgh, Scotland. The sport was added to the Summer Paralympic Games at the 1984 Summer Paralympics in New York City, U.S., and has been played at every Summer Games since.

World CP Football ChampionshipsEdit

World Championships and International Cups

Year Host Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams Ref.
1982
Details
 
Greve (CPG)
 
Ireland
2–0  
Netherlands
 
Belgium
no information available2 8 [2][3]
1986
Details
 
Gits (CPG)
 
Netherlands
3–0  
Belgium
 
Ireland
3  
Portugal
6 [2][3]
1990
Details
 
Assen (WC)
 
Netherlands
5–0  
Ireland
 
Belgium
no information available2 5 [2][3]
1994
Details
 
Dublin (WC)
 
Netherlands
2–0  
Ireland
 
Belgium
3  
Spain
[2][3]
1998
Details
 
Rio de Janeiro (WC)
 
Russia
3–1  
Ukraine
 
Brazil
3–2  
Spain
11 [2]
2001
Details
 
Nottingham (CPG)
 
Ukraine
3–1  
Russia
 
Brazil
2–0  
Iran
13 [4]
2003
Details
 
Buenos Aires (WC)
 
Ukraine
3–1  
Brazil
 
Russia
2–1  
Argentina
[2]
2005
Details
 
New London (CPG)
  /  
Russia Ukraine
no score found   /  
Russia Ukraine
 
Iran
9–0  
Netherlands
13 [3]
2007
Details
 
Rio de Janeiro (WC)
 
Russia
2–1  
Iran
 
Ukraine
2–0  
Brazil
16 [2][5]
2009
Details
 
Arnhem (IC)
 
Ukraine
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(9–8 p.)
 
Russia
 
Iran
1–0  
Brazil
12 [6]
2011
Details
 
Assen, Emmen, Hoogeveen (WC)
 
Russia
6–1  
Iran
 
Ukraine
8–3  
Brazil
16 [2][7]
2013
Details
 
Sant Cugat del Vallès (Cup)
 
Ukraine
1–0  
Brazil
 
Russia
4–0  
Ireland
16 [8]
2015
Details
 
Burton-upon-Trent (WC)
 
Russia
1–0  
Ukraine
 
Brazil
6–0  
Netherlands
16 [2][9]
2017
Details
 
San Luis (WC)
 
Ukraine
1–0  
Iran
 
Russia
2–0   England 16 [10]
2019
Details
not forgiven (Cup) Future events Future events
2020
Details
not forgiven (Top8) Future events Future events 8
2021
Details
not forgiven (WC) Future events Future events
2023
Details
not forgiven (Cup) Future events Future events
2024
Details
not forgiven (Top8) Future events Future events 8
2025
Details
not forgiven (WC) Future events Future events
2 = There is no information on the homepage of the IFCPF
3 = no score found
  • a.e.t.: after extra time
  • p: after penalty shoot-out

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-09. Retrieved 2010-04-26.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "History of CP Football". ifcpf.com. International Federation of Cerebral Palsy Football. Retrieved 2016-09-19.
  3. ^ a b c d e "CP voetbal, interlands, overzicht". cpvoetbal.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2016-09-19.
  4. ^ "CP-ISRA World Games 2001 FOOTBALL - CP WORLD CUP, RESULTS". cpisra.org. 2002-02-14. Archived from the original on 2002-02-14. Retrieved 2016-09-19.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  5. ^ "2007 CPISRA Football 7-a-side World Championships". ande.org.br. 2007-12-19. Archived from the original on 2007-12-19. Retrieved 2016-09-19.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  6. ^ "2009 CPISRA Football 7-a-side International Championships, Schedule" (PDF). cpisra.org.za. 2012-09-16. Archived from the original on 2012-09-16. Retrieved 2016-09-19.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  7. ^ "2011 CPISRA Football 7-a-side World Championships". wkcp.nl. 2012-07-19. Archived from the original on 2012-05-22. Retrieved 2016-09-19.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  8. ^ "2013 CPISRA Intercontinental Cup". icup2013.com. 2013-12-18. Archived from the original on 2013-12-18. Retrieved 2016-09-19.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  9. ^ "2015 CP football world championships England 2015". cp2015.com. 2013-12-18. Archived from the original on 2016-04-05. Retrieved 2016-09-19.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  10. ^ "IFCPF CP Football World Championships, San Luis, Argentina, 4-24 September 2017". ifcpf.com. International Federation of Cerebral Palsy Football. Retrieved 2017-09-24.

External linksEdit