Emmen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɛmə(n)] ) is a municipality and town of the province of Drenthe in the northeastern Netherlands.

Flag of Emmen
Coat of arms of Emmen
Highlighted position of Emmen in a municipal map of Drenthe
Location in Drenthe
Coordinates: 52°47′N 6°54′E / 52.783°N 6.900°E / 52.783; 6.900
Country Netherlands
Province Drenthe
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorEric van Oosterhout (PvdA)
 • Total346.26 km2 (133.69 sq mi)
 • Land335.18 km2 (129.41 sq mi)
 • Water11.08 km2 (4.28 sq mi)
Elevation23 m (75 ft)
 (January 2021)[4]
 • Total107,024
 • Density319/km2 (830/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Parts of 7700 and 7800 range
Area code0524, 0591

History edit

Dolmen in Emmen
Grote of Pancratiuskerk

A planned city, Emmen arose from several small farming and peat-harvesting communities which have dotted the province of Drenthe since the Middle Ages. Traces of these communities can still be seen in the form of the villages of Westenesch, Noordbarge and Zuidbarge: they have a separate history and layout but are surrounded by the suburbs and the center of Emmen.

The expansion of the town did not happen until after the Second World War. Suburbs were built around the old center of Emmen, starting with Emmermeer directly to the north, and followed to the south-east by Angelslo (for which an old village of the same name was demolished), Emmerhout (famed at the time for being separated from the town by an existing forest) to the east, Bargeres, the Rietlanden and Parc Sandur to the south and south-west. Construction of the last suburb, called Delftlanden, is well underway with many homes already built and people living in the area.

There are few historic landmarks left within the town, but those few include the church on the market square, where a church has been standing since the Middle Ages, the court of law building, dating from the beginning of the twentieth century, and the post office from the same time. In the town's environs, an earthwork by Robert Smithson, "Broken Circle/Spiral Hill", may be found.

In 1957 it hosted the 1st Women's Chess Olympiad.

The prime economic booster since the 1980s has been the zoo, the Dierenpark Emmen. Begun in the 1930s, it was almost completely redesigned in the 1970s and is now co-owned by the municipality of Emmen. It attracts over 1.5 million visitors per year. It was replaced by Wildlands in 2016, when the old zoo closed. Important industries include Teijin Aramid, DSM Engineering Plastics, Wellman and Diolen Industrial Fibers (currently Senbis Polymer Innovations). There are extensive glasshouse complexes for horticulture, especially in the Klazienaveen-Erica area. The municipality offers some 38,000 jobs.

Emmen is the most populous urban area of Drenthe. The municipality of Emmen is one of the largest in the Netherlands, although the area outside the town borders of Emmen is rather rural. The other villages of importance are Emmer-Compascuum, Klazienaveen, Nieuw-Amsterdam and Schoonebeek.

Geography edit

Dutch Topographic map of Emmen (town), March 2014

The population centres:

Demography edit

The municipality of Emmen has some 107,000 inhabitants, with 56,000 living in the city of Emmen. Compared to some 3,000 inhabitants in the nineteenth century, this illustrates Emmen's rapid growth in the past 150 years.

Sports edit

The town's football club FC Emmen plays their home games in De Oude Meerdijk.

Every year a big cycle racing criterium called Gouden Pijl, where all the big names in bicycle sport come to Emmen for this event. Besides the bicycle race itself, the Gouden Pijl also includes cultural events like pop-concerts, etc. In 2008, the comeback concert of The Schizo's, the infamous local punk-band from the 1980s, was organized during the Gouden Pijl.

Hondsrugtunnel with light art: 'Dolmen Light' by Titia Ex

Speedway Emmen hosts regular Stock Car and Banger Racing.

Attractions edit

Attractions in Emmen are Wildlands Adventure Zoo Emmen, the inner city, the natural environment and the Rensenpark (with among others the Museum of Contemporary Tibetan Art).[5] There is also Museum Collectie Brands in the adjacent village of Nieuw-Dordrecht.

Transportation edit

Emmen is served by one train connection with Zwolle, which in turn leads to the rest of the country.

In addition, there are regular and frequent bus lines within Emmen and towards Groningen, Hoogeveen and Assen, as well as the surrounding countryside, and Meppen in Germany, departing from Emmen's two bus terminals.

By car, the town is accessible via the N34 from Ommen via Hardenberg and Coevorden towards Emmen, ending at the A28 motorway (Netherlands) towards Groningen near de Punt, the N381 to Drachten, the N391 to Veendam which goes through Emmen (with access to almost every district) and the A37 from Hoogeveen to Meppen in Germany, although this motorway is not directly next to Emmen. From the A37 to Emmen, there are three possibilities: at Junction Holsloot (A37 x N34), at Highway-exit Schoonebeek (A37 x N853), and Highway-exit Klazienaveen (A37 x N862). The A37 is also the quickest way towards the Randstad from Emmen. The A37 ends at the German border, where it continues as the B402 or European route E233.

The nearest airport is Groningen Airport Eelde at a distance of 50 kilometers.

Furthermore, there are inland shipping connections via Nieuw-Amsterdam to Coevorden, Hoogeveen and Almelo.

Notable people edit

Jaap Doek, 1984
Dries van der Lof, 1977

Sport edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Het college van burgemeester en wethouders" [The board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Emmen. Archived from the original on 9 October 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 7811AP". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  5. ^ Braden, Laura; Oosterman, Naomi (2019). "World Systems Perspectives and Art: A Case Study of the Museum of Contemporary Tibetan Art in the Netherlands". Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. doi:10.18452/19823. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ "Station Emmen Zuid - foto's en omschrijving op stationsweb".
  7. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 29 July 2019

External links edit