Municipalities of the Netherlands

As of 1 January 2023, there are 342 regular municipalities[1] (Dutch: gemeenten) and three special municipalities (bijzondere gemeenten) in the Netherlands. The latter is the status of three of the six island territories that make up the Dutch Caribbean. Municipalities are the second-level administrative division, or public bodies (openbare lichamen), in the Netherlands and are subdivisions of their respective provinces. Their duties are delegated to them by the central government and they are ruled by a municipal council that is elected every four years. Municipal mergers have reduced the total number of municipalities by two-thirds since the first official boundaries were created in the mid 19th century. Municipalities themselves are informally subdivided into districts and neighbourhoods for administrative and statistical purposes.[2]

Municipalities of the Netherlands
Nederlandse gemeenten (Dutch)
Map of regular municipalities of the Netherlands after the merger of 1 January 2023
CategoryMunicipality
LocationKingdom of the Netherlands
Found inProvinces
Number342 + 3 (as of 1 January 2023)
Possible types
Government

These municipalities come in a wide range of sizes, Westervoort is the smallest with a land area of 7.01 km2 (2.71 sq mi) and Súdwest-Fryslân the largest with a land area of 522.7 km2 (201.8 sq mi). Schiermonnikoog is both the least populated, with 982 people, and the least densely populated municipality at 23/km2 (60/sq mi). Amsterdam has the highest population with 918,117 residents as of January 2023, whereas The Hague is the most densely populated with a density of 6,827/km2 (17,680/sq mi).

Municipal status edit

As a second level administrative division municipalities are the third tier of public administration in the Netherlands after the central government and the provinces.[3][4] The Netherlands is a decentralized unitary state, which means that the central government is supreme and delegates certain tasks to lower levels of government by law.[5] The different levels do, however, make work agreements, which give municipalities a certain degree of independence in their policy decisions. Municipalities are responsible for a wide variety of public services, which include land-use planning, public housing, management and maintenance of local roads, waste management and social security.[6] After the Dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in 2010 three special municipalities (officially public bodies) were formed. These municipalities function the same as regular municipalities and are grouped together as the Caribbean Netherlands and are not part of a province.[7]

The municipalities are governed by both a board of mayor and aldermen and a municipal council. The municipal council, which is titled island council in the special municipalities, is elected every four years.[8] The number of members in the council ranges from nine members for the smallest municipalities to forty-five members for the largest.[9] It is the highest administrative body in the municipality and controls public policy. The executive power lies with the executive board, which consists of a mayor, titled lieutenant governor in the special municipalities, and multiple aldermen, titled island deputies in the special municipalities. The mayor is appointed for six years at a time by the crown and the alderman are elected by the municipal council, typically after each municipal election.[10] The mayor is responsible for public order and is the first in command during emergencies, all other tasks are distributed freely between mayor and aldermen. The exact portfolio for each person differs between each municipality.[7][11][12]

Historical number of municipalities
YearNo.±%
1850 1,209—    
1900 1,121−7.3%
1950 1,015−9.5%
2000 537−47.1%
2023 342−36.3%
Source: Ekamper et al. (2003),[13] Government of the Netherlands[1]

Official municipal boundaries were first drawn up in 1832 in the Netherlands after a cadastre was formed. The Municipalities Act of 1851, written by prime minister Thorbecke, led to the disappearance of small municipalities. Throughout the years, less populous municipalities have been merged. They were either added to the larger neighbouring cities or multiple smaller municipalities merged into a larger new municipality with a new name. The number of municipalities reduced from 1,209 in 1850 to 537 in 2000; as of 2023 there are 342 municipalities. During this time, multiple mergers occurred simultaneously in large parts of individual provinces; the municipal boundaries were basically redrawn in these regions.[13][2][14] In the 19th and large parts of the 20th century, municipal mergers were forced by the central government. This policy changed in the end of the 20th century; local support for the merger is now a large part of the decision-making process. The larger, merged municipalities are intended to handle an increasing workload because more public services are delegated from higher levels of government to the municipalities. Another reason for municipal mergers is the assumption that larger municipalities are more efficient in performing their tasks than smaller ones.[14][15]

Municipalities have the right to decentralise themselves and form submunicipalities as an additional level of government. This right and the submunicipalities will cease to exist in the near future to reduce the number of levels of government.[16] Only Amsterdam,[17] where the districts are called stadsdelen, as well as Rotterdam,[18] where the districts are called deelgemeenten, consist of such formal subdivisions. The Hague,[19] Almere,[20] Breda, Eindhoven,[21] Enschede, Groningen,[22] Nijmegen,[23] Tilburg[24] and Utrecht have instituted stadsdelen as well, although they do not have the same legal submunicipal status. For administrative use by municipalities and data collection by Statistics Netherlands all municipalities are subdivided into districts (wijken), which in turn are subdivided into neighbourhoods (buurten).[25] These subdivisions have, in contrast to the submunicipalities, no formal status.

Municipalities edit

Regular municipalities edit

Municipality CBS code[2] Province Population[a][26] Population density[b][26] Land area[c][26] Map
  Aa en Hunze
1680 Drenthe 25,724 93/km2 (240/sq mi) 276.06 km2 (106.59 sq mi)  
  Aalsmeer
0358 North Holland 33,063 1,645/km2 (4,260/sq mi) 20.10 km2 (7.76 sq mi)  
  Aalten
0197 Gelderland 27,244 282/km2 (730/sq mi) 96.53 km2 (37.27 sq mi)  
  Achtkarspelen
0059 Friesland 28,149 275/km2 (710/sq mi) 102.21 km2 (39.46 sq mi)  
  Alblasserdam
0482 South Holland 20,356 2,320/km2 (6,000/sq mi) 8.77 km2 (3.39 sq mi)  
  Albrandswaard
0613 South Holland 26,357 1,217/km2 (3,150/sq mi) 21.67 km2 (8.37 sq mi)  
  Alkmaar
0361 North Holland 111,834 1,014/km2 (2,630/sq mi) 110.31 km2 (42.59 sq mi)  
  Almelo
0141 Overijssel 73,949 1,101/km2 (2,850/sq mi) 67.18 km2 (25.94 sq mi)  
  Almere
0034 Flevoland 222,825 1,725/km2 (4,470/sq mi) 129.18 km2 (49.88 sq mi)  
  Alphen aan den Rijn
0484 South Holland 114,182 907/km2 (2,350/sq mi) 125.93 km2 (48.62 sq mi)  
  Alphen-Chaam
1723 North Brabant 10,463 113/km2 (290/sq mi) 92.98 km2 (35.90 sq mi)  
  Altena
1959 North Brabant 57,726 289/km2 (750/sq mi) 199.74 km2 (77.12 sq mi)  
  Ameland
0060 Friesland 3,840 68/km2 (180/sq mi) 56.59 km2 (21.85 sq mi)  
  Amersfoort
0307 Utrecht 160,759 2,572/km2 (6,660/sq mi) 62.49 km2 (24.13 sq mi)  
  Amstelveen
0362 North Holland 94,418 2,297/km2 (5,950/sq mi) 41.11 km2 (15.87 sq mi)  
  Amsterdam
0363 North Holland 918,117 4,880/km2 (12,600/sq mi) 188.12 km2 (72.63 sq mi)  
  Apeldoorn
0200 Gelderland 167,191 492/km2 (1,270/sq mi) 339.86 km2 (131.22 sq mi)  
  Arnhem
0202 Gelderland 165,770 1,696/km2 (4,390/sq mi) 97.74 km2 (37.74 sq mi)  
  Assen
0106 Drenthe 69,414 848/km2 (2,200/sq mi) 81.88 km2 (31.61 sq mi)  
  Asten
0743 North Brabant 17,242 246/km2 (640/sq mi) 70.21 km2 (27.11 sq mi)  
  Baarle-Nassau
0744 North Brabant 7,071 93/km2 (240/sq mi) 76.12 km2 (29.39 sq mi)  
  Baarn
0308 Utrecht 25,008 769/km2 (1,990/sq mi) 32.54 km2 (12.56 sq mi)  
  Barendrecht
0489 South Holland 48,812 2,493/km2 (6,460/sq mi) 19.58 km2 (7.56 sq mi)  
  Barneveld
0203 Gelderland 61,655 351/km2 (910/sq mi) 175.84 km2 (67.89 sq mi)  
  Beek
0888 Limburg 16,132 766/km2 (1,980/sq mi) 21.07 km2 (8.14 sq mi)  
  Beekdaelen
1954 Limburg 35,966 459/km2 (1,190/sq mi) 78.30 km2 (30.23 sq mi)  
  Beesel
0889 Limburg 13,449 482/km2 (1,250/sq mi) 27.88 km2 (10.76 sq mi)  
  Berg en Dal
1945 Gelderland 35,420 410/km2 (1,100/sq mi) 86.39 km2 (33.36 sq mi)  
  Bergeijk
1724 North Brabant 19,092 189/km2 (490/sq mi) 101.02 km2 (39.00 sq mi)  
  Bergen (LI)
0893 Limburg 13,119 127/km2 (330/sq mi) 103.26 km2 (39.87 sq mi)  
  Bergen (NH)
0373 North Holland 30,138 304/km2 (790/sq mi) 99.00 km2 (38.22 sq mi)  
  Bergen op Zoom
0748 North Brabant 68,864 861/km2 (2,230/sq mi) 79.97 km2 (30.88 sq mi)  
  Berkelland
1859 Gelderland 44,022 171/km2 (440/sq mi) 258.09 km2 (99.65 sq mi)  
  Bernheze
1721 North Brabant 32,263 360/km2 (930/sq mi) 89.73 km2 (34.64 sq mi)  
  Best
0753 North Brabant 30,897 912/km2 (2,360/sq mi) 33.89 km2 (13.09 sq mi)  
  Beuningen
0209 Gelderland 26,573 609/km2 (1,580/sq mi) 43.60 km2 (16.83 sq mi)  
  Beverwijk
0375 North Holland 42,711 2,327/km2 (6,030/sq mi) 18.35 km2 (7.08 sq mi)  
  Bladel
1728 North Brabant 21,009 279/km2 (720/sq mi) 75.33 km2 (29.09 sq mi)  
  Blaricum
0376 North Holland 12,490 1,128/km2 (2,920/sq mi) 11.07 km2 (4.27 sq mi)  
  Bloemendaal
0377 North Holland 23,922 602/km2 (1,560/sq mi) 39.77 km2 (15.36 sq mi)  
  Bodegraven-Reeuwijk
1901 South Holland 36,308 482/km2 (1,250/sq mi) 75.40 km2 (29.11 sq mi)  
  Boekel
0755 North Brabant 11,163 324/km2 (840/sq mi) 34.50 km2 (13.32 sq mi)  
  Borger-Odoorn
1681 Drenthe 25,919 94/km2 (240/sq mi) 274.69 km2 (106.06 sq mi)  
  Borne
0147 Overijssel 24,524 944/km2 (2,440/sq mi) 25.99 km2 (10.03 sq mi)  
  Borsele
0654 Zeeland 23,159 164/km2 (420/sq mi) 141.47 km2 (54.62 sq mi)  
  Boxtel
0757 North Brabant 33,748 489/km2 (1,270/sq mi) 69.01 km2 (26.64 sq mi)  
  Breda
0758 North Brabant 186,438 1,483/km2 (3,840/sq mi) 125.69 km2 (48.53 sq mi)  
  Bronckhorst
1876 Gelderland 36,277 128/km2 (330/sq mi) 283.53 km2 (109.47 sq mi)  
  Brummen
0213 Gelderland 21,105 252/km2 (650/sq mi) 83.63 km2 (32.29 sq mi)  
  Brunssum
0899 Limburg 27,682 1,606/km2 (4,160/sq mi) 17.24 km2 (6.66 sq mi)  
  Bunnik
0312 Utrecht 16,026 434/km2 (1,120/sq mi) 36.93 km2 (14.26 sq mi)  
  Bunschoten
0313 Utrecht 22,500 740/km2 (1,900/sq mi) 30.39 km2 (11.73 sq mi)  
  Buren
0214 Gelderland 27,725 208/km2 (540/sq mi) 133.60 km2 (51.58 sq mi)  
  Capelle aan den IJssel
0502 South Holland 67,552 4,777/km2 (12,370/sq mi) 14.14 km2 (5.46 sq mi)  
  Castricum
0383 North Holland 36,345 732/km2 (1,900/sq mi) 49.64 km2 (19.17 sq mi)  
  Coevorden
0109 Drenthe 35,700 121/km2 (310/sq mi) 296.11 km2 (114.33 sq mi)  
  Cranendonck
1706 North Brabant 20,851 273/km2 (710/sq mi) 76.50 km2 (29.54 sq mi)  
  Culemborg
0216 Gelderland 29,729 1,016/km2 (2,630/sq mi) 29.27 km2 (11.30 sq mi)  
  Dalfsen
0148 Overijssel 29,612 179/km2 (460/sq mi) 165.02 km2 (63.71 sq mi)  
  Dantumadiel
1891 Friesland 19,194 227/km2 (590/sq mi) 84.60 km2 (32.66 sq mi)  
  De Bilt
0310 Utrecht 43,884 663/km2 (1,720/sq mi) 66.19 km2 (25.56 sq mi)  
  De Fryske Marren
1940 Friesland 51,992 148/km2 (380/sq mi) 351.21 km2 (135.60 sq mi)  
  De Ronde Venen
0736 Utrecht 45,572 457/km2 (1,180/sq mi) 99.68 km2 (38.49 sq mi)  
  De Wolden
1690 Drenthe 24,602 110/km2 (280/sq mi) 224.39 km2 (86.64 sq mi)  
  Delft
0503 South Holland 106,086 4,681/km2 (12,120/sq mi) 22.66 km2 (8.75 sq mi)  
  Den Helder
0400 North Holland 56,539 1,254/km2 (3,250/sq mi) 45.10 km2 (17.41 sq mi)  
  Deurne
0762 North Brabant 32,977 282/km2 (730/sq mi) 116.76 km2 (45.08 sq mi)  
  Deventer
0150 Overijssel 102,781 787/km2 (2,040/sq mi) 130.56 km2 (50.41 sq mi)  
  Diemen
0384 North Holland 32,785 2,744/km2 (7,110/sq mi) 11.95 km2 (4.61 sq mi)  
  Dijk en Waard
1980 North Holland 88,985 1,438/km2 (3,720/sq mi) 61.90 km2 (23.90 sq mi)  
  Dinkelland
1774 Overijssel 26,743 152/km2 (390/sq mi) 175.72 km2 (67.85 sq mi)  
  Doesburg
0221 Gelderland 11,081 959/km2 (2,480/sq mi) 11.56 km2 (4.46 sq mi)  
  Doetinchem
0222 Gelderland 59,195 749/km2 (1,940/sq mi) 79.04 km2 (30.52 sq mi)  
  Dongen
0766 North Brabant 27,200 930/km2 (2,400/sq mi) 29.23 km2 (11.29 sq mi)  
  Dordrecht
0505 South Holland 121,434 1,566/km2 (4,060/sq mi) 77.56 km2 (29.95 sq mi)  
  Drechterland
0498 North Holland 20,385 346/km2 (900/sq mi) 58.88 km2 (22.73 sq mi)  
  Drimmelen
1719 North Brabant 27,994 295/km2 (760/sq mi) 95.05 km2 (36.70 sq mi)  
  Dronten
0303 Flevoland 43,593 131/km2 (340/sq mi) 333.60 km2 (128.80 sq mi)  
  Druten
0225 Gelderland 19,505 520/km2 (1,300/sq mi) 37.52 km2 (14.49 sq mi)  
  Duiven
0226 Gelderland 24,937 736/km2 (1,910/sq mi) 33.88 km2 (13.08 sq mi)  
  Echt-Susteren
1711 Limburg 31,967 310/km2 (800/sq mi) 103.02 km2 (39.78 sq mi)  
  Edam-Volendam
0385 North Holland 36,760 677/km2 (1,750/sq mi) 54.32 km2 (20.97 sq mi)  
  Ede
0228 Gelderland 122,012 384/km2 (990/sq mi) 318.15 km2 (122.84 sq mi)  
  Eemnes
0317 Utrecht 9,598 309/km2 (800/sq mi) 31.04 km2 (11.98 sq mi)  
  Eemsdelta
1979 Groningen 45,394 169/km2 (440/sq mi) 268.07 km2 (103.50 sq mi)  
  Eersel
0770 North Brabant 20,004 243/km2 (630/sq mi) 82.47 km2 (31.84 sq mi)  
  Eijsden-Margraten
1903 Limburg 25,991 335/km2 (870/sq mi) 77.56 km2 (29.95 sq mi)  
  Eindhoven
0772 North Brabant 243,730 2,769/km2 (7,170/sq mi) 88.02 km2 (33.98 sq mi)  
  Elburg
0230 Gelderland 24,037 377/km2 (980/sq mi) 63.82 km2 (24.64 sq mi)  
  Emmen
0114 Drenthe 108,765 324/km2 (840/sq mi) 335.33 km2 (129.47 sq mi)  
  Enkhuizen
0388 North Holland 18,885 1,491/km2 (3,860/sq mi) 12.66 km2 (4.89 sq mi)  
  Enschede
0153 Overijssel 161,235 1,146/km2 (2,970/sq mi) 140.73 km2 (54.34 sq mi)  
  Epe
0232 Gelderland 33,283 213/km2 (550/sq mi) 156.12 km2 (60.28 sq mi)  
  Ermelo
0233 Gelderland 27,496 321/km2 (830/sq mi) 85.64 km2 (33.07 sq mi)  
  Etten-Leur
0777 North Brabant 44,578 806/km2 (2,090/sq mi) 55.29 km2 (21.35 sq mi)  
  Geertruidenberg
0779 North Brabant 22,099 831/km2 (2,150/sq mi) 26.60 km2 (10.27 sq mi)  
  Geldrop-Mierlo
1771 North Brabant 40,441 1,304/km2 (3,380/sq mi) 31.01 km2 (11.97 sq mi)  
  Gemert-Bakel
1652 North Brabant 31,383 257/km2 (670/sq mi) 122.07 km2 (47.13 sq mi)  
  Gennep
0907 Limburg 17,764 373/km2 (970/sq mi) 47.57 km2 (18.37 sq mi)  
  Gilze en Rijen
0784 North Brabant 26,815 410/km2 (1,100/sq mi) 65.38 km2 (25.24 sq mi)  
  Goeree-Overflakkee
1924 South Holland 51,590 197/km2 (510/sq mi) 262.20 km2 (101.24 sq mi)  
  Goes
0664 Zeeland 39,433 426/km2 (1,100/sq mi) 92.48 km2 (35.71 sq mi)  
  Goirle
0785 North Brabant 24,177 563/km2 (1,460/sq mi) 42.97 km2 (16.59 sq mi)  
  Gooise Meren
1942 North Holland 60,341 1,456/km2 (3,770/sq mi) 41.43 km2 (16.00 sq mi)  
  Gorinchem
0512 South Holland 38,461 2,055/km2 (5,320/sq mi) 18.71 km2 (7.22 sq mi)  
  Gouda
0513 South Holland 75,316 4,565/km2 (11,820/sq mi) 16.50 km2 (6.37 sq mi)  
  Groningen
0014 Groningen 238,147 1,284/km2 (3,330/sq mi) 185.53 km2 (71.63 sq mi)  
  Gulpen-Wittem
1729 Limburg 14,210 194/km2 (500/sq mi) 73.18 km2 (28.25 sq mi)  
  Haaksbergen
0158 Overijssel 24,502 234/km2 (610/sq mi) 104.78 km2 (40.46 sq mi)  
  Haarlem
0392 North Holland 165,396 5,662/km2 (14,660/sq mi) 29.21 km2 (11.28 sq mi)  
  Haarlemmermeer
0394 North Holland 162,300 823/km2 (2,130/sq mi) 197.21 km2 (76.14 sq mi)  
  Halderberge
1655 North Brabant 31,041 417/km2 (1,080/sq mi) 74.44 km2 (28.74 sq mi)  
  Hardenberg
0160 Overijssel 62,509 200/km2 (520/sq mi) 312.16 km2 (120.53 sq mi)  
  Harderwijk
0243 Gelderland 48,906 1,256/km2 (3,250/sq mi) 38.92 km2 (15.03 sq mi)  
  Hardinxveld-Giessendam
0523 South Holland 18,681 1,108/km2 (2,870/sq mi) 16.86 km2 (6.51 sq mi)  
  Harlingen
0072 Friesland 16,188 649/km2 (1,680/sq mi) 24.96 km2 (9.64 sq mi)  
  Hattem
0244 Gelderland 12,563 545/km2 (1,410/sq mi) 23.07 km2 (8.91 sq mi)  
  Heemskerk
0396 North Holland 39,431 1,446/km2 (3,750/sq mi) 27.27 km2 (10.53 sq mi)  
  Heemstede
0397 North Holland 27,778 3,029/km2 (7,850/sq mi) 9.17 km2 (3.54 sq mi)  
  Heerde
0246 Gelderland 19,214 245/km2 (630/sq mi) 78.55 km2 (30.33 sq mi)  
  Heerenveen
0074 Friesland 51,637 272/km2 (700/sq mi) 189.97 km2 (73.35 sq mi)  
  Heerlen
0917 Limburg 87,122 1,940/km2 (5,000/sq mi) 44.91 km2 (17.34 sq mi)  
  Heeze-Leende
1658 North Brabant 16,627 160/km2 (410/sq mi) 103.92 km2 (40.12 sq mi)  
  Heiloo
0399 North Holland 24,319 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi) 18.71 km2 (7.22 sq mi)  
  Hellendoorn
0163 Overijssel 36,261 263/km2 (680/sq mi) 137.93 km2 (53.26 sq mi)  
  Helmond
0794 North Brabant 94,898 1,785/km2 (4,620/sq mi) 53.17 km2 (20.53 sq mi)  
  Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht
0531 South Holland 32,183 3,159/km2 (8,180/sq mi) 10.19 km2 (3.93 sq mi)  
  Hengelo
0164 Overijssel 82,311 1,353/km2 (3,500/sq mi) 60.84 km2 (23.49 sq mi)  
  's-Hertogenbosch
0796 North Brabant 158,753 1,450/km2 (3,800/sq mi) 109.48 km2 (42.27 sq mi)  
  Het Hogeland
1966 Groningen 48,298 101/km2 (260/sq mi) 476.74 km2 (184.07 sq mi)  
  Heumen
0252 Gelderland 16,824 423/km2 (1,100/sq mi) 39.73 km2 (15.34 sq mi)  
  Heusden
0797 North Brabant 45,830 581/km2 (1,500/sq mi) 78.86 km2 (30.45 sq mi)  
  Hillegom
0534 South Holland 22,453 1,747/km2 (4,520/sq mi) 12.86 km2 (4.97 sq mi)  
  Hilvarenbeek
0798 North Brabant 15,949 168/km2 (440/sq mi) 94.87 km2 (36.63 sq mi)  
  Hilversum
0402 North Holland 93,345 2,047/km2 (5,300/sq mi) 45.61 km2 (17.61 sq mi)  
  Hoeksche Waard
1963 South Holland 89,760 334/km2 (870/sq mi) 268.54 km2 (103.68 sq mi)  
  Hof van Twente
1735 Overijssel 35,455 167/km2 (430/sq mi) 212.43 km2 (82.02 sq mi)  
  Hollands Kroon
1911 North Holland 49,431 138/km2 (360/sq mi) 357.63 km2 (138.08 sq mi)  
  Hoogeveen
0118 Drenthe 56,433 442/km2 (1,140/sq mi) 127.54 km2 (49.24 sq mi)  
  Hoorn
0405 North Holland 75,216 3,692/km2 (9,560/sq mi) 20.37 km2 (7.86 sq mi)  
  Horst aan de Maas
1507 Limburg 43,641 231/km2 (600/sq mi) 188.67 km2 (72.85 sq mi)  
  Houten
0321 Utrecht 50,581 921/km2 (2,390/sq mi) 54.90 km2 (21.20 sq mi)  
  Huizen
0406 North Holland 41,252 2,609/km2 (6,760/sq mi) 15.81 km2 (6.10 sq mi)  
  Hulst
0677 Zeeland 27,596 137/km2 (350/sq mi) 201.26 km2 (77.71 sq mi)  
  IJsselstein
0353 Utrecht 33,492 1,594/km2 (4,130/sq mi) 21.01 km2 (8.11 sq mi)  
  Kaag en Braassem
1884 South Holland 28,573 453/km2 (1,170/sq mi) 63.13 km2 (24.37 sq mi)  
  Kampen
0166 Overijssel 55,614 394/km2 (1,020/sq mi) 141.23 km2 (54.53 sq mi)  
  Kapelle
0678 Zeeland 13,051 351/km2 (910/sq mi) 37.13 km2 (14.34 sq mi)  
  Katwijk
0537 South Holland 66,607 2,685/km2 (6,950/sq mi) 24.81 km2 (9.58 sq mi)  
  Kerkrade
0928 Limburg 45,620 2,082/km2 (5,390/sq mi) 21.91 km2 (8.46 sq mi)  
  Koggenland
1598 North Holland 23,509 293/km2 (760/sq mi) 80.26 km2 (30.99 sq mi)  
  Krimpen aan den IJssel
0542 South Holland 29,504 3,845/km2 (9,960/sq mi) 7.67 km2 (2.96 sq mi)  
  Krimpenerwaard
1931 South Holland 57,700 389/km2 (1,010/sq mi) 148.32 km2 (57.27 sq mi)  
  Laarbeek
1659 North Brabant 23,260 420/km2 (1,100/sq mi) 55.35 km2 (21.37 sq mi)  
  Land van Cuijk
1982 North Brabant 91,423 268/km2 (690/sq mi) 341.26 km2 (131.76 sq mi)  
  Landgraaf
0882 Limburg 37,175 1,512/km2 (3,920/sq mi) 24.58 km2 (9.49 sq mi)  
  Landsmeer
0415 North Holland 11,705 522/km2 (1,350/sq mi) 22.44 km2 (8.66 sq mi)  
  Lansingerland
1621 South Holland 64,754 1,216/km2 (3,150/sq mi) 53.27 km2 (20.57 sq mi)  
  Laren
0417 North Holland 11,712 944/km2 (2,440/sq mi) 12.41 km2 (4.79 sq mi)  
  Leeuwarden
0080 Friesland 127,073 535/km2 (1,390/sq mi) 237.55 km2 (91.72 sq mi)  
  Leiden
0546 South Holland 127,089 5,816/km2 (15,060/sq mi) 21.85 km2 (8.44 sq mi)  
  Leiderdorp
0547 South Holland 27,657 2,406/km2 (6,230/sq mi) 11.50 km2 (4.44 sq mi)  
  Leidschendam-Voorburg
1916 South Holland 77,753 2,384/km2 (6,170/sq mi) 32.61 km2 (12.59 sq mi)  
  Lelystad
0995 Flevoland 83,033 363/km2 (940/sq mi) 229.00 km2 (88.42 sq mi)  
  Leudal
1640 Limburg 36,141 222/km2 (570/sq mi) 162.51 km2 (62.75 sq mi)  
  Leusden
0327 Utrecht 31,467 538/km2 (1,390/sq mi) 58.51 km2 (22.59 sq mi)  
  Lingewaard
1705 Gelderland 47,220 762/km2 (1,970/sq mi) 61.96 km2 (23.92 sq mi)  
  Lisse
0553 South Holland 23,390 1,490/km2 (3,900/sq mi) 15.70 km2 (6.06 sq mi)  
  Lochem
0262 Gelderland 34,314 161/km2 (420/sq mi) 213.05 km2 (82.26 sq mi)  
  Loon op Zand
0809 North Brabant 23,797 477/km2 (1,240/sq mi) 49.92 km2 (19.27 sq mi)  
  Lopik
0331 Utrecht 14,704 195/km2 (510/sq mi) 75.56 km2 (29.17 sq mi)  
  Losser
0168 Overijssel 23,362 237/km2 (610/sq mi) 98.74 km2 (38.12 sq mi)  
  Maasdriel
0263 Gelderland 26,020 395/km2 (1,020/sq mi) 65.88 km2 (25.44 sq mi)  
  Maasgouw
1641 Limburg 24,305 532/km2 (1,380/sq mi) 45.70 km2 (17.64 sq mi)  
  Maashorst
1991 North Brabant 58,934 429/km2 (1,110/sq mi) 137.33 km2 (53.02 sq mi)  
  Maassluis
0556 South Holland 35,303 4,180/km2 (10,800/sq mi) 8.44 km2 (3.26 sq mi)  
  Maastricht
0935 Limburg 122,734 2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi) 55.79 km2 (21.54 sq mi)  
  Medemblik
0420 North Holland 46,031 380/km2 (980/sq mi) 121.23 km2 (46.81 sq mi)  
  Meerssen
0938 Limburg 18,600 696/km2 (1,800/sq mi) 26.73 km2 (10.32 sq mi)  
  Meierijstad
1948 North Brabant 83,715 455/km2 (1,180/sq mi) 184.00 km2 (71.04 sq mi)  
  Meppel
0119 Drenthe 35,464 639/km2 (1,660/sq mi) 55.50 km2 (21.43 sq mi)  
  Middelburg
0687 Zeeland 49,956 1,033/km2 (2,680/sq mi) 48.38 km2 (18.68 sq mi)  
  Midden-Delfland
1842 South Holland 19,472 413/km2 (1,070/sq mi) 47.19 km2 (18.22 sq mi)  
  Midden-Drenthe
1731 Drenthe 33,987 100/km2 (260/sq mi) 340.62 km2 (131.51 sq mi)  
  Midden-Groningen
1952 Groningen 61,554 221/km2 (570/sq mi) 277.95 km2 (107.32 sq mi)  
  Moerdijk
1709 North Brabant 37,711 237/km2 (610/sq mi) 159.17 km2 (61.46 sq mi)  
  Molenlanden
1978 South Holland 45,158 249/km2 (640/sq mi) 181.57 km2 (70.10 sq mi)  
  Montferland
1955 Gelderland 36,882 349/km2 (900/sq mi) 105.70 km2 (40.81 sq mi)  
  Montfoort
0335 Utrecht 13,929 371/km2 (960/sq mi) 37.58 km2 (14.51 sq mi)  
  Mook en Middelaar
0944 Limburg 8,043 463/km2 (1,200/sq mi) 17.39 km2 (6.71 sq mi)  
  Neder-Betuwe
1740 Gelderland 25,448 424/km2 (1,100/sq mi) 59.99 km2 (23.16 sq mi)  
  Nederweert
0946 Limburg 17,499 175/km2 (450/sq mi) 99.90 km2 (38.57 sq mi)  
  Nieuwegein
0356 Utrecht 65,426 2,794/km2 (7,240/sq mi) 23.42 km2 (9.04 sq mi)  
  Nieuwkoop
0569 South Holland 29,463 375/km2 (970/sq mi) 78.46 km2 (30.29 sq mi)  
  Nijkerk
0267 Gelderland 44,975 649/km2 (1,680/sq mi) 69.32 km2 (26.76 sq mi)  
  Nijmegen
0268 Gelderland 182,480 3,456/km2 (8,950/sq mi) 52.81 km2 (20.39 sq mi)  
  Nissewaard
1930 South Holland 86,833 1,184/km2 (3,070/sq mi) 73.31 km2 (28.31 sq mi)  
  Noardeast-Fryslân
1970 Friesland 45,812 121/km2 (310/sq mi) 379.22 km2 (146.42 sq mi)  
  Noord-Beveland
1695 Zeeland 7,857 91/km2 (240/sq mi) 86.00 km2 (33.20 sq mi)  
  Noordenveld
1699 Drenthe 31,591 159/km2 (410/sq mi) 199.01 km2 (76.84 sq mi)  
  Noordoostpolder
0171 Flevoland 49,729 109/km2 (280/sq mi) 458.09 km2 (176.87 sq mi)  
  Noordwijk
0575 South Holland 45,179 774/km2 (2,000/sq mi) 58.34 km2 (22.53 sq mi)  
  Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten
0820 North Brabant 24,015 714/km2 (1,850/sq mi) 33.65 km2 (12.99 sq mi)  
  Nunspeet
0302 Gelderland 28,731 223/km2 (580/sq mi) 128.73 km2 (49.70 sq mi)  
  Oegstgeest
0579 South Holland 25,746 3,530/km2 (9,100/sq mi) 7.29 km2 (2.81 sq mi)  
  Oirschot
0823 North Brabant 19,217 189/km2 (490/sq mi) 101.79 km2 (39.30 sq mi)  
  Oisterwijk
0824 North Brabant 32,941 411/km2 (1,060/sq mi) 80.11 km2 (30.93 sq mi)  
  Oldambt
1895 Groningen 39,044 172/km2 (450/sq mi) 226.57 km2 (87.48 sq mi)  
  Oldebroek
0269 Gelderland 24,264 248/km2 (640/sq mi) 97.66 km2 (37.71 sq mi)  
  Oldenzaal
0173 Overijssel 31,925 1,481/km2 (3,840/sq mi) 21.55 km2 (8.32 sq mi)  
  Olst-Wijhe
1773 Overijssel 18,682 164/km2 (420/sq mi) 113.66 km2 (43.88 sq mi)  
  Ommen
0175 Overijssel 18,955 105/km2 (270/sq mi) 179.85 km2 (69.44 sq mi)  
  Oost Gelre
1586 Gelderland 29,846 271/km2 (700/sq mi) 109.93 km2 (42.44 sq mi)  
  Oosterhout
0826 North Brabant 57,425 804/km2 (2,080/sq mi) 71.43 km2 (27.58 sq mi)  
  Ooststellingwerf
0085 Friesland 25,837 116/km2 (300/sq mi) 223.30 km2 (86.22 sq mi)  
  Oostzaan
0431 North Holland 9,720 841/km2 (2,180/sq mi) 11.56 km2 (4.46 sq mi)  
  Opmeer
0432 North Holland 12,180 294/km2 (760/sq mi) 41.48 km2 (16.02 sq mi)  
  Opsterland
0086 Friesland 30,054 134/km2 (350/sq mi) 224.40 km2 (86.64 sq mi)  
  Oss
0828 North Brabant 94,437 583/km2 (1,510/sq mi) 162.01 km2 (62.55 sq mi)  
  Oude IJsselstreek
1509 Gelderland 39,613 291/km2 (750/sq mi) 136.07 km2 (52.54 sq mi)  
  Ouder-Amstel
0437 North Holland 14,276 596/km2 (1,540/sq mi) 23.95 km2 (9.25 sq mi)  
  Oudewater
0589 Utrecht 10,232 263/km2 (680/sq mi) 38.90 km2 (15.02 sq mi)  
  Overbetuwe
1734 Gelderland 48,707 447/km2 (1,160/sq mi) 109.03 km2 (42.10 sq mi)  
  Papendrecht
0590 South Holland 32,277 3,428/km2 (8,880/sq mi) 9.41 km2 (3.63 sq mi)  
  Peel en Maas
1894 Limburg 45,276 284/km2 (740/sq mi) 159.35 km2 (61.53 sq mi)  
  Pekela
0765 Groningen 12,404 253/km2 (660/sq mi) 49.04 km2 (18.93 sq mi)  
  Pijnacker-Nootdorp
1926 South Holland 57,672 1,564/km2 (4,050/sq mi) 36.87 km2 (14.24 sq mi)  
  Purmerend
0439 North Holland 93,992 1,004/km2 (2,600/sq mi) 93.61 km2 (36.14 sq mi)  
  Putten
0273 Gelderland 24,904 292/km2 (760/sq mi) 85.21 km2 (32.90 sq mi)  
  Raalte
0177 Overijssel 38,500 225/km2 (580/sq mi) 170.97 km2 (66.01 sq mi)  
  Reimerswaal
0703 Zeeland 23,255 229/km2 (590/sq mi) 101.76 km2 (39.29 sq mi)  
  Renkum
0274 Gelderland 31,461 685/km2 (1,770/sq mi) 45.96 km2 (17.75 sq mi)  
  Renswoude
0339 Utrecht 5,747 313/km2 (810/sq mi) 18.39 km2 (7.10 sq mi)  
  Reusel-De Mierden
1667 North Brabant 13,542 174/km2 (450/sq mi) 77.81 km2 (30.04 sq mi)  
  Rheden
0275 Gelderland 43,570 533/km2 (1,380/sq mi) 81.77 km2 (31.57 sq mi)  
  Rhenen
0340 Utrecht 20,329 484/km2 (1,250/sq mi) 42.02 km2 (16.22 sq mi)  
  Ridderkerk
0597 South Holland 47,477 2,022/km2 (5,240/sq mi) 23.48 km2 (9.07 sq mi)  
  Rijssen-Holten
1742 Overijssel 38,493 409/km2 (1,060/sq mi) 94.12 km2 (36.34 sq mi)  
  Rijswijk
0603 South Holland 57,997 4,150/km2 (10,700/sq mi) 13.98 km2 (5.40 sq mi)  
  Roerdalen
1669 Limburg 20,702 235/km2 (610/sq mi) 88.21 km2 (34.06 sq mi)  
  Roermond
0957 Limburg 59,981 989/km2 (2,560/sq mi) 60.64 km2 (23.41 sq mi)  
  Roosendaal
1674 North Brabant 77,613 729/km2 (1,890/sq mi) 106.50 km2 (41.12 sq mi)  
  Rotterdam
0599 South Holland 663,900 3,040/km2 (7,900/sq mi) 218.42 km2 (84.33 sq mi)  
  Rozendaal
0277 Gelderland 1,754 63/km2 (160/sq mi) 27.90 km2 (10.77 sq mi)  
  Rucphen
0840 North Brabant 23,636 367/km2 (950/sq mi) 64.38 km2 (24.86 sq mi)  
  Schagen
0441 North Holland 47,450 282/km2 (730/sq mi) 167.99 km2 (64.86 sq mi)  
  Scherpenzeel
0279 Gelderland 10,386 753/km2 (1,950/sq mi) 13.79 km2 (5.32 sq mi)  
  Schiedam
0606 South Holland 80,628 4,528/km2 (11,730/sq mi) 17.81 km2 (6.88 sq mi)  
  Schiermonnikoog
0088 Friesland 982 23/km2 (60/sq mi) 42.93 km2 (16.58 sq mi)  
  Schouwen-Duiveland
1676 Zeeland 34,561 151/km2 (390/sq mi) 228.60 km2 (88.26 sq mi)  
  Simpelveld
0965 Limburg 10,396 649/km2 (1,680/sq mi) 16.03 km2 (6.19 sq mi)  
  Sint-Michielsgestel
0845 North Brabant 30,135 516/km2 (1,340/sq mi) 58.35 km2 (22.53 sq mi)  
  Sittard-Geleen
1883 Limburg 92,234 1,173/km2 (3,040/sq mi) 78.61 km2 (30.35 sq mi)  
  Sliedrecht
0610 South Holland 26,184 2,038/km2 (5,280/sq mi) 12.85 km2 (4.96 sq mi)  
  Sluis
1714 Zeeland 23,243 83/km2 (210/sq mi) 278.60 km2 (107.57 sq mi)  
  Smallingerland
0090 Friesland 56,098 479/km2 (1,240/sq mi) 117.17 km2 (45.24 sq mi)  
  Soest
0342 Utrecht 47,439 1,026/km2 (2,660/sq mi) 46.25 km2 (17.86 sq mi)  
  Someren
0847 North Brabant 20,061 250/km2 (650/sq mi) 80.10 km2 (30.93 sq mi)  
  Son en Breugel
0848 North Brabant 18,010 694/km2 (1,800/sq mi) 25.95 km2 (10.02 sq mi)  
  Stadskanaal
0037 Groningen 32,135 273/km2 (710/sq mi) 117.63 km2 (45.42 sq mi)  
  Staphorst
0180 Overijssel 17,628 132/km2 (340/sq mi) 133.94 km2 (51.71 sq mi)  
  Stede Broec
0532 North Holland 22,138 1,529/km2 (3,960/sq mi) 14.48 km2 (5.59 sq mi)  
  Steenbergen
0851 North Brabant 24,610 168/km2 (440/sq mi) 146.50 km2 (56.56 sq mi)  
  Steenwijkerland
1708 Overijssel 45,376 157/km2 (410/sq mi) 288.31 km2 (111.32 sq mi)  
  Stein
0971 Limburg 24,772 1,184/km2 (3,070/sq mi) 20.92 km2 (8.08 sq mi)  
  Stichtse Vecht
1904 Utrecht 65,771 685/km2 (1,770/sq mi) 96.04 km2 (37.08 sq mi)  
  Súdwest-Fryslân
1900 Friesland 90,883 174/km2 (450/sq mi) 522.70 km2 (201.82 sq mi)  
  Terneuzen
0715 Zeeland 54,993 220/km2 (570/sq mi) 250.13 km2 (96.58 sq mi)  
  Terschelling
0093 Friesland 4,928 57/km2 (150/sq mi) 87.21 km2 (33.67 sq mi)  
  Texel
0448 North Holland 13,979 86/km2 (220/sq mi) 162.26 km2 (62.65 sq mi)  
  Teylingen
1525 South Holland 38,510 1,360/km2 (3,500/sq mi) 28.32 km2 (10.93 sq mi)  
  The Hague
0518 South Holland 562,839 6,827/km2 (17,680/sq mi) 82.44 km2 (31.83 sq mi)  
  Tholen
0716 Zeeland 26,825 183/km2 (470/sq mi) 146.72 km2 (56.65 sq mi)  
  Tiel
0281 Gelderland 42,604 1,299/km2 (3,360/sq mi) 32.80 km2 (12.66 sq mi)  
  Tilburg
0855 North Brabant 227,707 1,809/km2 (4,690/sq mi) 125.89 km2 (48.61 sq mi)  
  Tubbergen
0183 Overijssel 21,408 146/km2 (380/sq mi) 147.00 km2 (56.76 sq mi)  
  Twenterand
1700 Overijssel 33,867 319/km2 (830/sq mi) 106.14 km2 (40.98 sq mi)  
  Tynaarlo
1730 Drenthe 34,592 242/km2 (630/sq mi) 142.88 km2 (55.17 sq mi)  
  Tytsjerksteradiel
0737 Friesland 32,408 218/km2 (560/sq mi) 148.63 km2 (57.39 sq mi)  
  Uitgeest
0450 North Holland 13,472 703/km2 (1,820/sq mi) 19.16 km2 (7.40 sq mi)  
  Uithoorn
0451 North Holland 31,442 1,735/km2 (4,490/sq mi) 18.12 km2 (7.00 sq mi)  
  Urk
0184 Flevoland 21,829 1,661/km2 (4,300/sq mi) 13.14 km2 (5.07 sq mi)  
  Utrecht
0344 Utrecht 367,947 3,924/km2 (10,160/sq mi) 93.77 km2 (36.20 sq mi)  
  Utrechtse Heuvelrug
1581 Utrecht 50,429 382/km2 (990/sq mi) 132.02 km2 (50.97 sq mi)  
  Vaals
0981 Limburg 10,190 427/km2 (1,110/sq mi) 23.89 km2 (9.22 sq mi)  
  Valkenburg aan de Geul
0994 Limburg 16,423 447/km2 (1,160/sq mi) 36.73 km2 (14.18 sq mi)  
  Valkenswaard
0858 North Brabant 31,527 574/km2 (1,490/sq mi) 54.91 km2 (21.20 sq mi)  
  Veendam
0047 Groningen 27,616 364/km2 (940/sq mi) 75.93 km2 (29.32 sq mi)  
  Veenendaal
0345 Utrecht 68,525 3,528/km2 (9,140/sq mi) 19.42 km2 (7.50 sq mi)  
  Veere
0717 Zeeland 22,045 166/km2 (430/sq mi) 132.99 km2 (51.35 sq mi)  
  Veldhoven
0861 North Brabant 46,417 1,465/km2 (3,790/sq mi) 31.68 km2 (12.23 sq mi)  
  Velsen
0453 North Holland 68,790 1,528/km2 (3,960/sq mi) 45.03 km2 (17.39 sq mi)  
  Venlo
0983 Limburg 103,328 832/km2 (2,150/sq mi) 124.16 km2 (47.94 sq mi)  
  Venray
0984 Limburg 44,628 273/km2 (710/sq mi) 163.18 km2 (63.00 sq mi)  
  Vijfheerenlanden
1961 Utrecht 60,052 411/km2 (1,060/sq mi) 146.28 km2 (56.48 sq mi)  
  Vlaardingen
0622 South Holland 75,079 3,214/km2 (8,320/sq mi) 23.36 km2 (9.02 sq mi)  
  Vlieland
0096 Friesland 1,291 31/km2 (80/sq mi) 41.84 km2 (16.15 sq mi)  
  Vlissingen
0718 Zeeland 45,150 1,314/km2 (3,400/sq mi) 34.37 km2 (13.27 sq mi)  
  Voerendaal
0986 Limburg 12,405 394/km2 (1,020/sq mi) 31.51 km2 (12.17 sq mi)  
  Voorne aan Zee
1992 South Holland 73,945 607/km2 (1,570/sq mi) 121.77 km2 (47.02 sq mi)  
  Voorschoten
0626 South Holland 25,665 2,309/km2 (5,980/sq mi) 11.11 km2 (4.29 sq mi)  
  Voorst
0285 Gelderland 25,215 205/km2 (530/sq mi) 122.93 km2 (47.46 sq mi)  
  Vught
0865 North Brabant 32,113 535/km2 (1,390/sq mi) 60.02 km2 (23.17 sq mi)  
  Waadhoeke
1949 Friesland 46,718 164/km2 (420/sq mi) 285.42 km2 (110.20 sq mi)  
  Waalre
0866 North Brabant 17,980 803/km2 (2,080/sq mi) 22.38 km2 (8.64 sq mi)  
  Waalwijk
0867 North Brabant 49,952 774/km2 (2,000/sq mi) 64.54 km2 (24.92 sq mi)  
  Waddinxveen
0627 South Holland 32,601 1,175/km2 (3,040/sq mi) 27.75 km2 (10.71 sq mi)  
  Wageningen
0289 Gelderland 40,960 1,347/km2 (3,490/sq mi) 30.42 km2 (11.75 sq mi)  
  Wassenaar
0629 South Holland 27,093 529/km2 (1,370/sq mi) 51.18 km2 (19.76 sq mi)  
  Waterland
0852 North Holland 17,609 339/km2 (880/sq mi) 51.99 km2 (20.07 sq mi)  
  Weert
0988 Limburg 50,872 488/km2 (1,260/sq mi) 104.25 km2 (40.25 sq mi)  
  West Betuwe
1960 Gelderland 52,720 244/km2 (630/sq mi) 215.93 km2 (83.37 sq mi)  
  West Maas en Waal
0668 Gelderland 20,065 263/km2 (680/sq mi) 76.19 km2 (29.42 sq mi)  
  Westerkwartier
1969 Groningen 64,946 179/km2 (460/sq mi) 362.63 km2 (140.01 sq mi)  
  Westerveld
1701 Drenthe 19,860 71/km2 (180/sq mi) 278.65 km2 (107.59 sq mi)  
  Westervoort
0293 Gelderland 15,114 2,155/km2 (5,580/sq mi) 7.01 km2 (2.71 sq mi)  
  Westerwolde
1950 Groningen 26,537 96/km2 (250/sq mi) 275.77 km2 (106.48 sq mi)  
  Westland
1783 South Holland 114,887 1,423/km2 (3,690/sq mi) 80.76 km2 (31.18 sq mi)  
  Weststellingwerf
0098 Friesland 26,467 120/km2 (310/sq mi) 220.20 km2 (85.02 sq mi)  
  Wierden
0189 Overijssel 24,862 263/km2 (680/sq mi) 94.60 km2 (36.53 sq mi)  
  Wijchen
0296 Gelderland 41,537 629/km2 (1,630/sq mi) 66.04 km2 (25.50 sq mi)  
  Wijdemeren
1696 North Holland 24,659 519/km2 (1,340/sq mi) 47.54 km2 (18.36 sq mi)  
  Wijk bij Duurstede
0352 Utrecht 23,995 504/km2 (1,310/sq mi) 47.58 km2 (18.37 sq mi)  
  Winterswijk
0294 Gelderland 29,253 212/km2 (550/sq mi) 138.13 km2 (53.33 sq mi)  
  Woensdrecht
0873 North Brabant 22,191 242/km2 (630/sq mi) 91.66 km2 (35.39 sq mi)  
  Woerden
0632 Utrecht 53,244 601/km2 (1,560/sq mi) 88.55 km2 (34.19 sq mi)  
  Wormerland
0880 North Holland 16,612 431/km2 (1,120/sq mi) 38.51 km2 (14.87 sq mi)  
  Woudenberg
0351 Utrecht 14,358 393/km2 (1,020/sq mi) 36.52 km2 (14.10 sq mi)  
  Zaanstad
0479 North Holland 159,618 2,165/km2 (5,610/sq mi) 73.74 km2 (28.47 sq mi)  
  Zaltbommel
0297 Gelderland 30,349 386/km2 (1,000/sq mi) 78.65 km2 (30.37 sq mi)  
  Zandvoort
0473 North Holland 17,542 547/km2 (1,420/sq mi) 32.08 km2 (12.39 sq mi)  
  Zeewolde
0050 Flevoland 23,692 96/km2 (250/sq mi) 247.11 km2 (95.41 sq mi)  
  Zeist
0355 Utrecht 66,629 1,374/km2 (3,560/sq mi) 48.50 km2 (18.73 sq mi)  
  Zevenaar
0299 Gelderland 45,042 486/km2 (1,260/sq mi) 92.62 km2 (35.76 sq mi)  
  Zoetermeer
0637 South Holland 126,998 3,689/km2 (9,550/sq mi) 34.43 km2 (13.29 sq mi)  
  Zoeterwoude
0638 South Holland 9,443 446/km2 (1,160/sq mi) 21.16 km2 (8.17 sq mi)  
  Zuidplas
1892 South Holland 46,981 811/km2 (2,100/sq mi) 57.96 km2 (22.38 sq mi)  
  Zundert
0879 North Brabant 22,518 187/km2 (480/sq mi) 120.59 km2 (46.56 sq mi)  
  Zutphen
0301 Gelderland 48,510 1,186/km2 (3,070/sq mi) 40.92 km2 (15.80 sq mi)  
  Zwartewaterland
1896 Overijssel 23,368 284/km2 (740/sq mi) 82.36 km2 (31.80 sq mi)  
  Zwijndrecht
0642 South Holland 45,018 2,217/km2 (5,740/sq mi) 20.31 km2 (7.84 sq mi)  
  Zwolle
0193 Overijssel 132,411 1,196/km2 (3,100/sq mi) 110.67 km2 (42.73 sq mi)  

Special municipalities edit

Municipality Capital Population[d][27] Population density[e] Area[f][28] Map
  Bonaire
Kralendijk 20,915 73/km2 (190/sq mi) 288 km2 (111.20 sq mi)  
  Sint Eustatius
Oranjestad 3,139 149/km2 (390/sq mi) 21 km2 (8.11 sq mi)  
  Saba
The Bottom 1,933 149/km2 (390/sq mi) 13 km2 (5.02 sq mi)  

Number of municipalities by province edit

Province Municipalities
Drenthe 12
Flevoland 6
Friesland 18
Gelderland 51
Groningen 10
Limburg 31
North Brabant 56
North Holland 44
Overijssel 25
South Holland 50
Utrecht 26
Zeeland 13
Total 342

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Population as of 1 January 2023.
  2. ^ Population density as of 1 January 2023.
  3. ^ Land area as of 1 January 2023.
  4. ^ Population as of January 2020
  5. ^ The population density is calculated by dividing the population by the area for each special municipality.
  6. ^ Area as of 2012

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Gemeentelijke herindeling" [Municipal reorganisation] (in Dutch). Government of the Netherlands. 21 December 2022. Retrieved 2 January 2023.
  2. ^ a b c "Gemeentelijke indeling op 1 januari 2023" [Municipalities on 1 January 2023]. CBS Classifications (in Dutch). CBS. 3 October 2022. Retrieved 3 January 2023.
  3. ^ "Central government, provinces, municipalities and water authorities". government.nl. Government of the Netherlands. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  4. ^ OECD E-Government Studies: Netherlands 2007. Paris: OECD Publishing. 28 May 2007. p. 40. ISBN 978-92-64-03029-9. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  5. ^ A.H.M. Dölle; D.J. Elzinga; J.W.M. Engels (20 September 2004). "Algemene bevoegdheids- en omgangsbepalingen" [General power and communication clauses]. Handboek van het Nederlandse gemeenterecht [Manual of Dutch municipal law] (in Dutch). Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer. pp. 143–170. ISBN 978-90-268-4169-9. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  6. ^ Figee, Edward; Eigeman, Jean; Hilterman, Frank (December 2007). "Local Government in The Netherlands" (PDF). VNG. The Hague: Drukkerij Excelsior. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  7. ^ a b "Wet openbare lichamen Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba" [Public bodies act Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba]. Act No. 345 of 10 October 2010 (in Dutch). Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  8. ^ Article 129, Constitution of the Netherlands. Retrieved on 24 April 2013.
  9. ^ "Gemeentewet" [Municipalities Act]. Article 8, Act No. 96 of 14 February 1992 (in Dutch). Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  10. ^ "Gemeentewet" [Municipalities Act]. Article 61.1 and 35.1, Act No. 96 of 14 February 1992 (in Dutch). Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  11. ^ A.H.M. Dölle; D.J. Elzinga; J.W.M. Engels (20 September 2004). "De samenstelling van het college" [Members of the board]. Handboek van het Nederlandse gemeenterecht [Manual of Dutch municipal law] (in Dutch). Alphen aan den Rijn: Kluwer. pp. 233–252. ISBN 978-90-268-4169-9. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  12. ^ "Municipal government". government.nl. Government of the Netherlands. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  13. ^ a b Ekamper, Peter; van der Erf, Rob; van der Gaag, Nicole; Henkes, Kène; van Imhoff, Evert; van Poppel, Frans (2003). "Chapter: Provincies en gemeenten, 1850-2000" [Provinces and municipalities, 1850-2000]. Bevolkingsatlas van Nederland: demografische ontwikkelingen van 1850 tot heden [Population atlas of the Netherlands: demographic developments from 1850 to now] (in Dutch). Rijswijk: Uitgeverij Elmar. pp. 21–27. ISBN 9038913648. Archived from the original (link to PDF) on 3 June 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  14. ^ a b Beeckman, Duncan; van der Bie, Ronald (2005). "Een eeuw gemeentelijke herindelingen" [A century of municipal mergers] (PDF). Bevolkingstrends (in Dutch). Heerlen/Voorburg: CBS. 53 (2): 63–64. ISSN 1571-0998. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 May 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  15. ^ "Gemeentelijke herindeling" [Municipal mergers]. rijksoverheid.nl (in Dutch). Government of the Netherlands. 2 July 2010. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
  16. ^ "Wet van 7 februari 2013 tot wijziging van de Gemeentewet en enige andere wetten in verband met het afschaffen van de bevoegdheid van gemeentebesturen om deelgemeenten in te stellen" [Act of 7 February 2013 to change the Municipalities Act and other Act in relation to the dissolution of the power of municipalities to form submunicipalities]. Act No. 76 of 28 February 2013 (in Dutch). Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  17. ^ "Amsterdam stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente Amsterdam. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  18. ^ "Rotterdam deelgemeenten" (in Dutch). Gemeente Rotterdam. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  19. ^ "The Hague stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente The Hague. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  20. ^ "Almere stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente Almere. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  21. ^ "Eindhoven stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente Eindhoven. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  22. ^ "Groningen stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Gemeente Groningen. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  23. ^ "Nijmegen stadsdelen" (in Dutch). Website www.nijmegencity.nl. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  24. ^ "Statistische gegevens" (in Dutch). Gemeente Tilburg. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  25. ^ "Kerncijfers Wijken en Buurten" [Key figures for districts and neighbourhoods]. Methods:Data collection (in Dutch). CBS. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  26. ^ a b c "Regionale kerncijfers Nederland" [Regional key figures Netherlands]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 31 October 2023. Retrieved 5 November 2023.
  27. ^ "Population of Dutch Caribbean (1 January); sex, age". CBS Statline. CBS. 15 April 2020. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  28. ^ Referentiekader Caribisch Nederland met bijlagen [Reference frame Caribbean Netherlands with appendices] (Technical report) (in Dutch). IdeeVersa. 20 February 2012. pp. 25–27. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 June 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2013.

External links edit