Zandvoort (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈzɑntˌfoːrt] ) is a municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands. It is one of the major beach resorts of the Netherlands; it has a long sandy beach. It is bordered by coastal dunes of Zuid-Kennemerland National Park and the Amsterdam water supply dunes. It hosts the country's most prominent motor racing circuit, Circuit Zandvoort.

Zandvoort Town Hall
Zandvoort Town Hall
Flag of Zandvoort
Coat of arms of Zandvoort
Highlighted position of Zandvoort in a municipal map of North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°22′N 4°32′E / 52.367°N 4.533°E / 52.367; 4.533
ProvinceNorth Holland
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorDavid Moolenburgh (CDA)
 • Total43.97 km2 (16.98 sq mi)
 • Land32.12 km2 (12.40 sq mi)
 • Water11.85 km2 (4.58 sq mi)
Elevation3 m (10 ft)
 (January 2021)[4]
 • Total17,168
 • Density534/km2 (1,380/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
2040–2042, 2116
Area code023

The municipality of extends to take in Bentveld; it had a population of 16,954 in 2017. A nudist bathing section of the beach begins about 2 km to the south, with six eateries, which extends kilometers further.

History edit

Topographic map of Zandvoort, 2014
Zandvoort aan Zee
Organ Grinder in Zandvoort, 1883 painting by Fritz von Uhde. Click to expand.
Zandvoort, water tower

Zandvoort is known to exist in 1100, called Sandevoerde (a combination of "sand" and "voorde", meaning ford; compare English Sandford). Until 1722 the area was under the control of the Lords of Brederode. The village was dependent on fishing for many centuries until the 19th century when it started to transform itself into a seaside resort, following the pattern set by similar towns in the United Kingdom. In 1828 the first resort was inaugurated. Thereafter many notable persons would visit Zandvoort, including Elisabeth of Bavaria in 1884 and 1885. In the middle of the same century, potato cultivation started in the dunes.

In 1881 the railway station near the coast opened, followed by tram connection to Haarlem in 1899, which greatly increased the beach tourism. In 1905 one of the earliest Dutch fictional films was shot in the town, De mésaventure van een Fransch heertje zonder pantalon aan het strand te Zandvoort. During World War II, Zandvoort was heavily damaged. On May 23, 1942, beach access was no longer permitted and several months later the town was almost completely vacated. Resorts and avenues were demolished to make way for the coastal fortifications of the Atlantic Wall.

After the war, the town's growth accelerated, matching the growth in tourism. In 1948, Circuit Zandvoort was built, hosting the Dutch Grand Prix for several decades, until 1985. The Dutch GP returned in 2021, in the 2021 Formula One World Championship. Zandvoort continues to be a major Dutch resort location, where nearly half of all employment is related to tourism. The Dutch singer Willem Duyn's De Eerste Trein Naar Zandvoort ("First train to Zandvoort"), modeled on the American song Chattanooga Choo Choo and chronicling chaos and mayhem on the first seaside train, was a hit in the summer of 1983.

Transport edit

Zandvoort has a station, with half-hourly services to Haarlem and Amsterdam, with extra services from Haarlem during the summer. The station is Zandvoort aan Zee railway station.

Local government edit

The municipal council of Zandvoort consists of 17 seats, which are divided as follows since 2022:[5]

Notable people edit

  • William Merritt Chase (1849–1916) American Impressionist Painter painted his masterpiece entitled "Sunlight and Shadow" in Zandvoort. It hangs in the Joslyn Art Museum in Omaha, Nebraska.
  • Lovis Corinth (1858–1925) German artist and writer, painter and printmaker died of pneumonia in Zandvoort having made a final visit to see his favourite Dutch masters
  • Bep Schrieke (1890–1945) politician and academic
  • Lou Bandy (1890–1959) Dutch singer and conferencier
  • Anne Frank (1929–1945) Jewish diarist and victim of the Holocaust, and her family used to regularly visit Zandvoort in the summer.[9]
  • Shirley Zwerus, stage name Shirley (born 1946) singer and pianist
  • Hans Willem Blom (born 1947) Professor of Social and Political Philosophy at Erasmus University
  • Stella Maessen (born 1953) singer, participated in the Eurovision Song Contests of 1970, 1977 and 1982
  • A 2.5 m (8 ft) tall Lego figure was found in the sea at Zandvoort on 7 August 2007. It was fished out and placed on the beach. It was wearing a blue shirt with the slogan "No Real Than You Are" and red trousers. Its origins are unknown.[10]

Sport edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Burgemeester David Moolenburgh" [Mayor David Moolenburgh] (in Dutch). Gemeente Zandvoort. Retrieved 14 June 2022.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 2042KB". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 24 March 2014.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  5. ^ "Voorlopige uitslag gemeenteraads-verkiezingen 2022". Zandvoort (in Dutch). Retrieved 2022-06-13.
  6. ^ "Jong Zandvoort". Retrieved 2022-06-14.
  7. ^ "Ouderen Partij Zandvoort". Retrieved 2022-06-14.
  8. ^ "De propositiepartij van Zandvoort". Zandvoort Echt Een (in Dutch). Retrieved 2023-03-02.
  9. ^ Stichting, Anne Frank (23 September 2010). "Margot (left) and Anne Frank on the beach at Zandvoort in the Netherlands, August 1940".
  10. ^ "Giant Lego Man Found in Dutch Sea". Reuters UK. 7 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-07.

External links edit