Enkhuizen (Dutch pronunciation: [ɛŋkˈɦœyzə(n)] (listen)) is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland and the region of West-Frisia.
|Coordinates: 52°42′N 5°18′E / 52.700°N 5.300°ECoordinates: 52°42′N 5°18′E / 52.700°N 5.300°E|
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Eduard van Zuijlen|
|• Total||116.25 km2 (44.88 sq mi)|
|• Land||12.68 km2 (4.90 sq mi)|
|• Water||103.57 km2 (39.99 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|• Density||1,470/km2 (3,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Source: Lourens & Lucassen 1997, pp. 59–60|
Enkhuizen, like Hoorn and Amsterdam, was one of the harbor-towns of the VOC, from where overseas trade with the East Indies was conducted. It received city rights in 1355. On June 24, 1572 during the Eighty Years' War, in Enkhuizen five Franciscans from Alkmaar were hanged: known as the martyrs of Alkmaar.
In the mid-17th century, Enkhuizen was at the peak of its power and was one of the most important harbor cities in the Netherlands. However, due to a variety of reasons, notably the silting up of the harbors, Enkhuizen lost its position to Amsterdam.
Enkhuizen has one of the largest marinas in the Netherlands. Zuiderzeemuseum is located in Enkhuizen. Architecturally, the Drommedaris is the oldest building in Enkhuizen, from 1540. Tourists take boat trips to and from the port to Medemblik.
Industrially, Enkhuizen is home to a number of seed production companies, Enza Zaden, Syngenta, Monsanto, as well as a plastics factory. Tourism is a large part of the economy, too.
The municipality of Enkhuizen consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Enkhuizen, Oosterdijk, Westeinde.
The municipal council of Enkhuizen consists of 17 seats, which are divided as follows:
- SP - 3 seats
- VVD/D66 - 3 seats
- PvdA - 3 seats
- Nieuw Enkhuizen - 3 seats
- CDA - 2 seats
- ChristenUnie/SGP - 1 seat
- Lijst Quasten - 1 seat
- GroenLinks - 1 seat
Enkhuizen station offers direct rail service to Hoorn, Amsterdam and Maastricht/Heerlen, with the journey to Amsterdam Centraal of around an hour.
Furthermore, during summer ferries for pedestrians and cyclists operate between Enkhuizen and Stavoren; between Enkhuizen and Medemblik; and between Enkhuizen and Urk.
It is also possible to drive or cycle across the Houtribdijk to Lelystad, passing under a naviduct near the Krabbersgat lock.
Public thought and public serviceEdit
- Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer (ca.1534–1606) nautical cartographer
- Franciscus Maelson (1538–1601) a Dutch physician and statesman
- Dirck Gerritsz Pomp (1544–ca.1608) a sailor, the first known Dutch visitor to China and Japan
- Jan Huyghen van Linschoten (1563–1611), merchant, trader and historian
- Joris Carolus (ca.1566-ca.1636) a Dutch cartographer and explorer
- Johannes Antonides van der Linden (1609–1664) a Dutch physician, botanist and author
- Hermann Witsius (1636–1708) a Dutch theologian
- Cornelis Jan Simonsz (ca.1661–ca.1727) a Governor of Dutch Ceylon 1703/1707
- Jacob Mossel (1704– 1761) sailor and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies 1750/1761
- Jan Baas (born 1950) a Dutch politician and Mayor of Enkhuizen
- Gerrit Zalm (born 1952), banker, former Minister of Finance
- Stef Blok (born 1964) a Dutch politician and Minister of Foreign Affairs
- Pieter Symonsz Potter (1597–1652) a Dutch Golden Age painter
- Willem Bartsius (1612–1657) a Dutch Golden Age painter.
- Jacob Steendam (1615– ca.1672) a Dutch poet and minister 
- Paulus Potter (1625–1654), painter
- Pieter Gallis (1633–1697) a Dutch Golden Age painter
- Dirck Ferreris (1639–1693) a Dutch Golden Age painter
- Jos Lussenburg (1889–1975) a Dutch painter and musician
- Matthijs Verschoor (born 1955) a Dutch classical pianist and academic
Science and businessEdit
- Jan Verbruggen (1712–1781) a Dutch master gun-founder and an artist
- David de Gorter (1717–1783) a Dutch physician, botanist and academic
- Gerbrand Bakker (1771–1828), physician, professor at the University of Groningen
- Harm Bart (born 1942) a Dutch mathematician, economist and academic
- Corry Vreeken (born 1928) a Dutch chess Women's Grandmaster
- Nel Zwier (1936–2001) a Dutch high jumper, competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics
- Eljo Kuiler (born 1946) a former diver, competed at the 1968 Summer Olympics
- Wijda Mazereeuw (born 1953) a Dutch swimmer, competed in the 1972 & 1976 Summer Olympics
Enkhuizen, gate: de Koepoort
Enkhuizen, town gate: de Drommedaris
- ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2020" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2020]. StatLine (in Dutch). CBS. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
- ^ "Postcodetool for 1601KA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
- ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2021. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
- ^ DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: The Netherlands: The Netherlands. DK Publishing. 1 August 2011. p. 178. ISBN 978-0-7566-8476-1.
- ^ Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography, Steendam, Jacob retrieved 20 September 2019
- Lourens, Piet; Lucassen, Jan (1997). Inwonertallen van Nederlandse steden ca. 1300–1800. Amsterdam: NEHA. ISBN 9057420082.