Stavoren (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈstaːvərə(n)]; West Frisian: Starum; previously Staveren) is a city in the province of Friesland, Netherlands, on the coast of the IJsselmeer, about 5 km (3.1 mi) south of Hindeloopen, in the municipality of Súdwest-Fryslân.

Stavoren
West Frisian: Starum
City centre
City centre
Flag of {{{official_name}}}
Coat of arms of {{{official_name}}}
Map of Stavoren (2019)
Map of Stavoren (2019)
Stavoren is located in Friesland
Stavoren
Location in the Netherlands
Stavoren is located in Netherlands
Stavoren
Stavoren (Netherlands)
Coordinates: Coordinates: 52°53′N 5°22′E / 52.883°N 5.367°E / 52.883; 5.367
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceFriesland
MunicipalitySúdwest-Fryslân
Population
 (2017)
 • Total950
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
8715
Telephone area0514

Stavoren had a population of 950 in January 2017.[1] It is one of the stops on the Elfstedentocht (English: "eleven cities tour"), an ice skating contest that occurs when the winter temperatures provide safe conditions. A ferry for pedestrians and cyclists operates between Stavoren and Enkhuizen, with increased trips during summer months. The Friese Kustpad, a 131 kilometres (81 miles) long-distance trail to Lauwersoog, begins in Stavoren.

HistoryEdit

 
The Lady of Stavoren, 1969 statue

The historical Stavoren was granted city rights between 1060 and 1067, making it the oldest city in Friesland. It is mentioned in early texts as the burial place of the early kings of Friesland, including the first Christian king Adgil II (d. 730), who was a son of Redbad, the last pagan king who lived from about 670 to 719.[2]

Stavoren began to decline in the late Middle Ages after a sandbank formed outside the harbour, blocking ships from entering and exiting. The appearance of the sandbank is the topic of the Dutch Renaissance folk-tale of the Lady of Stavoren. In 1657, the entire town was submerged in a great flood.

Before 2011, the city was part of the Nijefurd municipality and before 1984 Stavoren was an independent municipality.

Notable peopleEdit

Notable people from Stavoren include:

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Stavoren (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1990−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
16.2
(61.2)
20.8
(69.4)
26.2
(79.2)
30.1
(86.2)
31.8
(89.2)
36.1
(97.0)
32.6
(90.7)
30.7
(87.3)
24.3
(75.7)
18.5
(65.3)
13.3
(55.9)
36.1
(97.0)
Average high °C (°F) 4.9
(40.8)
5.4
(41.7)
8.6
(47.5)
12.9
(55.2)
16.6
(61.9)
19.0
(66.2)
21.4
(70.5)
21.4
(70.5)
18.2
(64.8)
13.7
(56.7)
9.0
(48.2)
5.8
(42.4)
13.1
(55.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
3.2
(37.8)
5.7
(42.3)
9.2
(48.6)
12.8
(55.0)
15.6
(60.1)
17.9
(64.2)
18.0
(64.4)
15.0
(59.0)
11.1
(52.0)
7.1
(44.8)
3.9
(39.0)
10.2
(50.4)
Average low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
0.9
(33.6)
2.8
(37.0)
5.4
(41.7)
9.0
(48.2)
12.1
(53.8)
14.4
(57.9)
14.4
(57.9)
11.7
(53.1)
8.2
(46.8)
4.8
(40.6)
1.8
(35.2)
7.2
(45.0)
Record low °C (°F) −15.8
(3.6)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
0.0
(32.0)
4.5
(40.1)
7.3
(45.1)
6.1
(43.0)
3.7
(38.7)
−4.2
(24.4)
−7.7
(18.1)
−10.5
(13.1)
−20.3
(−4.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 65.9
(2.59)
51.3
(2.02)
46.7
(1.84)
36.7
(1.44)
49.5
(1.95)
56.5
(2.22)
65.9
(2.59)
90.5
(3.56)
76.2
(3.00)
79.2
(3.12)
67.7
(2.67)
69.1
(2.72)
755.2
(29.73)
Average relative humidity (%) 90.6 88.9 85.6 81.0 78.9 80.0 80.3 80.5 84.0 87.2 90.7 91.2 84.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 72.6 100.0 156.4 213.8 242.4 229.5 236.6 216.6 165.1 123.9 69.3 62.8 1,889
Percent possible sunshine 28.5 35.8 42.4 51.1 49.5 45.5 46.7 47.3 43.2 37.5 26.3 26.4 40.0
Source: Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute[4][5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2017 on CBS Statline.
  2. ^ Geschiedenis van het oude dorp Rottum, en andere bijzonderheden, Volume 1, p. 87. Fongers, 1857, National Library of the Netherlands (original from the University of Amsterdam). A digital version free e-book is at Google Books
  3. ^ "Bernhard Buma was helemaal op zijn plek in Sneek". Leeuwarder Courant (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  4. ^ "Weerstatistieken Stavoren". Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
  5. ^ "Klimaatviewer 1991-2020". Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Retrieved June 24, 2022.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Stavoren at Wikimedia Commons