List of Ministers of Finance of the Netherlands

The Minister of Finance (Dutch: Minister van Financiën) is the head of the Ministry of Finance and a member of the Cabinet of the Netherlands. The current Minister of Finance is Wopke Hoekstra of the Christian Democratic Appeal, who has been in office since 26 October 2017.[1]

Minister of Finance of the Netherlands
Minister van Financiën
Logo-ministerie-van-financien.png
Ministry of Finance
Flag of the Netherlands.svg
Flag of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Minister of Finance Wopke Hoekstra
Incumbent
Wopke Hoekstra

since 26 October 2017
Ministry of Finance
StyleHis/Her Excellency
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
AppointerMark Rutte
as Prime Minister
Formation22 January 1978; 43 years ago (1978-01-22)
First holderAlexander Gogel
(as Secretary of Finance)
Salary170.910 (As of 2020)
(including 4,193 of expenses)
WebsiteMinister of Finance

Ministers of Finance (since 1866)Edit

For full list, see List of Ministers of Finance of the Netherlands. (in Dutch)

Minister of Finance Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
  Count
Rutger Schimmelpenninck
van Nijenhuis

(1821–1893)
1 June 1866 –
4 June 1868
Independent
Conservative

(Liberal Conservative)
Jules van Zuylen
van Nijevelt

(Van Zuylen van Nijevelt)
[2]
  Pieter Philip van Bosse
(Prime Minister)
(1809–1879)
4 June 1868 –
4 January 1871
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Pieter Philip
van Bosse
(Van Bosse–Fock)
[3]
  Pieter Blussé
van Oud-Alblas

(1812–1887)
4 January 1871 –
6 July 1872
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Johan Rudolph Thorbecke
(Thorbecke III)
[4]
  Albert van Delden
(1828–1898)
6 July 1872 –
27 August 1874
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Gerrit de Vries
(De Vries–Fransen
van de Putte
)

[5]
  Jonkheer
Hendrik van der Heim
(1824–1890)
27 August 1874 –
3 November 1877
Independent
Conservative

(Liberal Conservative)
Jan Heemskerk
(Heemskerk–Van Lynden
van Sandenburg
)

[6]
  Johan Gleichman
(1834–1906)
3 November 1877 –
20 August 1879
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
Jan Kappeyne van
de Coppello

(Kappeyne van
de Coppello
)

[7]
  Dr.
Simon Vissering
(1818–1888)
20 August 1879 –
13 June 1881
[Res]
Independent
Liberal

(Conservative Liberal)
Theo van Lynden
van Sandenburg

(Van Lynden
van Sandenburg
)

[8]
  Count
Theo van Lynden
van Sandenburg

(Prime Minister)
(1826–1885)
13 June 1881 –
23 April 1883
Independent
Christian Democrat

(Protestant)
  Willem Grobbée
(1822–1907)
23 April 1883 –
4 May 1885
[Res]
Independent
Conservative

(Liberal Conservative)
Jan Heemskerk
(J. Heemskerk)
[9]
  Jacobus Bloem
(1822–1902)
4 May 1885 –
21 April 1888
Independent
Conservative

(Liberal Conservative)
  Jonkheer
Karel Antonie Godin
de Beaufort

(1850–1921)
21 April 1888 –
21 August 1891
Anti-Revolutionary Party Aeneas Mackay
(Mackay)
[10]
  Nicolaas Pierson
(1839–1909)
21 August 1891 –
9 May 1894
Liberal Union Gijsbert van Tienhoven
(Van Tienhoven)
[11]
  Jacobus Sprenger
van Eyk

(1842–1907)
9 May 1894 –
26 July 1897
Independent
Liberal

(Conservative Liberal)
Joan Röell
(Röell)
[12]
  Nicolaas Pierson
(Prime Minister)
(1839–1909)
26 July 1897 –
1 August 1901
Liberal Union Nicolaas Pierson
(Pierson)
[13]
  Jan Harte van
Tecklenburg

(1853–1937)
1 August 1901 –
17 August 1905
Independent
Christian Democrat

(Catholic)
Abraham Kuyper
(Kuyper)
[14]
  Theo de Meester
(Prime Minister)
(1851–1919)
17 August 1905 –
12 February 1908
Liberal Union Theo de Meester
(De Meester)
[15]
  Maximilien Kolkman
(1853–1924)
12 February 1908 –
29 August 1913
Independent
Christian Democrat

(Catholic)
Theo Heemskerk
(T. Heemskerk)
[16]
  Anthonij Bertling
(1860–1945)
29 August 1913 –
24 October 1914
[Res]
Independent
Liberal

(Social Liberal)
Pieter Cort van
der Linden

(Cort van der Linden)
[17]
  Willem Treub
(1858–1931)
24 October 1914 –
8 February 1916
[Res]
Free-thinking
Democratic League
  Dr.
Anton van Gijn
(1866–1933)
8 February 1916 –
22 February 1917
[Res]
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
  Willem Treub
(1858–1931)
22 February 1917 –
9 September 1918
Independent
Liberal

(Social Liberal)
Economic League
  Simon de Vries
(1869–1961)
9 September 1918 –
28 July 1921
[Res]
Anti-Revolutionary Party Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck

(Ruijs de Beerenbrouck I)
[18]
  Jonkheer
Dirk Jan de Geer
(1870–1969)
28 July 1921 –
11 August 1923
[Res]
Christian Historical Union
Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck

(Ruijs de Beerenbrouck II)
[19]
  Hendrikus Colijn
(Prime Minister 1925–1926)
(1869–1944)
11 August 1923 –
8 March 1926
Anti-Revolutionary Party
Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn I)
[20]
  Jonkheer
Dirk Jan de Geer
(Prime Minister 1926–1929)
(1870–1969)
8 March 1926 –
26 May 1933
Christian Historical Union Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer I)
[21]
Charles Ruijs de
Beerenbrouck

(Ruijs de Beerenbrouck III)
[22]
  Pieter Oud
(1886–1968)
26 May 1933 –
24 June 1937
Free-thinking
Democratic League
Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn IIIII)
[23][24]
  Jacob Adriaan
de Wilde

(1879–1956)
24 June 1937 –
19 May 1939
[Res]
Anti-Revolutionary Party Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn IV)
[25]
  Dr.
Hendrikus Colijn
(Prime Minister)
(1869–1944)
19 May 1939 –
25 July 1939
[Ad interim]
Anti-Revolutionary Party
  Christiaan Bodenhausen
(1869–1966)
25 July 1939 –
10 August 1939
Independent
Liberal

(Conservative Liberal)
Hendrikus Colijn
(Colijn V)
[26]
  Jonkheer
Dirk Jan de Geer
(Prime Minister)
(1870–1969)
10 August 1939 –
3 September 1940
Christian Historical Union Dirk Jan de Geer
(De Geer II)
[27]
  Charles Welter
(also Minister of Colonial
Affairs
)

(1880–1972)
3 September 1940 –
27 July 1941
Roman Catholic
State Party
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy I)
[28]
  Max Steenberghe
(also Minister of Commerce,
Industry and Shipping
and
Minister of Agriculture
and Fisheries
)

(1899–1972)
27 July 1941 –
17 November 1941
[Res]
Roman Catholic
State Party
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy II)
[28]
  Willem Albarda
(also Minister of Water
Management
)

(1877–1957)
17 November 1941 –
9 December 1942
Social Democratic
Workers' Party
  Johannes van den Broek
(also Minister of Commerce,
Industry and Agriculture

1944–1945)

(1882–1946)
9 December 1942 –
23 February 1945
Independent
Liberal

(Classical Liberal)
  Dr.
Gerardus Huysmans
(1904–1948)
23 February 1945 –
25 June 1945
Roman Catholic
State Party
Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy
(Gerbrandy III)
[29]
Minister of Finance Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
  Dr.
Piet Lieftinck
(1902–1989)
25 June 1945 –
1 July 1952
[Res]
Christian
Historical Union
Willem Schermerhorn
(Schermerhorn–Drees)
[30]
Labour Party Louis Beel
(Beel I) [31]
Willem Drees
(Drees–Van Schaik) [32]
Willem Drees
(Drees I) [33]
  Dr.
Willem Drees
(Prime Minister)
(1886–1988)
1 July 1952 –
2 September 1952
[Acting]
Labour Party
  Jo van de Kieft
(1884–1970)
2 September 1952 –
13 October 1956
Labour Party Willem Drees
(Drees II)
[34]
  Henk Hofstra
(1904–1999)
13 October 1956 –
22 December 1958
Labour Party Willem Drees
(Drees III)
[35]
  Dr.
Jelle Zijlstra
(1918–2001)
22 December 1958 –
24 July 1963
[Minister]
Anti-Revolutionary
Party
Louis Beel
(Beel II)
[36]
Jan de Quay
(De Quay)
[37]
  Dr.
Johan Witteveen
(1921–2019)
24 July 1963 –
14 April 1965
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Victor Marijnen
(Marijnen)
[38]
  Dr.
Anne Vondeling
(1916–1979)
[Deputy]
14 April 1965 –
22 November 1966
[Res]
Labour Party Jo Cals
(Cals)
[39]
  Dr.
Jelle Zijlstra
(Prime Minister)
(1918–2001)
22 November 1966 –
5 April 1967
Anti-Revolutionary
Party
Jelle Zijlstra
(Zijlstra)
[40]
  Dr.
Johan Witteveen
(1921–2019)
[Deputy]
5 April 1967 –
6 July 1971
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Piet de Jong
(De Jong)
[41]
  Roelof Nelissen
(1931–2019)
[Deputy]
6 July 1971 –
11 May 1973
[Minister]
Catholic
People's Party
Barend Biesheuvel
(Biesheuvel III)
[42]
  Dr.
Wim Duisenberg
(1935–2005)
11 May 1973 –
19 December 1977
Labour Party Joop den Uyl
(Den Uyl)
[43]
  Frans Andriessen
(1929–2019)
19 December 1977 –
22 February 1980
[Res]
Catholic
People's Party
Dries van Agt
(Van Agt I)
[44]
  Gijs van Aardenne
(1930–1995)
22 February 1980 –
5 March 1980
[Ad Interim] [Minister]
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
  Fons van der Stee
(1928–1999)
5 March 1980 –
4 November 1982
[Minister]
Catholic
People's Party
Christian
Democratic Appeal
Dries van Agt
(Van Agt IIIII)
[45][46]
  Dr.
Onno Ruding
(born 1939)
4 November 1982 –
7 November 1989
Christian
Democratic Appeal
Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
[47][48]
  Wim Kok
(1938–2018)
[Deputy]
7 November 1989 –
22 August 1994
Labour Party Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
[49]
  Gerrit Zalm
(born 1952)
22 August 1994 –
4 June 1996
[Note]
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Wim Kok
(Kok I])
[50]
  Dr.
Hans Wijers
(born 1951)
4 June 1996 –
26 June 1996
[Acting] [Minister]
Democrats 66
  Gerrit Zalm
(born 1952)
26 June 1996 –
22 July 2002
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Wim Kok
(Kok II)
[51]
  Hans Hoogervorst
(born 1956)
22 July 2002 –
27 May 2003
[Minister]
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Jan Peter
Balkenende

(Balkenende I)
[52]
  Gerrit Zalm
(born 1952)
[Deputy]
27 May 2003 –
22 February 2007
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Jan Peter
Balkenende

(Balkenende IIIII)
[53][54]
  Wouter Bos
(born 1963)
[Deputy]
22 February 2007 –
23 February 2010
[Res]
Labour Party Jan Peter
Balkenende

(Balkenende IV)
[55]
  Jan Kees de Jager
(born 1969)
23 February 2010 –
5 November 2012
Christian
Democratic Appeal
Mark Rutte
(Rutte I)
[56]
  Jeroen Dijsselbloem
(born 1966)
5 November 2012 –
26 October 2017
Labour Party Mark Rutte
(Rutte II)
[57]
  Wopke Hoekstra
(born 1975)
26 October 2017 –
Incumbent
Christian
Democratic Appeal
Mark Rutte
(Rutte III)
[58]
Resigned
Acting
Ad Interim
Deputy Prime Minister
Medical leave of absence from 4 June 1996 until 26 June 1996
Minister of Economic Affairs
Minister for Kingdom Relations
Minister of Economic Affairs until 19 May 1959
Minister of Economic Affairs from 16 October 2002

Living former Ministers of FinanceEdit

Minister of Finance Term Age
Onno Ruding 1982–1989 (1939-08-15) 15 August 1939 (age 82)
Gerrit Zalm 1994–2002
2003–2007
(1952-05-06) 6 May 1952 (age 69)
Hans Hoogervorst 2002–2003 (1956-04-19) 19 April 1956 (age 65)
Wouter Bos 2007–2010 (1963-07-14) 14 July 1963 (age 58)
Jan Kees de Jager 2010–2012 (1969-02-10) 10 February 1969 (age 52)
Jeroen Dijsselbloem 2012–2017 (1966-03-29) 29 March 1966 (age 55)

List of State Secretaries for FinanceEdit

State Secretary for Finance Portfolio Term of office Party Prime Minister
(Cabinet)
  Dr.
Willem Hendrik
van den Berge

(1905–1987)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
Governmental
Budget
2 February 1953 –
13 October 1956
Independent
Social Democrat
Willem Drees
(Drees II)
[34]
Vacant
  Dr.
Willem Hendrik
van den Berge

(1905–1987)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
Governmental
Budget
27 May 1959 –
14 April 1965
Independent
Social Democrat
Jan de Quay
(De Quay)
[37]
Victor Marijnen
(Marijnen)
[38]
  Dr.
Wiel Hoefnagels
(1929–1978)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
Governmental
Budget
31 May 1965 –
22 November 1966
Catholic
People's Party
Jo Cals
(Cals)
[39]
Vacant
  Dr.
Ferd Grapperhaus I
(1927–2010)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
Governmental
Budget
10 May 1967 –
6 July 1971
Catholic
People's Party
Piet de Jong
(De Jong)
[41]
  Willem Scholten
(1927–2005)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
14 July 1971 –
19 March 1973
[Res]
Christian
Historical Union
Barend Biesheuvel
(Biesheuvel III)
[42]
  Fons van der Stee
(1928–1999)
Governmental
Budget
14 July 1971 –
12 March 1973
[Res]
Catholic
People's Party
  Fons van der Stee
(1928–1999)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
11 May 1973 –
1 November 1973
[Appt]
Catholic
People's Party
Joop den Uyl
(Den Uyl)
[43]
  Martin van Rooijen
(born 1942)
21 December 1973 –
14 October 1977
[Res]
Catholic
People's Party
  Aar de Goede
(1928–2016)
Governmental
Budget
11 May 1973 –
19 December 1977
Democrats 66
  Ad Nooteboom
(born 1928)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
Governmental
Budget
28 December 1977 –
22 February 1980
[Res]
Christian
Historical Union
Dries van Agt
(Van Agt I)
[44]
  Marius van
Amelsvoort

(1930–2006)
16 April 1980 –
11 September 1981
Catholic
People's Party
Christian
Democratic Appeal
  Hans Kombrink
(born 1946)
Fiscal Policy
Governmental
Budget
11 September 1981 –
29 May 1982
[Res]
Labour Party Dries van Agt
(Van Agt II)
[45]
Vacant
  Henk Koning
(1933–2016)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
Governmental
Budget
4 November 1982 –
7 November 1989
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
[47][48]
  Marius van
Amelsvoort

(1930–2006)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
Governmental
Budget
7 November 1989 –
22 August 1994
Christian
Democratic Appeal
Ruud Lubbers
(Lubbers III)
[49]
  Dr.
Willem Vermeend
(born 1948)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
Governmental
Budget
22 August 1994 –
24 March 2000
[Appt]
Labour Party Wim Kok
(Kok I)
[50]
Wim Kok
(Kok II)
[51]
  Wouter Bos
(born 1963)
24 March 2000 –
22 July 2002
Labour Party
  Steven van Eijck
(born 1959)
Fiscal Policy
Governmental
Budget
22 July 2002 –
27 May 2003
Pim Fortuyn List Jan Peter
Balkenende

(Balkenende I)
[52]
  Joop Wijn
(born 1969)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
Governmental
Budget
27 May 2003 –
7 July 2006
Christian
Democratic Appeal
Jan Peter
Balkenende

(Balkenende II)
[53]
Vacant
  Jan Kees de Jager
(born 1969)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
Governmental
Budget
22 February 2007 –
23 February 2010
[Appt]
Christian
Democratic Appeal
Jan Peter
Balkenende

(Balkenende IV)
[55]
  Frans Weekers
(born 1967)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
Governmental
Budget
14 October 2010 –
30 January 2014
[Res]
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
Mark Rutte
(Rutte I)
[56]
Mark Rutte
(Rutte II)
[57]
  Eric Wiebes
(born 1963)
4 February 2014 –
26 October 2017
People's Party
for Freedom and
Democracy
  Menno Snel
(born 1970)
Fiscal Policy
Tax and Customs
Governmental
Budget
26 October 2017 –
18 December 2019
[Res]
Democrats 66 Mark Rutte
(Rutte III)
[58]
  Dr.
Hans Vijlbrief
(born 1963)
Fiscal Policy
Taxes
Governmental
Budget

[59]
29 January 2020 –
Incumbent
Democrats 66
  Alexandra
van Huffelen

(born 1968)
Customs
Benefits
29 January 2020 –
Incumbent
Democrats 66
Res Resigned.
Appt Appointment: Fons van der Stee appointed Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries; Willem Vermeend appointed Minister of Social Affairs and Employment; Joop Wijn appointed Minister of Economic Affairs; Jan Kees de Jager appointed Minister of Finance.

Living former State Secretaries for FinanceEdit

State Secretary for Finance Term Age
Martin van Rooijen 1973–1977 (1942-07-31) 31 July 1942 (age 79)
Ad Nooteboom 1977–1980 (1928-07-18) 18 July 1928 (age 93)
Hans Kombrink 1981–1982 (1946-11-22) 22 November 1946 (age 75)
Willem Vermeend 1994–2000 (1948-12-21) 21 December 1948 (age 72)
Wouter Bos 2000–2002 (1963-07-14) 14 July 1963 (age 58)
Steven van Eijck 2002–2003 (1959-08-04) 4 August 1959 (age 62)
Joop Wijn 2003–2006 (1969-05-20) 20 May 1969 (age 52)
Jan Kees de Jager 2007–2010 (1969-02-10) 10 February 1969 (age 52)
Frans Weekers 2010–2014 (1967-10-17) 17 October 1967 (age 54)
Eric Wiebes 2014–2017 (1963-03-12) 12 March 1963 (age 58)
Menno Snel 2017–2019 (1970-10-29) 29 October 1970 (age 51)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Wopke Hoekstra (CDA), bezige bij en nu minister van Financiën" (in Dutch). NOS. 23 October 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Kabinet-Van Zuylen van Nijevelt". VanZuylenvanNijevelt. Parlement & Politiek.
  3. ^ "Kabinet-Van Bosse/Fock". VanBosseFock. Parlement & Politiek.
  4. ^ "Kabinet-Thorbecke III". ThorbeckeIII. Parlement & Politiek.
  5. ^ "Kabinet-De Vries/Fransen van de Putte". DeVriesFransenvandePutte. Parlement & Politiek.
  6. ^ "Kabinet-Heemskerk/Van Lynden van Sandenburg". HeemskerkVanLyndenvanSandenburg. Parlement & Politiek.
  7. ^ "Kabinet-Kappeyne van de Coppello". KappeynevandeCoppello. Parlement & Politiek.
  8. ^ "Kabinet-Van Lynden van Sandenburg". VanLyndenvanSandenburg. Parlement & Politiek.
  9. ^ "Kabinet-Heemskerk Azn". J.Heemskerk. Parlement & Politiek.
  10. ^ "Kabinet-Mackay". Mackay. Parlement & Politiek.
  11. ^ "Kabinet-Van Tienhoven". VanTienhoven. Parlement & Politiek.
  12. ^ "Kabinet-Röell". Röell. Parlement & Politiek.
  13. ^ "Kabinet-Pierson". Pierson. Parlement & Politiek.
  14. ^ "Kabinet-Kuyper". Kuyper. Parlement & Politiek.
  15. ^ "Kabinet-De Meester". DeMeester. Parlement & Politiek.
  16. ^ "Kabinet-Heemskerk". T.Heemskerk. Parlement & Politiek.
  17. ^ "Kabinet-Cort van der Linden". CortvanderLinden. Parlement & Politiek.
  18. ^ "Kabinet-Ruijs de Beerenbrouck I". RuijsDeBeerenbrouckI. Parlement & Politiek.
  19. ^ "Kabinet-Ruijs de Beerenbrouck II". RuijsDeBeerenbrouckII. Parlement & Politiek.
  20. ^ "Kabinet-Colijn I". ColijnI. Parlement & Politiek.
  21. ^ "Kabinet-De Geer I". DeGeerI. Parlement & Politiek.
  22. ^ "Kabinet-Ruijs de Beerenbrouck III". RuijsDeBeerenbrouckIII. Parlement & Politiek.
  23. ^ "Kabinet-Colijn II". ColijnII. Parlement & Politiek.
  24. ^ "Kabinet-Colijn III". ColijnIII. Parlement & Politiek.
  25. ^ "Kabinet-Colijn IV". ColijnIV. Parlement & Politiek.
  26. ^ "Kabinet-Colijn V". ColijnV. Parlement & Politiek.
  27. ^ "Kabinet-De Geer II". DeGeerII. Parlement & Politiek.
  28. ^ a b "Kabinet-Gerbrandy I / II". GerbrandyI/II. Parlement & Politiek.
  29. ^ "Kabinet-Gerbrandy III". GerbrandyIII. Parlement & Politiek.
  30. ^ "Kabinet-Schermerhorn-Drees". SchermerhornDrees. Rijksoverheid.
  31. ^ "Kabinet-Beel I". BeelI. Rijksoverheid.
  32. ^ "Kabinet-Drees-Van Schaik". DreesVanSchaik. Rijksoverheid.
  33. ^ "Kabinet-Drees I". DreesI. Rijksoverheid.
  34. ^ a b "Kabinet-Drees II". DreesII. Rijksoverheid.
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  36. ^ "Kabinet-Beel II". BeelII. Rijksoverheid.
  37. ^ a b "Kabinet-De Quay". DeQuay. Rijksoverheid.
  38. ^ a b "Kabinet-Marijnen". Marijnen. Rijksoverheid.
  39. ^ a b "Kabinet-Cals". Cals. Rijksoverheid.
  40. ^ "Kabinet-Zijlstra". Zijlstra. Rijksoverheid.
  41. ^ a b "Kabinet-De Jong". De Jong. Rijksoverheid.
  42. ^ a b "Kabinet-Biesheuvel". Biesheuvel. Rijksoverheid.
  43. ^ a b "Kabinet-Den Uyl". DenUyl. Rijksoverheid.
  44. ^ a b "Kabinet-Van Agt I". VanAgtI. Rijksoverheid.
  45. ^ a b "Kabinet-Van Agt II". VanAgtII. Rijksoverheid.
  46. ^ "Kabinet-Van Agt III". VanAgtIII. Rijksoverheid.
  47. ^ a b "Kabinet-Lubbers I". LubbersI. Rijksoverheid.
  48. ^ a b "Kabinet-Lubbers II". LubbersII. Rijksoverheid.
  49. ^ a b "Kabinet-Lubbers III". LubbersIII. Rijksoverheid.
  50. ^ a b "Kabinet-Kok I". KokI. Rijksoverheid.
  51. ^ a b "Kabinet-Kok II". KokII. Rijksoverheid.
  52. ^ a b "Kabinet-Balkenende I". BalkenendeI. Rijksoverheid.
  53. ^ a b "Kabinet-Balkenende II". BalkenendeII. Rijksoverheid.
  54. ^ "Kabinet-Balkenende III". BalkenendeIII. Rijksoverheid.
  55. ^ a b "Kabinet-Balkenende IV". BalkenendeIV. Rijksoverheid.
  56. ^ a b "Kabinet-Rutte-Verhagen". RutteI. Rijksoverheid.
  57. ^ a b "Kabinet-Rutte-Asscher". RutteII. Rijksoverheid.
  58. ^ a b "Kabinet-Rutte III". RutteIII. Rijksoverheid.
  59. ^ "D66'ers Vijlbrief en Van Huffelen nieuwe staatssecretarissen Financiën" (in Dutch). NOS. 26 January 2020. Retrieved 26 January 2020.