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Barend Willem Biesheuvel (About this soundpronunciation ; 5 April 1920 – 29 April 2001) was a Dutch politician of the defunct Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and jurist who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 6 July 1971 until 11 May 1973.[1][2]

Barend Biesheuvel
Barend Biesheuvel 1982 (1).jpg
Barend Biesheuvel in 1982
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
In office
6 July 1971 – 11 May 1973
MonarchJuliana
DeputyRoelof Nelissen
Molly Geertsema
Preceded byPiet de Jong
Succeeded byJoop den Uyl
Deputy Prime Minister
In office
24 July 1963 – 5 April 1967
Serving with Anne Vondeling (1965–1966)
Jan de Quay (1966–1967)
Prime Minister
Preceded byHenk Korthals
Succeeded byJohan Witteveen
Joop Bakker
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries
In office
24 July 1963 – 5 April 1967
Prime Minister
Preceded byVictor Marijnen
Succeeded byPierre Lardinois
Minister for Suriname and
Netherlands Antilles Affairs
In office
24 July 1963 – 5 April 1967
Prime Minister
Preceded byHenk Korthals
Succeeded byJoop Bakker
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
In office
7 December 1972 – 7 March 1973
Preceded byWillem Aantjes
Succeeded byWillem Aantjes
In office
23 February 1967 – 6 July 1971
Preceded byBauke Roolvink
Succeeded byWillem Aantjes
In office
16 July 1963 – 24 July 1963
Preceded byHenk van Eijsden
Succeeded byJan Smallenbroek
Parliamentary groupAnti-Revolutionary Party
Leader of the
Anti-Revolutionary Party
In office
1 July 1963 – 7 March 1973
Deputy
Preceded bySieuwert Bruins Slot
Succeeded byWillem Aantjes
Member of the European Parliament
In office
7 March 1961 – 24 July 1963
Parliamentary groupChristian Democratic Group
ConstituencyNetherlands
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
7 December 1972 – 7 March 1973
In office
23 February 1967 – 6 July 1971
In office
6 November 1956 – 24 July 1963
Parliamentary groupAnti-Revolutionary Party
Member of the Social
and Economic Council
In office
20 March 1956 – 1 July 1959
ChairmanFrans de Vries
(1956–1958)
Gerard Verrijn Stuart
(1958–1959)
Personal details
Born
Barend Willem Biesheuvel

(1920-04-05)5 April 1920
Haarlemmerliede, Netherlands
Died29 April 2001(2001-04-29) (aged 81)
Haarlem, Netherlands
Cause of deathCardiovascular disease
NationalityDutch
Political partyChristian Democratic Appeal
(from 1980)
Other political
affiliations
Anti-Revolutionary Party
(until 1980)
Spouse(s)
Mies Meuring
(m. 1945; her death 1989)
Children2 daughters and 1 son
Alma materFree University Amsterdam
(Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws)
OccupationPolitician · Civil servant · Jurist · Businessman · Banker · Corporate director · Nonprofit director · Trade association executive · Lobbyist

Biesheuvel attended a Gymnasium in Haarlem from June 1936 until June 1940 and applied at the Free University Amsterdam in June 1940 majoring in Law and obtaining an Bachelor of Laws degree in July 1942 before leaving the University during the German occupation in September 1942 Following the end of World War II Biesheuvel returned to the Free University Amsterdam in May 1945 and graduating with an Master of Laws degree in September 1945. Biesheuvel worked as a trade association executive for the Christian Farmers and Gardeners Association (CBTB) from January 1952 until July 1959 and served as General-Secretary from January 1952 until August 1956 and as Chairman from August 1956 until July 1959. Biesheuvel became a Member of the House of Representatives after Jacob Algera was appointed as Minister of Transport and Water Management in the Cabinet Drees III after the election of 1956, taking office on 6 November 1956. Biesheuvel was selected as a Member of the European Parliament and dual served in those positions, taking office on 7 March 1961. After the Leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party Sieuwert Bruins Slot announced his retirement from national politics and that he wouldn't stand for the election of 1963 he approached Biesheuvel as one of the Lijsttrekkers (top candidates) of the Anti-Revolutionary Party for the election. The Anti-Revolutionary Party suffered a small loss, losing 1 seat and now had 13 seats in the House of Representatives. Shortly after the election the Chairman of the Anti-Revolutionary Party Wiert Berghuis approached Biesheuvel to become the Leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party, Biesheuvel accepted and became the Leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party on 1 July 1963 and became the Parliamentary leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party in the House of Representatives, taking office on 16 July 1963. Following the cabinet formation of 1963 Biesheuvel was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries and Minister for Suriname and Netherlands Antilles Affairs in the Cabinet Marijnen, taking office on 24 July 1963. The Cabinet Marijnen fell on 27 February 1965 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until the cabinet formation of 1965 when it was replaced by the Cabinet Cals with Biesheuvel continuing as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries and Minister for Suriname and Netherlands Antilles Affairs, taking office on 14 April 1965. The Cabinet Cals fell just one year later on 14 October 1966 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until it was replaced by the caretaker Cabinet Zijlstra with Biesheuvel remaining as Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries and Minister for Suriname and Netherlands Antilles Affairs, taking office on 22 November 1966. For the election of 1967 Biesheuvel served again as Lijsttrekker. The Anti-Revolutionary Party made a small win, gaining 2 seats and now had 15 seats in the House of Representatives. Biesheuvel subsequently returned as a Member of the House of Representatives and as Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives, taking office on 23 February 1967. After the election Biesheuvel was approached by incumbent Prime Minister and fellow party member Jelle Zijlstra as a candidate for Prime Minister, Biesheuvel accepted and was appointed as Formateur to form a new cabinet. Following several failed cabinet formation attempts Biesheuvel stepped down as Formateur and was replaced by incumbent Minister of Defence Piet de Jong. Following the cabinet formation of 1967 Biesheuvel was not giving a cabinet post in the new cabinet, the Cabinet Zijlstra was replaced by the Cabinet De Jong on 5 April 1967 and he continued to serve in the House of Representatives as Parliamentary leader. For the election of 1971 Biesheuvel served for a third time as Lijsttrekker. The Anti-Revolutionary Party suffered a small loss, losing 2 seats and now had 13 seats in the House of Representatives.

For the election of 1971 Biesheuvel again served as Lijsttrekker. The Anti-Revolutionary Party sufferd a small loss, losing 2 seat and now had 13 seats in the House of Representatives. Biesheuvel was appointed as Formateur and the following cabinet formation resulted in a coalition agreement between the Catholic People's Party, the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD), Anti-Revolutionary Party, Christian Historical Union (CHU) and the Democratic Socialists '70 (DS'70) which formed the Cabinet Biesheuvel I with Biesheuvel becoming Prime Minister of the Netherlands and Minister of General Affairs on 6 July 1971. The Cabinet Biesheuvel I fell just one year later on 19 July 1972 after the Democratic Socialists '70 retracted their support following there dissatisfaction with the proposed budget memorandum to further reduce the deficit, the Democratic Socialists '70 cabinet members resigned on 21 July 1972. A caretaker government was made by the Catholic People's Party, People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, Anti-Revolutionary Party and the Christian Historical Union that formed the Cabinet Biesheuvel II on 9 August 1972. For the election of 1972 Biesheuvel served for a fourth and final time as Lijsttrekker. The Anti-Revolutionary Party made a small win, gaining 1 seat and now had 14 seats in the House of Representatives. Biesheuvel returned to the House of Representatives and again served as the Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives, taking office on 7 December 1972. Following a long formation period a coalition agreement with the Labour Party (PvdA), Catholic People's Party, Anti-Revolutionary Party, Political Party of Radicals (PPR) and the Democrats 66 (D'66) was made which resulted in the formation of the Cabinet Den Uyl. Shortly after the cabinet formation Biesheuvel unexpectedly announced his retirement from national politics and resigned as Leader of the Anti-Revolutionary Party, Parliamentary leader in the House of Representatives and as a Member of the House of Representatives on 7 March 1973. He remained Prime Minister until the Cabinet Den Uyl was installed on 11 May 1973

After his premiership, Biesheuvel retired from active politics. Following his retirement Biesheuvel occupied numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director for supervisory boards in the business and industry world and several international non-governmental organizations (KLM, Unilever, CSM, OGEM, AVEBE and the NIBC Bank) and as an advocate and lobbyist for the European integration presiding over several commissions for the European Economic Community

Biesheuvel was known for his abilities as a debater and manager. During his premiership, his cabinet was responsible for stimulating deregulation and privatization and for trying to further reducing the deficit. Biesheuvel continued to comment on political affairs as a statesman until his death. He holds the distinction of leading the last cabinet of which the Prime Minister wasn't the largest party in the cabinet.[3][4]

Contents

Early lifeEdit

 
Prime Minister of Norway Trygve Bratteli and Prime Minister Barend Biesheuvel at the Catshuis on 8 January 1972.
 
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union Andrei Gromyko and Prime Minister Barend Biesheuvel at the Catshuis op 5 July 1972.

Barend Willem Biesheuvel was born on 5 April 1920 in Haarlemmerliede in the Province of North Holland in a Reformed family, the son of Arie Biesheuvel (born 21 January 1883 in Haarlemmerliede – died 21 May 1952 in Haarlemmerliede)[5] and Johanna Margaretha "Antje" Troost (born 22 February 1881 in Sloten – died 12 December 1955 in Fijnaart)[6]. Biesheuvel had three brothers and two sisters. After completing his secondary education at local schools, he graduated in law at the Free University of Amsterdam in September 1945. For the next two years Biesheuvel worked in Alkmaar as secretary to the Food Commissioner for the Province of North Holland. In 1947 he became secretary to the Foreign Division of the Agricultural Society (now the Agricultural Board). In 1952 Mr Biesheuvel became general secretary of the Christian Farmers and Gardeners Association of the Netherlands (CBTB) and in 1959 chairman of that organisation. From the same year he was also a member of the Agricultural Board, the Labour Foundation and the boards of the Centrale Raifeissen Bank and Heidemij.

PoliticsEdit

Between 1956 and 1963 he represented the Anti-Revolutionary Party in the House of Representatives (the lower house of parliament). From 1957 to 1961 he held a seat on the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe and from 1961 to 1963 in the European Parliament.

In the successive administrations headed by Marijnen, Cals and Zijlstra between 24 July 1963 and 5 April 1967 he was Deputy Prime Minister with additional responsibility for matters concerning Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles, and Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries.

In 1967 he returned to the House of Representatives and became leader of the parliamentary Anti-Revolutionary Party. During the same period he also chaired the Shipbuilding Board and the Committee on Government Information Reform.

After politicsEdit

Following his political career, Biesheuvel went on to occupy many other positions in the public and private sectors. Among other things, he was chairman of the supervisory board of the National Investment Bank, a member of the supervisory boards of OGEM and KLM, and chaired the working party on the Netherlands Antilles, the national advisory committee on the relationship between the electorate and policy-making, the Provisional Council for Transport, Public Works and Water Management and the Interministerial Coordinating Committee on North Sea Affairs (ICONA).

Personal lifeEdit

On 22 November 1945, Biesheuvel married his longtime partner, Wilhelmina Jacoba "Mies" Meuring (born 7 August 1919). They had two daughters and one son. Mies Meuring died on 17 January 1989 at the age of 69. Barend Biesheuvel died in a hospital in Haarlem from cardiovascular disease on 29 April 2001 at the age of 81. Biesheuvel and his wife were buried at the main cemetery in Bloemendaal.[7][8]

DecorationsEdit

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Commander of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 8 June 1973
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 21 March 1991 Elevated from Grand Officer (27 April 1967)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Biesheuvel, Barend Willem (1920-2001)" (in Dutch). Huygens ING. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  2. ^ (in Dutch) Mr. B. W. (Barend) Biesheuvel 6 juli 1971 – 11 mei 1973, Geschiedenis24.nl, 9 December 2005
  3. ^ (in Dutch) Mooie Barend. De vergeten premier, Volkskrant, June 9, 2012
  4. ^ (in Dutch) De driftbuien van Mooie Barend, Historischnieuwsblad.nl, May 6, 2001
  5. ^ https://www.genealogieonline.nl/stamboom-hans-meijer/I15270.php
  6. ^ https://www.genealogieonline.nl/stamboom-hans-meijer/I15271.php
  7. ^ (in Dutch) Barend Biesheuvel overleden, Trouw, May 1, 2001
  8. ^ (in Dutch) Barend Biesheuvel (81) overleden, Volkskrant, May 1, 2001

External linksEdit

Official
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jelle Zijlstra
1959
Lijsttrekker of the
Anti-Revolutionary Party

1963196719711972
With: Jan Smallenbroek (1963)
Bauke Roolvink (1963)
Succeeded by
Office discontinued
Preceded by
Sieuwert Bruins Slot
Leader of the
Anti-Revolutionary Party

1963–1973
Succeeded by
Willem Aantjes
Preceded by
Henk van Eijsden
Parliamentary leader of the
Anti-Revolutionary Party in the
House of Representatives

1963
1967–1971
1972–1973
Succeeded by
Jan Smallenbroek
Preceded by
Bauke Roolvink
Succeeded by
Willem Aantjes
Preceded by
Willem Aantjes
Political offices
Preceded by
Henk Korthals
Deputy Prime Minister
1963–1967
With: Anne Vondeling (1965–1966)
Jan de Quay (1966–1967)
Succeeded by
Johan Witteveen
Succeeded by
Joop Bakker
Minister for Suriname and
Netherlands Antilles Affairs

1963–1967
Preceded by
Victor Marijnen
Minister of Agriculture
and Fisheries

1963–1967
Succeeded by
Pierre Lardinois
Preceded by
Piet de Jong
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
1971–1973
Succeeded by
Joop den Uyl
Minister of General Affairs
1971–1973
Business positions
Preceded by
Unknown
General-Secretary of the
Christian Farmers and
Gardeners Association

1952–1956
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Chairman of the
Christian Farmers and
Gardeners Association

1956–1959
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Chairman of the
Supervisory board of the
NIBC Bank

1973–1991
Succeeded by
Neelie Kroes
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Unknown
Chairman of the
Supervisory board of the
Blind and Visually
Impaired Foundation

1994–1998
Succeeded by
Unknown