Victor Marijnen

Victor Gerard Marie "Vic" Marijnen (21 February 1917 – 5 April 1975) was a Dutch politician of the defunct Catholic People's Party (KVP) now merged into the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party. He was a jurist who served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 24 July 1963 until 14 April 1965.[1]

Victor Marijnen
Victor Marijnen 1963 (1).jpg
Victor Marijnen in 1963
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
In office
24 July 1963 – 14 April 1965
MonarchJuliana
DeputyBarend Biesheuvel
Preceded byJan de Quay
Succeeded byJo Cals
Mayor of The Hague
In office
16 October 1968 – 5 April 1975
Preceded byHans Kolfschoten
Succeeded byLien Vos-van Gortel
(Ad interim)
Chairman of the
Rijnmond Council
In office
20 May 1965 – 16 October 1968
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byWillem Fibbe
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
27 April 1965 – 14 January 1966
In office
2 July 1963 – 24 July 1963
Parliamentary groupCatholic People's Party
Minister of Social Affairs and Health
In office
3 July 1961 – 17 July 1961
Ad interim
Prime MinisterJan de Quay
Preceded byCharles van Rooy
Succeeded byGerard Veldkamp
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries
In office
19 May 1959 – 24 July 1963
Prime MinisterJan de Quay
Preceded byKees Staf
as Minister of Agriculture,
Fisheries and Food Supplies
Succeeded byBarend Biesheuvel
Member of the Social
and Economic Council
In office
1 November 1957 – 19 May 1959
ChairmanFrans de Vries
(1957–1958)
Gerard Verrijn Stuart
(1958–1959)
Personal details
Born
Victor Gerard Marie Marijnen

(1917-02-21)21 February 1917
Arnhem, Netherlands
Died5 April 1975(1975-04-05) (aged 58)
The Hague, Netherlands
Cause of deathHeart attack
NationalityDutch
Political partyCatholic People's Party
(from 1945)
Other political
affiliations
Roman Catholic
State Party
(until 1945)
Spouse(s)
Mini Schreurs
(
m. 1944; his death 1975)
Children4 sons and 2 daughters
Alma materRadboud University Nijmegen
(Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws)
Rotterdam School of Economics
(Bachelor of Economics)
OccupationPolitician · Civil servant · Jurist · Economist · Nonprofit director · Trade association executive · Academic administrator · Lobbyist

Marijnen applied at the Radboud University Nijmegen in June 1936 majoring in Law and obtaining an Bachelor of Laws degree in July 1938 before graduating with an Master of Laws degree in July 1941. Marijnen worked as a civil servant for the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Shipping and the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries from August 1941 until May 1944, and for the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture from May 1944 until October 1945, and for the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Supplies from October 1945 until February 1949. Marijnen applied at the Rotterdam School of Economics in December 1945 for a postgraduate education and obtained an Bachelor of Economics degree in December 1946. Marijnen worked as a trade association executive for the Christian Farmers and Gardeners Association (CBTB) and served as General-Secretary from February 1949 until April 1951. Marijnen worked again for the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food Supplies from April 1951 until November 1957 as Deputy Director-General of the department for Agricultural Trade from April 1951 until January 1953. He served as Director-General of the department for Agricultural Trade from January 1953 until November 1957. Marijnen worked as a trade association executive for the Catholic Employers association (AKWV) and served as General-Secretary from November 1957 until May 1959. After the election of 1959 Marijnen was appointed as Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries in the Cabinet De Quay, taking office on 19 May 1959. Marijnen served as acting Minister of Social Affairs and Health from 3 July 1961 until 17 July 1961 following the resignation of Charles van Rooy. Marijnen was elected as a Member of the House of Representatives after the election of 1963, taking office on 2 July 1963.

Following several failed cabinet formation attempts, Marijnen was approached by the Leader of the Catholic People's Party Wim de Kort as a candidate for Prime Minister, Marijnen accepted and was appointed as Formateur to form a new cabinet. The following cabinet formation of 1963 resulted in a coalition agreement between the Catholic People's Party, the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD), the Anti-Revolutionary Party (ARP) and the Christian Historical Union (CHU) which formed the Cabinet Marijnen with Marijnen becoming Prime Minister of the Netherlands and Minister of General Affairs, taking office on 24 July 1963. The Cabinet Marijnen fell on 27 February 1965 following a disagreement in the coalition about proposed reforms to the public broadcasting system and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until the cabinet formation of 1965 with Marijnen not giving a cabinet post in the new cabinet, the Cabinet Marijnen was replaced by the Cabinet Cals on 14 April 1965.

Marijnen returned as Member of the House of Representatives taking the place of his successor as Prime Minister Jo Cals, taking office on 27 April 1965 and continued to serve in the House of Representatives as a backbencher until his resignation on 14 January 1966. Marijnen also became active in the public sector and occupied numerous seats as a nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards (Radboud University Nijmegen, International Red Cross Netherlands) and served on several state commissions and councils on behalf of the government (Advisory Council for Spatial Planning, Council for Culture and KPN). On 12 May 1965, Marijnen was nominated as the first Chairman of the Rijnmond Council, a direct electable sub national administrative layer between the municipalities and the provinces in the Rijnmond Area, taking office on 20 May 1965. In September 1968, Marijnen was nominated as Mayor of The Hague, he resigned as Chairman of the Rijnmond Council the day he was installed as Mayor, taking office on 16 October 1968. On 5 April 1975 Marijnen died after suffering a fatal heart Attack at his home in The Hague.

Marijnen was known for his abilities as a manager and consensus builder. During his premiership, his cabinet was responsible for reforms to health insurance, the handling of the marriage between Princess Irene and Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma and the proposed reforms to the public broadcasting system.

BiographyEdit

Early lifeEdit

Victor Gerard Marie Marijnen was born in Arnhem on 21 February 1917. In 1941 he graduated in law from the Radboud University Nijmegen and went on to work in the accountancy divisions of the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality. In 1945 he was seconded to the Council for the Restitution of Legal Rights.

In 1949 Marijnen became secretary of the Agricultural Society and in 1951 Secretary-General of the Foreign Agricultural Trade Department of the Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality. From 1957 he was secretary of the General Catholic Employers Association and the Catholic Federation of Employers Associations.

 
Prime Minister Victor Marijnen and Vice President of the United States Lyndon B. Johnson at Ypenburg Airport on 5 november 1963.

Accusations regarding paedophile priestsEdit

In 1956 Marijnen was chairman of a children's home in Gelderland where children, including Henk Heithuis, were sexually abused by priests. According to the Telegraph newspaper, reporting in March 2012, he "intervened to have prison sentences dropped against several priests convicted of abusing children."[2] The Dutch Catholic Church organised the castration of Heithuis while he lived at the Gelderland children's home in 1956 after he reported being sexually abused to the police.[2]

PoliticsEdit

In the De Quay cabinet, Marijnen was Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries. He served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 24 July 1963 until 14 April 1965.

The natural gas reserves, recently found in Slochteren were a considerable boost for the economy. This, combined with labour shortage led to a rise in wages and the attraction of foreign workers. Despite this being the second cabinet without socialist Labour Party, the building up of a welfare state, that was started after World War II, continued with the introduction of minimum wages in 1964 and the national health service. In 1965, measures were taken against commercial television stations transmitting from the North Sea. The cabinet finally fell over the issue if commercial TV should be allowed in the Netherlands.

From 1965 to 1966 Marijnen was a member of the House of Representatives and concurrently chairman of the Board of the Rijnmond Authority. In 1967 he was also appointed chairman of the Post and Telecommunications Council. On 16 October 1968 he was selected Mayor of The Hague.

Marijnen died on 5 April 1975 in The Hague, while serving as Mayor from a heart attack at the age of 58.

DecorationsEdit

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
  Grand Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 20 April 1965

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Marijnen, Victor Gerard Marie (1917-1975)" (in Dutch). Huygens ING. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Dutch Roman Catholic Church 'castrated at least 10 boys'". Telegraph. Retrieved March 19, 2012.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Kees Staf
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries
1959–1963
Succeeded by
Barend Biesheuvel
Preceded by
Charles van Rooy
Minister of Social Affairs and Health
Ad interim

1961
Succeeded by
Gerard Veldkamp
Preceded by
Jan de Quay
Prime Minister of the Netherlands
1963–1965
Succeeded by
Jo Cals
Minister of General Affairs
1963–1965
Preceded by
Hans Kolfschoten
Mayor of The Hague
1968–1975
Succeeded by
Lien Vos-van Gortel
Ad interim
Civic offices
Preceded by
Unknown
Deputy Director-General of the
Department for Agricultural Trade
of the Ministry of Agriculture,
Fisheries and Food Supplies

1951–1953
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Director-General of the
Department for Agricultural Trade
of the Ministry of Agriculture,
Fisheries and Food Supplies

1953–1957
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Chairman of the
Advisory Council for
Spatial Planning

1965–1968
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Office established
Chairman of the
Rijnmond Council

1965–1968
Succeeded by
Willem Fibbe
Business positions
Preceded by
Unknown
General-Secretary of the
Catholic Employers association

1957–1959
Succeeded by
Unknown
Academic offices
Preceded by
Unknown
Chairman of the
Education board of the
Radboud University Nijmegen

1965–1972
Succeeded by
Unknown